Nutrition, saliva and oral health (2003)

Author(s): Moynihan PJ; Lingström P

    Abstract: Saliva is a complex liquid consisting of secretions from the major and minor salivary glands. Salivary flow and composition of mixed whole saliva are controlled by parasympathetic and sympathetic stimuli and influenced by a number of physiologic factors. About 99% of saliva is water, and the remainder consists of mainly proteins and electrolytes (Table I). Saliva has three major functions: lubrication, digestion, and protection. Each of these functions has many aspects (Table II). Due to the diversity of the saliva functions, there is an overwhelming risk that factors compromising salivary gland function may also severely affect oral and general health.[1] A common compromising effect on saliva gland function is reduced saliva flow rate. Malnutrition is one factor that might compromise salivary gland function.

      • Date: 23-05-2003
      • Journal: Nutrition
      • Volume: 19
      • Issue: 6
      • Pages: 567-569
      • Publisher: Elsevier Inc.
      • Publication type: Article
      • Bibliographic status: Published

      Professor Paula Moynihan
      Prof of Nutrition & Oral Health