ACE1022 : Crop Pests
- Offered for Year: 2019/20
- Module Leader(s): Dr Paul Bilsborrow
- Demonstrator: Professor Giles Budge
- Other Staff: Dr Ethan Hack, Professor Neil Boonham
- Owning School: Natural and Environmental Sciences
- Teaching Location: Newcastle City Campus
|Semester 2 Credit Value:||10|
To provide students with an introduction to crop pests. To introduce students to the significance, biology, and diversity of crop pests, how they cause damage, and the principles of their control. The module provides a study of the major insect, fungal and weed pests which affect crop production. The biology, life-cycle and principles of control of these pests via chemical and other means are evaluated.
Outline Of Syllabus
Ecological background; why some animals are pests. Types of plant damage and factors affecting pest abundance. Economic thresholds. Methods of pest control. Biology and control of major pests of cereals and grasses, basic forage crops, vegetables and oilseed rape, potato, carrots, legume forage and vegetable crops, and stored products. Role of insects in spreading plant virus diseases.
The problem of weeds; importance of weeds as pests in crop production; crop losses due to weeds.
Weed biology: growth cycles; seed prolificacy; seed dispersal, dormancy, and survival; periodicity of germination.
Competitiveness of different weed species, critical periods of weed competition and control.
The role of weed and crop biology in the development of weed control strategies.
Nature and importance of plant diseases.
How pathogens cause plant diseases and how they spread.
Methods and principles of disease control.
Diseases caused by protist (lower) fungi, ascomycetes, basidiomycetes, bacteria, and viruses
|Guided Independent Study||Assessment preparation and completion||2||7:00||14:00||Preparation of practical reports (x2)|
|Guided Independent Study||Assessment preparation and completion||1||11:30||11:30||Revision for and completion of Semester 2 examination|
|Scheduled Learning And Teaching Activities||Lecture||20||1:00||20:00||N/A|
|Scheduled Learning And Teaching Activities||Practical||1||3:00||3:00||Disease assessment|
|Scheduled Learning And Teaching Activities||Fieldwork||2||3:00||6:00||Weeds identification Pesticides sprayers|
|Guided Independent Study||Independent study||1||25:30||25:30||General reading and background research on module topics|
|Guided Independent Study||Independent study||1||20:00||20:00||Compilation of notes and lecture follow up|
Teaching Rationale And Relationship
Lectures will provide an understanding of the range of crop pests of importance in British Agriculture. Through an understanding of their life-cycle and interaction with their hosts control methods will be evaluated. Practical classes will enhance the ability of students to recognise major-weed and fungal pathogens.
The format of resits will be determined by the Board of Examiners
|Portfolio||2||M||20||Weed portfolio - 12 pages|
|Practical/lab report||2||M||10||Disease lab report - 1000 words|
Assessment Rationale And Relationship
The exam assesses knowledge and understanding of material relating to each section of the module i.e. animal pests, weeds and pathogens.
The weed and fungal reports assess the collection, identification and analysis of range of arable weeds and fungal pathogens in the UK.