Dr Marion Pfeifer
Lecturer in Ecology, Conservation & Management
- Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
- Telephone: 0191 20 85626
- Personal Website: https://blogs.ncl.ac.uk/marionpfeifer/
I am a statistical ecologist with complementary skills in remote sensing and an active research programme on biodiversity and biophysical structure underpinning ecosystem services in forest-savannah landscapes of the tropics.
1. EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING
2012-2015: Research Associate in Landscape Ecology; Imperial College London, UK
2011-2012: Consultant in Remote Sensing and Ecology; University of York, UK
2009-2011: Marie Curie Intra-European Fellow - ‘ECODYNAMIC-AFRICA; University of York, UK
2007-2009: German Research Foundation Fellow - ‘MODGLOB’; University of Potsdam, Germany
2006: DAAD Fellow; University College London, UK
2002-2005: Ph.D. Biology (University of Jena, Germany)
1998-2002: M.Sc. (hons) Biology (University of Jena, Germany), Thesis “Spatial distribution pattern of pioneer and non-pioneer tree species in a dry tropical forest of Northern Queensland (Australia)”
2. ACADEMIC ACTIVITIES
Service as Reviewer – Scientific journals (partial list)
Progress in Physical Geography; Biological Conservation; Conservation Biology; African Journal of Ecology; Environment, Development and Sustainability; Evolutionary Ecology; Forest Ecology and Management; Insect Conservation and Diversity; Journal of Biogeography; Journal of Ecology; Journal of Tropical Ecology; Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B; PLOS One; Remote Sensing of Environment
Service as Reviewer – Books
Oxford University Press
2015-Present: Review Editor, Frontiers in Ecology and Biogeography
2015-Present: Website Editor, the Global LAI project: https://globallai.wordpress.com/
2013-Present: Website Editor, BIOFRAG project: https://biofrag.wordpress.com/
3. RESEARCH FUNDING
2015: Co-Applicant; Research Priming Fund at University of York: “Forest Restoration and Climate Experiment (FoRCE)”; £15,000
2015: Named Researcher; British Ecological Society Travel Grant; “Measuring biophysical structure from the edge to the core in coastal forests”; £10,000
2013: Named Researcher; Marie-Curie Intra-European Fellowship Award; “ASEC-Dryland-Forests: Avoiding the socio-ecological collapse of remnant forests in the desert: the case study of Marsabit, Kenya”; €180,000
2009: Principal Investigator; Marie-Curie Intra-European Fellowship Award; “ECODYNAMIC-AFRICA: Tropical forests in East Africa: biodiversity and ecosystem function”; €180,000
2007: Principal Investigator; Research Grant by German Research Foundation (DFG); “MODGLOB: Modelling species' environmental envelopes and prediction of species' response to global change”; €140,000
2006: Principal Investigator; European Science Foundation Travel Grant to work with Dr Pico (CSIC, Seville, Spain; “Conservation genetics: Genetic diversity of Himantoglossum hircinum”; €1,500
2006: Principal Investigator; Fellowship Award by German Academic Exchange Service to work with Dr Disney and Prof Lewis (Remote Sensing Lab, University College London); “ASARVE: 3D modelling of Sitka spruce - Relating canopy structure to terrestrial carbon studies”; €18,000
2004: Principal Investigator; LUBOM - Women in Science Grant; €2,100
2004: Principal Investigator; DFG - Travel Grant for Conferences; €1,000
2002: Principal Investigator; PhD Support Award (2 years) by the Thuringian Government; €19,200
4. MEDIA AND PUBLIC AWARENESS
2015: Paper covered by Nature (Research Highlight) and Mongabay News
2015: Interviewed by New Scientist for article on wildlife fencing in Kenya
2013: Paper covered by Nature, environmental blogs, BBC News, and Science
2012: Paper covered by Mongabay and news agencies, including Reuters Norway
2012: Report on ‘land grabs’ in the Omo River Delta (Ethiopia) has been taken up for the video presentation ‘Lower Omo: Local Tribes under Threat’ by the Oakland Institute
2012-present: Majority of my recent papers published in Open Access funded through Imperial College London Library
2012-present: Tweeting on environmental change topics
5. SCIENTIFIC PROFILE
Understanding biodiversity responses to fragmentation (BIOFRAG) project (https://biofrag.wordpress.com/)
* Principal Investigator of project that involves more than 50 researchers around the world
* Database going online soon
* Project to be presented as invited talk at European Ecological Federation Congress in Rome, Symposium: “Patterns and processes in tropical forests”, 2015
* Project presented as invited Seminar talk at University of Stirling, 2014
Tropical Canopies - the Global LAI project (https://globallai.wordpress.com/)
* Principal Investigator of project that involves more than 20 researchers: ecologists and remote sensing scientists
* Understand climate and disturbance dependencies of biophysical structure in tropical ecosystems
* Network for data sharing and analysis
* Metadata of project accessible online
Land Use Forum London (http://luflondon.co.uk/)
* Co-Founder of this Knowledge Exchange Network
* Particularly aimed at students
Organisation and convening of workshops and conference symposia
2014: Organiser and Convenor of workshop; “Linking plot and satellite data at SAFE”/ Ascot/ UK
2014: Session Chair; “Science@SAFE” meeting/ Ascot/ UK/ sponsored by SAFE
2014: Organiser of 5-days capacity training workshop; “Vegetation from Space and From the Ground”. Based in Nairobi. 16 participants (14 from developing countries)/ Nairobi/ Kenya/ Sponsored by ICIPE CHIESA.
2013: Organiser of 5-days capacity training workshop; “Vegetation from Space and From the Ground”. Based in Nairobi. 17 participants (16 from developing countries)/ Nairobi/ Kenya/ Sponsored by ICIPE CHIESA
2012-2013: Co-Organiser Silwood Seminar Series/ Ascot/ UK
2012: Co-Organiser and Session Chair; “Science@SAFE” meeting/ Ascot/ UK/ sponsored by SAFE
2006: Co-Organiser and Session Chair; “Plant Population Ecology and Global Change”; GFOE Meeting/ Marburg/ Germany
2004: Co-Organiser and Session Chair; “Winter Symposium at Institute of Ecology”; University of Jena/ Jena/ Germany
Training Research Assistants
2014: Training RAs in sampling and processing deadwood for estimates of deadwood density, Stability of Altered Forest Ecosystem Project/ Borneo/ Malaysia
2013: Training students in measuring tropical vegetation canopies, WWF Tanzania REDD+/ Nairobi/ Kenya
2011: Training student in measuring tropical vegetation canopies, WWF Tanzania REDD+/ Morogoro/ Tanzania
Invited conference presentations
2016 (forthcoming) Invited speaker; “Managing oil palm landscapes”, European Conference of Tropical Ecology/ Goettingen/ Germany
2015 Invited speaker; “Patterns and processes in tropical forest ecology”, 13th European Ecological Federation (EEF) Congress/ Rome/ Italy
2015 Invited speaker; “Forests”, Remote Sensing and Photogrammetry Society (RSPSoc) 2015 Annual Conference/ Southampton/ UK
2014 Keynote speaker; “Tropical Ecosystems - from process to policy” meeting, University of York, sponsored by British Ecological Society/ York/ UK
2014 Invited speaker; “Science@SAFE” meeting, sponsored by SAFE/ Ascot/ UK
2013 Invited speaker; “Science@SAFE”, sponsored by SAFE Project/Ascot/ UK
2013 Invited speaker; “Buffer zones and land use change around protected areas: connecting socio-economic and ecological systems”, International Congress for Conservation Biology/ Baltimore/ US
Invited research seminars
2014: University of Stirling, Biological & Environmental Sciences Research Seminar Series/ Stirling/ UK
2013: Imperial College London, Department of Life Sciences/ London/ UK
2012: National Museums Kenya/ Nairobi/ Kenya
My research quantifies and predicts ecological responses to anthropogenic and climatic drivers from local to global scales. In particular, I focus on measurements and modelling at appropriate scales to develop conservation and land management strategies for socio-ecological tropical landscapes (Ecol. Evol. 2015, Rem. Sens. 2015). I have set up two global initatives: the LAI project and the BIOFRAG project.
I have extensively used earth observation (EO) data, which I reviewed for vegetation applications (Glob. Ecol. Biogeogr. 2012), with ecological field data to quantify deforestation, drivers and leakage in East Africa (PLOS One 2012, Environ. Cons. 2013) and Borneo, and responses of vegetation canopy structure to rainfall and human pressure (Rem. Sen. Environ. 2012, Rem Sens. 2014, Rem. Sens. Environ. 2015). More recently, I have led (Science 2014) and contributed to (Glob. Environ. Change 2013, Ecol. Lett. 2014 a, b) publications on conflicts arising when ‘wilderness areas’ meet human resource demands. I am also involved in research projects looking at forest regeneration in tropical African landscapes (e.g. working with Dr Marshall, University of York, in the Udzungwa Mountains in Tanzania in a project funded as pilot by the University of York; working with Dr Olivier, University of Pretoria, on coastal forests in South Africa funded as pilot by the British Ecological Society) from a scientific perspective and from a management perspective.
The global BIOFRAG project (https://biofrag.wordpress.com/): Understanding biodiversity responses to fragmentation”. A global network and database compiling primary data on biodiversity measurements in fragmented landscapes. The network currently comprises more than 50 researchers globally. I am collaborating with Prof Watling (John Carroll University) and with Prof Chase (German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv) Halle-Jena-Leipzig) to look at different aspects of that biodiversity response in more detail. The set up of the project was funded through the ERC TERRAGEN grant.
The Tropical Canopies (LAI) project (https://globallai.wordpress.com/): I have set up the global Leaf Area Index (LAI) database on tropical biophysical structure and the global BIOFRAG project on biodiversity responses to forest fragmentation. I am PI of two European Space Agency projects and currently co-leads two subprojects at the Stability of Altered Forest Ecosystems (SAFE) project within the ecosystem processes module: ‘Biophysical vegetation traits’ and ‘Linking plot and satellite data’. I have been measuring biophysical structure in natural and anthropogenic biomes across East and South Africa in fieldwork campaigns between 2010 and 2015. I developed a standard protocol for measuring tropical canopies in the field, which is now used in research projects across tropical landscapes (e.g. collaborators have been measuring at SAFE, in South America, in Gabon, in Indonesia, in South Africa and in Thailand).
Capacity Training: During the last three years, I have worked with international NGO- and university-led ecosystem service projects in East Africa (Climate Change Impacts on Ecosystem Services and Food Security in Eastern Africa: CHIESA, WWF Tanzania REDD+) providing remote sensing and ecological advise and capacity training (during two workshops in Nairobi). I also held a workshop at the University of Pretoria in July 2015.
Lectures in BIO2028 (Biodiversity and Conservation).
Tutoring in Bio1010 (Biology in Action)
Lectures & workshop in Bio3039 (Biodiversity Science and Management)
'Residential Field Course' (Kielder Forest, UK)
MSc projects: BIO8060 (Wildlife Research Projects)
Undergraduate projects: BIO3197 , BIO3198, BIO3199 (Literature reviews, Information projects, Research projects)
- Schneider-Maunoury L, Lefebvre V, Ewers RM, Medina-Rangel GF, Peres CA, Somarriba E, Urbina-Cardona N, Pfeifer M. Abundance signals of amphibians and reptiles indicate strong edge effects in Neotropical fragmented forest landscapes. Biological Conservation 2016, 200, 207-215.
- Cuni-Sanchez A, Pfeifer M, Marchant R, Burgess ND. Ethnic and locational differences in ecosystem service values: Insights from the communities in forest islands in the desert. Ecosystem Services 2016, 19, 42-50.
- Pfeifer M, Kor L, Nilus R, Turner E, Cusack J, Lysenko I, Khoo M, Chey VK, Chung AC, Ewers RM. Mapping the structure of Borneo's tropical forests across a degradation gradient. Remote Sensing of Environment 2016, 176, 84-97.
- Pfeifer M, Lefebvre V, Turner E, Cusack J, Khoo M, Chey VK, Peni M, Ewers RM. Deadwood biomass: an underestimated carbon stock in degraded tropical forests?. Environmental Research Letters 2015, 10(4), 044019.
- Reyer CPO, Brouwers N, Grant RF, Brook BW, Rammig A, Epila J, Holmgren M, Langerwisch F, Leuzinger S, Lucht W, Medlyn B, Pfeifer M, Steinkamp J, Vanderwel MC, Verbeeck H, Villela DM. Forest resilience and tipping points at different spatio-temporal scales: approaches and challenges. Journal of Ecology 2015, 103(1), 5-15.
- Hailu BT, Maeda EE, Pellikka P, Pfeifer M. Identifying potential areas of understory coffee in Ethiopia’s highlands using predictive modelling. International Journal of Remote Sensing 2015, 36(11), 2898-2919.
- Martin P, Newton A, Pfeifer M, Khoo M, Bullock JM. Impacts of tropical selective logging on carbon storage and tree species richness: A meta-analysis. Forest Ecology and Management 2015, 356, 224-233.
- Shirima D, Pfeifer M, Platts PJ, Totland O, Moe S. Interactions between canopy structure and herbaceous biomass along environmental gradients in moist forest and dry miombo woodland of Tanzania. PLoS One 2015, 10, e0142784.
- Hurskainen P, Hemp A, Pellikka PKE, Pfeifer M. Land cover change impacts on biodiversity in Mt Kilimanjaro Savanna Zone. In: 36th International Symposium on Remote Sensing of Environment. 2015, Berlin, Germany: ISRSE Proceedings.
- Ewers RM, Boyle MJW, Gleave RA, Plowman NS, Benedick S, Bernard H, Bishop TR, Bakhtiar EY, Khen Chey V, Chung AYC, Davies RG, Edwards DP, Eggleton P, Fayle TM, Hardwick SR, Homathevi R, Kitching RL, Sheng Khoo M, Luke SH, March JJ, Nilus R, Pfeifer M, Rao SV, Sharp AC, Snaddon JL, Stork NE, Struebig MJ, Wearn OR, Yusah KM, Turner EC. Logging cuts the functional importance of invertebrates in tropical rainforest. Nature Communications 2015, 6, 6836.
- Hardwick S, Toumi R, Pfeifer M, Turner EC, Nilus R, Ewers RM. The relationship between leaf area index and forest microclimate in tropical forest and oil palm plantation: Forest disturbance drives changes in mircoclimate. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 2015, 201, 187-195.
- Pfeifer M, Packer C, Burton AC, Garnett ST, Loveridge AJ, MacNulty D, Platts PJ. In defense of fences. Science 2014, 345(6195), 389-389.
- Pfeifer M, Lefebvre V, Gonsamo A, Pellikka P, Marchant R, Denu D, Platts PJ. Validating and linking the GIMMS leaf area index (LAI3g) with environmental controls in Tropical Africa. Remote Sensing 2014, 6(3), 1973-1990.
- Pfeifer M. BIOFRAG – A new database for analysing BIOdiversity responses to forest FRAGmentation. Ecol Evol 2013, 4, 1524-1537.
- Packer C, Pfeifer M. Conserving Large Carnivores: Dollars and Fence. Ecol Letters 2013, 16, 635-641.
- Pfeifer M, Platts PJ, Burgess N, Swetnam R, Willock S, Marchant R. Land use change and carbon fluxes in East Africa quantified using earth observation data and field measurements. Environ Conserv 2013, 40, 241-252.
- Burgess ND, Mwakalila S, Munishi P, Pfeifer M. REDD herrings or REDD menace: Response to Beymer-Farris and Bassett. Global Environ Change 2013, 23, 1349-1354.
- Packer C, Swanson A, Canney S, Loveridge A, Pfeifer M. The case for fencing remains intact. Ecol Letters 2013, 16, 1414.
- Burgess N, Munishi P, Mwakalila S, Pfeifer M, Willcock S, Shirima D, Hamidu S, Bulenga GG, Marchant R. Enhancing Tanzanian Capacity to Deliver Short and Long Term Data on Forest Carbon Stocks across the Country. The Arc Journal 2012, 27, 22-26.
- Pfeifer M, Gonsamo A, Disney M, Pellikka P, Marchant R. Leaf area index for biomes of the Eastern Arc Mountains: Landsat and SPOT observations along precipitation and altitude gradients. Remote Sens Environ 2012, 118, 103-115.
- Pfeifer M, Burgess ND, Swetnam RD, Platts PJ, Willcock S, Marchant R. Protected Areas: Mixed Success in Conserving East Africa’s Evergreen Forests. PLOS ONE 7 2012, e39337. In Preparation.
- Pfeifer M, Disney M, Quaife T, Marchant R. Terrestrial Ecosystems from space: a review of earth observation products for macroecology applications. Global Ecol Biogeogr 2011, 21, 603-624.
- Pfeifer M, Passalacqua NG, Bartram S, Schatz B, Carey P, Jeltsch F. Conservation priorities differ at opposing species borders of an European orchid. Biol Conserv 2010, 143, 2207-2220.
- Disney M, Kalogirou V, Lewis P, Prieto-Blanco A, Hancock S, Pfeifer M. Simulating the impact of discret-return lidar system and survey characteristics over young conifer and broadleaf forests. Remote Sens Environ 2010, 114, 1546-1560.
- Pfeifer M, Schatz B, Pico X, Passalacqua NG, Fay MF, Carey PD, Jeltsch F. Phylogeography and genetic structure of the orchid Himantoglossum hircinum (L.) Spreng. across its European central-marginal gradient. J Biogeogr 2009, 36, 2353-2365.
- Pfeifer M, Disney M, Lewis P. Simulating Canopy Gap Fraction of Complex Forest scenes of Picea sitchensis (Sitka spruce). Intl. Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences 2007, XXXVI, P63, pp. 6.
- Pfeifer M, Heinrich W, Jetschke G. Climate, size and flowering history determine flowering pattern of an orchid. Bot J of Linn Soc 2006, 151, 511-526. In Preparation.
- Pfeifer M, Jetschke G. Influence of geographical isolation on genetic diversity of Himantoglossum hircinum (Orchidaceae). Folia Geobot 2006, 41, 3-20.
- Pfeifer M, Wiegand K, Heinrich W, Jetschke G. Long-term demographic fluctuations in an orchid species driven by weather: implications for conservation planning. J Appl Ecol 2006, 43, 313-324.
- Luke SH, Barclay H, Bidin K, Khen CV, Ewers RM, Foster WA, Nainar A, Pfeifer M, Reynolds G, Turner EC, Walsh RPD, Aldridge DC. The effects of catchment and riparian forest quality on stream environmental conditions across a tropical rainforest and oil palm landscape in Malaysian Borneo. Ecohydrology 2017, epub ahead of print.
- Rolo V, Olivier PI, Pfeifer M, van Aarde RJ. Functional diversity mediates contrasting direct and indirect effects of fragmentation on below- and above-ground carbon stocks of coastal dune forests. Forest Ecology and Management 2018, 407, 174-183.
- Pfeifer M, Lefebvre V, Peres CA, Banks-Leite C, Wearn OR, Marsh CJ, Butchart SHM, Arroyo-Rodríguez V, Barlow J, Cerezo A, Cisneros L, D’Cruze N, Faria D, Hadley A, Harris S, Klingbeil BT, Kormann U, Lens L, Medina-Rangel GF, Morante-Filho JC, Olivier P, Peters SL, Pidgeon A, Ribeiro DB, Scherber C, Schneider-Maunory L, Struebig M, Urbina-Cardona N, Watling JI, Wood MR, Ewers RM. Creation of forest edges has a global impact on forest vertebrates. Nature 2017, Epub ahead of print.
- Hadi H, Pfeifer M, Korhonen L, Wheeler C, Rautiainen M. Forest canopy structure and reflectance in humid tropical Borneo: a physically-based interpretation using spectral invariants. Remote Sensing of Environment 2017, 201, 314-330.
- Deere NJ, Guillera-Arroita G, Baking EL, Bernard H, Pfeifer M, Reynolds G, Wearn OR, Davies ZG, Struebig MJ. High carbon stock forests provide co-benefits for tropical biodiversity. Journal of Applied Ecology 2017, Epub ahead of print.
- Wearn OR, Rowcliffe JM, Carbone C, Pfeifer M, Bernard H, Ewers RM. Mammalian species abundance across a gradient of tropical land-use intensity: A hierarchical multi-species modelling approach. Biological Conservation 2017, 212(Part A), 162-171.
- Cuni-Sanchez A, Pfeifer M, Marchant R, Calders K, Sorensen CL, Pompeu PV, Lewis SL, Burgess ND. New insights on above ground biomass and forest attributes in tropical montane forests. Forest Ecology and Management 2017, 399, 235-246.