School of History, Classics and Archaeology

Juan Gonzalez

Juan García González

The Exiles of the Sullan Regime and the Elites of the Empire: Interaction, Discourse, Politics and Integration in the 70s BC


Professor Federico Santangelo, Dr John Holton, Dr Amy Russell (Durham University)

Year started


Project outline

When Sulla took power in Rome in 82 B.C., he set up a regime that was not deeply modified until the year 70 B.C. While the Sullan model lasted, many of those who had supported the defeated faction in the Civil War were killed in the proscriptions and many leaders of that camp were compelled to flee Italy. These exiles led political and military movements against the faction that was ruling in Rome, spurring military revolts in several Roman provinces in order to introduce political reforms. These developments are intimately connected among them and require a comprehensive study to explain the strategies pursued by these individuals and their ideological motivations. The key objective of this thesis is to define the existence of a movement for political reform, organised and extended across the Roman Republic in the decade of the 70s BC. Alongside a prosopographical study of the exiles of the Sullan regime, this project sets out to explore the political discourse that they developed with the objective of attracting the local ruling class of several areas of the empire in their struggle against the government established in Rome. By encompassing a wide range of literary, numismatic, archaeological and epigraphic evidence, this study will provide a comprehensive and innovative treatment of the relationships among the elites of the Empire at a time of deep and traumatic political change.  

Funding awards

AHRC Full Studentship (Northern Bridge Consortium) 2018-2021.

Presentations and conferences

May 2018: “El significado de pietas en las glandes inscriptae del bellum Sertorianum: bases para una propuesta de interpretación histórica”. Talk in the “XVII Encuentro de Jóvenes Investigadores de Historia Antigua”, Complutense University of Madrid.
May 2018: “Nueva interpretación histórica del templo dedicado a Iovis Stator de Cartagena”. Talk in the “XII Congreso Internacional de la Sociedad Española de Ciencias de las Religiones”, University of Zaragoza.
October 2017: “Sic semper tyrannis. Creación y recepción de arquetipos perversos en la serie Roma” (co-author with David García Domínguez). Poster for the conference “En los Márgenes de Roma. Apropiaciones y reinterpretaciones de la Antigüedad romana en la cultura de masas contemporánea”, Autonomous University of Madrid.
June 2017: “The Sertorian War as a bellum civile: an outlook from the 4th and 5th centuries AD”. Talk in the “18th Annual Postgraduate Colloquium Centre for Byzantine, Ottoman and Modern Greek Studies (CBOMGS)”, University of Birmingham.
May 2017: “Quinto Sertorio Proconsole: Gli slogan e i simboli sulle glandes inscriptae”. Lecture for the Department of Humanities of the Ca’ Foscari University of Venice.
March 2017: “Cicatrices adverso corpore. Il corpo come esempio di virtù nel discorso politico degli homines novi durante il bellum Sertorianum”. Talk in the “Seminario Poikilia II”, Department of Humanities of the Ca’ Foscari University of Venice.
December 2016: “Relaciones de poder en la serie Roma a través de los personajes de Marco Antonio y Atia” (with David García Domínguez). Talk in the 19th Conferences of the Department of Classics, Autonomous University of Madrid.
April 2016: “La influencia del pensamiento griego en la actividad política de Tiberio Graco”. Talk in the 3rd International Congress of Young Researchers of the Ancient World (“III Congreso Internacional de Jóvenes Investigadores del Mundo Antiguo”), University of Murcia.

Academic qualifications

Interuniversity Master’s degree in Ancient History. Specialization in Rome and Ancient Hispania. Complutense University of Madrid–Autonomous University of Madrid (September 2015-September 2017). Postgraduate student in the “Máster Interuniversitario en Historia y Ciencias de la Antigüedad”. Specialization in Ancient History of Rome and Hispania (“Roma e Hispania Antigua”).
Erasmus student for a semester at Ca’ Foscari University of Venice (Università Ca’ Foscari Venezia) (February 2017-June 2017).
Undergraduate student in History. Complutense University of Madrid (September 2015). Specialization in Ancient History.


García González, J. (2019), “Quintus Sertorius pro consule: connotaciones de la magistratura proconsular afirmada en las glandes inscriptae Sertorianae”, Anas 25–26 (forthcoming).
García González, J. (2018), review of “Adrienne Mayor, Mitrídates el Grande. Enemigo Implacable de Roma” Gerión 36, 1, pp. 279-280.
García González, J. (2017), “The Sertorian War as a bellum civile: an outlook from the 4th and 5th centuries AD”, Diogenes 6, pp. 26-38.
García González, J. (2017), “La influencia del pensamiento griego en la actividad política de Tiberio Graco”, in J.J. Martínez García et al. (eds.) Actas del III Congreso Internacional de Jóvenes Investigadores del Mundo Antiguo (CIJIMA III), Murcia, pp. 415-452.
García González, J. (2015), review of “Julián Espada Rodríguez, Los dos primeros tratados romano-cartagineses. Análisis historiográfico y contexto histórico, Barcelona, 2013”, Gerión 33, pp. 343-346.