Professor Paula Moynihan
Prof of Nutrition & Oral Health

Introduction

As Director of the Centre for Oral Health Research (COHR) I facilitate cross-Faculty research related to oral health.  The COHR was designated as a University Research Centre in 2010 and currently approximately 67 staff and students work with the COHR.

As Director of the only World Health Organization Collaborating Centre for Nutrition and Oral Health, I assist WHO in providing update sound information on the relationships between nutrition, oral health and general health in order that WHO may assist countries in development and adjustment of public health programmes. The WHO collaborating Centre also assists WHO to strengthen research capacity in the area of diet, nutrition and oral health. The WHO Collaborating Centre also assists WHO in implementing the appropriate education curricular inclusion of non-communicable diseases common risk factor approaches, diet and nutrition, and oral health promotion. The WHO Collaborating Centre was established in 1996, I became Director in 2001. It is now one of the longest established Collaborating Centres in the area of Nutrition.  

I am Professor of Nutrition and Oral Health in the Institute for Health and Society and I also lead the 'Ageing Across the Life-course' Research theme in the Newcastle University Institute for Ageing.

Roles and Responsibilities

Director Newcastle University Centre for Oral Health Research

Director WHO Collaborating Centre for Nutrition and Oral Health

Professor of Nutrition and Oral Health

Theme Lead ‘Ageing Across the Life-Course’ Newcastle Institute for Ageing.

Course lead for undergraduate courses in the BDS programme (Metabolism & Homeostasis; Nutrition & Diet) and teach on several other undergraduate degree programmes (MBBS, BSC (Hons) Food & Human Nutrition and MRes Ageing and Health.

Member of the School of Dental Sciences Executive Committee (Director of Research)

Member of the Human Nutrition Research Centre

Member of the BDS Stage 1 and Stage 2 Co-ordinating Committees

Member of Newcastle University Ethics Committee

Member of the BDS Student Recruitment Committee

Qualifications

PhD in Nutrition, University of Surrey 1990, Thesis title:’ The Relationship between Carnitine Status and Ketone Bodies in Injury and Disease’.

BSc, Nutrition and Dietetics, University of Surrey 1986

State Registration in Dietetics, University of Surrey 1986

Previous Positions

Reader in Nutrition and Oral Health, Newcastle University 2006-2008

Senior Lecturer in Nutrition, Newcastle University 2001-2006

Lecturer in Nutrition, Newcastle University 1991-2001

Lecturer in Nutrition, School of Biological Sciences, University of Surrey 1990-1991

Memberships

International Association for Dental Research

Nutrition Society

Association for Nutrition

American Society for Nutrition

Association of Basic Science Teachers in Dentistry

Health Professionals Council

 

Professional Responsibilities

External expert advisor to the WHO Nutrition Guideline Advisory Group (sub-panel on diet and health) 2010-2014.

Past President of the Nutrition Research Group of the International Association for Dental Research (2000-2001)

Chair of the Distinguished Scientist Award Committee for the Geriatric Oral Research Group of IADR (2014)

Past Council member of the International Association for Dental Research (Nutrition Research Group) 20012-2014)

Member of the Management Committee of the BSODR (British Society for Oral and Dental Research (2013-present)

Member of the ESRC Peer Review College (2010-present).

Honours and Awards:

International Association for Dental Research Distinguished Scientist Award (Geriatric Oral Research) 2010

Recipient of the Nutrition Society Silver Medal 2004 (for excellence in research by a young scientist)

Research Interests

    Dietary intervention in older people living in the community and in care. Food preparation interventions as a means to promote healthier eating. The impact of oral health on eating related quality of life. Dietary sugars and dental health The inter-relationship between nutrition and oral health throughout the life-course.

    Current Research Projects

      Development of interventions to enhance health and wellbeing in later life (the LIVEWELL Programme) funded by the MRC on behalf of the Life Long Health and Wellbeing initiative.

       

        Temporomandibular disorders (TMD), diet and nutrition a mixed-methods exploration: This research is investigating how chronic oro-facial pain impacts on diet, nutritional status and eating related quality of life. The ultimate aim is to provide evidence based dietary intervention for patients with TMD disorders.

         

          Implementing person-centred co-coordinated care for older people living in care homes: how should the dentist be involved (CARING) (supervisor on NIHR transitional fellowship grant).

           

            The impact of orthodontic appliances on eating related quality of life. This research is using qualitative methods to explore how wearing orthodontic appliances impacts on diet and eating in both adult and child patients in the UK and in Iraq. The findings will inform the dietary advice that is provided to patients requiring orthodontic appliances.

             

              The impact of wearing dentures on eating-related quality of life. This research will explore the impact of optimising new replacement dentures on eating related quality of life using the ESIRE questionnaire to collect semi-quantitative and qualitative data. An evidence based user-iterative approach to designing a dietary intervention for denture wearers will be adopted. 

              Esteem Indicators 

              I was awarded an International Association for Dental Research Distinguished Scientist Award for 'Geriatric Oral Research' in 2010.

               

              I am an external advisor on sugars and dental caries, to the WHO NUGAG Committee

               

              I was awarded the Nutrition Society Silver Medal in July 2004 for 'Excellence in research by a young scientist'

               

              I was a member of the 2002, WHO Expert Consultation on Diet, Nutrition and the Prevention of Chronic Diseases.

               

              Invited speaker American Society of Nutrition. Controversies in Clinical Nutrition Conference. Sugars and dental health. Washington DC Dec 2014

               

              Invited speaker European Alliance for a Caries Free Future (Colgate Palmolive). WHO draft guidelines for free sugars intake. Paris November 2014.

               

              Invited speaker British Association for the Study of Community Dentistry. Annual symposium. Should recommendations for sugars intake be halved? London November 2014.

               

              Invited speaker Pan European Federation of Dental Research. Sugars and Oral Health Current intakes and likely future trends.  Dubrovnik September 2014

               

              Invited keynote speaker World Congress in Preventive Dentistry, keynote presentation, ‘Guidelines for diet and nutrition that improve oral health’ Budapest October 2013.

               

              Invited keynote speaker Brazilian Congress of Nutrition and Ageing Invited keynote presentation ‘Nutrition and Oral Health in Older People’. Rio Grande do Sol, Brazil September 2013.

               

              Invited keynote speaker Brazilian Congress of Nutrition and Ageing Invited keynote presentation ‘hospitalfoodie: re-designing the hospital food service and nutritional management of older people’ 2. Rio Grande do Sol, Brazil September 2013.

               

              Invited speaker Chinese Nutrition Society meeting. Invited keynote. ‘Systematic review of the evidence for the relationship between the amount of sugars consumption and dental caries’ Hangzhou, China, March 2013.

               

              Invited speaker Meeting of the European Region meeting of collaborating Centres for Nutrition, Germany October 2012.

              Invited keynote speaker International Association for Dental Research. Geriatric Oral Research Group Keynote ‘Good Nutrition in Later Life: implications for Oral Health’. Miami, March 2011.

               

              Invited speaker Annual meeting of the British Society of Gerodontology, symposium in June 2010.

               

              RCUK China UK collaborative meeting to scope out potential areas for collaborative research. ‘Dietary intervention in Older People’. Beijing March 2010.

               

              International Association for Dental Research, Keynote presentation, ‘Malnutrition in Older People’. Barcelona July 2010.

               

              Funding

               

              Research has been funded by the Research Councils New Dynamics of Ageing Programme, MRC Lifelong Health and Wellbeing Programme, the Food Standards Agency, the Department of Health, the Borrow Foundation and NIHR.

              ·         Development of interventions to enhance health and wellbeing in later life (The LIVEWELL Programme). MRC on behalf of Cross Research Council’s Life Long Health and Wellbeing Programme. £2,300,000. Lead on dietary intervention. 2010-2015.

              ·         Systematic Review of the amount of sugars and dental caries.  Principal investigator. 2011-2013.

              ·         Balance@Home: Exploring home-based support systems for promotion of food, nutritional knowledge and personal choice. EU Framework Programme 7 Marie Curie Industry-Academia Partnership and Pathways (with Philips Eindhoven).  £190,000.  2000-2013

              ·         Effects of selected vegetables on cardiovascular function. Co-investigator on the Department of Health funded project. £859,448.  2010-2013

              ·         MAPPMal: Multidisciplinary approach to produce a prototype for the prevention of malnutrition in older people  RCUK funded ‘New Dynamics of Ageing Programme’ £1,086,000.  Principal Investigator. 2008-2013

              ·         Introducing healthier menus in residential care homes for older people: evaluation of barriers, facilitators and the impact on dietary intake’. Food Standards Agency £693,727. Principal Investigator. 2008-2011.

               

               

               

              Projects

              Undergraduate Teaching

              I am course leader for Metabolism and Homeostasis in Stage 1 BDS and for Nutrition and Diet in Stage 2 BDS and Diploma in Dental Hygiene and Therapy. I contribute to courses on Oral Environment, Digestion, Excretion and Fluid Balance and Child Dental Health in the Dental undergraduate curriculum. I also contribute to courses in the Human Nutrition Degree programme and the MMed Sci in Ageing and Health.