Author(s): P. M. Bradley;D. B. Burns;P. F. Chinnery;A. C. Webb
Abstract: The responses to single electrical stimuli have been recorded from neurons in the brains of domestic chicks, by using an in vitro preparation consisting of a coronal slice taken from the forebrain. All slices were cut so that they contained the intermediate part of the medial hyperstriatum ventrale (IMHV). When such a slice is bathed in standard Krebs' solution there is no evidence that the excitation produced by a single stimulus can be transmitted more than 1 mm either towards or away from the IMHV. The addition of bicuculline methiodide (more than 3 x 10(-6) M) to Krebs' solution allows the excitation produced by a single stimulus to spread in all directions throughout the dorsal half of a coronal slice. At points remote (more than 1.5 mm) from the stimulated point, the magnitude of the spreading wave of excitation bears an all-or-nothing relation to the strength of stimulus used to excite it. This wave of excitation spreads from the excited point in all directions without attenuation at 0.9 +/- 0.017 (s.d.) m s-1 and consists of a prolonged burst of activity of the invaded neurons. The properties of coronal slices described above are also true of brain slices cut in a parasagittal plane. The spreading response to a single stimulus given in the presence of bicuculline, can be reduced in magnitude by the addition of AP-5 but it still spreads throughout the dorsal part of the slice at the same velocity. The response can be eliminated by the addition of kynurenic acid. The addition of curare to the bathing medium produces similar responses that spread in a similar fashion to those seen under bicuculline. These results suggest that the dorsal part of the forebrain of the domestic chick (in fact, the part derived from the embryological alar plate) contains a network of reciprocally connected local circuits. Transmission throughout the network is normally prevented by active inhibition.
Notes: 0962-8452 Journal Article
Keywords: Animals Brain/*physiology Chickens Corpus Striatum/*physiology Electric Stimulation In Vitro Models, Neurological Neurons/physiology Support, Non-U.S. Gov't