|Semester 2 Credit Value:||20|
This module aims to provide an introduction to Microbiology and Immunology. The emphasis is on the different types of micro-organisms, microbes as infectious agents and the defence systems that have evolved to combat them. The module should provide the students with sufficient background to support the study of a range of biological, biomolecular and biomedical science disciplines at Stage 2. It will also provide a foundation for further study of Microbiology and Medical Microbiology and Immunology at honours level.
The series of lectures introduces the range of microorganisms, including viruses, bacteria, and eukaryotic microorganisms (such as fungi and protozoa). These organisms show enormous diversity in their structures, replication requirements and metabolic processes. We also consider why microbes are important to human kind for numerous reasons: they play a vital role in sustaining life on Earth and that they have important applications in a range of industries: e.g. food and drink, agriculture, biotechnology, pharmaceuticals. In addition some microorganisms cause disease to humans or other animals. Although this is a minority of species, these are of profound importance, as recent epidemics of HIV, SARS and Foot and Mouth Disease have shown us. Microorganisms are also being exploited by bioterrorists. The immune system evolved to defend the body against microbial infection and this module introduces you to the cells and molecules that contribute to these defences, and how they recognise and attack foreign invaders.
In addition to the lectures the module also includes 4 practical sessions and 2 seminars. Assessment is based on course work (10%) and an examination (90%).
The lectures and seminars cover the following topics:
Microbiology: introduction to micro-organisms; bacterial morphologies; major structural components of bacteria; bacterial cell division and growth; cultivation of bacteria; principles of bacterial identification; eukaryotic microorgansims; food microbiology.
Immunity: introduction to immunity; innate defences against infection; cell biology of the specific immune system; humoral specific immunity; cell mediated specific immunity; the immune system in action.
Virology: virus structure and classification; bacteriophage; viruses of animals and man; plant viruses and viroids; assay of animal viruses; prions.
Practicals consists of laboratory-based practicals on the following topics: introductory bacteriology; elements of the immune system; bacteriophage assays.
1. describe the structural features of prokaryotic cells, and their implications for survival and growth
2. describe how bacteria divide and the factors that affect population growth
3. appreciate the metabolic diversity of bacteria and describe examples of their natural products
4. describe the different types of eukaryotic micro-organisms
5. appreciate the importance of microorganisms in infectious disease
6. describe the variety of defence mechanisms that protect the body against infection and appreciate the importance of the immune system
7. describe the various leucocytes and their functions
8. explain the differences between innate and specific immunity and describe the range of effector mechanisms
9. describe the structure of antibodies, T cell receptors and MHC molecules and explain how these molecules bind antigen
10. describe the basic structure of viruses and how they replicate
11. appreciate the diversity of viruses and their hosts
12. describe examples of viruses that infect plants, insects and humans
1. Students will be able to demonstrate basic microbiological, virological and immunological techniques
2. Students will be able to interpret simple experimental data
3. Students will have experienced working in groups, and distilling and presenting information in oral and written form
|Graduate Skills Framework Applicable:||Yes|
|Guided Independent Study||Assessment preparation and completion||1||1:00||1:00||Formative class tests|
|Scheduled Learning And Teaching Activities||Lecture||30||1:00||30:00||N/A|
|Scheduled Learning And Teaching Activities||Practical||3||3:00||9:00||N/A|
|Scheduled Learning And Teaching Activities||Small group teaching||3||1:00||3:00||Seminars|
|Guided Independent Study||Independent study||1||157:00||157:00||N/A|
1. Lectures will define the scope of the course and communicate basic knowledge as a basis for further study
2. Seminars will encourage students to apply their knowledge to solve problems
3. Seminars will also develop team-working skills, inter-personal communication, oral and written presentation skills and introduce students to researching information from a variety of sources
The format of resits will be determined by the Board of Examiners
|Written Examination||90||2||A||90||EMI format: 25-30 questions|
|Module Code||Module Title||Semester||Comment|
|2||EMI format 25-30 questions|
|Practical/lab report||2||M||10||In-course written and online worksheets assessing cell biology, genetics and biochemistry practical strands, short answer questions.|
|Computer assessment||2||M||A mid-semester EMI (formative), 25-30 questions, will be provided to students under exam conditions.|
The end of semester examination assesses knowledge and understanding of the course material.
Practical reports will test the students knowledge and understanding of practical techniques, ability to record and analyse biological data and ability to carry out scientific calculations. The formative EMI questions will help students assess their knowledge and understanding of course material as well as familiarise students with the format of an EMI exam.
Original Handbook text:
Note: The Module Catalogue now reflects module information relating to academic year 14/15. Please contact your School Office if you require module information for a previous academic year.
Disclaimer: The University will use all reasonable endeavours to deliver modules in accordance with the descriptions set out in this catalogue. Every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of the information, however, the University reserves the right to introduce changes to the information given including the addition, withdrawal or restructuring of modules if it considers such action to be necessary.