School of Architecture, Planning & Landscape

Architecture and Urbanism in 20th Century Iraq

Sana Al-Naimi

Dramatic changes in spatial strategies and the built environment over the last century have greatly contributed to the current cultural and political instability in Iraq. My project explores the enduring spatial implications of Gertrude Bell’s vision, which shaped post-WWI British Mandate Iraq and informed the conflicting policies of consecutive governments.


Professor Zeynep Kezer, Professor Andrew Ballantyne


This PhD thesis was supported by a grant [grant number AH/L503927/1] from the Arts and Humanities Research Council after I won a Northern Bridge Scholarship. 


Copyright for artwork

Artwork by author. This was based on archival material from the Gertrude Bell Archive in Newcastle University [PERS_B004B] and the archive of Wilson Mason LLP.