Sir Joseph Swan Centre for Energy Research

Staff Profile

Dr Yaodong Wang

Senior Lecturer



Dr Yaodong Wang is a Senior Lecturer and an active researcher working on sustainable, clean and renewable energy at Sir Joseph Swan Centre for Energy Research of Newcastle University, UK. He has over 20 years’ experience working on 27 research projects as Principal Investigator (PI), Co-investigator (Co-I) and Researcher, (10 multi-disciplinary and multi-institutional) including: biomass gasification, anaerobic digestion and combustion; biofuel or biomass trigeneration and cogeneration with energy storage; energy systems such as biomass/coal thermal power plants; renewable energy systems (wind solar; biomass, water/hydropower); advanced cycles to reduce  emissions from energy systems (Miller Cycle petrol and diesel engines; Flameless Oxidation to reduce NOx emissions from gas turbine and power plant); biofuel petrol/diesel engine; organic Rankine cycle; thermal energy management in processing industries; building energy saving using passive and active methods.
1) Google Scholar Citation Profile:

Google Scholar Profile  

2) Publications: over 160 papers in peer-reviewed journals (80) and international conference proceedings (83).
3) Associate Editor, Energy Reports (Elsevier Journal, 2019); Member of the Editorial Board of the journal, 2016 - to date.
4) Supervising research students (15 PhDs and 12 MPhils graduated; 9 PhDs and 3 MPhils ongoing).
5) Invited reviewer for 12 international journals and Section Chair for 10 international conferences; 6) Collaborations with worldwide universities: 5 in the UK; 1 in Malaysia; 1 in India; 2 in Africa (Kenya, South Africa); 12 in China.
7) Teaching: Module Leader for 3 MSc modules;
8) Teaching: Postgraduate/undergraduate project supervision (86 completed in the areas of renewable energy, mechanical engineering, marine engineering).


PhD in Mechanical Engineering (Outcomes from the research: 5 conference papers; 4 journal papers.) 

MSc in Mechanical Engineering (Distinction. Outcomes from the research: published 3 journal papers )

Postgraduate Diploma in Mechanical Engineering

BSc (First Class: 92.3/100 ) in Mechanical Engineering 


Chartered Engineer (CEng), Member of The Institute of Mechanical Engineers (MIMechE)

Member of EPSRC Full College, UK.  


Recipient of the Environmental Initiative Awards 2015, Newcastle University, April 2015

Esteem Indicators

1)  Member of ‘Energy Reports’ (Elsevier) Journal Editorial Boards (March 2016 – present)

2)  Member of EPSRC Full College, UK (June 2017).

3)  Guest Editor of Special Issue on Thermal Energy Management, Applied Energy, volume 89, issue 1, January 2012.

4)  Invited as the reviewers to review papers/articles for 12 international journals including: Fuel; Applied Energy; Applied Thermal Engineering; Renewable Energy; Fuel Processing Technology; International Journal of Thermal Sciences; Energy & Fuels; International Journal of Energy Research; International Journal of HydrogenEnergy; Energy Conversion and Management; Chemical Engineering Research and Design; Chinese Journal of Chemical Engineering; International Journal of Ambient Energy

5)  Section Chair for 10 international Conferences: International Conferences on Applied Energy (ICAE) 2017 in Cardiff; ICAE Conference 2016 in Beijing; SusTEM Conference 2015, Newcastle Upon Tyne, July 2015; ICAE 2015 in Abu Dhabi, March 2015; ICAE 2014 in Taipei, May-June 2014; ICAE 2013 in Pretoria, South Africa; and ICAE 2012 in Suzhou of China); Sustainable Thermal Energy Management in Process Industry (The 2nd PRO-TEM Network Conference - SusTEM2011, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK); 9th International Conference on Sustainable Energy Technologies (SET2010, Shanghai, China). Sustainable Thermal Energy Management in Process Industry (The 1st PRO-TEM Network Conference, SusTEM2010).

6)  External Examiner for 11 PhD’s and 1 MPhil’s theses; Internal Examiners for 12 PhD’s theses.

7)  Independent Chair for 2 PhD viva in Newcastle University.



Postgraduate Teaching

1. SPG8001 Renewable Energy: Resources (Module Leader, 10 Credits)

2. MAR8101 Advanced Marine Engineering Design (10 Credits)

3. SPG8029 Energy Storage  (10 Credits)

4. MEC8095 Mechanical and Systems Engineering Project (60 Credits)

       Projects supervised: 

  • Combined Heat and Power System for King’s Gate building – Design and Simulation
  • Earth to Air Heat Exchanger System for King’s Gate Building at Newcastle University

5. MAR8098 : Marine MSc Dissertation (80 Credits)

       Projects supervised: 

  • Ship Energy Performance, Simulation, and Optimization
  • Ultra slow and Low emission ships 

6. SPG8095 Renewable Energy: Masters Projects' supervision (60 Credits)

Projects supervised/supervising

    Renewable/Sustainable energy system design and evaluation
  • A Feasibility Study of a Distributed Sustainable and Renewable Electricity System in Germany
  • A sustainable low impact solution design of a combined heat and power (CHP) system for a small structure (house, shed) in a woodland
  • A micro combined heat and power (CHP) using biomass gasification/gas turbine for a non-grid settlement in north-east England
  • Design of a Biogas Cogeneration System for a house in the woodland
  • A distributed hybrid generation system of Solar Panels and Wind Turbines for the household in the UK
  • Biowaste from palm industry for energy
  • Study of a hybrid wind turbine and solar PV power system for remote telecommunication facility application
  • Study of a Hybrid Wind-Diesel Electricity Power Plant for an Island Application - Case Study : Nangalili West Flores
  • Analysis of current power generation system and proposal for novel optimised renewable energy generation system on the Isle of Eigg
  • Investigating the integration of micro-generation sources into a MicroGrid system for remote area application
  • Study of Hybrid Energy System in Redang Island 
  • Study of a renewable hybrid system for household energy supply
  • Study of a combined system of Trigeneration with desalination
Experimental study on renewable fuels for engine generator, cogeneration/trigeneration to reduce emissions
  • Studies on Usage of Straight Vegetable oils as fuel for diesel engines
  • Experimental study of Trigeneration using sunflower oil
  • Experimental study of Trigeneration using rapeseed oil
  • * Experimental Study on the Performance and Emission Characteristics of Diesel Engine Based Small Scale CHP system running on Jatropha Oil and diesel
  • * Studies on Cogeneration system using waste vegetable oil for diesel engines
  • * Experimental Study on the Performance and Emission Characteristics of a Diesel Engine Based Small-Scale CHP system running on Sunflower Oil and diesel
  • * Experimental Study on the Performance and Emission Characteristics of a Diesel Engine Based Small-Scale CHP system running on waste cooking oil and diesel

* These four Reflex MSc students’ projects were parts of the Newcastle City and North East waste oil CHP project with CoRE (a social enterprise in the North East) in Alnwick, Northumberland, which was visited by the Energy and Climate Change minister, Joan Ruddock MP, in the summer of 2009. This project was awarded a £20,000 grant under the Big Green Challenge.

Waste to energy
  • An Experimental Study for the Application of Refuse Derived Fuel (RDF) to Cement Industry
  • A study of the utilisation of the bio-wastes to generate biogas to meet the energy demand in the production process of potato crisps
  • A study of biogas production from the local bio-wastes and its application to  a combined heat and power system
 Hydrogen generation and application
  • Hydrogen Production Using Excess Power from Temburong Hydroelectric Power Station
  • An computational study of the use of hydrogen as the fuel to a diesel engine based CHP & Trigeneration
Biomass / solar energy
  • A study of biogas production and its application to energy systems
  • Design and evaluation of a solar organic Rankine Cycle power plant in Lembata Island
  • Biomass gasification integrated with a household trigeneration
Modelling of energy system and power generation
  • Study of the Performance and Efficiency of a Trigeneration Based on a Diesel Generator Using Thermodynamic Modelling
  • Study of the performance and efficiency of a CHP system based on bio-fuel using thermodynamic modelling
  • A study of waste heat from thermal power plant fuelled with fossil fuel oil and renewable nyamplung oil (Calophyllum Inophyllum L) to drive absorption chillers for cooling in East Kalimantan
  • Modelling and assessment of electrical energy storage system and the integration with fuel cell system
  • Modelling and Assessment of the Application of a Biofuel Trigeneration System to a Three-bedroom House in the UK
Industrial – energy related projects
  • NaREC - Wind turbine drive-train test stand heat recovery system design
  • Investigation of household electricity consumption in the UK
  • Application Study of a Tri-generation System in a Restaurant Fuelled with Waste Cooking Oil and bio-diesel converted from waste Cooling Oil
  • Design and analysis of an anaerobic digester to feed a biogs fuelled boiler for a medium sized industrial enterprise
  • Energy usage investigation and evaluation of a Brewery
  • Design & Analysis of a Biogas Fuelled Trigeneration System for a Brewery
  • Integrated study of energy consumption and optimisation in a brewery
  • Energy Reduction & Renewable Opportunities for the Newcastle University Kings Gate Building
  • Experimental study of an energy storage system for bio-oil trigeneration
  • An application study of CHP/trigeneration in a food process industry


Research Interests / Experience

1. Distributed renewable energy systems

2. Combined heat and power(CHP)

3. Cogeneration of power and cooling driven by low grade heat

4. Trigeneration (Combined cooling, heating and power)

5. Low grade heat driven absorption refrigeration

6. Coal/Biomass power plant simulation and evaluation

7. Biomass/bio-wastes to energy through gasification or anaerobic digestion

8. Biogas energy system

9. Vegetable oil application to diesel engines and CHP

10. Ethanol/methanol application to petrol engines

11. Ethanol application to diesel engine

12. Miller cycle application to reduce NOx emissions from petrol engines

13. Miller cycle application to reduce NOx emissions from diesel engines

14. Flameless oxidation to reduce NOx emissions from power plant/gas turbine

Funded research projects

1. European Commission: ‘ETALON: Energy Harvesting for Signalling and Communication Systems’ (Co-I; 01/09/2017 - 29/02/2020; £193,117). Outcome: prototype design ongoing.

2. British Council Newton Fund: Trilateral Workshop (UK, South Africa and Kenya) on ‘Increased food security through improved postharvest systems using renewable and sustainable energy for rural communities’, PI; 01/04/2017 31/01/2018; £54,000). Outcome: A formal report submitted.

3. N8 LPP Industrial: Feasibility study of renewable bio-energy agri-product dryer. (PI; 01/06/2017 – 30/08/2017; N8 Local Pump Priming (LPP) Funding; £7995.) Outcome: A prototype dryer designed and in manufacturing.

4. EPSRC Prosperity Outcomes: Feasibility study of carbon based Nanomaterials to enhance heat transfer and efficiency for chemisorption cooling and power cogeneration system (EP/P511201/1, Institutional Sponsorship 2016- Newcastle University, PI, 09/2016 – 03/2017, £22,000). Outcome: published 2 papers on journals; 3 papers on conference proceedings.

5. EPSRC Global Challenges Research Fund Institutional Sponsorship Award 2016 - Institutional Sponsorship Funding for 2016 - 2017, Preparing for GCRF Award: Optimisation of different solar dryers used in Sub-Saharan Africa using computational fluid dynamics (CFD), PI, 08/2016 – 03/2017, £19,838. Outcome: A paper published by ‘Journal of Cleaner Production’.

6. EPSRC IAA Phase 2 - Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) enabled optimisation of a hybrid solar dryer for sub-Saharan Africa, PI, 07/2016 – 03/2017, £14,660. Outcome: 1 paper published by ‘Journal of Cleaner Production’.

7. EPSRC funded: Industrial Demand Reduction through Innovative Storage Technologies (IDRIST), (EP/M008088/1; Co- Investigator (Co-I), 01/11/2014 - 31/05/2017, £602,610)

8. The UK Royal Society, India-UK Scientific Seminars, (Co-I, 10/01/2015 -14/01/2015)

9. EPSRC funded: Low Grade Heat Driven Adsorption-linear-expander Cycle for Cogeneration of Power and Refrigeration (EP/I027904/1, PI, 2011 – 2014, £102,989. Outcome: published 4 papers in journals; 2 papers on the Proceedings of ICAE 2014 Conference.)

10. EPSRC funded: GLOBAL - Sustainable Energy through China-UK Research Engagement (EP/K004689/1, Co-I 2012 – 2013, £58,026):

  • Theme 1 Trigeneration with Integrated Energy Storage & Biofuel Use (Theme Leader)

  • Collaboration with Shanghai Jiaotong University, Guangxi University, Institute of Engineering Thermophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Jishou University. 2 papers published on journals and 1 paper published on the Proceedings of ICAE 2014.

  • Theme 3 Low Grade Heat Driven Cogeneration of Power & Cooling (Theme Leader) - Collaboration with Shanghai Jiaotong University. Outcome: 1 paper published in journal.

  • Theme 6 Thermal Energy Management in Processing Industries (Theme Leader)

  • Collaboration with Institute of Engineering Thermophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Jishou University, Guizhou University. Outcome: Outcome: 1 paper published on journal and 1 on the Proceedings of ICAE 2014 International Conference.

  • Theme 11 Optimal Management of Water Resources and Flood Risk for Hydropower Generation - Collaboration with Dalian University of Technology, 1 paper published in journal.

11. EU ERDF funded Project: O2 : Research into Oxygen Enrichment Systems for Micro-CHP Boiler Units, PI, 2010 – 2011, £18,324. Outcome: a final report)

12. EU funded: Adsor-Resor Cycle for power and cooling generation (FP7-PEOPLE/253106, EU Marie Currie Fellowship, Co-I, 2010 – 2011, £42,909. Outcome: 1 paper in journal and 1 in international conference.

13. EPSRC funded, BMT-CES: Biofuel Micro-Trigeneration with Cryogenic Energy Storage (EP/F061978/1, Co-I, six universities involved, total £1.1 million. 2008 – 2012, £334,249. Outcome: 6 papers on high impact journals; 5 papers on international conferences).

14. EPSRC funded: Thermal Management of Industrial Processes (EP/G056706/1, Co-I, 2009 – 2011, £98,955. Outcome: 2 papers in high impact journals; three papers in international conferences)

15. EU ERDF funded CHP Trigeneration and Energy Storage, Co-I, 2009 – 2012

16. EU FP7-TRANSPORT project (FP7-TRANSPORT/266030): ULYSSES Ultra Slow Ships (Co-I, 2011 – 2013, £67,679). Outcome: 1 paper for ‘2nd International Conference on Technologies, Operations, Logistics and Modelling for Low Carbon Shipping’

PhD Supervision



  • Integration and Optimisation of Bio-fuel Micro-Tri-Generation with Energy Storage

  • An investigation into the energy and control implications of adaptive comfort in a modern office building

  • Dynamic Energy Demand Prediction and Related Control System for UK Households



  • Using natural gas to meet latent energy demand in Nigeria and deliver economic advantage

  • Methods to move to Zero Energy Commercial Building (ZECB) for the future

  • Utilisation of heat and organic wastes for energy recovery in the food and drink industry

  • Application of the Thermoelectric Heat Exchange Module Combined with Renewable Energy for UK Domestic Heating


  • Sustainable buildings and sustainable energy system for buildings

  • Control and optimisation of a micro biofuel generation/ trigeneration with energy storage

  • Identification and reduction of environmental impacts of algae biofuel production


  • An Assessment of Hot Air Circulation Tray Dryer Powered with Anaerobic Digestion Biogas to Address Energy Poverty of Nigerian Rural Communities

  • Life Cycle Assessment: Sustainability of Electricity Production in the UK

  • Design and optimisation of a linear generator driven by a free piston engine

  • Supercritical injection of dual fuels for diesel engines

  • Design and optimization of a micro hydro turbine system with solar thermal water pumped storage and PV- battery storage for off-grid rural areas

  • Application and Optimisation of Solar Photovoltaic Thermal Energy with Different Storage Systems

  • Enhancement of Low Grade Heat driven adsorption cooling and power by nano materials

  • Thermochemical sorption tri-generation system for energy storage and energy demand reduction

  • Energy management and emission reduction in industrial production process

MPhil (Master of Philosophy) Supervision


  • Numerical Simulation of an Organic Rankine Cycle Using Scroll Expander in Geothermal Energy Applications
  • Combined Solar Power and Cooling System Using an Organic Rankine Cycle
  • Study of a micro smart grid to meet the dynamic demand of a household using renewable energy sources
  • Investigating and optimizing the adsorbent pairs utilized in thermochemical resorption cycle
  • Sustainable industry: utilisation of organic wastes from production process for energy supply
  • Miller Cycle application to diesel and free piston engines
  • Sustainable Building: Household Energy Demand Management using Retrofitting and Passive Energy Saving Methods
  • Development and optimization of an organic Rankine cycle system driven by waste heat from diesel engines
  • Application of nano-carbon catalysts in diesel/bio-diesel fuel blends to improve diesel engines performance and reduce exhaust emissions


  • Sustainable Building: Household Energy Demand Management using Retrofitting and Passive Energy Saving Methods

Previous research projects 

1. New Burner Technologies for power generation for Biofuels (EU research project, project Research Associate, 2005 – 2006).
2. SUPERGEN Biomass, Biofuels and Energy Crops Consortium (EPSRC funded, project Research Associate, 2005 – 2006 )
3. Innovative In Situ CO2 Capture Technology for Solid Fuel Gasification (EU research project, project Research Associate, 2004 – 2005).
4. Upgrading of High Moisture Low Rank Coal to Hydrogen and Methane (EU research project, project Research Associate, 2004 – 2005).
5. Theoretical and experimental investigation of a small Tri-generation (Combined Heat, Power and refrigeration), (university funded project, PhD researcher, 2000 – 2004).
6. Experimental Investigation of the performance of a small CHP (diesel gen-set) using vegetable oil as the alternative fuel (university funded project, Visiting researcher, 1999-2000).
7. Experimental Investigation of using Miller Cycle to reduce NOx emission from petrol engine (university funded project, Visiting researcher, 1999-2000).
8. Experimental Investigation of using Miller Cycle to reduce NOx emission from diesel engine (university funded project, Visiting researcher, 1999-2000).