In academic writing, most nouns are preceded or followed by one or more words or phrases known as modifiers. In many cases, nouns have both pre-modifiers (occurring before the noun) and post-modifiers (occurring after the noun).
In the sentence below, the nouns in bold, 'decline' and 'rise', have both pre- and post-modification. Modification is indicated by underlining:
The unexpected decline in species that had previously thrived in the area was attributed to a sharp rise in temperature.
Pre-and post-modification enables the writer to pack a lot of information into a limited number of words, thus making the style more concise.