Professor Mark Reed
Prof of Socio-Technical Innovation
I am a Professor of Social Innovation at Newcastle University, in a HEFCE funded Chair as part of N8 AgriFood. I am based at the Institute for Agri-Food Research & Innovation and the Centre for Rural Economy in the School of Agriculture, Food and Rural Development, where I am Director of Impact and Engagement . I am a Visiting Professor at University of Leeds and Birmingham City University. I am Research Manager for the International Union for the Conservation of Nature's (IUCN) UK Peatland Programme. I run a spin-out company, based on my research, training researchers how to embed impact in their research at: www.fasttrackimpact.com.
I graduated in 1997 and 1999 with a BSc (hons) Tropical Environmental Science and a MSc Agroforestry from the University of Aberdeen. I got my Post Graduate Certificate in Learning & Teaching in Higher Education in 2004 and my PhD in 2005 from the University of Leeds. I moved to the University of Aberdeen as a Senior Lecturer in 2009, where I became Director of the Aberdeen Centre for Environmental Sustainability, before moving to Birmingham City University as a Reader in 2012. I was made a Professor of Interdisciplinary Environmental Research in 2013, and was responsible for leading my School's submission to the Research Excellence Framework (REF).
I have played a leadership role in research worth £9.5M, and been a funded member in teams that have secured a further £2M. I am an author/co-author of >120 publications with >150 co-authors from 25 countries, including >70 peer-reviewed international journal articles. My H index is >40 according to Google Scholar (>30 according to Scopus based on journal papers only) - for full details of citations see my Google Scholar profile. My papers have been cited >9000 times.
I am Handling Editor (Social Sciences) for Conservation Biology (impact factor 4.2; ranked 5/44 (Biodiversity Conservation) and 16/223 (Environmental Sciences) by ISI). I have acted as a scientific advisor to BBC Education and my work has been covered by the Guardian, Radio 4, Radio Scotland and international media.
In 2008, I became the first UK researcher to be awarded a joint fellowship by the US Social Science Research Council and ESRC. In 2009 I was awarded the ESRC’s Michael Young Prize, “rewarding the very best early career social scientists whose research has the potential to make a positive and far-reaching impact beyond academia”. In 2010, I was invited as a lead author on the “Socio-Economic and Knowledge Management” Working Group to provide a synthesis of current research and make recommendations in a keynote talk to the 10th Conference of the Parties to the UN Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) and my work was highlighted in the Committee of Science and Technology's report to the Conference of the parties (CCD/COP(9)/CST/INF.3). In 2014, I was invited by the United Nations to write an impulse report to help guide the development of the next operational plan for the UNCCD. I was invited as a co-ordinating author to write the UN CCD's first Global Land Outlook, which will be published on International Desertification Day in June 2017. I was nominated by UNCCD and consulted by UK Government to scope the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Special Report on climate change, land degradation, sustainable land management, food security, and greenhouse gas fluxes in terrestrial ecosystems, and served as an external reviewer for the UN Food and Agriculture Organisation's FAO-IPCC Expert Meeting Report on Climate Change, Land Use and Food Security, which fed into the scoping process (2016-17). Since 2011, I have been a member of the Programme Advisory Group for NERC’s Biodiversity, Ecosystem Services and Sustainability programme.
The Sustainable Uplands project (that I co-ordinated from 2005-2012) was voted “best example of impact” at the Rural Economy and Land Use programme’s final conference in 2011 – one of only two projects receiving awards out of over 100 investments. This led to the development of the UK Peatland Code, in collaboration with the IUCN UK Peatland Programme, which I launched with Defra's Environment Minister in 2013. I now sit on the Steering Group for the Code, which represents Defra and its agencies, each of the devolved administrations and their agencies, landowners and business. The work was graded as a 3 star case study in REF2014 demonstrating "very considerable impacts in terms of [its] reach and significance" by Birmingham City University and the University of Leeds. Defra's Deputy Director of Sustainable Land and Rural Evidence and Analysis said "this research has made a considerable contribution and provided us with valuable lessons for the development of Payment for Ecosystem Service schemes in the UK." The work was also shortlisted as a finalist for the European Union's Natura 2000 award in 2015, with Inger Andersen, Director General of the International Union for Conservation of Nature, describing the work as "incredible - it has really moved the needle for conservation."
In 2014 I was invited by Defra to sit on the Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Service (IPBES) Nomination Review Panel to select experts to deliver the IPBES work programme. In 2016, I became a contributing author on the IPBES Land Degradation and Restoration report. I was invited to sit on the scientific evaluation committee to review funding proposals for EU's Biodiversa programme in 2014. I also advised Scottish Government on research needs for the delivery of their Peatland Plan for Scotland in 2014. I was invited by the UK Government’s Joint Nature Conservation Council to set social science research priorities for the Living with Environmental Change (LWEC) partnership’s Ecosystem Task Force. I was a contributing author to the upland chapter of the UK National Ecosystem Assessment and co-led the Shared Values Work Package for the follow-on to the National Ecosystem Assessment from 2013-2014. I was on the Roster of Experts in the second phase of DEFRA's Ecosystem Markets Taskforce.
I helped lead the development of Knowledge Exchange Guidelines for RCUK’s Living with Environmental Change partnership, and was contracted by the Joint Nature Conservation Committee to develop similar guidelines for the EU Biodiversa programme. In 2014, I was commissioned by Scottish Government as part of a team evaluating the impact of research conducted by their Rural and Environment Science and Analytical Services Division (RESAS) and Main Research Providers. In 2015 I launched a successful spin-out company, Fast Track Impact, training researchers around the world based on evidence from my research. In 2016, Fast Track Impact was shortlisted as a finalist in the ARMA awards under the impact category.
I have been a member of funding panels for ESRC, NERC and the EU Biodiversa programme and have reviewed proposals for the British Academy, Leverhulme, and for Dutch, Austrian, German, Swedish, South African and Swiss research funders.
I am a transdisciplinary researcher specialising in social innovation, research impact and stakeholder participation in agri-food systems. Specific areas of expertise include:
Knowledge exchange (aka. transfer, management, mobilisation) for impact:
Co-production of knowledge
Analysing pathways to impact (with a focus on the generation of new theory to understand how impacts from research are conceptualised, reported and perceived to contribute to rural policy and practice)
Eliciting and integrating different knowledges, including the study of local (aka. traditional, indigenous) knowledge
Boundary organisations and knowledge brokerage
Facilitation and the identification and management of power dynamics
Managing conflict in the natural environment
Stakeholder analysis (aka. mapping)
Participatory scenario development
Participatory monitoring and evaluation (with a focus on environmental indicators and citizen science)
Participatory (aka. mediated, dynamic systems) modelling
Deliberative processes and techniques
Cultural and shared values for the natural environment
Transdisciplinary research practices
Social innovation (in behaviours, technologies and social structures to support sustainable rural development)
Socio-technical innovation and transitions management
Resilience and sustainable livelihoods in social-ecological systems
Novel environmental governance mechanisms based on collaborative management and new markets
Market-based policy instruments including Payments for Ecosystem Services
The rural environment
Adapting to climate change in agri-food and rural systems
Environmental and rural land use management
Environmental governance in agri-food and rural systems
Balancing priorities in multi-functional landscapes
Food security, land use, conservation and agricultural policy
Ecosystem services and the Ecosystems Approach
Land degradation in drylands and desertification
Contested Environment (ACE8082) – module leader
Contemporary Countryside (ACE8050) - contributor
Academic and Professional Skills (ACE2066) - contributor
- deVente J, Reed MS, Stringer LC, Valente S, Newig J. How does the context and design of participatory decision-making processes affect their outcomes? Evidence from sustainable land management in global drylands. Ecology & Society 2016, 21(2), 1-24.
- Kenter J, Reed MS, Irvine KN, O'Brien E, Brady E, Bryce R, Christie M, Cooper N, Hockley N, Fazey I, Orchard-Webb J, Ravenscroft N, Raymond CM, Tett P, Watson V. Shared values and deliberative valuation of ecosystem services: Key findings and future directions. Ecosystem Services 2016. Submitted.
- Reed MS, Stringer LC, Fazey I, Evely AC, Kruijsen JHJ. Five principles for the practice of knowledge exchange in environmental management. Journal of Environmental Management 2014, 146, 337-345.
- Kusmanoff AM, Hardy MJ, Fidler F, Maffey G, Raymond C, Reed MS, Fitzsimons JA, Bekessy SA. Framing the private land conservation conversation: Strategic framing of the benefits of conservation participation could increase landholder engagement. Environmental Science & Policy 2016, 61, 124-128.
- Kenter JO, Bryce R, Christie M, Cooper N, Hockley N, Irvine KN, Fazey I, O'Brien L, Orchard-Webb J, Ravenscroft N, Raymond CM, Reed MS, Tett P, Watson V. Shared values and deliberative valuation: Future directions. Ecosystem Services 2016, 21(Part B), 358-371.
- Kenter JO, Reed MS, Fazey I. The Deliberative Value Formation model. Ecosystem Services 2016, 21(Part B), 194-207.
- Everard M, Reed MS, Kenter JO. The ripple effect: Institutionalising pro-environmental values to shift societal norms and behaviours. Ecosystem Services 2016, 21(Part B), 230-240.
- Reed MS, Allen K, Attlee A, Dougill AD, Evans K, Kenter J, Hoy J, McNab D, Stead S, Twyman C, Scott A, Smyth MA, Stringer LC, Whittingham MJ. A Place-Based Approach to Payments for Ecosystem Services. Global Environmental Change 2017, 43, 92-106.
- Irvine KN, O'Brien L, Ravenscroft N, Cooper N, Everard M, Fazey I, Reed MS, Kenter JO. Ecosystem services and the idea of shared values. Ecosystem Services 2016, 21(Part B), 184-193.
- Stringer LC, Reed MS, Fleskens L, Thomas RJ, Le QB, Lala-Pritchard T. A New Dryland Development Paradigm Grounded in Empirical Analysis of Dryland Systems Science. Land Degradation and Development 2017, Epub ahead of print.
- Reed MS, Vella S, Challies E, de Vente J, Frewer L, Hohenwallner-Ries D, Huber T, Neumann RK, Oughton EA, Sidoli del Ceno J, van Delden H. A theory of participation: What makes stakeholder and public engagement in environmental management work?. Restoration Ecology 2017, Epub ahead of print.
- Webb NP, Marshall NA, Stringer LC, Reed MS, Chappell A, Herrick JE. Land degradation and climate change: Building climate resilience in agriculture. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 2017, 15(8), 450-459.
- Raymond CM, Reed M, Bieling C, Robinson GM, Plieninger T. Integrating different understandings of landscape stewardship into the design of agri-environmental schemes. Environmental Conservation 2016, 43(4), 350-358.