TUNRail objectives were to develop a "transatlantic" function within the context of railway higher education that enhances the knowledge exchange between EU and US and secures a robust collaboration on areas with transatlantic synergies. The nature of TUNRail was comparison and tuning of the current learning outcomes and competencies. The project focused on increasing the transparency of railway higher educational programmes and on improving understanding of the synergies and differences of railway systems and railway higher education on both sides of the Atlantic. It allowed current programmes to benchmark and compare themselves with their peers and provide assistance for potential new programmes in their development process.Main results and outcomes of TUNRail are:• A railway education handbook that outlines:• Comprehensive inventory and analysis (comparison and benchmarking) of current railway higher education programmes or practices in the EU and the US.• Examples of better practices and successful approaches in railway higher education.• Specific recommendations and strategies for enhanced transatlantic knowledge transfer and for development of new programmes or improvement of current programmes.• Dissemination of the obtained results to the interested parties in academia and industry.• Better understanding of the synergies and differences of railway systems in the EU and US and a solid foundation for increased transatlantic cooperation in rail higher education and training.Other products produced as part of the study include:• Web-Page of the Project, where project postings/newsletters and e-notices of all the draft materials will be made available for review and comments by interested individuals and parties;• Open Access Web-Based Railway Education Forum / Blog to encourage continuing dialogue on the needs and imminent issues for rail higher education throughout the project life-time and beyond;• Trans-Atlantic Web Conference for industry and academia stakeholders to present study outcomes, to disseminate the need for railway higher education programs, and to obtain their feedback and suggestions.