School of Dental Sciences

Staff Profile

Professor Paula Moynihan

Prof of Nutrition & Oral Health

Background

Introduction

As Director of the Centre for Oral Health Research (COHR) I facilitate cross-Faculty research related to oral health.  The COHR was designated as a University Research Centre in 2010 and currently approximately 67 staff and students work with the COHR.

As Director of the only World Health Organization Collaborating Centre for Nutrition and Oral Health, I assist WHO in providing update sound information on the relationships between nutrition, oral health and general health in order that WHO may assist countries in development and adjustment of public health programmes. The WHO collaborating Centre also assists WHO to strengthen research capacity in the area of diet, nutrition and oral health. The WHO Collaborating Centre also assists WHO in implementing the appropriate education curricular inclusion of non-communicable diseases common risk factor approaches, diet and nutrition, and oral health promotion. The WHO Collaborating Centre was established in 1996, I became Director in 2001. It is now one of the longest established Collaborating Centres in the area of Nutrition.  

I am Professor of Nutrition and Oral Health in the School of Dental Sciences and I also lead the 'Ageing Across the Life-course' Research theme in the Newcastle University Institute for Ageing.

Roles and Responsibilities

Director Newcastle University Centre for Oral Health Research.

Director WHO Collaborating Centre for Nutrition and Oral Health,

Professor of Nutrition and Oral Health.

Theme Lead ‘Ageing Across the Life-Course’ Newcastle Institute for Ageing.

Course lead for undergraduate courses in the BDS programme (Metabolism & Homeostasis; Nutrition & Diet) and teach on several other undergraduate degree programmes (MBBS, BSC (Hons) Food & Human Nutrition and MRes Ageing and Health.

Chair of Executive Committee of COHR

Member of the School of Dental Sciences Executive Committee (Director of Research)

Member of the Human Nutrition Research Centre

Member of the BDS Stage 1 and Stage 2 Co-ordinating Committees

Member of Newcastle University Ethics Committee

Member of the BDS Student Recruitment Committee

Qualifications

PhD in Nutrition, University of Surrey 1990, Thesis title:’ The Relationship between Carnitine Status and Ketone Bodies in Injury and Disease’.

BSc, Nutrition and Dietetics, University of Surrey 1986

State Registration in Dietetics, University of Surrey 1986

Previous Positions

Reader in Nutrition and Oral Health, Newcastle University 2006-2008

Senior Lecturer in Nutrition, Newcastle University 2001-2006

Lecturer in Nutrition, Newcastle University 1991-2001

Lecturer in Nutrition, School of Biological Sciences, University of Surrey 1990-1991

Memberships

International Association for Dental Research

Nutrition Society

Association for Nutrition

American Society for Nutrition

Association of Basic Science Teachers in Dentistry

Health and Care Professionals Council

 

Professional Responsibilities

Vice President of the International Association for Dental Research

External expert advisor to the WHO Nutrition Guideline Advisory Group (sub-panel on diet and health) 2010-present.

Member of the European Food Safety Authority Working Group on Added Sugars (2017-2020).

President of the Geriatric Oral Research Group of the International Association for Dental Research (2016-present)

Past President of the Nutrition Research Group of the International Association for Dental Research (2000-2001)

Chair of the Distinguished Scientist Award Committee for the Geriatric Oral Research Group of IADR (2014)

Past Council member of the International Association for Dental Research (Nutrition Research Group) 20012-2014)

Member of the Management Committee of the BSODR (British Society for Oral and Dental Research (2013-2016)

Member of the ESRC Peer Review College (2010-present).

Honours and Awards:

International Association for Dental Research Distinguished Scientist Award (Geriatric Oral Research) 2010

Recipient of the Nutrition Society Silver Medal 2004 (for excellence in research by a young scientist)

Research

Research Interests

    Dietary carbohydrates as an aetiological factor for oral disease. Assessment of dietary sugars intake. The inter-relationship between nutrition and oral health throughout the life-course. tDietary intervention in older people living in the community and in care, including the impact of oral health on eating related quality of life.

    Current Research Projects

      1. Public Health England: ‘Change4Life Sugars Campaign: impact on sugars intake by children aged 5-11 years and identification of barriers/facilitations to reducing consumption’. Principal investigator: 

      2. WHO commissioned Systematic Review on intake of dietary starch and oral health.  Principal Investigator

      3. WHO commissioned systematic review of the aetiological factors contributing to the development of early childhood caries. Principal investigator. Funded by the Borrow Foundation.

      4. The Development of a behavioural intervention manual to enhance twice daily tooth brushing (sub-study on the impact on diet). Sub-study on diet lead. 2015-2018. GlaxoSmithKline R&D.

      Selected past research projects

      1. National Institute of Health Research (NIHR). ‘Implementing person centred co-ordinated care for older people in care homes. How should Dentists be involved?’ Co-Investigator.

      2. World Health Organization. Systematic review of the amount of sugars and dental caries. Principal investigator. 2011-2013. 

      3. RCUK Cross Research Council’s Life Long Health and Wellbeing Programme. ‘Development of interventions to enhance health and wellbeing in later life (The LIVEWELL Programme).’ £2,300,000. Principal Investigator on work package developing a dietary intervention. 2010-2015.

      1. Department of Health. ‘VegBP: effects of selected vegetables on cardiovascular function.’ £859,448. Co-investigator. 2010-2013.
      2. RCUK Cross Research Council’s ‘New Dynamics of Ageing Programme. ‘MAPPmal: Multidisciplinary approach to produce a prototype for the prevention of malnutrition in older people.’ £1,086,000. Principal Investigator. 2008-2012.
      3. EU Framework Programme 7 Marie Curie Industry-Academia Partnership and Pathways (with Philips Research Eindhoven).  ‘Balance@Home, Consumer solutions for guidance towards meal planning, meal preparation and personal choice.’ £190,200.  Co-investigator. 2010-2012.
      1. Food Standards Agency. ‘Introducing healthier menus in residential care homes for older people: evaluation of barriers, facilitators and the impact on dietary intake’. £693,727. Principal Investigator. 2008-2011.

      2. Food Standards Agency. ‘Measurement of packaged food intake of selected groups of adults and the elderly.’ £332,597. Co-investigator. 2007-2009.

      3. The Borrow Foundation/Department of Health. ‘Urinary fluoride excretion studies to determine urinary fluoride excretion following an increased fluoride load through an increase fluoride dose in milk.’ £129,360.   Co-investigator.

      4. National Institute of Health Research Health Technology Assessment Board. ‘LIFELAX - Lifestyle versus laxatives in the management of chronic constipation in older people’. £904,398. Co-investigator.

      5. Food Standards Agency. ‘Design and evaluation of peer-led community based food clubs: A means to improve the diets of older people from socially deprived backgrounds.’  £511,386. Principal Investigator.

      Esteem Indicators 

      I am Vice President of the International Association for Dental Research

      I am a member of the European Food Safety Authority Working Group on Added Sugars (2017-2020)

      I was awarded an International Association for Dental Research Distinguished Scientist Award for 'Geriatric Oral Research' in 2010.

       I am an external advisor on diet and oral health, to the WHO NUGAG Sub-Group on Diet and Health.

       I was awarded the Nutrition Society Silver Medal in July 2004 for 'Excellence in research by a young scientist'

       I was a member of the 2002, WHO Expert Consultation on Diet, Nutrition and the Prevention of Chronic Diseases.

       

      Invited presentations to academic and professional conferences

      Related to my research, I have given invited oral presentations in 23 countries across 7 regions of the world including Africa (South Africa), Australasia (e.g. New Zealand), Asia (e.g. China, Japan, South Korea, Thailand), Europe (e.g. Finland, Ireland, Switzerland), the Middle East (United Arab Emirates), North America (Canada and USA) and South America (Brazil), including in the last 4 years:

      1. Symposium Presentation ‘General Nutritional Benefits of Breastfeeding; WHO Recommendations’ IADR San Francisco USA March 2017.

      2. Symposium Presentation ‘Dietary intervention to prevent early childhood caries. I4th ISPPD National PG Convention, Bengaluru India February 2017.

      3. Symposium Presentation at the National Oral Health Programme Kuwait symposium on ‘Is sugar the new tobacco: situation in Kuwait and way forward’ Kuwait, February 2017.

      4. Keynote presentation at the All India Institute of Medical Sciences, international conference on ‘Sugar is the new Tobacco’, New Delhi, India, 2016.

      5. Keynote presentation at the annual conference of the Norwegian Dental Association on ‘Sugars: effect on caries and global policy on intake’, Stavanger, Norway, 2016.

      6. Symposium presentation at the joint ORCA/European Association for Dental Public Health Joint symposium on ‘Sugar: the Oral Health Perspective’, Athens, Greece, 2016.

      7. Symposium presentation at the UAE International Dental Conference and Arab Dental Exhibition (AEEDC) on ‘The role of dietary modification in caries prevention and control’, Dubai,United Arab Emirates, 2016.

      8. Keynote presentation at meeting hosted by the Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand on ‘Nutrition Interventions against Early Childhood Caries’, Bangkok,Thailand, 2016.

      9. Symposium presentation at the annual meeting of the Oral Health Promotion Research Group Ireland on ‘Sugars and dental caries’, Dublin, Ireland, 2015.

      10. Symposium presentation at the International Association for Dental Research Global Inequalities in Oral Health Group conference on Sugars. Boston, USA, 2015.

      11. Symposium presentation at the American Society for Nutrition Controversies in Clinical Nutrition Conference. ‘Sugars and dental health’, Washington DC, USA, 2014.

      12. Symposium presentation at the annual meeting of the British Association for the Study of Community Dentistry on ‘Recommended thresholds for free sugars have been halved: what does this mean for public health practice’, London,England, 2015.

      1. Symposium presentation at the FDI World Oral Health Forum. ‘The WHO and global policy on sugars’, Bangkok, Thailand, 2015.
      2. Symposium presentation at the University of California San Francisco School of Dentistry 5th Annual Global Oral Health Symposium ‘Sugars: effect on dental caries and global policy on intake’, San Francisco,USA, 2015.
      3. Symposium presentation at the annual meeting of the British Association for the Study of Community Dentistry.  ‘Should recommendations for sugars intake be halved?’ London, England, 2014.
      4. Symposium presentation at the World Congress in Preventive Dentistry, ‘Guidelines for diet and nutrition that improve oral health’, Budapest, Hungary, 2013.
      5. Keynote presentation at the Brazilian Congress of Nutrition and Ageing ‘Nutrition and Oral Health in Older People’, Rio Grande do Sol, Brazil, 2013.
      6. Keynote presentation at the Brazilian Congress of Nutrition and Ageing ‘hospitalfoodie: re-designing the hospital food service and nutritional management of older people’, Rio Grande do Sol, Brazil, 2013.
      1. Symposium presentation at the International Association of Gerontology and Geriatrics: New World Congress. New Dynamics of Ageing: 'Digital tools to facilitate policies and practices to enhance well-being in later life’, Seoul, South Korea, 2013.

      1. Symposium presentation to the Chinese Nutrition Society meeting. ‘Systematic review of the evidence for the relationship between the amount of sugars consumption and dental caries’, Hangzhou, China, 2013.


       

      Teaching

      Undergraduate teaching

      Bachelor of Dental Surgery and Bachelor of Oral and Dental Health Sciences:

      • Course leader for ‘Metabolism and Homeostasis’ in year one (I led on the development of this course).

      • Course leader for ‘Nutrition and Diet’ in year two (I led on the development of this course).

      • Lecture on ‘Dietary management of chronic disease of childhood’ to year 3.

      • Lecture on ‘Clinical nutrition, nutritional support’ in the Human Diseases course in year 4.

        Human Nutrition and Health BSc:

      • Lectures on ‘Nutrition and oral health’ to final year students.

      • Supervise final year honours projects in nutrition and health.

        Bachelor of Biomedical Sciences, Clinical Ageing and Health Module

      • Lecture on ‘Nutrition and Oral Health in Older people’

        Postgraduate teaching

      • I lecture on ‘Nutrition and Oral Health in Older People’ to the Masters in Research ‘Clinical Ageing’ module and the Masters in Medical Sciences, ‘Ageing and Health’ courses.


      Publications