Dementia refers to a progressive loss of cognitive abilities, such that the person has difficulty undertaking routine daily tasks. Dementia can affect a number of functions, such as memory, reasoning and communication skills. There are currently 700,000 people in the UK with dementia, and the number of people with this condition will double to 1.4 million in the next 30 years.
Alzheimer’s disease, vascular dementia and dementia with Lewy bodies are common types of dementia. A greater understanding of the processes underlying nerve cell loss in the different dementia is translating into several exciting and novel therapeutic areas.