Professor Stephen Graham
Professor of Cities and Society
- Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
- Telephone: +44 (0) 191 208 8579
Stephen Graham is an academic and author who researches cities and urban life. He is Professor of Cities and Society at the Global Urban Research Unit and is based in Newcastle University's School of Architecture, Planning and Landscape.
Professor Graham has a background in Geography, Planning and the Sociology of Technology. His research centres, in particular, on:
* Vertical aspects of cities and urban life
* Links between cities, technology and infrastructure
* Urban aspects of surveillance
* The mediation of urban life by digital technologies; and
* Links between security, militarisation and urban life.
Writing, publishing and lecturing across many countries and a variety of disciplines, Professor Graham has been Visiting Professor at MIT and NYU, amongst other institutions. The author, editor or co-author of seven major books, his work has been translated into eighteen languages.
Ph.D. (Science and Technology Policy), Programme for Policy Research in Engineering, Science and Technology (PREST), University of Manchester.
Title: Networking Cities: A Comparison of Urban Telecommunications Initiatives in France and Britain (completed part-time 1992-1996)
1989 M.Phil. (Town and Country Planning), University of Newcastle upon Tyne (Royal Town Planning Institute Prize)
1986 B.Sc.(Hons.) (Geography), University of Southampton (First Class).
2005-2010, Professor of Human Geography, Department of Geography, University of Durham
1992-2005 Lecturer, then Reader, then Professor, School of Architecture, Planning and Landscape, Newcastle University
1999-2000 Full-Time Visiting Professor, Department of Urban Studies and Planning (DUSP), Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)
1989-1992 Urban Planner, then Economic Development Officer, Sheffield City Council
Honours and Awards
2016: Graham, S. (2016), Vertical: The City From Satellites to Bunkers, Guardian book of the week and Financial Times and Observer book of the year.
2011: Graham, S. (2010), Cities Under Siege: The New Military Urbanism, nominated for the Orwell prize for political writing and Guardian book of the week .
2004: Graham, S. and Marvin, S, (2001), Splintering Urbanism, nominated by the Urban Geography Speciality Group for the Royal Geographical Society/Institute of British Geographers annual book prize.
1st Prize for best paper published in European Planning Studies during 1999: Graham, S. and Healey, P. (1999), “Relational concepts of space and place: Issues for Planning Theory and Practice”. European Planning Studies, 7(5), 623-646.
Keen recreational cyclist; cycle touring; cinema; hill walking; urban history; punk, post-punk and other music; ornithology.
Prof. Graham's research draws on critical social and urban theory to address some of the key challenges facing our rapidly urbanizing world. His focus, specifically, is on five related areas:
* The vertical aspects of cities, geography and urban life;
* The politics of urban infrastructure, materiality and mobility;
* The urban aspects of social and digital surveillance;
* The links between cities and digital media; and
* The politics of urban security and the 'new military urbanism'
A wide selection of Professor Graham's publications can be downloaded from Newcastle University's e-prints service or from his Research Gate site. More information on his publications can also be found on his Google Scholar page.
A wide range of Professor Graham's Powerpoint presentations is available at slideshare.
Influence and Impacts
In developing these themes, Prof. Graham's work has had a major influence on a wide variety of recent literatures and research trends in the social sciences and beyond. This influence has straddled three areas.
First, Prof. Graham's latest work, culminating in the Verso book Vertical: The City From Satellites to Bunkers (October, 2016), is contributing much to fully three-dimensional re-theorisation of the politics of cities and geography. A full PDF of the book is available here. Through a series of interlinked chapters exploring everything from satellites, drones and helicopters through air pollution crises, skyscrapers, elevators and housing towers to bunkers, mines, basements and sewers, Vertical reimagines urban life fully into three-dimensions above, within and below ground. It explores what it means to be above or below in today’s rapidly urbanising world. As humans excavate deep into the earth, build ever-higher into the skies, and saturate airspaces and inner orbits with a myriad of vehicles, sensors and platforms, the book reveals like never before how might we understand the remarkable verticalities of our world?
A video of the U.S. launch of the book, a conversation with Keller Easterling at New York's Skyscraper Museum in November 2016, is available here. Slides and audio from a public lecture about the book at Newcastle are here. The book is also receiving excellent reviews. Book of the week in the Guardian for the week ending November 26th, Vertical was also amongst the books of the year for 2016 for both the Observer and the Financial Times (the latter is only accessible to subscribers). Vertical has also been featured on BBC Radio 4's Thinking Allowed and reviewed in Nature, the Financial Times (subscription only), the Library Journal, the Spectator magazine and the influential Deterritorial Investigations blog. The book is currently being translated into Korean and Turkish; reviews have also appeared in Spanish at Rebellion web magazine and Italian at Pagina99 magazine.
A discussion of the book's chapter about how humans increasingly make their own geology appeared on the popular 99% invisible blog on September 13th, 2016. (See also the presentation here). The influential global research and activism NGO the Transnational Institute has also published a version of the chapter on the politics of drones as an interactive 'long read'-style essay under the title of Robot Imperium. A keynote on the book's chapter on elevators, presented at the Networked Urban Mobilities Conference in 2014 in Copenhagen, is available here.
Second, Prof. Graham's research is playing an important role as scholars from across the social and urban studies and activist communities seek to address the ways in which questions of security, war and political violence now permeate deeply into the everyday spaces, sites and circulations of urban life on a planet where 75% of the population is expected to live in urban areas by 2050. Most important here is the book Cities Under Siege: The New Military Urbanism (Verso, March, 2010) -- a major international and interdisciplinary exposé of the tightening connections across the world between urban life, militarism and security politics. The book was entered for the 2010 Orwell Prize for Political Writing.
The paperback version of the book, published in November 2011, was Nicholas Lezard's paperback of the week in the Guardian on December 13th, 2013. "Look, you're just going top have to read this book," Lezard says in his review. "After a while you begin to wonder whether books like this will be allowed to be published much longer." The Glasgow Herald, meanwhile, called the book an "agit-prop classic." "Superb..." Edwin Heathcote writes in the, Financial Times. "Graham builds on the writings of Mike Davis and Naomi Klein who have attempted to expose the hidden corporate and military structures behind everyday life.”
Since publication, Cities Under Siege has been translated into French, Swedish, Turkish, Greek,Polish, Arabic and Brazilian/Portuguese editions. A web TV debate on the latter book's ideas about 'new military urbanism' is available (Portuguese). Online lectures about the book are available from LSE, the Glasgow School of Art, Columbia University's Networked Architecture Lab, and a 2013 conference in Talinn, Estonia. Prof. Graham can be heard talking about the book's themes on BBC Radio 4's Thinking Allowed Programme, 10th March, 2010 and on the 9th January 2012. An in-depth interview to mark the publication of the Brazilian edition of the book was published by the O. Estado de S.Paulo newspaper on the 8th of October, 2016 (Portuguese).
Cities Under Siege has had major impacts across the world's newspapers and activist networks. The daily Democracy Now TV show in the United States featured two discussions on the book, and interviews with Prof. Graham, in November 2011 (here and here) at the heights of the Occupy protests there. Chicago's influential 'Worldview' programme at the WBEZ radio station also ran a feature on the book on March 13th, 2012.
Other journalistic discussions influenced by the book include The Guardian's analysis of the rise of armed robots in warfare, the Cape Town Mail and Guardian's treatment of killer drones, the Huffington Post's discussion of the militarization of London ahead of the 2012 Olympics, and the Associated Press' discussion of the London Olympics. Prof. Graham's cover-story on the crackdown associated with the London Olympics in the Guardian's G2 in March, 2012 also drew on the book.
Finally, Prof. Graham's individual and collaborative work has been important to the resurgence of research on the politics of infrastructure in cities and the proliferation of 'splintered' styles of urban development (the term was coined in Prof. Graham's highly influential 2001 book with Simon Marvin, Splintering Urbanism). A more recent book, an edited collection through Routledge, New York, is Disrupted Cities: When Infrastructures Fail. It is the first book to look in detail at how the failure, disruption and destruction of key urban infrastructures -- communications, transport, energy, water -- impact on cities and urban life. A review is now available from Public Works, Management and Policy. Prof. Graham's work on infrastructure has featured in the 2011 film Bundled, Buried and Behind Closed Doors.
Prof. Graham's most recent collaborative book project on urban infrastructure, Infrastructural Lives (with Colin McFarlane) draws together a range of cutting-edge essays which focus on how modern urban life is necessarily maintained by huge completes of infrastructure.
Coordinator of the School of Architecture, Planning and Landscape's PhD bids to the ESRC's North East Doctoral Training Centre.
Stephen Graham has been involved in the supervision of nineteen successful PhDs. He is currently co-supervisor on two PhD projects:
* Jennie Day, Experiments in Autonomous Vehicles (2017-)
* Chrysoula Toufexi, The Politics of Cyberwar Discourses (2010-)
Visiting Positions, Advisory Roles, Involvement in Academic Journals
Visiting Positions (Selected):
November 2008, Distinguished International Visitor, Department of Sociology, New York University.
1999-2000 Full-Time Visiting Professor, Department of Urban Studies and Planning (DUSP), Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)
November, 2013, International Visitor, Peter Wall Institute for Advanced Studies, University of British Columbia, Vancouver,,
Invited member of Advisory Board for UCL Urban Laboratory (2009-)
Canada Foreign Affairs, expert contributor to ‘Fast Talk’ Programme on human and urban security, 2006
Member of Advisory Panel for Cambridge University's Conflict in Cities and the Contested State ESRC research programme
Member of Scottish Executive’s Cities Review Panel 2001-2002
Member of Independent Transport Commission's panel for their Land Use and Transport in Britain, 2025 study (2000-3)
Consultant to the Economic and Social Research Council to establish the Cities: Economic Competitiveness and Social Cohesion Research Programme (1995) (with Ash Amin, Cambridge University)
Involvement in Academic Journals and International Jury Roles:
Founding Co-Editor of the peer-reviewed web journal Surveillance and Society.
Current or past participation on the Editorial or Advisory Boards of a wide range of international academic journals, including the International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, Cultural Politics, Urbe: The Brazilian Journal of Urban Management, the Journal of Urban Technology, Surveillance and Society (founding co-editor) (2002-), Information, Communication and Society, Flux: Cahiers Scientifiques Internationalux Réseaux et Territoires (CNRS, Paris), and Mobilities.
Membership of Juries for International Prizes: 2nd International Bauhaus Award, Dessau, November 2002; International Competition on Sustainable Urban Design, Tokyo, June 2003.
Research Funding (Selected)
ESRC, (RES-000-22-2970) Staging and Performing ‘Emergency Situations’ in UK ‘All Hazards’ Preparedness Planning, (Co-Investigator with Ben Anderson of Durham University and Pete Adey of Keele University, 2009-2011)(£73,000).
ESRC (RES-155-25-0087) Non-Government Public Action Programme, Contested Borders: Non-Governmental Public Action and the Technologies of the ‘War On Terror’ (Co-Investigator with Louise Amoore and Alex Hall of Durham University, 2007-2009)(£125,000).
Sept. 2003- Sept. 2005 British Academy Research Readership, £70,000, The Software-Sorted Society: Rethinking the Digital Divide (One of 15 in the UK - Included 24 month covering lectureship). An article on this project is available at the British Academy's web site.
ESRC E-Society Programme (RES-335-25-0015) 2002-2004 Multispeed Cities and the Logistics of Living in the Information Age (Co-Investigator with Mike Crang of Durham University and Tracey Crosbie, now of Teesside University) (£60,000).
United Nation Centre for Human Settlements: Information Technologies and Urban Polarization, £8,000 (2000).
Joseph Rowntree Foundation, Marginalised Neighbourhoods and Business Disinvestment in Essential Private Services (1997-9), £55,000 (Principal investigator with Suzanne Speak).
Event and Conference Organisation (Selected)
Science Fiction in the Present: Military Technology and Contemporary Culture, Newcastle, May 26th, 2011 (Co-Organiser with Mark Dorrian)
School of Architecture, Planning and Landscape Public Lecture Series, 2009-2010, co-organiser.
Everyday Infrastructure and the City, Durham, May 2011, Co-organiser with Colin McFarlane and Renu Desai.
Unmaking England? Policy and Infrastructure in the Production of New State Space, Manchester, January 2009 (Co-organiser with Simon Marvin)
Targeted Publics: Arts and Technologies of the Security City, at the CCCB - CENTRE DE CULTURA CONTEMPORANEA DE BARCELONA, 2008 (with Louise Amoore)
Architectures of Fear: Terrorism and the Future of Urbanism in the West, at the CCCB - CENTRE DE CULTURA CONTEMPORANEA DE BARCELONA, 2007 (Organiser). Published in book form within the Urbanitats series, Number 19.
Going Underground: Excavating the Subterranean City (Manchester, 2006)(Co-Organiser with Simon Marvin)
Urbicide: The Killing of Cities (Durham, 2005)(Co-Organiser with David Campbell and Dan Monk)
cities; infrastructure; technology; mobility; surveillance; security; splintering urbanism; new military urbanism; disrupted cities
TCP 8025, Linked Research Project (Module Leader), Planning Diploma 2.
TCP 8934, Cities, Security and Resilience (Module Leader), MSc Town Planning.
TCP2028, Understanding Cities (Module Leader), BA Town Planning (Stage 2).
Arc 5004, Architectural Theory, member of teaching team.
Postgraduate Planning Dissertation, supervisor.
TCP3099 Undergraduate Planning Dissertation, supervisor.
- Graham S. Dark tourism and data dumps: Re-using nuclear missile silos in the American West. In: Dobraszczyk, P; Lopez Galvis,C; Garrett, B, ed. Global Undergrounds: Exploring Cities Within. London, UK: Reaktion, 2016.
- Graham S. Vertical noir: Histories of the future in urban science fiction. City: analysis of urban trends, culture, theory, policy, action 2016, 20(3), 389-406.
- Graham S. Vertical: The City From Satellites to Bunkers. London: Verso, 2016.
- Graham S. When life itself is war: The urbanization of military and security doctrine. In: Simpson, D; Jensen, V; Rubing A, ed. The City Between Freedom and Security: Contested Public Spaces in the 21st Century. Birkhäuser Verlag, 2016.
- Graham S, Desai R, Mcfarlane C. De-networking the poor: Revanchist urbanism and hydrological apartheid in Mumbai. In: Coutard O; Rutherford J, ed. Beyond the Networked City: Infrastructure Reconfigurations and Urban Change in the North and South. Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge, 2015, pp.114-137.
- Adey P, Anderson B, Graham S. Introduction: Governing Emergencies: Beyond Exceptionality. Theory Culture and Society 2015, 32(2), 3-17.
- Graham S. Life-support: The political ecology of urban air. City: analysis of urban trends, culture, theory, policy, action 2015, 19(2-3), 192-215.
- Graham S. Luxified skies: How vertical urban housing became an elite preserve. City: analysis of urban trends, culture, theory, policy, action 2015, 19(5), 618-645.
- Desai R, McFarlane C, Graham S. The Politics of Open Defecation: Informality, Body, and Infrastructure in Mumbai. Antipode 2015, 47(1), 98-120.
- Hewitt L, Graham S. Vertical cities: Representations of urban verticality in 20th-century science fiction literature. Urban Studies 2015, 52(5), 923-937.
- Graham S. Automated Repair and Back-Up Systems. In: Thrift, N; Ticknell, A; Wollgar, S; Rupp, WH, ed. Globalization in Practice. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 2014.
- Graham S. Belägrade städer : Den nya militära urbanismen (Swedish). Stockholm, Sweden: Bokförlaget Daidalos, 2014.
- Graham S. Human rights and the new military urbanism. In: van Lindert, T; Lettinga, D, ed. The Future of Human Rights in an Urban World. Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Amnesty International, 2014, pp.45-50.
- McFarlane C, Desai R, Graham S. Informal Urban Sanitation: Everyday Life, Poverty, and Comparison. Annals of the Association of American Geographers 2014, 104(5), 989-1011.
- Graham S, McFarlane C, ed. Infrastructural Lives: Urban Infrastructure in Context. London, UK: Routledge, 2014.
- Graham S, Kaker S. Living the Security City: Karachi's Archipelago of Enclaves. Harvard Design Magazine 2014, 37, 12-16.
- Graham S. Software-sorted geographies. In: Mangold, W., Katz, C., Low, S., Saegert, S, ed. People, Place, and Space: A Reader. New York: Routledge, 2014. In Press.
- Graham S. Super-tall and ultra-deep: The cultural politics of the elevator. Theory, Culture and Society 2014, 31(7-8), 239-265.
- Graham S. Disruptions. In: Adey, P; Bissell, D; Hannam, K; Merriman, P; Sheller, M, ed. The Routledge Handbook of Mobilities. London, UK: Routledge, 2013.
- Graham S. Foucault's Boomerang: the new military urbanism. 2013. Available at: https://www.opendemocracy.net/opensecurity/stephen-graham/foucault’s-boomerang-new-military-urbanism.
- Graham S. Gaza is Everywhere. In: Bishop,R; Hon, G, ed. Otherwise Occupied: The palestinian pavilion at the venice biennale. Venice and Jerusalem: Palestinian Art Court, 2013, pp.163.
- Graham S, Hewitt L. Getting off the ground: On the politics of urban verticality. Progress in Human Geography 2013, 37(1), 72-92.
- Graham S. The new military urbanism. In: Ball,K; Snider,L, ed. The Surveillance-Industrial Complex: A Political Economy of Surveillance. London: Routledge, 2013, pp.232. In Preparation.
- Graham S, Desai R, Mcfarlane C. Water wars in Mumbai. Public Culture 2013, 25(1 69), 115-141.
- Dorrian M, Graham S. Welcome to the Dronosphere. Oakland, California: PM Press, 2013. In Press.
- Graham S. Data Archipelagos. In: CLOG, ed. Data Space. CLOG, 2012. In Preparation.
- Graham S. Digital Medieval. Surveillance and Society 2012, 9(3), 321-327.
- Graham S, Marvin S. Emergency Urbanism in the Anthroprocene: Eco-emergency, Resource Securitisation and Premium Ecological Enclaves. In: Hass, T, ed. Sustainable Urbanism and Beyond: Rethinking Cities for the Future. Rizzoli, 2012.
- Graham S. Olympics 2012 security: welcome to lockdown London. The Guardian 2012.
- Crang M, Graham S. Sentient Cities: Ambient Intelligence and the Politics of Urban Space. Monu Magazine 2012, 16.
- Graham S. Villes sous contrôle: La militarisation de l'espace urbain. Paris, France: La Découverte, 2012.
- Graham S. Cities Under Siege: The New Military Urbanism. London: Verso, 2011.
- Graham S. Disruptions. In: Gandy, M, ed. Urban Constellations. Berlin: Jovis, 2011, pp.65-69.
- Graham S. The new military urbanism. In: Tyner, J., Inwood, J, ed. Nonkilling Geographies. Honolulu, Hawaii: Center for Global Nonkilling, 2011, pp.67-88.
- Graham S. The new military urbanism. In: Bridge, G., Watson, S, ed. The New Blackwell Companion to the City. Oxford: Blackwell, 2011, pp.121-133.
- Nagaraj V, Graham S. Urban militarism: excluding the 'disordered' [Interview]. London: openDemocracy.net, 2011. Available at: http://www.opendemocracy.net/5050/vijay-nagaraj/urban-militarism-excluding-disordered.
- Graham S, ed. Disrupted Cities: When Infrastructure Fails. New York: Routledge, 2010.
- Graham S. From Helmand to Merseyside: Unmanned drones and the militarisation of UK policing. Open Democracy 2010.
- Graham S. Laboratories of War: surveillance and US-Israeli collaboration in war and security. In: Zureik, E; Lyon, D; Abu-Laban, Y, ed. Surveillance and Control in Israel/Palestine: Population, Territory and Power. New York: Routledge, 2010, pp.133-152.
- Graham S. Cities as Battlespace: The new military urbanism. City 2009, 13(4), 383-402.
- Graham S. Networked Infrastructure and the Urban Condition. In: Tim Rieniets; Jennifer Sigler, ed. Open City: Designing Coexistence. Rotterdam: Sun Publishers, 2009, pp.416.
- Graham S. Splintering urbanism and urban assemblages. In: Farias, I; Bender, T, ed. Urban Assemblages: How Actor-Network Theory Changes Urban Studies. London: Routledge, 2009, pp.352.
- Graham S. The urban 'battlespace'. Theory, Culture and Society 2009, 26(7-8), 278-288.
- Graham S. Robowar dreams: US military technophilia and global south urbanization. City 2008, 12(1), 25-49.
- Graham S. Cities and the ‘war on terror’. In: Sorkin M, ed. Indefensible Space: The Architecture of the National Insecurity State. New York: Routledge, 2007, pp.1-28.
- Graham S. Imagining urban warfare: Urbanization and US military technoscience. In: Cowen D; Gilbert E, ed. War, Citizenship, Territory. London: Routledge, 2007, pp.33-56.
- Graham S. Inter-City Relations and the ‘War on Terror’. In: Taylor P; Derudder B; Saey F; Witlox F, ed. Cities in Globalization: Practices, Policies and Theories. London: Routledge, 2007, pp.219-236.
- Campbell D, Monk D, Graham S. Introduction to urbicide: The killing of cities?. Theory and Event 2007, 10(2).
- Graham S, Thrift N. Out of order: Understanding maintenance and repair. Theory, Culture and Society 2007, 24(3), 1-25.
- Crang M, Graham S. Sentient cities: Ambient intelligence and the politics of urban space. Information, Communications and Society 2007, 10(6), 789-817.
- Crang M, Crosbie T, Graham S. Technology, time-space and the remediation of neighbourhood life. Environment and Planning A 2007, 39(10), 2405–2422.
- Graham S. Temporal aspects of splintering urbanism. In: Henckel D;Pahl-Weber E;Kerlommer B, ed. Time-Space-Places. Berlin: Peter Lang, 2007, pp.22-35.
- Graham S. The City in the Crosshairs: A Conversation with Stephen Graham. Subtopia, 2007. Available at: http://subtopia.blogspot.com/2007/08/city-in-crosshairs-conversation-with.html.
- Graham S. War and the city. New Left Review 2007, 44, 121-132.
- Graham S. War play: Practising urban annihilation. In: von Borries F;Walz S;Böttger M, ed. Space Time Play: Computer Games, Architecture and Urbanism - the Next Level. Basel: Birkhauser, 2007, pp.420-424.
- Graham S. ’Homeland’ insecurities? Katrina and the politics of security in Metropolitan America. Space and Culture 2006, 9(1), 63-67.
- Graham S. America’s robot army. New Statesman 2006, 135(4796), 12/15.
- Graham S. Cities and the 'War on Terror'. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 2006, 30(2), 255-276.
- Graham S. Cities Under Siege: Katrina and the Politics of Metropolitan America. United States: Social Sciences Research Council (SSRC), 2006. Available at: http://understandingkatrina.ssrc.org/Graham/.
- Graham S. Demodernizing by design: Everyday infrastructure and political violence. In: Gregory, D; Pred, A, ed. Violent Geographiess: Fear, Terror, and Political Violence. New York: Routledge, 2006, pp.309-328.
- Graham S. Global grids of glass: On global cities, telecommunications and planetary urban networks. In: Brenner N; Kiel R, ed. The Global Cities Reader. London: Routledge, 2006, pp.118-126.
- Murakami Wood D, Graham S. Permeable Boundaries in the Software-sorted Society: Surveillance and the Differentiation of Mobility. In: Shellar M; Urry J, ed. Mobile Technologies of the City. London: Routledge, 2006, pp.177-191.
- Graham S. Remember Fallujah: Demonising place, constructing atrocity. In: Miessen M; Basar S, ed. Did Someone Say Participate? An Atlas of Spatial Practice. Cambridge, Ma: MIT Press, 2006, pp.202-216.
- Graham S. Spectres of terror. In: Misselwitz P; Rieniets T, ed. Cities in Collision: Jerusalem and the Principles of Conflict Urbanism. Basel, Switzerland: Birkhauser, 2006, pp.156-162.
- Graham S. Surveillance, Urbanization, and the U.S. ‘Revolution in Military Affairs’. In: Lyon, D, ed. Theorizing Surveillance: The Panopticon and Beyond. Cullompton, Devon: Willan, 2006, pp.247-269.
- Crang M, Crosbie T, Graham S. Variable geometries of connection: Urban digital divides and the uses of information technology,”. Urban Studies 2006, 43(13), 2551-2570.
- Vigar G, Graham S, Healey P. In search of the city in spatial strategies: Past legacies, future imaginings. Urban Studies 2005, 42(8), 1391-1410.
- Graham S. Remember Fallujah: Demonising place, constructing atrocity. Environment and Planning D: Society and Space 2005, 23(1), 1-10.
- Graham SDN. Software-sorted geographies. Progress in Human Geography 2005, 29(5), 562-580.
- Graham S. Strategies for networked cities. In: Albrechts, L; Mandlebaum, S, ed. The Network Society: A New Context for Planning?. London: Routledge, 2005, pp.95-109.
- Graham S. Switching cities off: Urban infrastructure and US air power. City 2005, 9(2), 169-194.
- Graham S. Urban metabolism as target: Contemporary war as forced demodernisation. In: Heynene, N; Swyngedouw, E; Kaika, M, ed. In the Nature of Cities: Urban Political Ecology and the Politics of Urban Metabolism, London: Routledge, 246-265. London: Routledge, 2005, pp.246-265.
- Graham S, Guy S. "Internetting" downtown San Francisco: Digital space meets urban place. In: Coutart, O., Hanley, R., Zimmerman, R, ed. The Social Sustainability of Technical Networks. London: Routledge, 2004, pp.32-47.
- Graham S. Beyond the 'dazzling light': From dreams of transcendence to the 'remediation' of urban life: A research manifesto. New Media and Society 2004, 6(1), 16-25.
- Graham S. Cities as strategic sites: Place annihilation and urban geopolitics. In: Graham, S, ed. Cities, War and Terrorism: Towards an Urban Geopolitics. Oxford: Blackwell, 2004, pp.31-53.
- Graham S, ed. Cities, War and Terrorism: Towards and Urban Geopolitics. Oxford: Blackwell, 2004.
- Graham S. Constructing urbicide by bulldozer in the Occupied Territories. In: Graham S, ed. Cities, War and Terrorism : towards an urban geopolitics. Oxford: Blackwell, 2004, pp.192-213.
- Graham S. Postmortem city. City 2004, 8(2), 165-196.
- Graham S, ed. The Cybercities Reader. London: Routledge, 2004.
- Graham S. Vertical geopolitics: Baghdad and after. Antipode 2004, 36(1), 12-23.
- Graham S, Wood D. Digitizing surveillance: Categorization, space, inequality. Critical Social Policy 2003, 23(2), 227-248.
- Graham S. Lessons in Urbicide. New Left Review 2003, 19, 63-77.
- Graham S. The eyes have it: CCTV as the fifth utility. In: Wilson, D; Norris, C, ed. Surveillance, Crime and Social Control. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2003, pp.147-150.
- Graham S. ‘Clean Territory’: Urbicide in the West Bank. London: openDemocracy, 2002. Available at: http://www.opendemocracy.net/conflict-politicsverticality/article_241.jsp.
- Graham S. Bridging urban digital divides? Urban polarisation and information and communications technologies (ICTs). Urban Studies 2002, 39(1), 33-56.
- Graham S. Bridging Urban Digital Divides? Urban Polarisation and Information and Communications Technologies (ICTs). Urban Studies 2002, 39(1), 33-56.
- Graham S. Bulldozers and bombs: The latest Palestinian-Israeli conflict as asymmetric urbicide. Antipode 2002, 34(4), 642-649.
- Graham S. Communication grids: Cities and infrastructure. In: Sassen, S, ed. Global Networks, Linked Cities. New York: Routledge, 2002, pp.71-92.
- Graham S, Guy S. Digital space meets urban place: Sociotechnologies of urban restructuring in downtown San Francisco. City 2002, 6(3), 369-382.
- Graham S. FlowCity: Networked mobilities and the contemporary metropolis. Journal of Urban Technology 2002, 9(1), 1-20.
- Graham S. On technology, infrastructure, and the contemporary urban condition: A response to Coutard. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 2002, 26(1), 175-182.
- Graham S. Special collection: Reflections on cities, September 11th and the 'War on Terrorism' - One year on. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 2002, 26(3), 589-590.
- Graham S. Braczyk, H.J., Fuchs, G., Wolf, H. (eds.), 'Multimedia and regional economic restructuring', (London: Routledge, 1999). European Planning Studies 2001, 9(7), 935-936.
- Graham S. In a moment: On glocal mobilities and the terrorised city. City 2001, 5(3), 411-415.
- Graham S. Information technologies and reconfigurations of urban space. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 2001, 25(2), 405-410.
- Graham S, Marvin S. Splintering Urbanism: Networked Infrastructures, Technological Mobilities and the Urban Condition. London: Routledge, 2001.
- Graham S. The spectre of the splintering metropolis. Cities 2001, 18(6), 365-368.
- Graham S. Constructing premium network spaces: Reflections on infrastructure networks and contemporary urban development. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 2000, 24(1), 183-200.
- Aurigi A, Graham S. Cyberspace and the City: The ‘Virtual City’ in Europe. In: Watson, S; and Bridge G, ed. Companion to the City. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, 2000, pp.489-502.
- Graham S. Introduction: Cities and Infrastructure Networks. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 2000, 24(1), 114-119.
- Graham S. Telecommunications and the future of cities: Debunking the myths. EURE-REVISTA LATINOAMERICANA DE ESTUDIOS URBANO REGIONALES 2000, 26(77), 5-23.
- Marvin S, Graham S, Guy S. Cities, regions and privatised utilities. Progress in Planning 1999, 51(2), 91-169.
- Sheppard E, Couclelis H, Graham S, Harrington JW, Onsrud H. Geographies of the information society. International Journal of Geographical Information Science 1999, 13(8), 797-823.
- Graham S. Global grids of glass: On global cities, telecommunications and planetary urban networks. Urban Studies 1999, 36(5-6), 929-949.
- Graham S, Marvin S. Planning cybercities? Integrating telecommunications into urban planning. Town Planning Review 1999, 70(1), 89-114.
- Graham S, Healey P. Relational concepts of space and place: Issues for planning theory and practice. European Planning Studies 1999, 7(5), 623-646.
- Speak S, Graham S. Service not included: private services restructuring, neighbourhoods, and social marginalisation. Environment and Planning A 1999, 31(11), 1985-2001.
- Speak S, Graham S. Service not included: Private services restructuring, neighbourhoods, and social marginalisation. Environment and Planning A 1999, 31(11), 1985-2001.
- Graham S. Spaces of surveillant simulation: new technologies, digital representations, and material geographies. Environment and Planning D: Society and Space 1998, 16(4), 483-504.
- Graham S. The end of geography or the explosion of place? Conceptualizing space, place and information technology. Progress in Human Geography 1998, 22(2), 165-185.
- Graham S. Cities in the real-time age: The paradigm challenge of telecommunications to the conception and planning of urban space. Environment and Planning A 1997, 29(1), 105-127.
- Graham S. Liberalized utilities, new technologies and urban social polarization : the UK experience. European Urban and Regional Studies 1997, 4(2), 135-150.
- Guy S, Graham S, Marvin S. Splintering networks: Cities and technical networks in 1990s Britain. Urban Studies 1997, 34(2), 191-216.
- Graham S. Telecommunications and the future of cities: Debunking the myths. Cities 1997, 14(1), 21-29.
- Amin A, Graham S. The ordinary city. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers 1997, 22(4), 411-429.
- Guy S, Graham S, Marvin S. Privatized utilities and regional governance: The new regional managers?. Regional Studies 1996, 30(8), 733-739.
- Graham S. Cities, nations and communications in the global era. European Planning Studies 1995, 3(3), 357-380.
- Graham S. From urban competition to urban collaboration? The development of interurban telematics networks. Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy 1995, 13(4), 503-524.
- Graham S, Marvin S. Telecommunications and the City: Electronic Spaces, Urban Places. London: Routledge, 1995.
- Graham S. Networking Cities: Telematics in Urban Policy — A Critical Review. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 1994, 18(3), 416-432.
- Dabinett G, Graham S. Telematics and Industrial Change in Sheffield, UK. Regional Studies 1994, 28(6), 605-617.
- Graham S, Marvin S. Telemetric and the convergence of urban infrastructure: Implications for contemporary cities. Town Planning Review 1994, 65(3), 227-242.
- Graham S. Electronic infrastructures and the city: some emerging municipal policy roles in the UK. Urban Studies 1992, 29(5), 755-782.