Professor James Tooley
Professor of Education Policy
- Email: email@example.com
- Telephone: +44 7976 403113
- Personal Website: http://www.ncl.ac.uk/egwest
- Address: Room 1.37 KGVI
School of ECLS
King George VI Building
Queen Victoria Road
Newcastle upon Tyne
Professor Tooley has published widely on the role of government in education. His particular focus is on the phenomenon of low-cost private schools in developing countries.
His book, "The Beautiful Tree: A personal journey into how the world’s poorest are educating themselves", published by Penguin, featured in several Indian non-fiction best-sellers lists in 2009. It has just been launched as a paperback and audio book (Cato Institute, Washington DC). The book builds on his ground-breaking research on private education for the poor in India, China and Africa, for which Tooley was awarded gold prize in the first International Finance Corporation/Financial Times Private Sector Development Competition. Following on from this, he was founding president of the Education Fund, Orient Global, living for two years in Hyderabad, India (on unpaid leave from the University), where he helped create a chain of low cost private schools and associated educational infrastructure.
He is co-founder and chairman of Omega Schools Franchise Ltd, a chain of low-cost private schools in Ghana. Its first two schools opened in 2009, and it has grown to 40 schools with 20,000 students, with significant investment from Pearson's Affordable Learning Fund.
Tooley has also created embryonic chains of low-cost private schools in Sierra Leone and India. He is the patron of AFED - the Association of Formidable Educational Development - in Nigeria, an association of 3,000 low-cost private schools.
Prior to joining Newcastle University, Professor Tooley previously taught and researched at the Universities of Oxford and Manchester, England; Simon Fraser University, Canada; and University of the Western Cape, South Africa. His PhD is from the Institute of Education, University of London. His first job was a mathematics high school teacher in Zimbabwe.
His work featured in a American PBS documentary, profiled alongside the work of Nobel Laureate Mohammed Yunus and Grameen Bank. It also featured in a documentary for BBC World and on BBC Newsnight. He has been described in the pages of Philanthropy magazine as “a 21st century Indiana Jones” travelling to “the remotest regions on Earth researching something that many regard as mythical: private, parent-funded schools serving the Third World poor.”
Roles and Responsibilities
Professor Tooley is Director of the E. G. West Centre.
PhD, 1994, Institute of Education, University of London
MSc, 1987, Science Policy Research Unit, University of Sussex
BSc, 1983, Logic and Mathematics, University of Sussex
University of Manchester
University of Oxford
National Foundation for Educational Research
Adjunct Scholar, Cato Institute, from 2009
Advisory Board member, Transforming Business: International Journal of Enterprise Solutions to Poverty
Advisory Board member, Transforming Business: Enterprise Solutions to Poverty Programme, Judge Business School, University of Cambridge
President of four educational societies serving low cost private schools in India
Patron, Association of Formidable Educational Development, Nigeria
Adviser, Commonwealth Scholarship Commission, from Dec 2005
Member of Academic Advisory Council for the following thinks tanks: Reform (London), Civitas (London), Institute of Economic Affairs (London), Globalisation Institute (London), and the Edupreneurs Council of India (New Delhi).
Invited Member, QCA Curriculum and Assessment Committee, 1998 to 2003
Conference Organiser and Officer, Executive Committee, Philosophy of Education Society of Great Britain, 1991 to 2003
Invited Member, Mont Pelerin Society, from 2003 (The Mont Pelerin Society is an invitation only elite group of social scientists, founded by F.A. Hayek and Milton Friedman in 1947, with 9 Nobel Prize Winners amongst its members).
Honours and Awards
2010 Sir Antony Fisher International Memorial Award, for The Beautiful Tree. Presented in Miami, Florida, 22nd April 2010.
Gold Prize Winner, 1st Financial Times/International Finance Corporation, Private Sector Development Research Paper Competition, Sep 2006, (presented at the Annual Governors’ Meeting of the IMF/World Bank, Singapore)
Article on “Private Schools for the Poor in Gansu Province” in Private Education Research won first prize in the 2007 academic essay competition of The Fourth China Educators’ Annual Conference ( www.zgjyj.cn)
Templeton Prize for Free Market Solutions to Poverty, 1st Prize, March 2006, (presented to the E.G. West Centre, Colorado Springs, USA)
Alexis de Tocqueville Award for the Advancement of Education Freedom, (presented in Warsaw, Poland, May 2007)
National Free Enterprise Award, (presented in Feb 2007, London, UK).
James’s main scholarly work is on the role of the state in education, and on private education, privatisation and public-private partnerships in developing countries and transition economies. He has directed numerous large-scale projects on low-cost private schools in developing countries, funded by the John Templeton Foundation, Orient Global Foundation and UBS Optimus.
James's current research is focused on low cost private schools in Asia and Africa.
Further research will continue to explore the role of the private sector in serving the educational needs of the poor.
James is Director of the E.G. West Centre.
Postgraduate supervision is undertaken with students interested in markets in education, private schools in developing countries, regulatory issues concerning education, the history and philosophy of state intervention in education. Other areas for supervision considered.
Top Four Esteem Indicators
(1) Gold Award Winner of the first Financial Times/International Finance Corporation 'Private Sector Development Research Paper Competition', presented in Singapore at the IMF/World Bank Annual Govenors' Meeting, 17th September 2006. The Research Paper summarised my work on private education for the poor in developing countries, under the title 'Educating Amaretch'.
(2) Founding President of the $100 million Orient Global Education Fund, specifically established in response to the above prize, to provide investment and philanthropic support to private schools for the poor in developing countries, 2007-09.
(3) 1st Prize Award, 2006 Templeton Freedom Prize for Excellence in in Promoting Liberty in Free market Solutions to Poverty, presented in Colorado springs, USA, April 2006; The 2007 Alexis de Toqueville Award for the Advancement of Educational Freedom, presented in Warsaw, May 2007; the 2007 National Free Enterprise Award, presented in London, March 2007.
(4) 2010 Sir Antony Fisher International Memorial Award, for The Beautiful Tree. Presented in Miami, Florida, 22nd April 2010.
MEd (International Development and Education) pathway.
EDU8211 Education Policy for Development
EDU8212 Placement Module
EDU8214 Economics for Development
- Tooley J, Longfield D. Education, War and Peace: The surprising success of private schools in war-torn countries. London: Institute of Economic Affairs in association with London Publishing Partnership, 2017.
- Dixon P, Humble S, Tooley J. How school choice is framed by parental preferences and family characteristics: A study in poor areas of Lagos State, Nigeria. Economic Affairs 2017, 37(1), 53-65.
- Longfield D, Tooley J. School choice and parental preferences in a poor area of Monrovia. International Journal of Educational Development 2017, 53, 117-127.
- Tooley J, Longfield D. Affordability of private schools: exploration of a conundrum and towards a definition of 'low-cost'. Oxford Review of Education 2016, 42(4), 444-459.
- Tooley J. Extending access to low-cost private schools through vouchers: an alternative interpretation of a two-stage ‘School Choice’ experiment in India. Oxford Review of Education 2016, 42(5), 579-593.
- Craven B, Tooley J. Safeguarding children: Ofsted and regulatory failure. Economic Affairs 2016, 36(1), 64-79.
- Tooley J. Low cost private schools: Controversy and implications concerning EFA debate. ZEP (Zeitschrift für internationale Bildungsforschung und Entwicklungspädagogik) 2015, 38(2), 22-26.
- Tooley J, Longfield D. The Role and Impact of Private Schools in Developing Countries: A response to the DFID-commissioned "Rigorous Literature Review". London: Pearson, 2015. Open Ideas.
- Miller P, Craven B, Tooley J. Setting up a free school: successful proposers' experiences. Research Papers in Education 2014, 29(3), 351-371.
- Tooley J. The Role of Government in Education Revisited: The theory and practice of vouchers, with pointers to another solution for American education. Social Philosophy and Policy 2014, 31(1), 204-228.
- Tooley J. Challenging educational injustice: 'Grassroots' privatisation in South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa. Oxford Review of Education 2013, 39(4), 446-463.
- Dixon P, Tooley J, Schagen I. The relative quality of private and public schools for low-income families living in slums of Nairobi, Kenya. In: Srivastava, P, ed. Low-fee Private Schooling: Aggravating Equity or Mitigating Disadvantage?. Oxford: Symposium Books, 2013, pp.83-103.
- Dixon P, Tooley J. A Case Study of Private Schools in Kibera: An Update. Educational Management, Administration and Leadership 2012, 40(6), 690-706.
- Tooley J. Big questions and Poor Economics: Banerjee and Duflo on Schooling in Developing Countries. ECON JOURNAL WATCH 2012, 9(3), 170-185.
- Tooley JN. From Village School to Global Brand: Changing the World through Education. London, UK: Profile Books, 2012.
- Tooley J. From Village School to Global Brand: Changing the World Through Education. London: Profile Books, 2012.
- Rangaraju B, Tooley J, Dixon P. The Private School Revolution in Bihar - Findings from a Survey in Patna Urban. Delhi, India: India Institute, 2012.
- Dixon P, Tooley J. Revolution at the grassroots in developing countries: Implications for School Choice in America. In: Forster, G., Thompson, C.B, ed. Freedom and School Choice in American Education. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2011, pp.111-128.
- Tooley J, Bao Y, Dixon P, Merrifield J. School Choice and Academic Performance: Some Evidence From Developing Countries. Journal of School Choice: International Research and Reform 2011, 5(1), 1-39.
- Tooley J, Dixon P, Gomathi SV. A rejoinder to Sarangapani and Winch. Oxford Review of Education 2010, 36(4), 517-520.
- Brighouse H, Tooley J, Rowe K. Educational Equality. London: Continuum, 2010.
- Tooley J, Dixon P, Shamsan Y, Schagen I. The relative quality and cost-effectiveness of private and public schools for low-income families: a case study in a developing country. School Effectiveness and School Improvement 2010, 21(2), 117-144.
- Tooley J. The Beautiful Tree: A personal journey into how the world's poorest people are educating themselves. Viking: Penguin, 2009.
- Tooley J. The Beautiful Tree: A personal journey into how the world's poorest people are educating themselves. Washington, DC: CATO Institute, 2009.
- Tooley J. E.G. West: Economic Liberalism and the Role of Government in Education. London: Continuum, 2008.
- Tooley J. From Adam Swift to Adam Smith: How the 'Invisible Hand' Overcomes Middle Class Hypocrisy. In: Halstead M; Haydon G, ed. The Common School and the Comprehensive Ideal. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, 2008, pp.224-237.
- Tooley J, Dixon P, Stanfield J. Impact of Free Primary Education in Kenya: A Case Study of Private Schools in Kibera. Educational Management, Administration & Leadership 2008, 36(4), 449-469.
- Tooley J. Could for-profit private education benefit the poor? Some a priori considerations arising from case study research in India. Journal of Education Policy 2007, 22(3), 321-342.
- Tooley J. Educating Amaretch: Private school for the poor and the new frontier for investors. Economic Affairs 2007, 27(2), 37-43.
- Tooley J. From Adam Swift to Adam Smith: How the 'Invisible Hand' Overcomes Middle Class Hypocrisy. Journal of Philosophy of Education 2007, 41(4), 727-741.
- Tooley J. From Universal to Targeted Vouchers: The Relevance of The Friedmans' Proposals for Developing Countries. In: Enlow, R; Ealy, L, ed. Liberty and Learning: Milton Friedman's Voucher Idea at Fifty. Chicago: CATO Press, 2007, pp.139-154.
- Tooley J, Dixon P. La Educacion Privada es Beneficiosa Para Los Pobres. Guatemala: Universidad Francisco Marroquin, 2007.
- Tooley J, Dixon P, Amuah I. Private and public schooling in Ghana: A census and comparative survey. International Review of Education 2007, 53(4), 389-415.
- Tooley J, Dixon P. Private Education for Low Income Families: Results from a Global Research Project. In: Srivastava, P; Walford, G, ed. Private Schooling in Less Economically Developed Countries: Asian and African Perspectives. Didcot, UK: Symposium Books, 2007, pp.15-39.
- Tooley J, Dixon P. Private schooling for low-income families: A census and comparative survey in East Delhi, India. International Journal of Educational Development 2007, 27(2), 205-219.
- Tooley J, Dixon P, Gomathi SV. Private schools and the millennium development goal of universal primary education: A census and comparative survey in Hyderabad, India. Oxford Review of Education 2007, 33(5), 539-560.
- Tooley J, Qang L, Dixon P. Private Schools for the Poor in Gansu Province, China 詹姆斯•杜力，刘强，和鲍玲•狄金森.(已接受). 中国甘肃省农村地区为低收入家庭服务的民办学校. 北京：比较教育研究杂志. Journal of Comparative Education Research 2007.
- Stanfield J, Tooley J. Private Universities around the World. In: de Burgh, Fazackerley, A; Black, A, ed. Can the Prizes Still Glitter? The Future of British Universities in a Changing World. Buckingham: The University of Buckingham Press, 2007.
- Tooley J. Backing the Wrong Horse: How Private Schools are Good for the Poor. The Freeman 2006, 8-13.
- Tooley J, Dixon P. 'De facto' privatisation of education and the poor: Implications of a study from sub-Saharan Africa and India. Compare 2006, 36(4), 443-462.
- Tooley J, Dixon P. Educacion Privada Y Pobreza: Un estudio de las escuelas privadas que sirven en paises de bajos ingresos. Lima, Peru: UPC, 2006.
- Tooley J. Education Reclaimed. In: Booth, P, ed. Towards a Liberal Utopia?. London: Continuum Publishing, 2006, pp.22-30.
- Tooley J, Dixon P. Los fracasos de la educación pública en los países en desarrollo y la respuesta popular. In: Miles, M., Homes, K. R., O’Grady, M. A, ed. Indice de Libertad Economica. Washington DC: The Heritage Foundation and Wall Street Journal, 2006, pp.29-39.
- Tooley J, Stanfield J. Market Solutions for British Education. In: Roy, S., Clarke. J, ed. Margaret Thatcher's Achievement: How it Happened and What it Meant. London and New York: Continuum Books, 2006, pp.135-152.
- Tooley J, Dixon P. The Failures of State Schooling in Developing Countries and the People's Response. In: Miles, M., Homes, K.R., O'Grady M.A, ed. Index of Ecomonic Freedom: The Link Between Economic Opportunity and Prosperity. Washington, DC, USA: The Heritage Foundation and Wall Street Journal, 2006, pp.27-37.
- Tooley J, Dixon P. An inspector calls: The regulation of 'budget' private schools in Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India. International Journal of Educational Development 2005, 25(3), 269-285.
- Smith F, Hardman F, Tooley J. Classroom interaction in private schools serving low-income families in Hyderabad, India. International Education Journal 2005, 6(5), 607-618.
- Tooley J. Could the Globalisation of Education Benefit the Poor?. Shanghai, China: Cathay Institute for Public Affairs, 2005.
- Tooley J, Dixon P. Is there a conflict between commercial gain and concern for the poor? Evidence from private schools for the poor in India and Nigeria. Economic Affairs 2005, 25(2), 20-26.
- Tooley J. Lessons from Private Education Survey in India and Africa: 'Secret Weapon' of Development of Private Education. China Education Daily 2005, (5449).
- Tooley J. Management of private-aided higher education in Karnataka, India: lessons from an enduring public-private partnership. Educational Management, Administration and Leadership 2005, 33(4), 465-486.
- Tooley J, Dixon P, Olaniyan O. Private and public schooling in low-income areas of Lagos State, Nigeria: A census and comparative survey. International Journal of Educational Research 2005, 43(3), 125-146.
- Tooley J. Private Education for the Poor: Lessons for America?. In: Salisbury, D., Tooley, J, ed. What America Can Learn from School Choice in Other Countries. Washington DC: Cato Institute, 2005, pp.89-104.
- Tooley J. Private Schools for the Poor. Education Next: A Journal of Opinion and Research 2005, 5(4), 22-32.
- Tooley J, Dixon P. Private Schools Serving the Poor: A study from Delih, India. New Delhi: Centre for Civil Society, 2005.
- Tooley J. The Global Education Industry - A Chinese Perspective. Shanghai, China: Shanghai People's Publishing House, 2005.
- Dixon P, Tooley J. The regulation of private schools serving low-income families in Andhra Pradesh, India. Review of Austrian Economics 2005, 18(1), 29-54.
- Salisbury D, Tooley J. What America Can Learn from School Choice in Other Countries. Washington DC: Cato Institute, 2005.
- Tooley J. Private education and 'education for all'. Economic Affairs 2004, 24(4), 4-7.
- Tooley J, Dixon P, Stanfield J. Delivering Better Education: market solutions to education. London: Adam Smith Institute, 2003. Adam Smith Institute Better Education Project 1902737407.
- Tooley J, Stanfield J. Government Failure: E.G. West on Education. London, UK: Institute of Economic Affairs, 2003.
- Mitra S, Tooley JN, Inamdar P, Dixon P. Improving English pronunciation: an automated instructional approach. Information Technologies and International Development 2003, 1(1), 75-84.
- Tooley J, Dixon P. Providing Education to the World's poor: A case study of the private sector in India. In: Davies, B., West-Burnham, J, ed. The Handbook of Educational Leadership and Management. London, UK: Pearson Education, 2003, pp.342-354.
- Tooley J. The role of the state in education. In: Guthrie, J.W, ed. Encyclopedia of Education. New York: Macmillan USA, 2003.
- Tooley J. Why Harry Brighouse is Nearly Right about the Privatisation of Education. Journal of Philosophy of Education 2003, 37(3), 427-447.
- Tooley J. Education in the Voluntary City. In: Beito, D.T., Gordon, P., Tabarrok, A, ed. The Voluntary City: Choice, Community, and Civil Society. Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan Press, 2002, pp.223-252.
- Tooley J, Dixon P. Private schools for the poor: A case study from India. Reading: CfBT, 2002.
- Tooley J. Reclaiming Education. In: 2000-2001: Scientific Translations and Research. Kiev: Translators' Workshop, 2002.
- Tooley J. The global education industry. In: Warburton, P, ed. IEA Yearbook of Government Performance, 2002/03. London: Profile Books, 2002.
- Tooley J. The Miseducation of Women. London & New York: Continuum, 2002.
- Tooley J, ed. Buckingham at 25: Freeing the universities from state control. London: Institute of Economic Affairs, 2001.
- Tooley J. Education survival is not compulsory. Economic Affairs 2001, 21(2), 54-54.
- Tooley J. The Enterprise of Education: Opportunities and Challenges for India. New Delhi: Liberty Institute, 2001.
- Tooley J. The Good, the Bad and the Ugly: Reflection on Four Year's Hard Labour. In: Fielding, M, ed. Taking Education Really Seriously: Four Years Hard Labour. London: Routledge, 2001, pp.59-73.
- Tooley J. The Private Sector Serving the Educational Needs of the Poor. In: Hepburn, C.R, ed. Can the Market Save Our Schools?. Vancouver: Fraser Institute, 2001.
- Tooley J. The Quality of Educational Research: A perspective from Great Britain. Issues in Education 2001, 76(3), 122-140.
- Tooley JN. Reclaiming Education. London: Cassell, 2000.
- Tooley J. New versus old Barber: An unfinished revolution. British Journal of Educational Studies 1999, 47(1), 28-42.
- Tooley JN. The global education industry : lessons from private education in developing countries. London: Institute of Economic Affairs in association with International Finance Corporation, 1999.
- Tooley JN. On school choice and social class : a response to Ball, Bowe and Gewirtz. British Journal of Sociology of Education, 18(2) 217-230 1997.