Author(s): Gerdes K, Howard M, Szardenings F
Abstract: In prokaryotes, DNA can be segregated by three different types of cytoskeletal filaments. The best-understood type of partitioning (par) locus encodes an actin homolog called ParM, which forms dynamically unstable filaments that push plasmids apart in a process reminiscent of mitosis. However, the most common type of par locus, which is present on many plasmids and most bacterial chromosomes, encodes a P loop ATPase (ParA) that distributes plasmids equidistant from one another on the bacterial nucleoid. A third type of par locus encodes a tubulin homolog (TubZ) that forms cytoskeletal filaments that move rapidly with treadmill dynamics.