Removal of arsenic from drinking water by chemical precipitation - a modeling and simulation study of the physical-chemical processes (2007)

Author(s): Pal P, Z Ahammad Sk, Pattanayak A, Bhattacharya P

    Abstract: A dynamic mathematical model was developed for removal of arsenic from drinking water by chemical coagulation-precipitation and was validated experimentally in a bench-scale set-up. While examining arsenic removal efficiency of the scheme under different operating conditions, coagulant dose, pH and degree of oxidation were foun d to have pronounced impact. Removal efficiency of 91-92% was achieved for synthetic feed water spiked with 1 mg/L arsenic and pre-oxidized by potassium permanganate at optimum pH and coagulant dose. Model predictions corroborated well with the experimental findings (the overall correlation coefficient being 0.9895) indicating the capability of the model in predicting performance of such a treatment plant under different operating conditions. Menu-driven, user-friendly Visual Basic software developed in the study will be very handy in quick performance analysis. The simulation is expected to be very useful in full-scale design and operation of the treatment plants for removal of arsenic from drinking water.

      • Date: 01-04-2007
      • Journal: Water Environment Research
      • Volume: 79
      • Issue: 4
      • Pages: 357-366
      • Publisher: Water Environment Federation
      • Publication type: Article
      • Bibliographic status: Published