BIO8054 : Management of Wildlife Disease and Epidemiology
- Offered for Year: 2019/20
- Module Leader(s): Professor Stephen Rushton
- Lecturer: Dr Graham Smith
- Owning School: Natural and Environmental Sciences
- Teaching Location: Newcastle City Campus
|Semester 2 Credit Value:||10|
The aim of this module is to deliver a unique perspective on the theory and practical management of disease in wildlife. The various types of disease agent (viral, bacterial, parasitic etc) and disease process (endemic, epidemic and exotic) will be presented, along with the various justifications for disease control (zoonoses, economic and human welfare). The module will develop the student’s knowledge of the epidemiological process, transmission dynamics and an introduction to epidemiological modelling. The various means of disease management such as vaccination, culling, fertility control and habitat management will be presented in the context of both endemic disease and as a contingency for an exotic disease outbreak. The different approaches to surveillance and monitoring of wildlife disease will be examined.
Outline Of Syllabus
Disease: disease agents and ecological effects of wildlife disease. The different disease processes, transmission dynamics and justification for management.
Epidemiology: epidemiological theory, simple disease models and parameter estimation. An introduction to different types of epidemiological models to illustrate their uses and abuses. The benefits of spatial and stochastic modelling and how economics can fit in to decision making.
Disease management: the benefits and disadvantages of the different means of managing disease - vaccination, culling, therapeutic interventions, fertility control and habitat management.
Risk assessment and contingency planning: an introduction to risk assessment procedures for wildlife diseases and how contingency plans are constructed and implemented.
Disease surveillance: The differences between a survey, surveillance and monitoring for wildlife diseases, surveillance for new diseases, active and passive reporting.
Conservation: disease management in rare species, therapeutic intervention and targeting the reservoir host.
Case studies to include endemic disease management of bovine tuberculosis in badgers and cattle, management of rabies in foxes and contingency planning for exotic disease outbreaks.
|Scheduled Learning And Teaching Activities||Lecture||8||1:00||8:00||Lecture follow-up|
|Guided Independent Study||Assessment preparation and completion||1||15:00||15:00||Written assessment - Spatial Epidemiology Modelling|
|Scheduled Learning And Teaching Activities||Lecture||8||1:00||8:00||N/A|
|Guided Independent Study||Assessment preparation and completion||1||15:00||15:00||Written assessment - Modelling disease processes|
|Guided Independent Study||Directed research and reading||4||5:00||20:00||Directed reading|
|Scheduled Learning And Teaching Activities||Practical||2||3:00||6:00||Computer practicals|
|Guided Independent Study||Skills practice||1||12:00||12:00||Follow up from computer practicals|
|Scheduled Learning And Teaching Activities||Workshops||2||3:00||6:00||N/A|
|Guided Independent Study||Independent study||1||10:00||10:00||Follow up from workshops|
Teaching Rationale And Relationship
Lectures are used to explain the wealth of theory, concept and background material in wildlife disease, backed up by references to the research literature. Workshops will explore specific zoonotics in more detail using case studies from recent research. Computer-based workshop sessions will provide the hands-on training experience to enable students to model disease explore the impact of various interventions.
The format of resits will be determined by the Board of Examiners
|Written exercise||2||M||50||Spatial epidemiology modelling (1500 words)|
|Written exercise||2||M||50||Modelling disease processes (1500 words)|
Assessment Rationale And Relationship
The written exercises will test the understanding of epidemiological processes and intervention and management options.
Study Abroad students: as the modules are block taught study abroad students should discuss assessment requirements with the module leader.