GEO3142 : Weather, Climate Science & Modelling (Inactive)
- Inactive for Year: 2018/19
- Module Leader(s): Dr Hiro Yamazaki
- Owning School: Geography, Politics & Sociology
- Teaching Location: Newcastle City Campus
|Semester 1 Credit Value:||20|
-To gain the mechanistic understanding of the key processes that operates in the Earth’s weather and climate system in the post-industrial period.
-To understand the basic principle of climate modelling in order to assess the likely climatic conditions of the past and future.
Outline Of Syllabus
Key concepts of Weather and Climate Systems
Essence of weather and climate systems (~12 hours)
We focus on a physical understanding oft the climate system.
• What is the weather and climate system
• Brief history of meteorology and climatology
• Energy transfer in space, atmosphere, ocean, and land
• Practical exercise: distance from sun and planetary albedo
• Physical characteristics of dry air
• Nature of the water and its unusual characteristics
• Mass, weight, pressure, and hydrostatic balance
• Heat transfer by radiation, absorption, conduction and convection
• Static stability of atmosphere
• Cloud formation
• Chicken and egg problem of jets and eddies
Planetary-scale motions in the atmosphere and oceans (~12 hours)
We learn the scientific description of the weather and climate system.
• Mapping: how can we visualise the Earth fairly?
• General circulation of the atmosphere
• Basic terminologies for fluid motions
• Key concepts in Geophysical and Planetary Fluid Dynamics
• Ocean: structure and circulation patterns
• Chicken and egg problem of Coupled Atmosphere-Ocean system.
• Introduction to Geophysical and Planetary Fluid Dynamics
Numerical modelling of weather forecast and climate projection (~8 hours)
We lean the concepts of climate modelling and their scientific value.
• Popular Greenhouse gas warning model and more useful ones.
• Simple models of the climate system (assessed practical)
• Concepts of “climate forcing” components
• Concept of General Circulation Model and its evolution
• Role of GCM ensemble and uncertainty in IPCC reports
Global cycles in the climate system (~4 hours)
1. Nutshell of Energy Balance, Water Cycle, and Carbon Cycle
2. Humans and Climate Change
|Scheduled Learning And Teaching Activities||Lecture||34||1:00||34:00||N/A|
|Scheduled Learning And Teaching Activities||Drop-in/surgery||2||1:00||2:00||N/A|
|Guided Independent Study||Independent study||1||164:00||164:00||N/A|
Teaching Rationale And Relationship
-The use of lecture format is suitable to promote self-disciplined reading and writing habit of Stage 3 students.
The format of resits will be determined by the Board of Examiners
|Written exercise||1||M||30||Spreadsheet-based modelling exercise and brief discussion – 1200 words|
|Essay||1||M||70||2500 word essay from a list of choices|
|Prof skill assessmnt||1||M||In-class discussions|
Assessment Rationale And Relationship
In order to understand the weather and climate system and its likely changes in the future, students must be able to gain solid scientific knowledge of current condition. Moreover, past records play a crucial role to test the performance of the realistic model, which was typically tuned to simulate current condition. Therefore, gaining a basic understanding of the quantitative modelling is crucial for this module.
Once basic concept and procedures of modelling are understood, students will lean that the direction of future climate will be highly influenced by the decision of current residents of the Earth, especially the policy makers. Therefore, high weight (70%) of essay is suitable to demonstrate their mechanistic understanding and choices for the future.