- Project Dates: September 2005 - August 2008
- Project Leader: Professor Martin Downie
- Sponsors: Natural Environment Research Council (NERC)
Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) is recognised as having a significant role to play in reducing carbon dioxide emissions and tackling climate change. In CCS schemes, carbon dioxide is captured from anthropogenic sources, and transported to suitable sites either for EOR (Enhanced Oil Recovery) or storage.
The individual components of carbon capture and storage offshore have all been shown to be potentially viable, and have been demonstrated on a (relatively) small scale. The application of the process on a nationwide scale leaves a number of areas to be more fully investigated. To address this need, NERC have sponsored the establishment of the UK Carbon Capture and Storage Consortium (UKCCSC).
The UKCCSC is a consortium of engineering, technological, natural, environmental, social and economic scientists. The Consortium provides the means to expand the UK research capacity in the area of CCS commensurate with the large potential contributions to national energy targets. The specific mission statement of the consortium is:
To promote an understanding of how options for decoupling fossil fuel use from carbon emissions, through the use of carbon capture and storage, could be used to assist the UK in achieving an energy system which is environmentally sustainable, socially acceptable and meets energy needs securely and affordably.
One of the important aspects of CCS is the development of infrastructure to transport the carbon dioxide and therefore transportation systems have to be implemented to link the CO2 sources to the sinks. The most viable transport options are either ship or pipeline solutions, or a combination of the two.
With expertise in both marine and pipeline engineering, the School of Marine Science and Technology are leading the task to develop viable transport systems, taking into account technical and economic viability, safety and monitoring, environmental impact, policy and regulation.