Dr Simon Whitehall
- Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
- Telephone: +44 (0) 191 208 5989
- Fax: +44 (0) 191 208 7424
- Address: Institute for Cell and Molecular Biosciences
The Medical School
University of Newcastle upon Tyne
Newcastle upon Tyne
BSc (Hons) Applied Biology 1989
D.Phil Biochemistry 1992
Honours and Awards
1995 ICRF Postdoctoral Fellowship
1993 Human Frontiers in Science Program Organisation Postdoctoral Fellowship
1989 Gatsby Charitable Foundation Prize Studentship
Histone chaperones and the regulation of gene expression, silencing and genomic integrity
The packaging of DNA into chromatin is essential for the organization of eukaryotic genomes. However, a variety of DNA-dependent processes such as replication, transcription, recombination and repair can disrupt this packaging and so factors that mediate chromatin assembly are required to maintain genomic integrity. We are studying the function of histone chaperones that mediate the assembly of nucleosomes, the primary subunit of chromatin. The proteins and processes that we study have been highly conserved throughout eukaryotic evolution, which allows us to employ the fission yeast, Schizosaccharomyces pombe as a model system for our analyses. Recent work has focussed upon the highly conserved HIRA histone chaperone complex. We have demonstrated that HIRA functions as a global regulator of transcription, being required for heterochromatic silencing, the repression of a large number of RNA polymerase II promoters and the suppression of cryptic non-coding transcripts.
- Gal C, Moore KM, Paszkiewicz K, Kent NA, Whitehall SK. The impact of the HIRA histone chaperone upon global nucleosome architecture. Cell Cycle 2015, 14(1), 123-134.
- Flanagan MD, Whitehall SK, Morgan BA. An Atg10-like E2 enzyme is essential for cell cycle progression but not autophagy in Schizosaccharomyces pombe. Cell Cycle 2013, 12(2), 271-277.
- Purtill FS, Whitehall SK, Williams ES, McInerny CJ, Sharrocks AD, Morgan BA. A homeodomain transcription factor regulates the DNA replication checkpoint in yeast. Cell Cycle 2011, 10(4), 664-670.
- Anderson HE, Kagansky A, Wardle J, Rappsilber J, Allshire RC, Whitehall SK. Silencing Mediated by the Schizosaccharomyces pombe HIRA Complex Is Dependent upon the Hpc2-Like Protein, Hip4. PLoS One 2010, 5(10), e13488.
- Anderson HE, Wardle J, Korkut SV, Murton HE, López-Maury L, Bähler J, Whitehall SK. The Fission Yeast HIRA Histone Chaperone Is Required for Promoter Silencing and the Suppression of Cryptic Antisense Transcripts. Molecular and Cellular Biology 2009, 29(18), 5158-5167.
- McFarlane RJ, Whitehall SK. tRNA genes in eukaryotic genome organization and reorganization. Cell Cycle 2009, 8(19), 3102-3106.
- Dainty SJ, Kennedy CA, Watt S, Bähler J, Whitehall SK. Response of Schizosaccharomyces pombe to Zinc Deficiency. Eukaryotic Cell 2008, 7(3), 454-464.
- Greenall A, Williams ES, Martin KA, Palmer JM, Gray J, Liu C, Whitehall SK. Hip3 interacts with the HIRA proteins Hip1 and Slm9 and is required for transcriptional silencing and accurate chromosome segregation. Journal of Biological Chemistry 2006, 281(13), 8732-8739.
- Lydall DA, Whitehall SK. Chromatin and the DNA damage response. DNA Repair 2005, 4(10), 1195-1207.
- Blackwell C, Martin KA, Greenall A, Pidoux A, Allshire RC, Whitehall SK. The Schizosaccharomyces pombe HIRA-like protein hip1 is required for the periodic expression of histone genes and contributes to the function of complex centromeres. Molecular and Cellular Biology 2004, 24(10), 4309-4320.
- Bulmer R, Pic-Taylor A, Whitehall SK, Martin KA, Millar JBA, Quinn J, Morgan BA. The forkhead transcription factor Fkh2 regulates the cell division cycle of Schizosaccharomyces pombe. Eukaryotic Cell 2004, 3(4), 944-954.
- Stiefel J, Wang L, Kelly DA, Janoo RTK, Seitz J, Whitehall SK, Hoffman CS. Suppressors of an adenylate cyclase deletion in the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe. Eukaryotic Cell 2004, 3(3), 610-619.
- Greenall A, Hadcroft AP, Malakasi P, Jones N, Morgan BA, Hoffman CS, Whitehall SK. Role of fission yeast Tup1-like repressors and Prr1 transcription factor in response to salt stress. Molecular Biology of the Cell 2002, 13(9), 2977-2989.
- Borrelly GPM, Harrison MD, Robinson AK, Cox SG, Robinson NJ, Whitehall SK. Surplus zinc is handled by Zym1 metallothionein and Zhf endoplasmic reticulum transporter in Schizosaccharomyces pombe. Journal of Biological Chemistry 2002, 277(33), 30394-30400.
- Robinson NJ, Whitehall SK, Cavet JS. Microbial Metallothioneins. In: Poole, R.K, ed. Advances in Microbial Physiology. London: Academic Press, 2001, pp.184-213.
- Robinson NJ, Whitehall SK, Cavet JS. Microbial metallothioneins. Advances in Microbial Physiology 2001, 44, 183-213.
- Janoo RTK, Neely LA, Braun BR, Whitehall SK, Hoffman CS. Transcriptional regulators of the Schizosaccharomyces pombe fbp1 gene include two redundant Tup1p-like corepressors and the CCAAT binding factor activation complex. Genetics 2001, 157(3), 1205-1215.
- Whitehall S, Stacey P, Dawson K, Jones N. Cell cycle-regulated transcription in fission yeast: Cdc10-Res protein interactions during the cell cycle and domains required for regulated transcription. Molecular Biology of the Cell 1999, 10(11), 3705-3715.
- Zhu Y, Takeda T, Whitehall S, Peat N and Jones N. Functional characterization of the fission yeast start-specific transcription factor Res2. Embo Journal 1997, 16, 1023-1034.
- Whitehall SK Kassavetis GA and Geiduschek EP. The symmetry of the yeast U6 RNA gene's TATA box and the orientation of the TATA-binding protein in yeast TFIIIB. Genes and Development 1995, 9, 2974-2985.
- Narayanan S, Dubarry M, Lawless C, Banks AP, Wilkinson DJ, Whitehall SK, Lydall D. Quantitative Fitness Analysis Identifies exo1∆ and Other Suppressors or Enhancers of Telomere Defects in Schizosaccharomyces pombe. PloS ONE 2015, 10(7), e0132240.
- Pai CC, Deegan RS, Subramanian L, Gal C, Sarkar S, Blaikley EJ, Walker C, Hulme L, Bernhard E, Codlin S, Bähler J, Allshire R, Whitehall S, Humphrey TC. A histone H3K36 chromatin switch coordinates DNA double-strand break repair pathway choice. Nature Communications 2014, 5, 4091.