Professor Selina Stead
Professor of Marine Governance and Environmental Science
- Email: email@example.com
- Telephone: +44 (0) 191 208 6832
- Fax: +44 (0) 191 208 7891
In 2010, Selina Stead became the first Professor of Marine Governance and Environmental Science. She leads international teams to provide robust interdisciplinary scientific evidence for improving policy that supports marine resource management. We aim to impact positively on livelihoods of people dependent on healthy seas and oceans.
Selina specialises in aquatic food sustainability, particularly aquaculture and fisheries, modelling the environmental and socio-economic drivers underpinning human behaviour, poverty, weak governance and management failure. The efficacy of Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) as a tool for sustainable resource management, particularly for coral reef fisheries in Small Island Developing States, has been studied in the Caribbean, western Indian Ocean, Southeast Asia and the South Pacific. Reconciling marine conservation goals with impacts on food security livelihoods is investigated under various scenarios of climate change, community adaptation and policy options.
Selina is a Founder member and Chair of the Scottish Government’s Marine Science Advisory Board. She was elected as President (2006-2012) of the European Aquaculture Society and member of the Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture Science (Cefas) Advisory Committee. Selina serves on the North Eastern Inshore Fisheries Conservation Authority and is part of its Science and Governance Working Group. She helped set-up the International Council for Exploration of the Sea's (ICES) Socio-Economic Aquaculture Working Group. Selina was invited to join the global E15Initiative Expert Group on Oceans, Fisheries and the Trade System, by the International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development and the World Economic Forum in Geneva.
Selina Stead is an interdisciplinary marine scientist and science policy analyst whose motivation stems from a deep interest in the sustainable management of marine resources. Through her research, Selina has made notable contributions to diverse fields in fisheries, aquaculture, marine protected areas (MPAs), integrated coastal management, coral reef ecosystems and marine governance.
Taking inspiration from the way that fishers agree rules about fishing practices and informal governance mechanisms, Selina studies relationships between human behaviour and marine ecosystem health. She applies Bayesian modelling principles to parametrise models for science policy. Selina works with multidisciplinary teams using interdisciplinary approaches to expand the robust evidence base to change the reliance on natural science data - used in marine science policy making - to include socio-economic predictors of peoples’ behaviour.
In 1999, Selina identified a shortage of interdisciplinary scientists in marine resource management that worked on both fisheries and aquaculture, typically managed separately and independently from MPA goals. After a steep learning curve in social science theory and methods, gained from being a lecturer in two different social science departments (Agriculture and Rural Economics, and Land Economy, University of Aberdeen) for 8 years (1996-2004), she came to Newcastle University in 2004 to focus on integrating interdisciplinary science into policy making. She is particularly interested in the impacts of human activities on coral reefs and temperate marine environments.
Before taking up her position at Newcastle University as Lecturer in Tropical Coastal Management, Professor Stead was Director for Marine Resource Management at Aberdeen University, where she led an interdisciplinary research group for academics, professionals and policy advisers. She was a Degree Programme Director for 8 years and achieved an historical first in winning professional accreditation by the Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors for the interdisciplinary undergraduate degree programmes she developed in marine science.
Other positions include a brief spell as a shark specialist advising on underwater filming of dogfish, Scyliorhinus canicula for a TV documentary, ‘Ocean Forest’; EC funded postdoctoral researcher modelling ‘Consumption rates of predatory fish relevant for multi-species assessment and fisheries regulation in the North Sea and Atlantic off Spain’, Director of an Aquaculture BSc and Head of a finfish hatchery set-up for training students in fish husbandry, in Aberdeen.
Selina’s earliest research involved modelling complex interrelationships between effects of environmental change (temperature, salinity and photoperiod) on physiology, behaviour, growth performance and sexual reproduction of a diverse range of teleost and elasmobranch finfish. She held a Home Office Licence for finfish research including anaesthetising fish before they were X-rayed and for taking blood samples to measure steroid hormone levels using radioimmunoassays. She continues to use this experience in supervising students working on invertebrates such as the sea cucumber (Holothuria forskali and Holothuria scabra).
Roles and Responsibilities
Public Orator (2016 - ongoing)
University Promotions Committee (2015 – 2017)
Recruitment Panel for Pro-Vice-Chancellor (2015)
University Athena SWAN Self-Assessment Team (2012 – ongoing)
University Teaching and Learning Committee (2007 – 2015)
Topic Leader on Governance, Management and Planning for marineNewcastle (2012-2014).
Dean of Postgraduate Studies (2016 - ongoing)
Faculty Research Innovation Committee Member (2014 – ongoing)
NERC Internal Review Panel Member (2014 – ongoing)
Ethics Committee (2011-2015)
Institute of Sustainability Research Forum (2013 – ongoing)
Career Pathway Review Advisers Team (2013 - ongoing)
Women in Academia Coaching and Mentoring (2014-ongoing)
School of Marine Science and Technology Roles
Director for Research and Innovation (2014 - ongoing)
Chair of School Research Innovation Committee (2014 – ongoing)
Executive Board Member (2013 – ongoing)
Industrial Advisory Board Member (2014 – ongoing)
N8 Food Sustainability Champion (2014 – ongoing)
Marine Biology, Ecosystems and Governance Research Group Member (2014 – ongoing)
Chair of Marine Science MSc Exam Board (2004 - 2015)
Postgraduate Research Admissions Tutor (2013 - 2015)
School Athena SWAN Working Group (2014 – 2015)
Dove Laboratory Review Committee (2014 – 2015)
Degree Programme Director for MSc Aquaculture, Enterprise and Technology (2008-2013)
Deputy Degree Programme Director for MSc Tropical Coastal Management (2004-2008)
PhD Zoology (1992-1995) University of Aberdeen
MSc Fisheries Biology & Management (1991-1992) University of Wales, Bangor
BSc (Hons) Marine Biology & Oceanography (1988-1991) University of Wales, Bangor
Director, Marine Resource Management, University of Aberdeen, 1999-2004
Director, Aquaculture & Manager of Finfish Hatchery, University of Aberdeen/SAC, 1996-1999
Postdoc - modelling feeding of fish in multi-species management, Marine Scotland, 1996
Scientific Adviser for elasmobranchs in TV documentary, ‘Ocean Forest’ 1996
European Aquaculture Society
Fisheries Society of the British Isles
Marine Biological Association UK
Scottish Association for Marine Science
French (Elementary level)
Shotokan Karate, Diving and Snorkelling
My academic research is in marine science policy and environmental governance. I specialise in fisheries, aquaculture, marine protected areas, integrated coastal management and Small Island Developing States. I have experience in policy making working closely with government scientists and Ministerial advisers at a national level. Internationally, as part of the E15Initiative, I took part in a series of diplomatic roundtable dialogues with WTO Ambassadors in Geneva on fisheries and oceans issues to help validate ideas and test viability. Locally, I am working with fisheries managers, enforcement officers and fishermen to develop byelaws that are supported, can be measured and assessed so they work in practice. I am eternally optimistic that we can find ways to sustainably use and enjoy our seas and oceans but only through interdisciplinary science.
Current research addresses important contemporary marine resource issues such as the impacts of unsustainable management on fisheries, rule-breaking in marine protected areas, role of aquaculture in conservation and food security, community resilience in Small Island Developing States and human impacts on marine ecosystem health.
Some examples of ongoing research are: How do peoples’ perceptions influence their attitudes, which in turn, impact human behaviour on marine resource use? What scientific evidence is measureable and meets policy needs for prioritising management that works in practice? Can marine protected areas (MPAs) reconcile conservation and food security to support resilience in coastal communities? Why do fishers not comply with MPA regulations? How can sea cucumber aquaculture reduce poverty in vulnerable fishery dependent areas? Can shark fishing be sustainable? What drives piracy? Can open innovation improve research capacity building?
2014-2017. Western Indian Ocean Marine Science Association (WIOMSA), CI. BYCatch Assessment and Mitigation in Western Indian Ocean Fisheries (BYCAM), £450,572.
Past Research Projects
2012-2016. Darwin, CI. Responding to fish extirpations in global marine biodiversity epicentre, the Philippines, £294,151.
2012-2016. PI, BBSRC. Impacting food security with sea cucumbers in Integrated Multi-Trophic Aquaculture, £92,173.
2010-2015. European Union, CI. Future of Coral Reefs in a Changing Environment (FORCE), PI on two work packages on governance, involving 18 partners from the Caribbean, Europe, Australia and US, €6.7 million.
2013-2015. ESRC, CI. Interdisciplinary exchanges: natural resource management seminar series. £24,147.
2010-2012. Leverhulme Trust, PI. Poverty eradication through aquaculture - sea-cucumber farming in Tanzania, £300,000.
2012-2014. Defra, CI. Impacts and Threats to biodiversity in the UK COTs, £149,944.
2011-2013. Defra, CI. Methodology for the assessment of priorities for international species conservation (MAPISCo). £136,501.
2011-2012. NERC, CI. Valuing nature network - Interdisciplinary methods to build a socio-ecological decision-making tool to inform marine governance and policy, £47,819.
2009. European Union, CI. The effect of marine reserves on attitudes, perceptions and livelihoods of communities socio-economically dependent on the lagoon fishery in Rodrigues, £81,000.
2009. Cleveland Potash Limited, PI. Impacts of seismic energy on lobster fisheries. £18,000.
2009. Defra, CI. Life Cycle Analysis of a sustainable aquaculture unit. £4,000.
2009. Newcastle University, PI. Reef North East: Socio-economic feasibility study. £5,000.
2004-2008. European Union, CI. Operational evaluation tools for fisheries management options, (EFIMAS). 4,500,000 Euros.
2004-2008. European Union, CI. Coastal Research Policy Integration, COREPOINT, 4,200,000 Euros.
2006-2008. Heritage Lottery Fund, PI. Sustaining our coastal heritage: value of local knowledge, £141,500.
2005-2007. WIOMSA/World Conservation Society/Leverhulme Trust, CI. Effects of coral bleaching on coral reef fish, fisheries and ecosystem services in the Western Indian Ocean, £155,940.
2007. Wetlands International, PI. Strengthening local institutions: gender, sustainable management & rehabilitation of cockle grounds in Ecuador. £9,800.
2006. Natural England, PI. Integrated Coastal Zone Management, NE England. £7,675.
2006. Sir James Knott, PI. Focus groups on identifying local marine knowledge. £5,000.
PhD and Postgraduate Research Candidates (14):
Kawther Al-Belushi (2012-2017) Marine biotechnology in Oman: potential for capacity building through open innovation. Funded by Sultanate of Oman Government.
Mohammed Al-Qattan (2012-2016) Piracy in the Gulf. Funded by the Kuwait Government.
Joseph Arthur (2016 -2021) Integrated maritime policy for sustainable development in West Africa. Self-funded.
Khalid Al-Subhi (2013- 2017) Small-scale and artisanal fisheries management and governance in Oman. Funded by Sultanate of Oman Government.
Katharine Hart (2012 –) Turtle conservation in Costa Rica. Self-funded.
Rebecca Korda (2012 - 2016) Inshore fisheries management and governance in England. Self-funded.
Jan-Michael Moser (2015 - 2018) Sandwiches and sandcastles – shifting the ecology of public health protection at bathing beaches. Funded by the IAPETUS DTP (NERC), the University of Stirling and CASE Partner SEPA.
Adibi Mohammed Nor (2013 -) Management, governance and optimisation of seaweed production in Malaysia. Funded by the Government of Malaysia.
Nwamaka Okeke-Ogbuafor (2012 - 2016) Indigenous governance and community-based organisations in Ogoni communities in Rivers State, Nigeria. Funded by Government of Nigeria.
Angelie Peterson (2012 - 2016) Social networks in coral reef dependent communities in the Caribbean. Funded by EU.
Georgina Robinson (2012 - 2016) Sea cucumber biology and aquaculture. BBSRC funded.
Yussuf Salmin (2015-2017) Fisheries bycatch in the western Indian Ocean. Staff MSc by research. WIOMSA funded.
Alex Scott (2014 - 2016) Perceptions of climate change and coral reef health in the UK Caribbean Overseas Territories. MPhil student. Fieldwork funded by Defra and self-funded.
Andrew Temple (2014 – 2018) Shark fisheries management and governance in East Africa. Funded by WIOMSA and Newcastle University.
PhD graduates (12):
Hatim Al-Bisher (2006-2009) Developing an integrated maritime policy for Saudi Arabia. Funded by government of Saudi Arabia.
Md. Shaha Ali (1997-2001) Effects of salinity and feeding on growth of Nile tilapia. Funded by government of Bangladesh.
Helen Bloomfield (2006-2009) Ecology and management of MPAs in Yorkshire. Funded by NERC.
Natalie Bown (2006-2009) Coral reef and MPA governance in Honduras. Funded by ESRC and Operation Wallacea.
Jenny Brack (2006-2009) Impact of acoustic noise from offshore windfarms on marine mammals and fish. Funded by UKRC.
Annette Breckwoldt (nee Muehlig-Hofmann) (2002-2007) Interdisciplinary appraisal of community-based marine resource management of a traditional Fijian fishing ground (qoliqoli). Self-funded.
Alex Caveen (2009-2012) A critical examination of the scientific credentials of Marine Protected Areas: sound science or a leap of faith? Funded by NERC and ESRC.
Tim Daw (2003-2007) How fishers’ count: engaging with fishers’ knowledge for fisheries science and management. Funded by NERC and ESRC.
Estelle Jones (2010-2015) MPA governance in Thailand. Funded by NERC and ESRC.
Margarita Lavides (2005-2009) Multi-disciplinary study of reef fisheries depletion in Philippines. Funded by the Haribon Foundation, Philippines.
Reuben Sulu (2006-2010) Social and ecological changes in Solomon Islands reef fisheries. Funded by Government of South Pacific.
Rachel Turner (2007-2010) Fishers' behaviour in Northumberland lobster fisheries. Funded by NERC and ESRC.
Founder Member and Chair of Scottish Government’s Marine Scotland Science Scientific Advisory Board (2010-ongoing).
Non-Executive Director of Scottish Government’s Marine Scotland Board (2014-ongoing).
Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture Science (Cefas) Advisory Committee Board Member (2013-2018).
President of European Aquaculture Society (2006-2012) and Board Member of Directors (2000-2012).
Founder Member of International Council for Exploration of the Sea's (ICES) Socio-Economic Aquaculture Working Group (2012 – ongoing).
Marine Management Organisation (MMO) appointed Member of North Eastern Inshore Fisheries Conservation Authority (NEIFCA) Committee and Scientific and Governance Working Group (2011-ongoing).
E15 Expert Group Member on Oceans, Fisheries and the Trade System – invited by the International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development and the World Economic Forum (2014-2015).
Ministerial and Defra Appointed Scientific Fisheries Adviser, North Eastern Sea Fisheries Committee (2005-2011).
Expert Advisor on AquaInnova - strategic research priorities for aquaculture governance, socio-economics and management (2011-2013).
Invited Expert Advisor – First MMO Workshop on Fisheries Management (December 2011).
Invited expert member to International Validation Team for the Leibniz Centre for Tropical Marine Ecology, Bremen, Germany (2013).
Invited Panel member to review future of social sciences at the Leibniz Centre for Tropical Marine Ecology, Bremen, Germany (May 2011).
External Examiner duties
External Examiner for University of Mauritius, MSc Coastal and Ocean Management (2016-2018).
External Examiner for Imperial College, MSc Conservation Science (2012-2015).
External Examiner of PhDs for Imperial College and universities of Cardiff, East Anglia, Portsmouth, Southampton, Swansea and Tasmania.
External Examiner, UK Institute of Fisheries Management, 1999-2004.
Plenary, keynote and invited talks
Keynote conference speaker: ECSA 56 Coastal systems in transition: From a 'natural' to an 'anthropogenically-modified' state. Using marine governance to impact science policy in supporting marine ecosystem health and sustainable livelihoods, Bremen, Germany (September 2016).
Keynote conference speaker: The Ethical Challenges of Herring Food Webs and Value Chains. Multi-level governance frameworks. Vancouver, Canada (May, 2016).
Keynote workshop speaker: Sustainable Fisheries. Governance and interdisciplinary science for integrating fisheries and aquaculture in marine policy. York, UK (February 2016).
Keynote conference speaker: ARCH (Architecture and roadmap to manage multiple pressures on lagoons). Managing unintegrated coasts with multi-level governance, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK (June 2015).
Invited speaker: Fish and Fisheries Journal 70th Birthday Symposium. Socialising fisheries: how can we implement policy? Bangor, UK (August 2014).
Keynote conference speaker: Society for Conservation Biology. Role of marine governance in seafood security and ethics. Glasgow, UK (July 2014).
Invited speaker: Sea cucumber aquaculture workshop. Is the sea cucumber an ideal solution for food security and livelihood needs in the Caribbean? Jamaica, (June 2014)
Plenary conference address: EUA-CDE Interdisciplinarity: three perspectives. Developing future interdisciplinarists, Italy (January 2013).
Keynote conference speaker: Community based aquaculture in the Western Indian Ocean: Challenges faced and lessons learned. Socio-economics of community based aquaculture. Zanzibar, Tanzania (December 2013).
Keynote speaker: Integrating science and policy using marine governance principles. EFARO General Assembly, Tallinn, Estonia.
Keynote conference speaker: British Ecological Society, Balancing food security and environmental concerns: challenges of sustainability, UK (December 2012).
Keynote conference speaker: Integrated coastal management and the development of a knowledge-based marine economy, Ningbo, China (September 2012).
Plenary conference address: Marine aquaculture - 21st century challenge for world fishing, Vigo, 2009.
Keynote conference speaker: The Changing Nature of Scotland, Scotland, 2009.
Invited Seminar, Indigenous knowledge in marine science research, Durham University, 2006.
Invited Speaker, Aquaculture Canada, Newfoundland, Canada, 2005.
Invited Speaker, Coastal Futures Conf 2005, London, UK, 2005.
Invited Speaker, FAO Conf, Wierzba, Poland, 2004.
Invited Speaker, EU Aquaculture Workshop, Glasgow, UK, 2004.
Invited speaker (Keynote), AE2003 Conf, Trondheim, Norway, 2003.
Invited speaker (Keynote), AE2002 Conf, Trieste, Italy, 2002.
Aquaculture Europe 2016 Conference. Edinburgh, 20-23 September 2016. Steering Committee Chair.
Session Chair, Royal Society of Edinburgh Conference on Sustainable Aquaculture, 2009.
Session Chair, AE2009, New Research Frontiers Conference, Trondheim, Norway, 2009.
Session Chair, Fisheries and Aquaculture Conference, World Fishing Exhibition, Vigo, 2009.
Steering Committee Chair, AE2003, Trondheim, Norway, 2003.
Steering & Programme Committee Member, AE2002, Trieste, Italy, 2002.
Programme Co-Chair, AE2001, Trondheim, Norway, 2001.
Programme Co-Chair, Aquaculture & ICZM. Oostende, Belgium, 2001.
Evaluated research grants for BBSRC, ESRC, NERC, Governments of Belgium, Canada, France and USA.
Evaluator for research grants to Finland Research Council, BONUS (2014).
Evaluator for research grants to Swedish Research Council (2013).
Expert Evaluator, European Commission, 2001-2002.
Editorial Board Member, Journal Aquaculture International (2002-present).
Editor for Springer/Praxis Publishers, 1999-2005.
BBSRC, Carnegie Trust, Darwin, Defra, Economic & Social Research Council (ESRC), EU; Governments of Bangaldesh, Kuwait, Malaysia, Oman, Nigeria, Saudi Arabia, the Seychelles; Heritage Lottery Fund, Natural England, Natural Environment Research Council (NERC), Leverhulme Trust, Scottish Executive, Sir James Knott, Western Indian Ocean Marine Science Association, Wetlands International, Wildlife Conservation Society, World Bank.
Industry and Government Relevance
The Seychelles Government – expert adviser on mariculture development plan for Blue Economy Initiative.
Defra – Methodology for the assessment of priorities for international species conservation.
Consultant for UNDP to determine how MPAs can integrate socio-economic and governance considerations in western Indian Ocean.
Consultant for Cleveland Potash Ltd leading scientific research examining impacts of seismic surveys on lobsters.
EC – advised on strategic research priorities for aquaculture governance, socio-economics and management as part of AquaInnova project.
Module leader for MSc MST8024 Marine Ecosystem Governance and Socio-Economic Drivers in Management and Policy.
Lecturer, supervisor and or assessor for the following modules:
BSc MST1104 Marine Study Skills
BSc MST2101 Marine Ecology
BSc MST2104 Marine Research and Employability
BSc MST3101 Advanced Marine Biology
BSc MST3104 Research Project Supervision
BSc MST3105 Research Project Supervision
BSc MST3106 Research Project Supervision
BSc MST3107 Research Project Supervision
MSc MST8011 Critical Appraisal of Coastal Production Systems
MSc MST8023 Marine Consultancy project supervision
MRes MST8025 Marine Ecosystems & Governance project supervision
Degree Programme Director for MSc Aquaculture, Enterprise and Technology (2008-2013)
Deputy Degree Programme Director for MSc Tropical Coastal Management (2004-2008)
- Reed MS, Allen K, Attlee A, Dougill AD, Evans K, Kenter J, Hoy J, McNab D, Stead S, Twyman C, Scott A, Smyth MA, Stringer LC, Whittingham MJ. A Place-Based Approach to Payments for Ecosystem Services. Global Environmental Change 2017, 43, 92-106.
- Alqattan MEA, Gray T, Stead SM. The Forgotten Pirates: Iraqi and Iranian Pirates in the Arabian Gulf Who Have Never Been Reported to the International Maritime Bureau. Studies in Conflict & Terrorism 2017, Epub ahead of print.
- Okeke-Ogbuafor NA, Gray TS, Stead SM. A comparative analysis of the role of traditional and modern community-based organizations in promoting community development in Ogoniland, Nigeria. Community Development Journal 2016, (ePub ahead of print).
- Jones EV, Gray T, Macintosh D, Stead S. A comparative analysis of three marine governance systems for implementing the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). Marine Policy 2016, 66, 30-38.
- Beltran-Gutierrez M, Ferse SCA, Kunzmann A, Stead SM, Msuya FE, Hoffmeister TS, Slater MJ. Co-culture of sea cucumber Holothuria scabra and red seaweed Kappaphycus striatum. Aquaculture Research 2016, 47(5), 1549-1559.
- Nor AM, Gray TS, Caldwell GS, Stead SM. Is a cooperative approach to seaweed farming effectual? An analysis of the Seaweed Cluster Project (SCP), Malaysia. Journal of Applied Phycology 2016, (ePub ahead of print).
- Lavides MN, Molina EPV, de la Rosa GE, Mill AC, Rushton SP, Stead SM, Polunin NVC. Patterns of Coral-Reef Finfish Species Disappearances Inferred from Fishers’ Knowledge in Global Epicentre of Marine Shorefish Diversity. PloS ONE 2016, 11(5), e0155752.
- Robinson G, Caldwell GS, Wade MJ, Free A, Jones CLW, Stead SM. Profiling bacterial communities associated with sediment-based aquaculture bioremediation systems under contrasting redox regimes. Scientific Reports 2016, 6, 38850.
- Okeke-Ogbuafor NA, Gray TS, Stead SM. Reconciling traditional indigenous governance with contemporary approaches to decision making in Ogoni communities in Rivers State, Nigeria. Journal of Sustainable Development 2016, 9(1), 55-62.
- Krause G, Brugere B, Diedrich A, Ebeling MW, Ferse SCA, Mikkelsen E, PérezAgúndez JA, Stead SM, Stybel M, Troell M. A revolution without people? Closing the people–policy gap in aquaculture development. Aquaculture 2015, 447, 44-55.
- Stead SM. Managing unintegrated coasts with multi-level governance, Keynote Paper. In: Architecture and roadmap to manage multiple pressures on lagoons. 2015, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK.
- Turner RA, Polunin NVC, Stead SM. Mapping inshore fisheries: Comparing observed and perceived distributions of pot fishing activity in Northumberland. Marine Policy 2015, 51, 173-181.
- Stead SM. Mariculture: Aquaculture in the Marine Environment. In: Smith, HD.; Suarez de Vivo, JL and Agardy, T.S, ed. Routledge Handbook of Ocean Resources and Management. Routledge, 2015, pp.612.
- Robinson G, Caldwell GS, Jones CLW, Slater MJ, Stead SM. Redox stratification drives enhanced growth in a commercially important deposit-feeding invertebrate: implications for aquaculture bioremediation technologies. Aquaculture Environment Interactions 2015, 8, 1-13.
- Philpot D, Gray TS, Stead SM. Seychelles, a vulnerable or resilient SIDS? A local perspective . Island Studies Journal 2015, 10(1), 31-48.
- Caveen AJ, Polunin NVC, Gray TS, Stead SM. The Controversy over Marine Protected Areas: Science Meets Policy. New York, NY, USA: Springer, 2015.
- Al-Belushi KIA, Stead SM, Burgess JG. The development of marine biotechnology in Oman: Potential for capacity building through open innovation. Marine Policy 2015, 57, 147-157.
- Jones E, Schuttenberg H, Gray T, Stead SM. The Governabilityof Mangrove Ecosystems in Thailand: Comparative Successes of Different Governance Models. In: Interactive Governance for Small-Scale Fisheries. Springer, 2015, pp.413-432.
- Caveen AJ, Fitzsimmons C, Pieraccini M, Dunn E, Sweeting CJ, Johnson ML, Bloomfield H, Jones EV, Lightfoot P, Gray TS, Stead SM, Polunin NVC. Diverging Strategies to Planning an Ecologically Coherent Network of MPAs in the North Sea: The Roles of Advocacy, Evidence and Pragmatism in the Face of Uncertainty. Advances in Marine Biology 2014, 69, 325-370.
- Turner RA, Fitzsimmons C, Forster J, Mahon R, Peterson A, Stead SM. Measuring good governance for complex ecosystems: Perceptions of coral reef-dependent communities in the Caribbean. Global Environmental Change 2014, 29, 105-117.
- Slater MJ, Mgaya YD, Stead SM. Perceptions of Rule-Breaking Related to Marine Ecosystem Health. PLoS ONE 2014, 9(2), e89156.
- Stead SM. Role of marine governance in seafood security and ethics, Keynote Paper. In: 3rd International Marine Conservation Congress, Society for Conservation Biology. 2014, Glasgow, UK.
- Turner RA, Polunin NVC, Stead SM. Social networks and fishers' behavior: exploring the links between information flow and fishing success in the Northumberland lobster fishery. Ecology and Society 2014, 19(2), 38.
- Stead SM. Socialising fisheries: how can we implement policy, Invited Paper. In: 70th Birthday Symposium for Paul Hart and Tony Pitcher. 2014, Bangor, Wales, UK.
- Mumby PJ, Flower J, Chollett I, Box SJ, Bozec YM, Fitzsimmons C, Forster J, Gill D, Griffith-Mumby R, Oxenford HA, Peterson AM, Stead SM, Turner RA, Townsley P, vanBeukering PJH, Booker F, Brocke HJ, Cabañillas-Terán N, Canty SWJ, Carricart-Ganivet JP, Charlery J, Dryden C, vanDuyl FC, Enríquez S, denHaan J, Iglesias-Prieto R, Kennedy EV, Mahon R, Mueller B, Newman SP, Nugues MM, CortésNúñez J, Nurse L, Osinga R, Paris CB, Petersen D, Polunin NVC, Sánchez C, Schep S, Stevens JR, Vallès H, Vermeij MJA, Visser PM, Whittingham E, Williams SM. Towards Reef Resilience and Sustainable Livelihoods: A handbook for Caribbean coral reef managers. University of Exeter, 2014.
- Bown N, Gray T, Stead SM. Co-management and adaptive co-management: two modes of governance in a Honduran marine protected area. Marine Policy 2013, 39(May), 128-134.
- MacDonald CLE, Stead SM, Slater MJ. Consumption and remediation of European Seabass (Dicentrarchus labrax) waste by the sea cucumber Holothuria forskali. Aquaculture International 2013, 21(6), 1279-1290.
- Hart K, Gray T, Stead SM. Consumptive versus non-consumptive use of sea turtles? Stakeholder perceptions about sustainable use in three communities near Cahuita National Park, Costa Rica. Marine Policy 2013, 42(November), 236-244.
- Turner R, Forster J, Peterson A, Fitzsimmons C, Stead S, Mahon R. Coral reef management in a changing environment: livelihood responses and governance challenges. In: MARE Conference 'People and the Sea VII’. 2013, Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Centre for Maritime Research.
- Slater MJ, Mgaya YD, Mill AC, Rushton SP, Stead SM. Effect of social and economic drivers on choosing aquaculture as a coastal livelihood. Ocean and Coastal Management 2013, 73, 22-30.
- Stead S, Fitzsimmons C, Turner R, Forster J, Peterson A, Mahon R. Future of Reefs in a Changing Environment (FORCE): a multi-layer adaptive governance framework for Caribbean coral reefs. In: MARE Conference 'People and the Sea VII’. 2013, Amsterdam, Netherlands: Centre for Maritime Research.
- Caveen AJ, Gray TS, Stead SM, Polunin NVC. MPA policy: What lies behind the science?. Marine Policy 2013, 37(1), 3-10.
- Slater MJ, Napigkit FA, Stead SM. Resource perception, livelihood choices and fishery exit in a Coastal ResourceManagement area. Ocean and Coastal Management 2013, 71, 326-333.
- Robinson G, Slater MJ, Jones CLW, Stead SM. Role of sand as substrate and dietary component for juvenile sea cucumber Holothuria scabra. Aquaculture 2013, 392-395, 23-25.
- Turner RA, Gray T, Polunin NVC, Stead SM. Territoriality as a driver of fishers' spatial behaviour in the Northumberland lobster fishery. Society & Natural Resources 2013, 26(5), 491-505.
- Peterson A, Fitzsimmons C, Turner R, Forster J, Stead S, Mahon R. The role of bridging organisations in Caribbean coral reef governance. In: International Congress for Conservation Biology (ICCB). 2013, Maryland, USA.
- Forster J, Turner R, Peterson A, Fitzsimmons C, Mahon R, Stead S. Ultimate and proximate drivers of Caribbean reef health: A common understanding?. In: MARE Conference People and the Sea VII. 2013, Amsterdam, Netherlands.
- Bown N, Gray T, Stead S. Contested Forms of Governance in Marine Protected Areas: A Study of Co-Management and Adaptive Co-Management. London: Routledge, 2012.
- Bloomfield HJ, Sweeting CJ, Mill AC, Stead SM, Polunin NVC. No-trawl area impacts: perceptions, compliance and fish abundances. Environmental Conservation 2012, 39(3), 237-247.
- Al-Bisher H, Gray T, Stead SM. The concept of integrated national maritime policy and its application to Saudi Arabia. Maritime Policy and Management 2012, 39(5), 525-541.
- Daw TM, Cinner JE, McClanahan TR, Brown KB, Stead SM, Graham NAJ, Maina JM. To Fish or Not to Fish: Factors at Multiple Scales Affecting Artisanal Fishers’ Readiness to Exit a Declining. PLoS One 2012, 7(2), e31460.
- Cinner JE, McClanahan TR, Graham NAJ, Daw TM, Maina J, Stead SM, Wamukota A, Brown K, Bodin Ö. Vulnerability of coastal communities to key impacts of climate change on coral reef fisheries. Global Environmental Change 2012, 22(1), 12-20.
- Gray T, Korda R, Stead S, Jones E. Quota discarding and distributive justice: The case of the under-10m fishing fleet in Sussex, England. Marine Policy 2011, 35(2), 122-129.
- Turner R, Fitzsimmons C, Forster J, Mahon R, Peterson A, Stead S. Resource User Perceptions of Marine Governance and Coral Reef Management in The Bay Islands, Honduras. In: 64th International Gulf and Caribbean Fisheries Institute (GCFI) Conference. 2011, Puerto Morales, Mexico.
- Peterson AM, Stead SM. Rule breaking and livelihood options in marine protected areas. Environmental Conservation 2011, 38(3), 342-352.
- Al-Bisher H, Stead S, Gray T. Saudi Maritime Policy: Integrated Governance. London, UK: Routledge, 2011.
- Fitzsimmons C, Forster J, Mahon R, Peterson A, Stead S, Turner R. Setting future scenarios for management, stakeholder usage, and the health of Caribbean reef ecosystems. In: 64th International Gulf and Caribbean Fisheries Institute (GCFI) Conference. 2011, Puerto Morales, Mexico.
- Peterson A, Fitzsimmons C, Forster J, Mahon R, Stead S, Turner R. The Role of Different Actors in Caribbean Coral Reef Governance Through Multi-level Social Networks. In: 64th International Gulf and Caribbean Fisheries Institute (GCFI) Conference. 2011, Puerto Morales, Mexico.
- Slater MJ, MacDonald CLE, Stead SM. The value of the sea cucumber Holothria forskali as a novel species in integrated multitrophic aquaculture systems. In: Marine Resources and Beyond. 2011, Bremerhaven, Germany: IMARE, Bremerhaven.
- Turner R, Fitzsimmons C, Forster J, Mahon R, Peterson A, Stead S. FORCE: an ecosystem approach to managing Caribbean reefs in the face of climate change. In: 63rd International Gulf and Caribbean Fisheries Institute (GCFI) Conference. 2010, San Juan, Puerto Rico.
- Stead SM, Fitzsimmons CF, Forster J, Slater M. Hunters and gatherers - modelling attitude, perceptions and socio-economics to develop a coral reef aquaculture science research network. In: Reefs in a Changing Environment. 2010, Wageningen, the Netherlands.
- Stead SM, Slater MJ. Linking Attitudes, Perceptions and Socio-economics to Aquaculture Governance. In: Aquaculture Europe. 2010, Porto, Portugal: European Aquauculture Society.
- Thomassin A, White CS, Stead SM, Gilbert D. Social acceptability of a Marine Protected Area: the case of Reunion Island. Ocean and Coastal Management 2010, 53(4), 169-179.
- Lavides MN, Polunin NVC, Stead SM, Tabaranza DG, Comeros MT, Dongallo JR. Finfish disappearances around Bohol, Philippines inferred from traditional ecological knowledge. Environmental Conservation 2009, 36(3), 235-244.
- Stead SM. Future of marine aquaculture in a changing fisheries environment. In: AQA Marine aquaculture - the 21st century opportunity and challenge for world fishing. 2009, Vigo, Spain.
- McClanahan TR, Cinner JE, Graham NAJ, Daw TM, Maina J, Stead SM, Wamukota A, Brown K, Venus V, Polunin NVC. Identifying Reefs of Hope and Hopeful Actions: Contextualizing Environmental, Ecological, and Social Parameters to Respond Effectively to Climate Change. Conservation Biology 2009, 23(3), 662-671.
- Stead SM. Socio-economic research opportunities in marine policy and coastal aquaculture governance. In: AE2009: New research frontiers, novel approaches for evolving needs. 2009, Trondheim, Norway.
- Scott B, Stead SM, Marrs S. Surrounding Seas: how the natural environment is changing.. In: Changing Nature of Scotland. 2009, Perth, Scotland.
- Stead SM. Sustainable aquaculture development in Europe – what’s the message for East Africa?. In: IFS/WIOMSA Coastal Aquaculture development in East Africa. 2009, Zanzibar, Tanzania.
- McClanahan TR, Cinner J, Maina J, Graham NAJ, Daw TM, Stead SM, Wamukota A, Brown K, Ateweberhan M, Venus V, Polunin NVC. Conservation action in a changing climate. Conservation Letters 2008, 1(2), 53-59.
- Turner R, Graham NAJ, Polunin NVC, Stead SM, Cakacaka A, Pratchett MS, Wilson SK. Ecological and socio-economic responses to change in subsistence fishing societies. In: Coping with global change in marine socio-ecological systems. 2008, Rome, Italy: Food and Agriculture Organisation.
- Gray TS, Hatchard JL, Daw TM, Stead SM. New cod war of words: 'Cod is God' versus 'sod the cod'-Two opposed discourses on the North Sea Cod Recovery Programme. Fisheries Research 2008, 93(1-2), 1-7.
- Degnbol D, Eustace B, Frangoudes K, Hatchard J, Hegland TJ, Pitchon A, Jacobsen RB, Stead SM, Wilson DC. Stakeholder perspectives on fisheries science and modelling. Aalborg University: The Operational evaluation tools for fisheries management options, 2008. Focus group report, Work Package 5, EFIMAS, EU 6th Framework Programme Specific Targeted Research Project no. SSP8-CT-2003-502516.
- Turner RA, Cakacaka A, Graham NAJ, Polunin NVC, Pratchett MS, Stead SM, Wilson SK. Declining reliance on marine resources in remote South Pacific societies: Ecological versus socio-economic drivers. Coral Reefs 2007, 26(4), 997-1008.
- Chaniotis PD, Stead SM. Interviewing people about the coast on the coast: Appraising the wider adoption of ICZM in North East England. Marine Policy 2007, 31(4), 517-526.
- Stead S. Outcomes from the workshop, “Our Vibrant Coast”. The way forward for integrated coastal management in North East England. Sunderland Science Park, 18th July 2006. Newcastle, UK: University of Newcastle, 2007. Natural England. In Press.
- Stead S, Cinner J, Daw T, McClanahan T. Perceptions and future scenarios of people’s dependence on coral reef fisheries in the western Indian Ocean. In: One World, One Conservation, One Partnership. Society for Conservation Biology Annual Conference. 2007, Port Elizabeth, South Africa.
- Cinner J, Daw T, McClanahan T, Stead S. The poverty trap: how socioeconomic factors influence exit from a declining fishery. In: One World, One Conservation, One Partnership. Society for Conservation Biology Annual Conference. 2007, Port Elizabeth, South Africa.
- Stead SM, McGlashan DJ. A Coastal and Marine National Park for Scotland in partnership with Integrated Coastal Zone Management. Ocean and Coastal Management 2006, 49(1-2), 22-41.
- Mühlig-Hofmann A, Veitayaki J, Polunin NVC, Stead S, Graham NAJ. Community-based marine resource management in Fiji - from yesterday to tomorrow. In: 10th International Coral Reef Symposium: Stability and Degradation of Coral Reef Ecosystems. 2006, Okinawa, Japan: International Society for Reef Studies, Japanese Coral Reef Society.
- Stead SM. Effects of socio-economic drivers on unchanging coastal governance in Mauritius and Seychelles. In: The Fifth meeting of the Marine Science for Management (MASMA) Grantees. 2006, Zanzibar, Tanzania.
- Hatchard JL, Stead SM. EFIMAS WP5 UK Focus Groups Report. York University, 9-11 August 2006. Newcastle, UK, 2006.
- Envision, Newcastle University. Integrated Coastal Zone Management in the North-East of England: a regional review. 2006. A report for Natural England.
- Stead SM. Plenary paper. Marine aquaculture governance, human perceptions, ICZM and socio-economic baselines. In: Gateway to sustainable mariculture in SE Asia. 2006, Singapore.
- Bown NK, Stead S, Gray T, Coles T, Ritchie E. Socio-economic and ecological indicators for analysing the success of the Cayos Cochinos Marine Protected Area (CCMPA) objective for fisheries management. In: Annual Reef Conservation UK Conference. 2006, Zoological Society of London.
- Stead SM. Socio-economic consequences, ICZM trends and governance options for marine aquaculture. In: Linking Tradition and Technology: Highest Quality for the Consumer. The Annual Meeting of the World Aquaculture SOciety and the European Aquaculture Society. 2006, Florence, Italy.
- Stead SM. Socio-economic consequences, ICZM trends and governance options for marine aquaculture. In: Aquaculture Europe and World Aquaculture: Linking Tradition & Technology. 2006, Florence, Italy.
- Mühlig-Hofmann A, Stead S, Polunin NVC. Three to tango for community-based marine resource mangement in Fiji. In: International Society for Reef Studies (ISRS). 2006, Bremen, Germany.
- Stead SM, Daw T, Graham NAJ, Gray TS, Polunin NVC, Robinson J, McClanahan TR. Trends in climate change, coastal governance, coral reef ecology and socio-economic variation in the Seychelles. In: World Maritime Technology Conference. 2006, London: The Institute of Marine Engineering, Science and Technology (IMarEST).
- Stead S, Daw T, Gray T. Uses of fishers’ knowledge in fisheries management. Anthropology in Action 2006, 13(3), 77-86.
- Stead SM. A comparative analysis of two forms of stakeholder participation in European aquaculture governance: self-regulation and integrated coastal zone management. In: Gray, T.S, ed. Participation in Fisheries Governance. Dordrecht: Netherlands: Springer, 2005, pp.179-192.
- Stead SM. Changes in Scottish coastal fishing communities - Understanding socio-economic dynamics to aid management, planning and policy. Ocean and Coastal Management 2005, 48(9-10), 670-692.
- des Clers S, Stead SM. Fishermen’s knowledge and participation to improve fisheries governance. In: Coastal Futures 2005: Review & Future Trends. 2005, University of London, UK.
- Stead SM. Integrating stakeholder knowledge into interdisciplinary science: lessons from fisheries for aiding the development of sustainable management and policy for aquaculture. In: Proceedings of the 23rd EIFAC Symposium. 2005, Wierzba, Poland.
- Burbridge PR, Stead SM. Keynote paper.Integrating social sciences into stakeholder-driven planning: the European experience. In: Navigating forward: new directions for food safety, quality and social diversification. 2005, St. John's, Newfoundland, Canada.
- Stead SM. Socio-economic aspects of Aquaculture. In: Freshwater Aquaculture and the Environment. 2005, Szarvas, Hungary: Research Institute for Fisheries, Aquaculture and Irrigation.
- Stead SM. Three’s a crowd: fishermen, government and scientists. In: Fishing Vessels, Fishing Technology and Fisheries. 2005, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK: The Royal Institution of Naval Architects.
- Stead S. Three's a crowd: Fishermen, government and scientists. In: RINA, Royal Institution of Naval Architects International Conference on Fishing Vessels, Fishing Technology and Fisheries. 2005, University of Newcastle, UK: Royal Institution of Naval Architects.
- Stead SM. Applying interdisciplinary approaches to management of sustainable aquaculture development. In: European Aquaculture Workshop. 2004, SEEC, Glasgow, UK.
- Mühlig-Hofmann A, Veitayaki J, Polunin NVC, Stead SM, Graham NAJ. Community-based marine resource management in Fiji – from yesterday to tomorrow. In: 10th International Coral Reef Symposium. 2004, Okinawa, Japan.
- Stead SM. Role of stakeholders (fishers) in advancing management, policy and science: an interdisciplinary case study. In: FAO EIFAC Symposium on Aquaculture and Development: Partnership Between Science and Producer Associations. 2004, Wierzba, Poland.
- Rossiter T, Stead SM. Days at sea: from the fishers’ mouths. Marine Policy 2003, 27(3), 281-288.
- Stead SM. Role of ICZM in fisheries governance. In: Fisheries Governance. 2003, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK.
- Rossiter T, McLay HA, Stead SM. The application of fishermen’s knowledge to fisheries management. Aberdeen, UK: The Scottish Executive, Fisheries Research Services Marine Laboratory Aberdeen, 2003. Internal Report.
- Stead SM. The legislative puzzle – aid or barrier to integration. In: Beyond Monoculture. 2003, Trondheim, Norway.
- Stead SM, Burnell G, Goulletquer P. Aquaculture and its role in Integrated Coastal Zone Management. Aquaculture International 2002, 10(6), 447-468.
- Stead SM, Burnell G, Goulletquer P. Aquaculture and its role in Integrated Coastal Zone Management. In: Seafarming: Today and Tomorrow. 2002, Trieste, Italy.
- Allmendinger PA, Barker AJ, Stead SM. Delivering Integrated Coastal Zone Management through land-use planning. Planning, Practice and Research 2002, 17(2), 175-196.
- Stead SM, Laird LM. Handbook of Salmon farming. UK: Springer, 2002.
- Stead SM. Integrated management of salmon farming areas. In: Stead, S.M., Laird, L.M, ed. The Handbook of Salmon Farming. London: Springer, 2002, pp.437-464.
- Barker, A.J., Allmendinger, P.A., and Stead, S.M. Scottish coastal socio-economic scoping study. 2002. The Stationary Office, Edinburgh.
- Kaiser M, Stead SM. Uncertainties and values in European aquaculture: communication, management and policy issues in times of “changing public perceptions”. Aquaculture International 2002, 10(6), 469-490.
- Stead SM. Aquaculture and its role in Integrated Coastal Zone Management – addressing the gaps in knowledge and communication. In: New species. New technologies. 2001, Trondheim, Norway.
- Kaiser M, Stead SM. Communicating uncertainties and values in aquaculture: policy and management issues in times of ‘… changing public perceptions’. In: Aquaculture and its role in Integrated Coastal Zone Management. 2001, Oostende, Belgium: European Aquaculture Society.
- Stead SM, Barker AJ, Allmendinger PA. Local Authorities and the Co-ordination of Management and Spatial Planning with regard to Atlantic Salmon, Salmo salar L. UK: Inverness College, 2001. Report for the EU funded project 'Salmon Rivers'.
- Stead SM, Barker AJ, Allmendinger PA. Management of salmon by local governments in Scotland. In: Salmon Rivers, Inverness, Scotland. 2 March 2001. 2001.
- Burnell G, Goulletquer P, Mees J, Seys J, Stead S. Proceedings of Aquaculture and its role in Integrated Coastal Zone Management. European Aquaculture Society. In: Aquaculture and its role in Integrated Coastal Zone Management. 2001, Oostende, Belgium: European Aquaculture Society.
- Kjørsvik E, Stead SM. Proceedings of New species. New technologies. European Aquaculture Society Special Publication. In: New Species, New Technologies, International Conference Aquaculture Europe 2001. 2001, Trondheim, Norway.
- Stead SM, Houlihan DF, McLay HA, Johnstone R. An individual approach to monitoring effects of environmental factors on feed intake and growth of Atlantic salmon. In: International Congress on Fish Biology. 2000, University of Aberdeen, Scotland: American Fisheries Society.
- Shaha MdA, Stead SM, Houlihan DF. Effects of salinity on food consumption and growth performance of Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus. In: International Congress on Fish Biology. 2000.
- Shaha MA, Stead SM, Houlihan DF. Influence of environmental factors on growth of tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). In: Flos, R; Crewell, L, ed. Responsible aquaculture in the new millennium : abstracts of contributions presented at the international conference aqua 2000, Nice, France, May 2-6, 2000. Nice, France: Oostende: European Aquaculture Society, 2000.
- Stead SM. Management of Scotland’s salmon resource – advances in aquaculture. Periodicum Biologorum 2000, 102, 557-563.
- Stead SM. Managing Scotland’s salmon resource – advances in aquaculture. In: Požar-Domac, A, ed. Responsible coastal zone management – the challenge of the 21st Century. Croatia: Eurocoast, 2000, pp.557-563.
- Stead SM. Research based on individual fish, a tool for better management of farmed salmon. In: AQUA 2000: International Conference on Responsible Aquaculture in the New Millennium. 2000, Nice, France: European Aquaculture Society.
- Stead SM, Houlihan DF, McLay HA, Johnstone R. Food consumption and growth in maturing Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 1999, 56(11), 2019-2028.
- Stead, S.M., McLay, H.A., Houlihan, D.F., and Johnstone, R. Effect of environmental factors on food consumption and growth of individual Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L. In: First (Cost 827) workshop on voluntary food intake in fish. 1997, Aberdeen, UK.
- Stead, S.M., Houlihan, D.F., McLay, H.A., and Johnstone, R. Effect of ration and seawater transfer on food consumption and growth of Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L., smolts. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 1996, 53, 1030-1037.
- Gourlay, D., Stead, S.M., and Sutherland, R. Fish farming: status, prospects and opportunities for investment. Confidential report for British Sugar. 1996.
- Stead, S.M., Houlihan, D.F., McLay, H.A., and Johnstone, R. Effects of sea water transfer and maturation on feeding and growth in Atlantic salmon. In: Quality in Aquaculture. 1995.
- Stead, S.M., Houlihan, D.F., McLay, H.A., and Johnstone, R. 1995. Individual growth performance of Atlantic salmon in freshwater and sea water. In: Society for Experimental Biology Annual Meeting. 1995, St Andrews, UK.
- Stead, S.M., Houlihan, D.F., McLay, H.A., and Johnstone, R. Do dominant fish grow the fastest?. In: High Performance Fish Symposium. 1994, Vancouver, Canada.