Dr Andy Large
Reader in River Science
- Email: email@example.com
- Telephone: +44 (0) 191 208 6342
- Fax: +44 (0) 191 208 5421
- Personal Website: http://research.ncl.ac.uk/anthropocene/
- Address: Room; 3.79
University of Newcastle
Newcastle upon Tyne
I am a field-based river scientist with 25+ years’ experience in interdisciplinary river science. My NERC-funded science advances our understanding of the processes behind flooding from intense rainfall and catchment geomorphological response to this, so that we are better equipped to manage societal vulnerability, risk and resilience, response and recovery.
Over the past two decades I have played a leading role in research quantifying how river systems are structured and how they function. While my strengths lie across a number of areas (river and wetlands), my research has a strong focus on (a) cutting-edge and novel approaches to quantifying river hydromorphology (b) research on social and physical effects of flooding, and (c) developing the science base on natural capital to better quantify how rivers benefit society though provisioning, regulating and cultural ‘ecosystem services’.
A second major research strand embodies the new paradigm of The Anthropocene and particularly rivers of the Anthropocene. This involves working on the hypothesis that we are living in a new era in which humans are altering the planet to such an extent that we are leaving a permanent and irreversible mark on the earth’s biological, hydrological, atmospheric, and geological systems. The Anthropocene as a concept comprises an ‘intellectual lens through which to view the future’ and encapsulates the growing evidence base that the interaction of human interventions with the natural world has driven huge changes whereby formerly resilient ecosystems have been pushed into altered and degraded states. I am particularly interested in developing new transdisciplinary approaches to assessing and addressing these major societal issues.
I am a field-based Physical Geographer with 25+ years’ experience in interdisciplinary river science, evidenced by 76 publications with an over-riding emphasis on Q1 international peer-reviewed journals. I have a publication h-factor of 21 and an i10 index of 36. This has been underpinned by ~£1M of RCUK (NERC) funding since 2008. My research strengths lie across a number of areas and my corpus has a strong focus on (a) cutting-edge and novel approaches to quantifying river hydromorphology (b) research on social and physical effects of flooding, and (c) developing the science base on natural capital to better quantify how rivers benefit society though provisioning, regulating and cultural ‘ecosystem services’. A key new area of research is on Rivers of the Anthropocene.
I am a team-based scientist and my publications reflect this. Recent publications emphasise high-impact international peer-reviewed journals: e.g. NERC-funded work on volcanically-generated outburst floods in Iceland and on riverine ecosystem services. I regularly publish in Earth Surface Processes and Landforms and Geomorphology, both Q1 journals and the most relevant in my field.
My NERC-funded science (see below) advances our understanding of the processes behind flooding from intense rainfall and catchment geomorphological response to this, so that we are better equipped to manage societal vulnerability, risk and resilience, response and recovery. I peer-review for 13 Q1 international journals and am on the editorial board of River Research and Applications. I have a frequent record of invitations to, and organisation of, prestigious international research conferences.
Evidence of successful research leadership: I have a substantial and a sharply rising national and international trajectory of research reputation and leadership. I mentor the next generation of scientists, supervising 21 postgraduate students: 18 PhD (8 current, 10 completed) and 4 MPhil. All completed PhDs are in high profile careers in areas of national policy (e.g. UK flood risk management) to academia (lecturer to Deputy Vice-Chancellor level). I have acted as PhD Examiner to 10 UK and overseas Universities.
I currently supervise 3 NERC-DTP (IAPETUS) PhD students. I also provide academic mentoring and guidance to more junior academic colleagues; I mentor a PDRA on the NERC FFIR SINATRA project, and have a leadership role on the University’s NERC Demand Management Panel.
Research funding: I have secured sustained RCUK funding. My NERC-funded work (> £1 million since 2008) has a consistent focus on quantifying catchment and reach-scale response to extreme events (Coquet floods 2008: NE/G011141/1; Cumbria floods 2009 NE/H025189/1; Eyjafjallajökull volcanic eruption, Iceland2010: NE/I007628/1). This research is supported by repeat funding awards (2006; 2007; 2009) for remotely-sensed LiDAR acquisition through the NERC Airborne Remote Sensing facility (ARSF: equivalent value >£100,000). The rising trajectory of my NERC funding track record is evidenced through my research on a £2.7m Consortium project (2013-2017: £864,000 to Newcastle). The goal of the SINATRA (Susceptibility of catchments to INTense RAinfall and flooding) project is to improve understanding of interacting meteorological, hydrological and hydro-morphological processes, leading to better prediction of flooding from intense rainfall (FFIR). Project partners are the Met Office, SEPA and the Environment Agency (EA). I anticipate SINATRA outputs, allied with my other catchment-based research, focus on innovative remote sensing-based quantification of flood impacts involving ‘citizen science’.
Success in management and long-term support of a significant research group: I have a strong track record of management and leadership and engagement both within and outside the University . As Head of the Physical Geography Research Group in School of GPS (2011-16) I provided decisive leadership and research vision. I have instigated and overseen a more focused Group strategy including appointment of 4 academic staff, 3 technicians, 2 postdoctoral research associates (the first to the group) and expansion of PGR numbers. My leadership and engagement extends beyond the Group to (i) University-wide (NIReS Terrestrial Theme leader; Chair of University NERC Demand Management Panel; Water Research Steering Group member); (ii) national (NERC Peer Review College; RYA National Planning and Environmental Committee; UK National Ecosystem Assessment – the latter two having direct policy linkages) and (iii) international (Board Member, International Society for River Science) levels.
Collaborative high quality research work with academics within this University and elsewhere: I have played a significant role in maximising the success of the University’s Societal Challenge themes. I led the Terrestrial theme in NIReS, the Newcastle Institute for Research on Sustainability, from its inception in 2011 to late 2013. Here I instigated a vibrant cross-University research community and served on the NIReS Strategy Board.
The Antthropocene was formally proposed in 2000 as Earth's newest epoch - a period in which humanity;'s impact on the planet has rivalled that of the great geological forces. human's are changing the Earth's biophysical system: atmospheric and ocean climatology, the extent of snow cover, permafrost, ice sheet and ocean volume and indeed the entire hydrological cycle. But in the past few years, this concept has escaped its geological confines to emerge as a new paradigm that embodies and altered human-environment relationship.
Natural and social scientists, humanists, artists, educators and journalists are beginning to examine this concept from a variety of perspectives. From 2015 onwards, significant strides have been made in building an Anthropocene research community across Newcastle University. In a short period of sustained effort (January-July 2015) I brought together 50 academic colleagues (3 Faculties; 13 Academic Units, also involving the Societal Challenge Institute Directors) and I have secured University backing for this: I convene the Anthropocene Research Group to facilitate funding applications around fundamental questions pertaining to the new paradigm of the Anthropocene. Building on this, I have been appointed leader of an Anthropocene Rivers working group in the International Society for River Science (August 2015).
Finally, I have strong connections with local and national industrial, commercial and public sectors. Examples include current PhD studentships funded by the Tyne Rivers Trust, Scottish National Heritage and United Utilities with the EA via STREAM (the Industrial Doctoral Centre for the Water Industry). I also represent the University on the Tyne Rivers Trust-coordinated Ouseburn River Partnership.
Module leader for the following Undergraduate modules:
GEO1095 Study Skills for Physical Geographers (Stage 1)
GEO2037 Ireland Field course (Stage 2)
GEO3117 Sustainable Water Resources Management (Stage 3)
I also teach on the following Undergraduate modules:
GEO1012 Introduction to Earth Sciences (Stage 1)
GEO2106 Earth Surface Processes (Stage 2)
CEG2715 Study skills for Physical Geographers (Stage 2)
GEO2111 Study skills for geographers (Stage 2)
GEO3074 Physical Geography Dissertation
(e) Taught Masters courses (Faculty of SAGE):
CIV8052 Flood Risk Management
CIV9056 Sustainable Management of the Water Environment
- Starkey E, Parkin G, Birkinshaw S, Large A, Quinn P, Gibson C. Demonstrating the value of community-based (‘citizen science’) observations for catchment modelling and characterisation. Journal of Hydrology 2017, 548, 801–817.
- Perks MT, Russell AJ, Large ARG. Technical Note: Advances in flash flood monitoring using unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 2016, 20(10), 4005-4015.
- Large ARG, Gilvear DJ. Using Google Earth, a virtual-globe imaging platform for ecosystem services-based river assessment. River Research and Applications 2015, 31(4), 406-421.
- Snell M, Barker P, Surridge B, Large A, Jonczyk J, Benskin C, Reaney S, Perks MT, Owen G, Cleasby W, Deasey C, Burke S, Haygarth P. High frequency variability of environmental drivers determining benthic community dynamics in headwater streams. Environmental Science: Processes & Impacts 2014, 16(7), 1629-1636.
- Milan DJ, Large ARG. Magnetic tracing of fine-sediment over pool-riffle morphology. CATENA 2014, 115, 134-149.
- Large ARG. Current and future challenges in managing natural system variability for river conservation in European river basins. In: Boon, P.J., Raven, P.J, ed. River Conservation and Management. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons, 2012, pp.381-399.
- Milan DJ, Heritage GL, Large ARG, Fuller IC. Filtering spatial error from DEMs: Implications for morphological change estimation. Geomorphology 2011, 125(1), 160-171.
- Milan DJ, Heritage GL, Large ARG, Entwistle NS. Mapping hydraulic biotopes using terrestrial laser scan data of water surface properties. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 2010, 35(8), 918-931.
- Heritage GL, Milan DJ, Large ARG, Fuller IC. Influence of survey strategy and interpolation model on DEM quality. Geomorphology 2009, 112(3-4), 334-344.
- Orr H, Large ARG, Newson M, Walsh CL. A predictive typology for characterising hydromorphology. Geomorphology 2008, 100(1-2), 32-40.
- Gilvear D, Willby N, Kemp P, Large ARG. Riverine hydroecology: Advances in research and applications. River Research and Applications 2008, 24(5), 473-475.
- Mayes WM, Younger PL, Batty LC, Large ARG. Caustic / vitriolic: wetland treatment at extremes of pH. In: 2nd International Symposium on Wetland Pollutant Dynamics and Control, WETPOL 2007. 2007, Tartu, Estonia: Publicationes Institute Geographici Universitatis Tartuensis.
- Russell AJ, Gregory AG, Large ARG, Fleisher PJ, Harris T. Tunnel channel formation during the November 1996 jökulhlaup, Skeiðarárjökull, Iceland. Annals of Glaciology 2007, 45(1), 95-103.
- Large ARG, Mayes W, Newson M, Parkin G. Using long-term monitoring of fen hydrology and vegetation to underpin wetland restoration strategies. Applied Vegetation Science 2007, 10(3), 417-428.
- Clément F, Amezaga JM, Orange D, DucToan T, Large ARG, Calder IR. An institutional approach for understanding farmers strategies and land management. In: Survival of the Commons: Mounting challenges and new realities. 2006, Bali, Indonesia: IASCP.
- Newson M, Large ARG. 'Natural' rivers, 'hydromorphological quality' and river restoration: A challenging new agenda for applied fluvial geomorphology. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 2006, 31(13), 1606-1624.
- Fuller IC, Large ARG, Heritage GL, Milan DJ, Charlton ME. Derivation of annual reach-scale sediment transfers in the River Coquet, Northumberland, UK. In: Blum MD; Marriott SB; Leclair SF, ed. Fluvial Sedimentology VII. 2005, pp.61-74.
- Large ARG, Newson M. Hydromorphological Quality - a policy template for channel design in river restoration. In: Anderson M, ed. Encyclopedia of Hydrological Sciences. Chichester: John Wiley, 2005.
- Mayes W, Large A, Younger P. The impact of pumped water from a de-watered Magnesian limestone quarry on an adjacent wetland: Thrislington, County Durham, UK. Environmental Pollution 2005, 138(3), 444-455.
- Heritage G, Large ARG, Moon B, Jewitt GPW. Channel hydraulics and geomorphic effects of an extreme flood event on the Sabie River, South Africa. Catena 2004, 58(2), 151-181.
- Calder IR, Batchelor C, Quibell G, Gosain A, Jewitt GPW, Bosch J, Large ARG, Amezaga JM, Hope RA, James PM, Simpson E, Garratt J, Bailey RA, Kirby C. Global Governance of Water and the Blue Revolution - Can we achieve better outcomes from land and water policies?. In: Proceedings of the International Symposium: Global Governance of Water: Water and Human Security. 2004, UN House, Tokyo, Japan.
- Charlton ME, Large ARG, Fuller IC. Application of airborne lidar in river environments: The River Coquet, Northumberland, UK. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 2003, 28(3), 299-306.
- Heritage G, Large ARG, Moon B, Birkhead A. Estimating extreme flood magnitude in bedrock-influenced channels using representative reach-based channel resistance data. Geografiska Annaler, Series A: Physical Geography 2003, 85(1), 1-11.
- Chappell A, Heritage G, Fuller I, Large ARG, Milan D. Geostatistical analysis of ground-survey elevation data to elucidate spatial and temporal river channel change. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 2003, 28(4), 349-370.
- Fuller I, Large ARG, Milan D. Quantifying channel development and sediment transfer following chute cutoff in a wandering gravel-bed river. Geomorphology 2003, 54(3-4), 307-323.
- Fuller IC, Large ARG, Charlton ME, Heritage GL, Milan DJ. Reach-scale sediment transfers: An evaluation of two morphological budgeting approaches. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 2003, 28(8), 889-903.
- Fuller IC, Passmore DG, Heritage GL, Large ARG, Milan DJ, Brewer PA. Annual sediment budgets in an unstable gravel-bed river: the River Coquet, northern England. In: Jones SJ; Frostick LE, ed. Geological Society Special Publication. 2002, pp.115-132.
- Fuller IC, Passmore DG, Heritage GL, Large ARG, Milan DJ, Brewer PA. Annual sediment budgets in an unstable gravel-bed river: the River Coquet, northern England. In: Sediment Flux to Basins: Causes, Controls and Consequences. 2002, Southampton, UK: Geological Society.
- Milan DJ, Heritage GL, Large ARG. Tracer pebble entrainment and deposition loci: influence of flow character and implications for riffle-pool maintenance. In: Jones, S.J. and Frostick, L.E, ed. Geological Society Special Publication. Oxford: Blackwell Scientific Publications, 2002, pp.133-148.
- Fuller IC, Passmore DG, Large ARG, Heritage GL, Charlton ME, Brewer PA. Annual sediment budgets in an unstable gravel bed river; the River Coquet, northern England. In: Millennium Flux: Sediment Supply to Basins. 2001, University of Southampton: Southampton Oceanography Centre School of Ocean and Earth Sciences.
- Milan DJ, Heritage GL, Large ARG. Influence of flow magnitude and duration upon tracer movement through pool-riffle-bar topography. In: Fifth International Gravel-Bed Rivers 2000 Workshop. 2001, Christchurch, New Zealand: New Zealand Hydrological Society.
- Large ARG. Reversing spontaneous succession to protect high-value vegetation: Assessment of two Scottish mires using rapid survey techniques. Applied Vegetation Science 2001, 4(1), 103-110.
- Large ARG. Reversing Spontaneous Succession to Protect High-Value Vegetation: Assessment of Two Scottish Mires Using Rapid Survey Techniques. Journal of Vegetation Science 2001, 4(1), 103-110.
- Milan DJ, Heritage GL, Large ARG, Charlton ME. Stage dependent variability in tractive force distribution through a riffle-pool sequence. Catena 2001, 44(2), 85-109.
- Heritage GL, Moon BP, Large ARG, Rowntree M. The February 2000 floods on the Sabie River, South Africa: an examination of their magnitude and frequency. Koedoe 2001, (44), 37-44.
- Milan DJ, Heritage GL, Large ARG. Magnetic tracing of sand through a riffle-pool sequence. In: Fifth International Gravel-Bed Rivers Workshop. 2000, Christchurch: New Zealand Hydrological Society.
- Heritage GL, Milan DJ, Large ARG, Fuller IC. Reach-scale sediment and barform dynamics of the wandering gravel-bed river Nent, Cumbria, UK. In: 5th International Gravel-Bed Rivers Workshop. 2000, Christchurch, New Zealand: New Zealand Hydrological Society.
- Large ARG, Cotton JA, Heritage GL, Passmore DG. Biotic response to late Holocene floodplain evolution in the River Irthing catchment, Cumbria. 1999.
- Cotton JC, Heritage G, Large ARG, Passmore DG. Biotic response to late Holocene floodplain evolution in the River Irthing catchment, Cumbria. In: Floodplains: interdisciplinary approaches. 1999, East Anglia: Geological Society.
- Milan D, Heritage G, Large ARG, Brunsdon C. Influence of particle shape and sorting upon sample size estimates for a coarse-grained upland stream. Sedimentary Geology 1999, 129(1-2), 85-100.
- Large ARG, Prach K. Plants and water in streams and rivers. In: Baird, A; Wilby, RL, ed. Eco-hydrology: Plants and Water in Terrestrial and Aquatic Environments. London: Routledge, 1999, pp.237-268.
- Large ARG, Prach K. Ecology of the floodplain of the regulated River Trent: implications for rehabilitation. In: Bailey RL; Jose P;Sherwood B, ed. United Kingdom Floodplains. Ottley: Smith Settle, 1998, pp.409-422.
- Pygott JR, Large ARG. Problems associated with the degradation of rivers in the Northumbria and Yorkshire Region and initiatives to achieve rehabilitation. In: de Waal LC; Large ARG; Wade PM, ed. Rehabilitation of rivers: Principles and Practice. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons Ltd, 1998, pp.159-170.
- Wade PM, Large ARG, de Waal LC. Rehabilitation of degraded river habitat: an introduction. In: de Waal LC; Large ARG; Wade PM, ed. Rehabilitation of Rivers Principles and Implementation. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons Ltd, 1998, pp.1-10.
- de Waal LC, Large ARG, Wade PM. Rehabilitation of rivers: Principles and Practice. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons Ltd, 1998.
- Large ARG. Environmental science: The natural environment and human impact by Andrew Jackson and Julie Jackson. Area 1997, 29(3), 279-280.
- Large ARG. Floodplain Rivers: Hydrological Processes and Ecological Significance. Wallingford, Oxfordshire: British Hydrological Society, 1997.
- Prach K, Jeník J, Large ARG. Floodplain Ecology and Management: The Luznice River in the Trebon Biosphere Reserve, central Europe. Amsterdam: SPB-Academic Publishing, 1996.
- Large A, Petts G. Historical channel - Floodplain dynamics along the River Trent: Implications for river rehabilitation. Applied Geography 1996, 16(3), 191-209.
- Bornette G, Large ARG. Groundwater surface water ecotones at the upstream part of confluences in former river channels. Hydrobiologia: the international journal on limnology and marine sciences 1995, 310(2), 123-137.
- de Waal LC, Large ARG, Gippel CJ, Wade PM. River and floodplain rehabilitation in Western Europe: opportunities and constraints. Archiv für Hydrobiologie 1995, 101, 679-693.
- Large ARG, Prach K, Bickerton MA, Wade PM. Alteration of patch boundaries on the floodplain of the regulated River Trent, UK. River Research and Applications: an international journal devoted to river research and management 1994, 9(1), 71-78.
- Large ARG, Petts GE, Wilby RL, Greenwood MT. Restoration of floodplains: a UK perspective. European Water Pollution Control 1993, 3, 44-53.
- Large ARG, Hamilton AC. The distribution, extent and causes of peat loss in central and north-west Ireland. Applied Geography 1991, 11(4), 309-326.