School of Natural and Environmental Sciences

CCDC Bite-sized Learning & Teaching Resources

CCDC Bite-sized Learning and Teaching Resources     

About

These project resources are peer-produced. The objective of the project was to develop resources primarily for either student self-study or to support learning and teaching.

These resources cover a range of topics that require the use of 3D structures of molecules and complexes. They can be viewed using the CCDC's WebCSD Free Teaching Subset, which is free to access online without a CSD licence.

Some of our initial resources were based on the undergraduate teaching exercises developed between the CCDC and Prof Greg Ferrence from Illinois State University, Normal, IL, USA. The resources are also used by Dr Hoare for on-campus outreach sessions, such as the A-level Spectroscopy Tours.

Creators

These resources were developed between 2011-2014 by year 12 Nuffield Bursary students, an undergraduate outreach summer intern, and two stage 4 MChem project students.

The students who were involved in producing resources for this project were:

  • Hollie Staward, Heworth Grange School, Gateshead - Nuffield Bursary project student, summer 2011
  • Mumena Ali, Sacred Heart RC High School, Newcastle - Nuffield Bursary project student, summer 2012
  • Gabriel Bramley, St Robert of Newminster RC School, Washington - Nuffield Bursary project student, summer 2012
  • Emma Burnett, St John's Catholic College and 6th Form Centre, Bishop Auckland - Nuffield Bursary project student, summer 2012
  • Kate Leary - School of Chemistry outreach summer intern, summer 2012
  • Steven Carman - stage 4 MChem project student, spring 2013 and then CCDC intern, summer 2013
  • Leticia Prince - stage 4 MChem project student, spring 2014
  • Aaron Bourne, -MChem graduate 2013 and School of Chemistry outreach summer intern, summer 2014=

Resources

Download our resources, and find out how to use them.

How to use the resources

We developed sheets for each topic with basic and extension activities. Each sheet is a maximum of two sides of A4, with a theory sheet and linked worksheet at each level.

We developed sheets for each topic with basic and extension activities. Each sheet is a maximum of two sides of A4, with a theory sheet and linked worksheet at each level. 

Each resource has a:

  • theory sheet - covering the basics of major post-16 specification requirements
  • worksheet
  • extension theory sheet - greater detail than required for post-16 specifications
  • extension worksheet

We recommend reading sheet A1 - Introduction to the WebCSD before attempting any of the exercises.

There are also some short video clips below the exercises (section V) explaining how to use the key features of the WebCSD free teaching subset.

Technical details

The Free Teaching Subset website uses the JMol molecular viewer, which requires Java installed on the host device. This means it will not run on any Apple devices, or on Windows devices where Java has been blocked by your institution protocols.

By early 2016 this will be replaced by the use of the CCDC's Access Structures facility on their main website. This uses a JSMol/HTML5 viewer which is compatible with most devices and removes the Java dependency.

Access Structures allows access to the full CSD database. It will be possible for teachers (and students) to access any structure in the full database if you know the six letter refcode - freely available via databases such as ChemSpider.

Feedback

We welcome feedback on any of the sheets, in terms of their suitability, ease of use, level of difficulty etc. Use our feedback form to get in touch.

Resources

Download our free resources.

Visit the WebCSD free teaching subset website. Read sheet A1 or A2 below before attempting any of the exercises.

To access the structures on an Apple device, or in browsers where Java is not installed or is blocked, please use sheet A2.

Resources

A - How to use the Structure Viewer

A1 - Introduction To The Web CSD (PDF: 620KB)
A2 - Introduction To Access Structures (PDF: 530KB)

H - Identifying Organic Functional Groups

H0 - Functional Groups Lesson PowerPoint - coming soon
H1 - Functional Groups Theory Sheet (PDF: 403KB)
H2 - Functional groups worksheet (PDF: 319KB)

D - Structural isomerism

D0 - Structural Isomers Lesson PowerPoint - coming soon
D1 - Structural isomers theory sheet (PDF: 463KB)
D2 - Structural Isomers Theory sheet (PDF: 286KB)

Stereoisomerism

E - Geometric

E0 - Geometric Isomers Lesson PowerPoint - coming soon
E1 - Geometric Isomers (PDF: 499KB)
E2 - Geometric Isomers Worksheet (PDF:176KB)
E3 - Geometric Isomers Extension Theory Sheet (PDF: 337KB)
E4 - Geometric Isomers Extension Worksheet (PDF:

F - Optical

F0 - Optical Isomers Lesson PowerPoint - coming soon
F1 - optical isomers theory sheet (PDF: 703 KB)
F2 - Optical Isomers worksheet (PDF: 270 KB)
F3 - Optical Isomers Extension Theory Sheet (PDF: 500 KB)
F4 - Optical Isomers Extension Worksheet (PDF: 337KB)

G - Transition metal complexes

Sheets G1 to G6 have been specifically written to match the transition metal content requirements of the major UK examination boards.

Sheets G7 - G16 are generic transition metal sheets.

G0 - Transition Metal Complexes Lesson PowerPoint - coming soon
G1 - Transition Metals introduction (PDF: 452KB)
G2 - Transition Metals - Questions Basic (PDF: 179KB) 
G3 - Transition Metals - Questions and Basic Answers (PDF: 257KB)
G4 - Transition Metals - Ligand Stability and Chelation (PDF: 604KB) 
G5 - Transition Metals - Questions Extended (PDF: 256KB) 
G6 - Transition Metals - Questions Extended Answers (PDF: 391KB) 
G11 - Transition Metals Theory sheet (PDF: 527KB) 
G12 - Transition Metals Worksheet (PDF: 291KB) 
G13 - Transition Metals Extension Theory Sheet - Complex Isomers (PDF: 361KB) 
G14 - Transition Metals Extension Worksheet - Complex Isomers - Isomers (PDF: 320KB)
G15 - Transition Metals Extension Theory Sheet - Macrocycles (PDF: 499KB)
G16 - Transition Metals Alternative Theory Sheet (PDF: 410KB)

I - VSEPR theory aka Shapes of Molecules

I0 - Using VSEPR to Predict Shapes of Molecules Lesson PowerPoint - coming soon
I1 - Using VSEPR to predict shapes of molecules theory sheet (PDF: 568KB)
I2 - Using VSEPR to predict molecular shapes worksheet (PDF:724KB)
I3 - Using VSEPR to predict shapes of molecules answers (PDF: 448KB)
I4 - Identify the shapes of the molecules worksheet (PDF: 639KB)
I5 - Identify the shapes of these molecules answers (PDF: 421KB)
I6 - VSEPR Effect of lone pairs theory sheet (PDF: 606KB)
I7 - VSEPR effect of lone pairs worksheet (PDF: 577KB)
I8 - VSEPR - Effect of Lone Pairs Answers (PDF: 658KB)
I9 - VSEPR Multiple Bonds Theory Sheet (PDF: 522KB)
I10 - VSEPR Multiple Bonds Worksheet (PDF: 509KB)
I11 - VSEPR Mulitple Bonds Answers (PDF: 684KB)

K - Aromaticity

K0 - Benzene/Aromaticity Lesson PowerPoint - coming soon
K1 - Benzene Aromaticity Tutorial (PDF: 285KB)
K2 - Aromaticity Basic Theory Sheet (PDF: 431KB)

O - Refcode Guide

These are guides to some molecules in the free subset not included in the sheets. They show what topics they can be used to demonstrate.

This was frequently requested by students and teachers during the trial.

O0 - Selected Ref codes sheet - coming soon
O1 - Selected Ref codes sheet (PDF: 317KB)
O2 - WebCSD Selected Refcodes Searchable Excel Spreadsheet (PDF: 214KB) - coming soon
O3 - WebCSD Selected Refcodes Searchable Access Database (PDF: 214KB) - coming soon

Video tutorials

We also produced several short video clips showing how to use the various functions of the WebCSD Free Teaching Subset.

They are available on our dedicated YouTube channel CCDC Learning & Teaching Resources.

You can also use the individual links below:

V1 - overview of the WebCSD Free Teaching Subset (4:54)
V2 - how to access the WebCSD Free Teaching Subset online (1:02)
V3 - how to view molecules in 3D (0:43)
V4 - how to measure a bond length (0:36)
V5 - how to measure a bond angle (0:35)
V6 - how to measure a torsion angle (planarity) (0:37)
V7 - how to view a pair of enantiomers (optical isomers) (1:24)
V8 - how to identify hydrogen bonding (1:40)

We are working on a complementary set of videos showing how to use the functions of Access Structures.

V11 - overview of Access Structures
V12 - how to access Access Structures online
V13 - how to view molecules in 3D
V14 - how to measure a bond length
V15 - how to measure a bond angle
V16 - how to measure a torsion angle (planarity)
V17 - how to view a pair of enantiomers (optical isomers)
V18 - how to identify hydrogen bonding

Further Trial Resources

We have more resources available as drafts on our trial page.

The topics include basic guides to skeletal formulae and x-ray crystallography, reaction mechanisms, macrocycles, conformers of cyclohexane, hydrogen bonding and amino acids.