Dr Mark Goddard
Research Associate in Urban Ecology
- Email: email@example.com
- Telephone: +44(0) 191 208 4869
- Personal Website: http://research.ncl.ac.uk/success/
- Address: School of Civil Engineering and Geosciences
Newcastle upon Tyne
Introduction and background
I’m a Research Associate in Urban Ecology on the SUCCESS project (Sustainable Urban Carbon Capture: Engineering Soils for Climate Change) funded by EPSRC. For more information see: http://research.ncl.ac.uk/success/. I carry out experimental and observational studies of the botanical and invertebrate ecology of urban land designed to have a carbon capture function.
I’m an ecologist by training and have been working on biodiversity conservation in urban environments for over 10 years. I started as a Project Officer at the Tees Valley Wildlife Trust, seeking ways to improve the habitat management of the East Middlesbrough beck valleys for the water vole, a nationally declining mammal. I then spent three years as a professional ecological consultant where I furthered my interest in the ecological design of urban green spaces and the integration of wildlife features within the built environment. In 2007 I moved into academia to start my PhD at the University of Leeds on the ecological and social drivers of biodiversity in private gardens, and in 2011 I began my post-doc career on the Urban Pollinators Project, a UK-wide collaborative project researching the ecology and conservation of insect pollinators in cities.
PhD (University of Leeds, 2012: ‘The socio-ecological drivers of biodiversity in residential landscapes at multiple spatial scales: an interdisciplinary approach’)
MRes Ecology & Environmental Management (University of York, 2003)
BSc (Hons) Zoology (University of Nottingham, 2001)
2011-2014: Research Assistant, Urban Pollinators Project, School of Biology, University of Leeds
2007: Consultant Ecologist, Ecology Consultancy Ltd, London
2004-2007: Consultant Ecologist, EcoSchemes Ltd, Axminster
2005: Volunteer Field Research Assistant, Murdoch University, Perth, Australia
2003 -2004: Water Vole Project Officer, Tees Valley Wildlife Trust
2001–2002: Practical Conservation Volunteer Officer, TCV Nottinghamshire
Professional activities and collaborations
2014-2018: Steering Committee member and Coordinator of the Urban Socio-ecological Linkages Working Group of US National Science Foundation Research Coordination Network (RCN) project: ‘UrbioNet: A Global Network of Urban Biodiversity Research and Practice’
2014-2015: Core participant in the National Socio-environmental Synthesis Center (SESYNC) project: ‘Urban Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services’ (University of Maryland)
2014: Guest lecturer for third year undergraduate course Advanced Topics in Zoology (University of Leeds)
2014: Keynote speaker at the RHS Britain in Bloom Finalists Seminar, Stadium of Light, Sunderland.
2013: Grant Reviewer for US National Science Foundation (NSF)
2012: Co-organiser and invited speaker of a symposium at ESA 97th Annual Meeting: ‘Tales from the concrete jungle understanding and sustaining the earth’s urban biodiversity from local to global scales’ (Portland, Oregon)
2011 to date: Core participant in National Centre for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis (NCEAS) working group: ‘Comparative ecology of cities: What makes an urban biota ‘urban’‘ (University of California, Santa Barbara)
2010: Session chair at British Ecological Society AGM (University of Leeds)
2010 to date: Reviewer for 24 peer-reviewed journals: Basic & Applied Ecology; Biodiversity & Conservation; Biological Conservation; Conservation Biology; Diversity & Distributions; Ecological Applications; Ecological Entomology; Ecological Restoration; Ecology and Evolution; Ecology and Society; Ecosphere; Environmental Research; Functional Ecology; Insect Conservation and Diversity; Journal of Applied Ecology; Landscape Ecology; Landscape & Urban Planning; Land Use Policy; Oikos; Pakistan Journal of Zoology; PLoS One; Urban Ecosystems; Urban Forestry & Urban Greening; Wildlife Research
2013: British Ecological Society Training and Travel grant to present a research poster at INTECOL 2013, London (‘The ‘burbs and the bees: Income predicts wild bee diversity in two contrasting city suburbs’)
2012: Member of academic team advising on the design of the University of Leeds gold-medal winning exhibit on urban ecosystem services ‘Gardening for Champions’ at the Royal Horticultural Society (RHS) Chelsea Flower Show.
2010: British Ecological Society Training and Travel grant to give a presentation at the URBIO Conference, Nagoya, Japan (‘Scaling up from gardens: Avian diversity in a residential ecosystem’)
Member, British Ecological Society
Associate Member, Chartered Institute of Ecology & Environmental Management (ACIEEM)
My research focuses on biodiversity conservation and ecosystem services in human-modified landscapes, in particular urban environments. I am currently working as a Research Associate in Urban Ecology on the SUCCESS project (Sustainable Urban Carbon Capture: Engineering Soils for Climate Change) funded by EPSRC. I carry out experimental and observational studies of the botanical and invertebrate ecology of urban land designed to have a carbon capture function.
In 2014, I finished my previous position at the University of Leeds on the ‘Urban Pollinators: their Ecology and Conservation’ project (www.urbanpollinators.org), funded by the Insect Pollinators Initiative (NERC, BBSRC, Defra, Scottish Government and The Wellcome Trust). The project studied pollinators in replicate cities, farms and nature reserves UK-wide, sampled 700 sites in four cities to assess the suitability of different urban habitats for pollinators and planted 60 flower meadows to examine their benefit to pollinators. The project was a collaboration between four UK universities, and I was responsible for managing the research in Leeds. I developed a working relationship with green space managers at Leeds City Council and I continue to collaborate with academics and other practitioners to find ways of improving urban habitat management for pollinators.
In 2012, I
completed my PhD on the ecological and social drivers of bird and bee diversity
in residential landscapes. This work has led to an interest in how we can incentivise householders,
communities and local authorities to manage cities more sympathetically for
wildlife. This involves an understanding of how socio-economic factors
and human decision-making influence the management of private gardens and other
green spaces at multiple scales in urban ecosystems.
Collaborative research projects
I am actively collaborating with overseas researchers on a number of international urban biodiversity projects, including:
- NCEAS Working Group (University of California, Santa Barbara) that has compiled the largest database to date of the flora and avifauna of cities around the world. 'Comparative Ecology of Cities: What Makes an Urban Biota "Urban"?' (www.nceas.ucsb.edu/featured/aronson).
- SESYNC project (University of Maryland/SDiv Leipzig,Germany) on planning and policy approaches to managing urban biodiversity and ecosystem services. 'Ecological and Social Linkages among Biodiversity, Ecosystem Services, and Environmental Policy and Management in the World’s Cities (http://sesync.org/project/urban-biodiversity-ess).
- US National Science Foundation (NSF) Research Coordination Network grant to build a global network called UrBioNet to support urban biodiversity
research, monitoring and practice. 'UrBioNet: A Global Network for Urban Biodiversity Research and Practice' (http://urbionet.weebly.com/)
- Aronson MFJ, Lepczyk CA, Evans KL, Goddard MA, Lerman SB, MacIvor JS, Nilon CH, Vargo T. Biodiversity in the city: key challenges for urban green space management. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 2017, 15(4), 189-196.
- Nilon CH, Aronson MFJ, Cilliers S, Dobbs C, Frazee L, Goddard MA, Roberts D, Stander E, O'Neill K, Werner P, Winter M, Yocom K. Planning for the future of urban biodiversity: A global review of city-scale initiatives. BioScience 2017, epub ahead of print.
- Goddard MA, Ikin K, Lerman SB. Ecological and Social Factors Determining the Diversity of Birds in Residential Yards and Gardens. In: Murgui,E;Hedblom,M, ed. Ecology and Conservation of Birds in Urban Environments. Springer, 2017, pp.371-397.
- Lepczyk CA, LaSorte FLA, Aronson MFJ, Goddard MA, MacGregor-Fors I, Nilon CH, Warren PS. Global Patterns and Drivers of Urban Bird Diversity. In: Murgui E; Hedblom M, ed. Ecology and Conservation of Birds in Urban Environments. Springer, 2017, pp.13-33.
- Gunton RM, van Asperen EN, Basden A, Bookless D, Araya Y, Hanson DR, Goddard MA, Otieno G, Jones GO. Beyond Ecosystem Services: Valuing the Invaluable. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 2017, (In Press, Corrected Proof).
- Kolosz BW, Goddard MA, Jorat ME, Aumonier J, Sohi SP, Manning DAC. A Sustainability Framework for Engineering Carbon Capture Soil In Transport Infrastructure. International Journal of Transport Development and Integration 2017, 1(1), 74-83.
- Senapathi D, Goddard MA, Kunin WE, Baldock KCR. Landscape impacts on pollinator communities in temperate systems: evidence and knowledge gaps. Functional Ecology 2016, (ePub ahead of Print).
- Aronson MFJ, Nilon CH, Lepczyk CA, Parker TS, Warren PS, Cilliers SS, Goddard MA, Hahs AK, Herzog C, Katti M, LaSorte FA, Williams NSG, Zipperer W. Hierarchical Filters Determine Community Assembly of Urban Species Pools. Ecology 2016, epub ahead of print.
- Hicks DM, Ouvrard P, Baldock KCR, Baude M, Goddard MA, Kunin WE, Mitschunas N, Memmott J, Morse H, Nikolitsi M, Osgathorpe LM, Potts SG, Robertson KM, Scott AV, Sinclair F, Westbury DB, Stone GN. Food for Pollinators: Quantifying the Nectar and Pollen Resources of Urban Flower Meadows. PLoS One 2016, 11(6), e0158117.
- Ouvrard P, Hicks DM, Mouland M, Nicholls JA, Baldock KCR, Goddard MA, Kunin WE, Potts SG, Thieme T, Veromann E, Stone GN. Molecular taxonomic analysis of the plant associations of adult pollen beetles (Nitidulidae; Meligethinae), and the population structure of Brassicogethes aeneus. Genome 2016, (ePub ahead of Print), 1-49.
- Goddard MA. Carbon Capture Gardens: A Nature-Based Solution for Managing Urban Brownfield Soils for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services. The Nature of Cities, 2016. Available at: http://www.thenatureofcities.com/2016/02/07/carbon-capture-gardens-a-nature-based-solution-for-managing-urban-brownfield-soils-for-biodiversity-and-ecosystem-services/.
- Baldock KCR, Goddard MA, Hicks DM, Kunin WE, Mitschunas N, Osgathorpe LM, Pott SG, Robertson KM, Scott AV, Stone GN, Vaughan IP, Memmott J. Where is the UK’s pollinator biodiversity? The importance of urban areas for flower-visiting insects. Proceedings of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences 2015, 282(1804).
- Baldock K, Goddard MA, Kunin WE, Potts SG, Stone GN, Memmott J. Managing urban areas for insect pollinators: As town and cities continue to grow how can land managers help insect pollinators in urban areas?. Living With Environmental Change. Policy and Practice Note No.20 – Insect Pollinators Initiative, 2015.
- Aronson MFJ, LaSorte FA, Nilon CH, Katti M, Goddard MA, Lepczyk CA, Warren PS, Williams NSG, Cilliers S, Clarkson B, Dobbs C, Dolan R, Hedblom M, Klotz S, Kooijmans JL, Kuhn I, MacGregor-Fors I, McDonnell M, Mortberg U, Pysek P, Siebert S, Sushinsky J, Werner P, Winter M. A global analysis of the impacts of urbanization on bird and plant diversity reveals key anthropogenic drivers. Proceedings of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences 2014, 281(1780), 20133330.
- Goddard MA, Dougill AJ, Benton TG. Why garden for wildlife? Social and ecological drivers, motivations and barriers for biodiversity management in residential landscapes. Ecological Economics 2013, 86, 258-273.
- Goddard MA, Benton TG, Dougill AJ. Beyond the garden fence: landscape ecology of cities. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 2010, 25(4), 202-203.
- Goddard MA, Dougill AJ, Benton TG. Scaling up from gardens: biodiversity conservation in urban environments. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 2010, 25(2), 90-98.
- Jorat ME, Kolosz BW, Goddard MA, Sohi SP, Akgun N, Dissanayake D, Manning DAC. Geotechnical Requirements for Capturing CO2 through Highways Land. In: Sixth International Conference on Geotechnique, Construction Materials and Environment. 2016, Bangkok, Thailand: GEOMATE Society.
- Jorat ME, Goddard MA, Kolosz BW, Sohi S, Manning DAC. Sustainable Urban Carbon Capture: Engineering Soils for Climate Change (SUCCESS). In: Proceedings of XVI ECSMGE 2015: Geotechnical Engineering for Infrastructure and Development. 2015, Edinburgh, United Kingdom.
- Kolosz BW, Goddard MA, Jorat ME, Sohi S, Manning DAC. Developing Lifecycle Inventory Indices for Estimating the Carbon Sequestration of Artificially Engineered Soils and Plants. In: 5th Asian Conference on Sustainability, Energy, and the Environment. 2015, Kobe, Japan.
- Jorat ME, Goddard MA, Kolosz BW, Sohi SP, Manning DAC. Sustainable urban carbon capture: Engineering soils for climate change (SUCCESS). In: Geotechnical Engineering for Infrastructure and Development - Proceedings of the XVI European Conference on Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering, ECSMGE 2015. 2015, ICE Publishing.
- Jorat ME, Kolosz BW, Goddard MA, Sohi SP, Akgun N, Dissanayake D, Manning DAC. Geotechnical Requirements for Capturing CO2 through Highways Land. International Journal of GEOMATE 2017, 13(35), 22-27.