Undergraduate

modules

Modules

ACE1044 : Introduction to Animal Physiology

Semesters
Semester 2 Credit Value: 10
ECTS Credits: 5.0

Aims

To provide a broad understanding of mammalian physiology with particular reference to domestic animals (farm and companion animals. A systems based approach will be used to explain the contribution of various systems to the maintenance of the internal environment of the body of animals. Therefore, homeostasis and the link between structure and function will provide the core themes of the module, around which the syllabus is built. The physiological mechanisms that allow body systems to perform their functions in mammals and the marriage of form with function will be examined in lectures and practicals.

Outline Of Syllabus

Introduction
General structure of tissues, form and function
Homeostasis
The internal environment, movement across membranes
Circulatory system
Climatic physiology
Nervous system: central nervous system, peripheral nerves, autonomic nervous system
The action potential and transmission of nerve impulses along axons and across synapses
Muscular system: voluntary/skeletal, involuntary/smooth, cardiac
Mechanism of Muscle contraction
Endocrine system
Feedback mechanisms (negative and positive feedback loops), the Hypothalamus and pituitary,
and brief examples of functions
Digestive system

Through the practicals, students will gain experience of studies of animal physiology and investigations with post-mortem material from domestic animals.

Teaching Methods

Teaching Activities
Category Activity Number Length Student Hours Comment
Guided Independent StudyAssessment preparation and completion26:0012:00Preparation of practical reports
Guided Independent StudyAssessment preparation and completion112:0012:00Revision and completion of Semester 1 examination
Scheduled Learning And Teaching ActivitiesLecture201:0020:00Introduce the vocabulary of physiology and principles of physiology in domestic animals.
Scheduled Learning And Teaching ActivitiesPractical23:006:00Help students to understand the concepts, techniques and methods of mammalian physiology.
Guided Independent StudyIndependent study125:0025:00Background reading on module topics
Guided Independent StudyIndependent study125:0025:00Writing up lecture and practical notes
Total100:00
Teaching Rationale And Relationship

Lectures deliver the factual information on the morphology and physiology (basic knowledge outcomes).
The lectures introduce the vocabulary of physiology, describe the principles of physiology and anatomy, the specific role of various systems within the body and the mechanisms involved in these functions. Practicals reinforce the lectures and allow students to develop skills in handling post mortem material and data collection (skills outcomes).
The associated practical reports will develop skills in the drawing of experimental material, data presentation, analysis and critical discussion.

Assessment Methods

The format of resits will be determined by the Board of Examiners

Exams
Description Length Semester When Set Percentage Comment
Written Examination1202A70Final exam as MCQ and simple answer questions.
Other Assessment
Description Semester When Set Percentage Comment
Practical/lab report2M30Practicals help students understand the concepts & techniques of animal physiology. (2 reports, 1000 words/15% each)
Assessment Rationale And Relationship

The examination tests the knowledge and understanding of information delivered in lectures and practicals (knowledge outcomes).
The practical reports assess the students skills in the drawing of experimental material, data collection, presentation and critical discussion (skills outcomes).

Reading Lists

Timetable