What is a Specific Learning Difficulty (SpLD)?

Below are the common features of Specific Learning Difficulties, please note that each individual is different and this list is simply intended as a guide.

Dyslexia is characterised by:

  • Potential reading issues
  • Misreading, making understanding difficult
  • Difficulty with sequences, e.g. getting dates in order
  • Poor organisation or time management
  • Difficulty organising thoughts clearly
  • Erratic spelling
  • Memory issues

For more information please visit British Dyslexia Association

Dyspraxia is characterised by difficulties with:

  • coordination/movement
  • judgement of socially acceptable behaviour
  • anxiety in unfamiliar situations
  • orientation/place finding
  • sensory overload

For more information please visit the dyspraxia foundation

Dyscalculia is characterised by difficulties:

  • understanding simple number concepts
  • learning numbers facts and procedures
  • telling the time
  • handling money, price and quantities

For more information please visit Dyscalculia.org

ADHD is characterised by:

  • inattention
  • restlessness
  • impulsivity
  • inappropriate behaviour

if no hyperactivity is present then characteristics may include

  • difficulties remaining focused (appear 'dreamy')
  • easy distracted
  • poor listening skills

For more information please visit AADD-UK

Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is characterised by:

  • inflexible thinking
  • over reliance on routines
  • a lack of social and communication skills

For more information please visit The National Autistic Society