Professor David Lydall
Professor of Genome Stability

Qualifications

BSc Environmental Sciences University of Warwick 1984
PhD University of London 1988

Memberships

Genetics Society
Genetics Society of America
Society for General Microbiology

Honours and Awards

Long Eaton Junior Angling Champion 1977
EMBO Long Term Fellowship 1988-1990

Research Interests

Cellular responses to damaged telomeres in budding yeast

Eukaryotic cells use a variety of mechanisms to protect themselves from the harmful effects of DNA damage. DNA repair enzymes recognise and remove damage, checkpoint control pathways delay cell division while repair occurs, and in some cases cell death or apoptosis is activated to ensure that damaged cells are removed from organisms. Human genetic defects in DNA-damage responses lead to diseases associated with ageing and cancer. For example, Werner's syndrome, a disease associated with premature human ageing, is associated with a mutation in a gene encoding a DNA repair protein. In cancer, more than half of all human tumours contain mutations in the p53 checkpoint protein.

Our lab uses genetic, molecular and biochemical approaches to understand the interplay between DNA damage responses and telomeres in the model organism Saccharomyces cerevisiae (budding yeast). The telomere is a special DNA-protein complex at the end of eukaryotic chromosomes that caps the ends of chromosomes to stop them being recognised by DNA repair and checkpoint complexes. By conditionally inactivating telomere capping proteins in yeast we can monitor the effects of DNA repair and checkpoint genes at telomeres. This permits us to generate models for how DNA damage checkpoint pathways are stimulated by uncapped telomeres and by other types of damage. Since the biochemical mechanisms underlying DNA-damage responses are largely conserved between yeast and human cells our studies in a simple, yet powerful model system, are of direct relevance to human health.