Publication:

Cell-cell interactions modulate the responsiveness of PC12 cells to nerve growth factor (1987)

Author(s): P. Doherty;D. A. Mann;F. S. Walsh

  • : Cell-cell interactions modulate the responsiveness of PC12 cells to nerve growth factor

Abstract: The growth of PC12 cells on a collagen substratum or on monolayers of several non-neuronal cell types was studied by measuring nerve growth factor (NGF)-dependent increases in the expression of a 150 X 10(3) (Mr) neurofilament protein subunit and the membrane glycoprotein Thy-1. Both responses were found to be greatly suppressed in cultures of fibroblasts as compared to the C2 and G8-1 muscle cell lines and the C6 glioma cell line. This suppression was associated with an inhibition of NGF-dependent neuritic outgrowth from PC12 cells grown on fibroblast monolayers. There was no evidence that fibroblasts secrete soluble molecules that directly inhibit these responses or neutralize NGF. In addition, there was no difference in the neurofilament protein response from PC12 cells that had been treated with NGF prior to coculture, and the now primed PC12 cells readily extended axons over fibroblast monolayers. These data demonstrate that cell-cell and/or cell-matrix interactions can modulate biochemical responses to NGF and suggest that responsiveness of neuronal cells to environmental cues is not immutable. Control of the latter may be at the level of expression of receptor molecules for cell-surface- or matrix-associated macromolecules and a similar mechanism operating during development could play a role in growth cone guidance.

Notes: 0950-1991 (Print) Journal Article

  • Short Title: Cell-cell interactions modulate the responsiveness of PC12 cells to nerve growth factor
  • Date: Nov
  • Journal: Development
  • Volume: 101
  • Issue: 3
  • Pages: 605-15
  • Publication type: Article
  • Bibliographic status: Published

Keywords: Cell Communication/*drug effects Cell Line Cells, Cultured Fibroblasts Glioma Humans Nerve Growth Factors/*pharmacology Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't Skin/drug effects Tumor Cells, Cultured

Staff

Professor Derek Mann
Prof of Hepatology