Catheter-related Leuconostoc bacteremia secondary to pulmonary Mycobacterium xenopi infection (2007)

Author(s): Huber M, Rumetshofer R, Stradal KH, Attems J, Lintner F

    Abstract: Infection caused by Leuconostoc spp. is very rare. We report a case of Leuconostoc bacteremia in a patient receiving antimycobacterial chemotherapy for pulmonary Mycobacterium xenopi infection. In addition, the patient presented several known characteristic predisposing factors associated with Leuconostoc infection, such as severe underlying disease, previous long-term antibiotic treatment, indwelling intravascular catheter, prolonged parenteral feeding, previous methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus epidermidis (MRSE) bacteremia with subsequent vancomycin treatment, and prolonged hospitalization. Leuconostoc spp. were isolated from several blood cultures and from a retracted intravascular catheter. After removal of the intravascular catheter the patient's condition improved without additional antibiotic treatment. To our knowledge, this is the first report of a patient with Leuconostoc spp. infection secondary to pulmonary non-tuberculous mycobacteriosis.

      • Date: 24-05-2007
      • Journal: Wien Klin Wochenschr
      • Volume: 119
      • Issue: 21-22
      • Pages: 674-677
      • Publisher: Wien Klin Wochenschr
      • Publication type: Article
      • Bibliographic status: Published

      Professor Johannes Attems
      Professor of Neuropathology, Honorary Consultant Pathologist