Dr Thomas Linley
- Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
- Telephone: +44 (0) 191 208 8885
- Address: School of Natural and Environmental Sciences
I am a postdoctoral research associate within Dr Alan Jamieson's research team. I am particularly interested in the fish of the world’s deepest places, specifically the abyssal (3000 to 6000 m deep) and hadal (>6000 m depth) zones. The abyssal zone makes up the majority of the Earth’s surface (54%) and with only a few exceptions forms a continuous circumglobal habitat with very stable conditions. While the two zones are directly connected the hadal zone, most commonly occurring in the deep subduction trenches, is isolated and varied. While the fish in both of these zones have adapted to huge pressure, their habitat is very different.
I have been lucky enough to be involved in many firsts including the discovery of the ethereal snailfish which featured in Blue Planet II. On the same cruise we captured the Mariana snailfish (Pseudoliparis swirei), likely the deepest living fish, and went on to describe it as a new species and the illustrate the paper. The Mariana snailfish went on to be the focus of an award-winning NHK documentary ‘Deep Ocean: Descent into the Mariana Trench’ narrated by David Attenborough.
While there are many things that we can only learn from physical specimens, I am specifically interested in filming animals in situ. The damaged corpses recovered do not do justice to the animals in life, where they show natural behaviour, and may be partly to blame for the idea that they are monstrous. Using baited lander systems is a cost/time effective, non-fatal and non-destructive means of collecting data.
I enjoy fieldwork and have accrued over 600 days of seagoing experience. I believe a good understanding of the equipment you use, particularly if you are going to use it in the field with no hope of shopping for spares. It is important to me that I am able to deploy, maintain and develop my own equipment. Low cost, full ocean depth, HD video and still cameras and illumination with fully customisable sequences and logging form the crux of my research and are constructed in-house. This has led to skills in engineering, equipment development and programming.
I enjoy public outreach and try to do as many public talks and events as I can, as well as maintaining a presence online through Twitter and other online forums.
Conference and Meeting presentations
- CoralFISH science meeting, Milan - "Associated ichthyofauna of cold water reefs: observations from baited photographic lander deployments". 2010
- Euro ISRS Symposium, The Netherlands - "Associated ichthyofauna of cold water reefs: observations from baited photographic lander deployments". 2010
- EuroSITES final science meeting, Crete - "Seafloor observations of megafauna in the Pylos region". 2011
- MASTS, Edinburgh - “Associated ichthyofauna of cold water reefs: observations from baited photographic lander deployments“. 2011
- World Conference on Marine Biodiversity, Aberdeen - “Associated ichthyofauna of cold water reefs: observations from baited photographic lander deployments“. Digital object submission; 5min video/animation.
- CoralFISH science meeting, Crete - "Review of the BRIL (autonomous photographic lander) dataset for regions 1, 3 and 6 and new data acquired at region 3 and 4". 2011
- CoralFISH science meeting, Galway. Poster presentation - "A review of the lander systems within the CoralFISH project". 2012
- 5th International Symposium on Deep-sea Corals, Amsterdam - "The link between cold water corals and fish, examples from across Europe – Observations from a baited photographic lander". 2012
- ISA-INDEEP Megafauna Workshop, Wilhelmshaven, Germany - "Introductory Guide to Fish Taxonimy". Fish taxonomic expert during the workshop. 2013
- MASTS ASM, Edinburgh - "Current Projects: The Deep-Sea Fish of the Pacific Rim" ePoster. Winner of the best student poster award. 2013
- Challenger Society Conference, Plymouth - "The absence of abyssal Coryphaenoides spp.(Macrouridae) in the northern South Fiji Basin and the shallower occurrence of Bassozetus sp.(Ophidiidae) in their absence" 2014
- MASTS ASM, Edinburgh - "The absence of abyssal Coryphaenoides spp. (Macrouridae) in the northern South Fiji Basin and the shallower occurrence of Bassozetus sp. (Ophidiidae) in their absence" 2014
- Aberdeen University Postgraduate Conference, Aberdeen - "The absence of abyssal Coryphaenoides spp. (Macrouridae) in the northern South Fiji Basin and the shallower occurrence of Bassozetus sp. (Ophidiidae) in their absence" 2014
- Deep Sea Biology Symposium, Aveiro - "The loss of scavenging fish fauna at the abyssal/hadal transition and the implications of trench systems with atypical vertical zonation" 2015
- MASTS ASM, Glasgow - "A newly discovered hadal liparid (Pisces: Liparidae) from the Mariana Trench" 2015
- STRONGMAR Conference: Sea of Scienceand, Porto - “Hadal fishes of the Pacific Ocean: baited lander studies from three hadal trench systems” 2016
My appointment at Newcastle is entirely research based however I have provided support to our groups student project. I take part in public outreach where possible.
- “Deep Ocean Experience: Exploring the very deepest parts of the ocean, the Hadal Zone (6,000 - 11,000m)” Explore – Lifelong Learning in Newcastle. 2017
Fish Corner radio segment, Natchie Night Fly on BBOX radio, 2015-2016:
- "New species of snailfish from the Mariana Trench”
- "Long-term whale bone experiment"
- "The future of taxonomy, 3D and digital"
- “Scotland’s cold-seep”
- “Interspecies cooperation”
- “What is ambergris?”
- “Noisy fish”
- “Understanding deep-sea fish” Schmidt Ocean Institute
- “Discovering deep-sea fish with Thomas Linley” MASTS science in minutes series
- NHK documentary “Deep Ocean: Journey to the Deepest”
- Alien Reefs - Cold water corals
- QI discussing the ethereal snailfish (series O, odd and ends episode)
- WoRMS top 10 most important new species of 2017
- Cosmos magazine top new species of 2018
- Discovery Channel Canada - Daily Planet - feeding Mariana snailfish - 2018
National Science Festival 2013, Edinburgh Science Museum:
- "To the Abyss and Beyond" at the Science 'Cabaret' evening
- Talks three times a day
- Touch Tank
- 2013 – “Journey through the abyss”
- 2014 – “Beyond the abyss”
- 2015 – “Deep-sea fish are cool, not scary”
Oceanlab open evenings:
- League of Master Bakers. 2013
- Aberdeenshire Rotary Club. 2013
- Slains School. 2014
- University of Aberdeen Secretariat. 2014
- Albyn School. 2015
Dove open days:
- Capturing Our Coasts Deeper than Deep Wine & Science event. 2018
- Deep Sea Week. 2017
- I'm a scientist get me out of here, 25 Genomes Species champion for the abyssal grenadier.
- Gerringer ME, Andrews AH, Huss GR, Nagashima K, Popp BN, Linley TD, Gallo ND, Clark MR, Jamieson AJ, Drazen JC. Life history of abyssal and hadal fishes from otolith growth zones and oxygen isotopic compositions. Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers 2018, 132, 37-50.
- Neat FC, Jamieson AJ, Stewart HA, Narayanaswamy BE, Collie N, Stewart M, Linley TD. Visual evidence of reduced seafloor conditions and indications of a cold-seep ecosystem from the Hatton–Rockall basin (NE Atlantic). Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 2018, epub ahead of print.
- Linley TD, Stewart A, McMillan P, Clark M, Gerringer ME, Drazen JC, Fujii T, Jamieson AJ. Bait attending fishes of the abyssal zone and hadal boundary: community structure, functional groups and species distribution in the Kermadec, New Hebrides and Mariana trenches. Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers 2017, 121, 38-53.
- Jamieson AJ, Linley TD, Craig J. Baited camera survey of deep-sea demersal fishes of the West African oil provinces off Angola: 1200-2500m depth, East Atlantic Ocean. Marine Environmental Research 2017, 129, 347-364.
- Lacey NC, Mayor DJ, Linley TD, Jamieson AJ. Population structure of the hadal amphipod Bathycallisoma (Scopelocheirus) schellenbergi in the Kermadec Trench and New Hebrides Trench, SW Pacific. Deep-Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography 2018, 155, 50-60.
- Gerringer ME, Linley TD, Jamieson AJ, Goetze E, Drazen JC. Pseudoliparis swirei sp. nov.: A newly-discovered hadal snailfish (Scorpaeniformes: Liparidae) from the Mariana Trench. Zootaxa 2017, 4358(1), 161-177.
- Lacey NC, Rowden AA, Clark MR, Kilgallen NM, Linley TD, Mayor DJ, Jamieson AJ. Community structure and diversity of scavenging amphipods from bathyal to hadal depths in three South Pacific Trenches. Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers 2016, 111, 121-137.
- Gerringer ME, Popp BN, Linley TD, Jamieson AJ, Drazen JC. Comparative feeding ecology of abyssal and hadal fishes through stomach content and amino acid isotope analysis. Deep-Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers 2016, 121, 110-120.
- Linley TD, Gerringer ME, Yancey PH, Drazen JC, Weinstock CL, Jamieson AJ. Fishes of the hadal zone including new species, in situ observations and depth records of Liparidae. Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers 2016, 114, 99-110.
- Lacey NC, Mayor DL, Linley TD, Jamieson AJ. Population structure of the hadal amphipod Bathycallisoma (Scopelocheirus) schellenbergi (Birstein and Vinogradov, 1958) from two contrasting southwest Pacific trenches. Deep-Sea Research Part 2 2016. Submitted.
- Neat FN, Jamieson AJ, Stewart HA, Narayanaswamy BE, Collie N, Stewart M, Fischbacher B, Linley TD. Visual confirmation on an actively venting cold seep ecosystem from the western margin of the Rockall Bank, NE Atlantic. Marine Biodiversity 2016. Submitted.
- Linley TD, Lavaleye M, Maiorano P, Bergman M, Capezzuto F, Cousins NJ, Duineveld G, Shields MA, Sion L, Tursi A, Priede IG, D'Onghia G, Duineveld G, Shields MA, Sion L, Tursi A, Priede IG. Effects of cold?water corals on fish diversity and density (European continental margin: Arctic, NE Atlantic and Mediterranean Sea): Data from three baited lander systems. Deep-Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography 2017, 145, 8-21.
- Cousins NJ, Linley T, Jamieson AJ, Bagley PM, Blades H, Box T, Chambers R, Ford A, Shields MA, Priede IG. Bathyal Demersal Fishes of Charlie-Gibbs Fracture Zone region (49°-54°N) of the Mid Atlantic Ridge: II. Baited camera lander observations. Deep-Sea Research II 2013, 98, 397-406.
- Cousins NJ, Linley TD, Jamieson AJ, Bagley PM, Blades H, Box T, Chambers R, Ford A, Shields MA, Priede IG. Bathyal demersal fishes of Charlie-Gibbs Fracture Zone region (49-54°N) of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge: II. Baited camera lander observations. Deep-Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography 2013, 98(Part B), 397-406.
- Linley TD, Alt CHS, Jones DOB, Priede IG. Bathyal demersal fishes of the Charlie-Gibbs Fracture Zone region (491–541N) of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge: III. Results from remotely operated vehicle (ROV) video transects. Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography 2013, 98(Part B), 407-411.
- Jeffreys RM, Lavaleye MSS, Bergman MJN, Duineveld GCA, Witbaard R, Linley T. Deep-sea macrourid fishes scavenge on plant material: Evidence from in situ observations. Deep-Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers 2010, 57(4), 621-627.