Professor Candy Rowe
Prof of Animal Behaviour & Cognition
- Email: email@example.com
- Telephone: +44 (0) 191 208 8671
- Fax: +44 (0) 191 208 5622
- Personal Website: under construction
- Address: Centre for Behaviour and Evolution, Institute of Neuroscience, Newcastle University, Henry Wellcome Building, Framlington Place, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE2 4HH, UK
I studied Zoology at Nottingham, and then went on to do a DPhil on animal cognition and communication in Oxford. I came to Newcastle in 1998, first as a Sir James Knott Research Fellow, and then as a Royal Society Dorothy Hodgkin Research Fellow. During this time, I worked on various aspects of animal communication, particularly looking at how animals combine signalled information in multiple sensory modalities. I became a lecturer in 2005, further developing my research interests into the area of dietary decision-making, and am currently a Director of the Centre for Behaviour and Evolution.
I work on the sensory and cognitive processes of animals in an evolutionary context. During my DPhil, I developed an interest in 'multimodal communication', where information is transferred betwen animals in more than one sensory modality. By studying the multimodal warning signals of toxic insect prey to their avian predators, I showed how cognitive systems can select for complex signalling. I also became interested in how animal signals evolve, leading to collaborations with Leena Lindstrom (Jyvaskyla) and Carel ten Cate (Leiden). More recently, my research has focussed on how predators make optimal foraging decisions when faced with a variety of palatable and toxic prey, and the implications of these decision-making processes on the evolution of prey defence strategies. Much of this work has been developed in collaboration with John Skelhorn (Newcastle) and Christina Halpin (Newcastle), and we are working with Andy Higginson (Bristol) to develop novel models for the evolution of prey defences based on our data.
am also interested in the evolution of cognitive processes, and their
neural bases, and work with Sue Healy (St Andrews) in this area. I am
starting a new project looking at how sensory systems may co-evove in an
insect predator, the praying mantis, and how specialisation in sensory,
cognitive and neural systems affect camouflage and aposematic signals.
also apply my expertise in animal cognition and behaviour to address
important questions in animal welfare. I currently have two PhD students
working on laboratory animal welfare, investigating ways to assess
welfare in rats and primates and improve experimental protocols and
My work is supported by the BBSRC, NERC, NC3Rs, the Royal Society, and the Association for the Study of Animal Behaviour.
Grant Panel membership: 2010-2012 BBSRC Training Awards Committee; 2013-2015 NC3Rs Grant Panel; 2013-2015 Norwegian Research Council (Chair in 2014); 2013 BBSRC CASE Sudentship Panel; 2014-2016 BBSRC Panel A.
Editorships: 2008-2013 Editor for Behavioral Ecology; 2014 Guest Editor of Behavioral Processes 'Cognition in the wild' Special Issue; 2015-2017 Associate Editor Proceedings of the Royal Society B.
Other: Secretary for the Association for the Sudy of Animal Behaviour 2007-2012; Member of an Athena SWAN Assessment Committee 2013.
I have also lead the Institute's application for an Athena SWAN
Silver Award, and am involved in the University's Athena SWAN
application and am Chair of NU Women (the University's network for women
staff). I am also the Institute's Equality and Diversity Officer.
- Halpin CG, Skelhorn J, Rowe C, Ruxton GD, Higginson AD. The Impact of Detoxification Costs and Predation Risk on Foraging: Implications for Mimicry Dynamics. PLoS One 2017, 12(1), e0169043.
- Gray H, Pearce B, Thiele A, Rowe C. The use of preferred social stimuli as rewards for rhesus macaques in behavioural neuroscience. PLoS ONE 2017, 12(5), e0178048.
- Umeton D, Read JCA, Rowe C. Unravelling the illusion of flicker fusion. Biology Letters 2017, 13(2).
- Skelhorn J, Rowe C. Cognition and the evolution of camouflage. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 2016, 283(1825).
- Skelhorn J, Holmes GG, Rowe C. Deimatic or aposematic?. Animal Behaviour 2016, 113, e1-e3.
- Skelhorn J, Halpin CG, Rowe C. Learning about aposematic prey. Behavioral Ecology 2016, 27(4), 955-964.
- Smith KE, Halpin CG, Rowe C. The benefits of being toxic to deter predators depends on prey body size. Behavioral Ecology 2016, epub ahead of print.
- Halpin CG, Rowe C. The effect of distastefulness and conspicuous coloration on the post-attack rejection behaviour of predators and survival of prey. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 2016, epub ahead of print.
- Skelhorn J, Halpin CG, Rowe C. What do predators do? A response to comments on Skelhorn et al. Behavioral Ecology 2016, 27(4), 968-968.
- Carle T, Rowe C. Avian predators change their foraging strategy on defended prey when undefended prey are hard to find. Animal Behaviour 2014, 93, 97-103.
- Barnett CA, Bateson M, Rowe C. Better the devil you know: Avian predators find variation in prey toxicity aversive. Biology Letters 2014, 10(11), 1-4.
- Smith K, Halpin CG, Rowe C. Body size matters for aposematic prey during predator aversion learning. Behavioural Processes 2014, 109(Part B), 173-179.
- Halpin CG, Skelhorn J, Rowe C. Increased predation of nutrient-enriched aposematic prey. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 2014, 281(1781), 20133255.
- Rowe C, Healy SD. Measuring cognition will be difficult but worth it: a response to comments on Rowe & Healy. Behavioral Ecology 2014, 25, 1298-1298.
- Rowe C, Healy SD. Measuring variation in cognition. Behavioral Ecology 2014, 25, 1287-1292. In Preparation.
- Chatelain M, Halpin CG, Rowe C. Ambient temperature influences birds' decisions to eat toxic prey. Animal Behaviour 2013, 86(4), 733-740.
- Healy SD, Rowe C. Costs and benefits of evolving a larger brain: Doubts over the evidence that large brains lead to better cognition. Animal Behaviour 2013, 86(4), e1-e3.
- Halpin CG, Skelhorn J, Rowe C. Predators' decisions to eat defended prey depend on the size of undefended prey. Animal Behaviour 2013, 85(6), 1315-1321.
- Rowe C. Receiver Psychology: A Receiver's Perspective. Animal Behaviour 2013, 85(3), 517-523.
- Rowe C, Halpin CG. Why are warning displays multimodal?. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 2013, 67(9), 1425-1439.
- McIvor G, Rowe C, Healy SD. Deterring hooded crows from re-nesting on power poles. Wildlife Society Bulletin 2012, 36(4), 729-734.
- Barnett CA, Skelhorn J, Bateson M, Rowe C. Educated predators make strategic decisions to eat defended prey according to their toxin content. Behavioral Ecology 2012, 23(2), 418-424.
- Halpin CG, Skelhorn J, Rowe C. The relationship between sympatric defended species depends upon predators’ discriminatory behaviour. PLoS One 2012, 7(9), e44895.
- Skelhorn J. Colour biases are a question of conspecifics' taste. Animal Behaviour 2011, 81(4), 825-829.
- Rowe C, Healy SD. Is bigger always better?. Science 2011, 333(6043), 708-709.
- Skelhorn J, Rowe C. Birds learn to use distastefulness as a signal of toxicity. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 2010, 277(1688), 1729-1734.
- Healy S, Rowe C. Information processing: The ecology and evolution of cognitive abilities. In: Westneat, DF; Fox, CW, ed. Evolutionary Behavioral Ecology. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010, pp.162-176.
- Halpin C, Rowe C. Taste-rejection behaviour by predators can promote variability in prey defences. Biology Letters 2010, 6(5), 617-619.
- Skelhorn J, Rowe C. Distastefulness as an antipredator defence strategy. Animal Behaviour 2009, 78(3), 761-766.
- Halpin CG, Skelhorn J, Rowe C. Being conspicuous and defended: Selective benefits for the individual. Behavioral Ecology 2008, 19(5), 1012-1017.
- Skelhorn J, Griksaitis D, Rowe C. Colour biases are more than a question of taste. Animal Behaviour 2008, 75(3), 827-835.
- Halpin CG, Skelhorn J, Rowe C. Naïve predators and selection for rare conspicuous defended prey: the initial evolution of aposematism revisited. Animal Behaviour 2008, 75(3), 771-781.
- Healy SD, Rowe C. A critique of comparative studies of brain size. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 2007, 274(1609), 453-464.
- Skelhorn J, Rowe C. Automimic frequency influences the foraging decisions of avian predators on aposematic prey. Animal Behaviour 2007, 74(5), 1563-1572.
- ten Cate C, Rowe C. Biases in signal evolution: learning makes a difference. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 2007, 22(7), 380-387.
- Skelhorn J, Rowe C. Predators' Toxin Burdens Influence Their Strategic Decisions to Eat Toxic Prey. Current Biology 2007, 17(17), 1479-1483.
- Barnett CA, Bateson M, Rowe C. State-dependent decision making: educated predators strategically trade off the costs and benefits of consuming aposematic prey. Behavioral Ecology 2007, 18(4), 645-651.
- Skelhorn J, Rowe C. Avian predators taste-reject aposematic prey on the basis of their chemical defence. Biology Letters 2006, 2(3), 348-350.
- Skelhorn J, Rowe C. Do the defense chemicals of visually distinct aposematic species interact to enhance predator learning and memory?. Behavioral Ecology 2006, 17(6), 947-951.
- Skelhorn J, Rowe C. Do the multiple defense chemicals of visually distinct species enhance predator learning?. Behavioral Ecology 2006, 17(6), 947-951.
- Skelhorn J, Rowe C. Predator avoidance learning of prey with secreted or stored defences and the evolution of insect defences. Animal Behaviour 2006, 72(4), 827-834.
- Skelhorn J, Rowe C. Prey palatability influences predator learning and memory. Animal Behaviour 2006, 71(5), 1111-1118.
- Skelhorn J, Rowe C. Taste-rejection by predators and the evolution of unpalatability in prey. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 2006, 60(4), 550-555.
- Skelhorn J, Rowe C. Frequency-dependent taste-rejection by avian predation may select for defence chemical polymorphisms in aposematic prey. Biology Letters 2005, 1(4), 500-503.
- Rowe C. Multisensory learning: From experimental psychology to animal training. In: Anthrozoos: 13th Annual Conference of the International Society for Anthrozoology (ISAZ). 2005, Glasgow, UK: Berg Publishers.
- Rowe C, Harris JM, Roberts SC, Barton RA, Hill RA. Seeing red? Putting sportswear in context. Nature 2005, 437(7063), E10.
- Rowe C, Harris JM, Roberts SC. Sporting contests - Seeing red? Putting sportswear in context. Nature 2005, 437(7063), E10-E10.
- Skelhorn J, Rowe C. Tasting the difference: Do multiple defence chemicals interact in Müllerian mimicry?. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 2005, 272(1560), 339-345.
- Rowe C, Skelhorn J. Avian psychology and communication. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 2004, 271(1547), 1435-1442.
- Rowe C, Lindstrom L, Lyytinen A. The importance of pattern similarity between Müllerian mimics in predator avoidance learning. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 2004, 271(1537), 407-413.
- Rowe C. Sound improves visual discrimination learning in avian predators. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences 2002, 269(1498), 1353-1357.
- Jetz W, Rowe C, Guilford T. Non-warning odors trigger innate color aversions - As long as they are novel. Behavioral Ecology 2001, 12(2), 134-139.
- Lindström L, Rowe C, Guilford T. Pyrazine odour biases food selection in avian predators against conspicuously coloured predators. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B 2001, 268, 1-4.
- Lindstrom L, Rowe C, Guilford T. Pyrazine odour makes visually conspicuous prey aversive. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, B: Biological Sciences 2001, 268(1463), 159-162.
- Rowe C, Guilford T. Aposematism: to be red or dead. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 2000, 15(7), 261-262.
- Rowe C, Guilford T. Novelty effects in a multimodal warning signal. Animal Behaviour 1999, 57(2), 341-346.
- Rowe C. One signal or two?. Science 1999, 284(5415), 743-744.
- Rowe C, Partan S, Marler P. One signal or two? [multiple letters]. Science 1999, 284(5415), 743-744.
- Rowe C. Preface. Evolutionary Ecology 1999, 13(7-8), 601-603.
- Rowe C. Receiver psychology and the evolution of multicomponent signals. Animal Behaviour 1999, 58(5), 921-931.
- Owens IPF, Rowe C, Thomas ALR. Sexual selection, speciation and imprinting: separating the sheep from the goats. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 1999, 14(4), 131-132.
- Owens I, Rowe C, Thomas A. Sexual selection: separating genes from imprinting - Reply from I.P.F. Woens, C. Rowe and A.L.R. Thomas. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 1999, 14(10), 399-399.
- Rowe C, Guilford T. The evolution of multimodal warning displays. Evolutionary Ecology 1999, 13(7-8), 655-671.