Module Catalogue 2022/23

MCD8001 : Applied Dental Materials Sciences

  • Offered for Year: 2022/23
  • Module Leader(s): Dr Hawa Fathi
  • Owning School: Dental Sciences
  • Teaching Location: Newcastle City Campus
Semesters
Semester 1 Credit Value: 10
Semester 2 Credit Value: 10
ECTS Credits: 10.0
Pre Requisites
Pre Requisite Comment

N/A

Co Requisites
Co Requisite Comment

N/A

Aims

Aims:
• To provide a scientific framework for the use of applied dental materials in the clinical treatment of patients.
• To expose the student to the different types of materials currently used in dentistry and make them aware of the basic and clinical properties that make them suitable for use.
• To increase awareness of the future directions of innovations that dental products may take, and update knowledge of exciting new technologies and their applications.

Outline Of Syllabus

Topics covered include chemical, mechanical, surface properties and other physical properties of dental biomaterials, manipulation, and uses of restorative materials including ceramic science, polymer science and metallurgy. The biocompatibility of dental materials is also covered in detail, along with the latest developments in dental restorative materials.
The module considers the following areas, through a series of interactive face-to-face seminars, encouragement of reflective practice and directed self-study:

• Introduction to dental materials.
• Fundamentals of materials science (Properties- biological, chemical, and physical principles that support the clinical applications).
• Scope of materials employed in Restorative Dentistry (Endodontics, Periodontics, prosthodontics, and Paediatric dentistry).
• Oral biofilms and relationships with restorative dental materials.
• Design criteria for Restorative dental materials.
• Evidence-based dentistry (clinical evidence, laboratory evidence).
• Biocompatibility
• Methods of assessing biocompatibility
• Dental materials and tissue reaction to biomaterials
• Applied Dental Materials for Endodontics
• Applied Dental Materials for Periodontics
• Applied Dental Materials for Prosthodontics
• Applied Dental Materials for Restorative Dentistry in the adult and child patient

Learning Outcomes

Intended Knowledge Outcomes

On successful completion of this module students will have knowledge about:

1. The scientific principals underpinning the selection and application of dental materials/biomaterials and evaluate their limitations, with emphasis on those used in restorative dentistry
2. Appraise and apply relevant knowledge of dental materials science to prescribing advanced restorations
3. Be able to explain, evaluate, and apply the principles of an evidence-based approach to learning clinical and professional practice and decision making
4. Critically appraise approaches to dental materials research and integrate this with patient care
5. Identify and evaluate the impact of new techniques and technologies on clinical practice

Intended Skill Outcomes

On successful completion of this module students will be able to:

1. Build confidence on clarifying doubts and decision making on materials selection
2. Select appropriate dental biomaterials by critically appraising and evaluating clinical and laboratory evidence
3. Identify and extract credible and relevant evidence from scientific sources

Teaching Methods

Teaching Activities
Category Activity Number Length Student Hours Comment
Guided Independent StudyAssessment preparation and completion150:0050:00Preparatory work for examinations
Structured Guided LearningStructured research and reading activities301:3045:00Preparatory work before small group teaching activities.
Scheduled Learning And Teaching ActivitiesSmall group teaching301:0030:00PiP:15 seminars, 15 case-based discussions
Guided Independent StudyIndependent study175:0075:00Supported by online discussion forum.
Total200:00
Teaching Rationale And Relationship

For each seminar, materials will be covered based on seminars led by the session lead or assigned literature to be reviewed and discussed by students, and others will be formatted to cover fundamental aspects of applied dental materials using clinical case-studies (case-based approach) and students will be asked to do presentations on a regular basis or use a mind map, this allows students to engage in discussion, and acquire skills of critical thinking.

In the first few seminars, students’ understanding of dental materials will be reviewed formatively. Then seminars will be modified and designed based on students’ feedback and demonstration of knowledge of each topic area. Before each seminar students will be given preparation material that must be completed prior to each seminar. In some seminars, a task sheet will be issued, this will detail the essential reading required with a list of questions that will outline the topics of the seminar. These questions should always be attempted prior to the seminar although answers will only be marked formatively.

This maps to module outcomes IKOs 1-5 and ISOs 1-3.

Reading Lists

Assessment Methods

The format of resits will be determined by the Board of Examiners

Exams
Description Length Semester When Set Percentage Comment
Digital Examination602M5020 MCQ question format using Inspera Assessment software (PIP) Invigilated
Digital Examination602M503 Short answer question format using Inspera Assessment software (PIP) Invigilated
Formative Assessments
Description Semester When Set Comment
Digital Examination1M10 MCQ question format to establish current knowledge using Inspera Assessment software (PIP)
Assessment Rationale And Relationship

The learning outcomes are predominantly demonstrated by the student’s ability to successfully undertake and pass all assessments that applies their knowledge and understanding of applied dental materials science to Restorative Dentistry. Students will be expected to critically appraise both the literature and their approach to the use of dental materials in clinical practice within this context (knowledge outcomes). In the examinations candidates will be expected to formulate an opinion to apply dental materials science to a clinical based scenario and support or defend this position through application and critique of the supporting literature in Restorative Dentistry. They will need to take into account the multiple facets of the clinical scenarios they are confronted with, the strength of the supporting evidence they are applying to inform their opinion and how they have structured this to ensure a patient centred and evidence based best care. This maps to the module outcomes: IKOs 1-5 and ISOs 1-3.

In order to pass this module students must obtain a mark of 50 or above for each summative assessment.

Timetable

Past Exam Papers

General Notes

N/A

Disclaimer: The information contained within the Module Catalogue relates to the 2022/23 academic year. In accordance with University Terms and Conditions, the University makes all reasonable efforts to deliver the modules as described. Modules may be amended on an annual basis to take account of changing staff expertise, developments in the discipline, the requirements of external bodies and partners, and student feedback. Module information for the 2023/24 entry will be published here in early-April 2023. Queries about information in the Module Catalogue should in the first instance be addressed to your School Office.