What we eat has a big impact on our health but it is very difficult measure exactly what, and how much, people eat in everyday life - and people find it difficult to record honestly. Measuring what people eat can help prevent illness by showing definite links between particular kinds, and amounts, of foods and specific diseases.
By testing urine for the chemical ‘fingerprints’ of different foods, the scientists at Newcastle and Aberystwyth Universities demonstrated that they could determine whether individuals are eating healthy diets or not. The chemical ‘fingerprints’ they identified are substances called metabolites which are unique to different foodstuffs – those for healthy foods such as raspberries, salmon, broccoli and orange juice have already been identified.
The next stage for the scientists is to develop a simple test with the potential to revolutionise health care by determining whether people are eating a healthy diet or not.
The new test is being developed by Professor John Mathers and his team in the Human Nutrition Research Centre (HNRC) at Newcastle University with colleagues at Aberystwyth University.
The scientists believe the test will even be able to distinguish between similar foods such as whether someone has eaten red, white or processed meat and so help in understanding links between these foods and health.
Newcastle University’s Professor Mathers said; “In the longer run, this kind of test will help to uncover new links between eating patterns and health.
“As our knowledge about metabolite markers of other foods grows, we will be able to add these to our test and it should mean that researchers will be able to say for certain which foods help protect against specific diseases and which we should encourage to promote better health.”
The longer term aim of the research is to develop a simple dipstick test – a sensor dipped into urine which will provide an instant readout of the main foods that the person has eaten.
published on: 25th January 2012