Dr Stephen Birkinshaw
Researcher in Water Resources
- Email: email@example.com
- Fax: +44 (0) 191 208 6502
- Address: Civil Engineering
School of Engineering
Newcastle upon Tyne
Steve has been a Research Associate at Newcastle University since 1997. He is a hydrologist with particular expertise in the computer modelling of river basins.
He has successfully carried out research in the following areas: nitrate transport and nitrogen transformation processes, cold region processes, wetlands, sediment transport, surface/groundwater interactions. More recently he has researched water flow pathways using temperature as a tracer, forestry effects on flooding, the use of satellite altimetry data to augment flow estimation techniques and surface water flooding.
He has published more than 20 ISI-cited articles with 15 as the first author.
Steve is in charge of maintaining and developing the code and providing support for users of the Shetran model. This is a physically-based spatially-distributed model for water flow, sediment and solute transport in river catchments.
Roles and Responsibilities
Responsible for developing and maintaining SHETRAN catchment modelling system. SHETRAN has been at the forefront of hydrological modelling research for the past 20 years. Steve has been instrumental is making the model more accesible and user friendly leading to a large increase in the number of users.
1990 BSc - Mathematics - Nottingham University
1993 MSc - Hydrology - Newcastle University
1997 PhD - Nitrate Transport Component for SHETRAN Catchment modelling System, Newcastle University
Physically based hydrological modelling of river basins. This includes nitrate transport and nitrogen transformation processes, cold region processes, wetlands, sediment yield and the impact of groundwater abstraction on surface waters.
In charge of SHETRAN model development and its website (research.ncl.ac.uk/shetran)
1) Using remote sensing to estimate discharge in poorly or ungauged rivers
2) Using stream and soil temperatures as a tracer to understand flow pathways
3) Flooding from intense rainfall as part of the SINATRA project (www.met.reading.ac.uk/flooding/)
4) Surface water flooding using CityCat (www.ncl.ac.uk/ceser/research/integrated-systems/cities/citycat/)
5) Planting tree on flooding, focusing on the Coalburn catchment
6) Urban flood resilience (www.urbanfloodresilience.ac.uk)
7) Creative experiments for building resilience to future drought in Africa (creativedrought.wordpress.com/team/)
Secured funds for research with NIREX.
Consultancy work for SKB (Swedish Nuclear group)
Peer reviewed paers for 15 different journals
Supervision of many PhD and MSc dissertations.
Creative drought with Birmingham University
Nirex project simulating radionuclide transport from the Geoshpere to the Bioshpere
TADPOLE project - DEFRA funded project on groundwater recharge estimation
Worked with NIREX as an industrial partner.
Currently working with the Met Office and BGS
Modelling using Shetran and CityCat to both undergraduate and postgraduate students
- Birkinshaw SJ, Guerreiro SB, Nicholson A, Liang Q, Quinn P, Zhang L, He B, Yin J, Fowler HJ. Climate change impacts on Yangtze River discharge at the Three Gorges Dam. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 2017, 21(4), 1911-1927.
- Starkey E, Parkin G, Birkinshaw S, Large A, Quinn P, Gibson C. Demonstrating the value of community-based (‘citizen science’) observations for catchment modelling and characterisation. Journal of Hydrology 2017, 548, 801–817.
- Guerreiro SB, Birkinshaw S, Kilsby C, Fowler HJ, Lewis E. Dry getting drier − the future of transnational river basins in Iberia. Journal of Hydrology: Regional Studies 2017, 12, 238-252.
- Janes V, Holman I, Birkinshaw S, O'Donnell G, Kilsby C. Improving bank erosion modelling at catchment scale by incorporating temporal and spatial variability. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 2017, (ePub ahead of Print).
- Shrestha PK, Shakya NM, Pandey VP, Birkinshaw SJ, Shrestha S. Model-based estimation of land subsidence in Kathmandu Valley, Nepal. Geomatics, Natural Hazards and Risk 2017, Epub ahead of print.
- Jonczyk J, Quinn P, Heidrich O, Dawson R, Birkinshaw S, James P, Harris N, Pearson D. Demonstration of a green-blue approach for a strategic management of urban runoff. In: AGU Fall Meeting. 2016, San Francisco, USA: American Geophysical Union (AGU).
- Bathurst JC, Birkinshaw SJ, Cisneros Espinosa F, Iroume A. Forest impact on flood peak discharge and sediment yield in streamflow. In: River System Analysis and Management. Springer Singapore, 2016, pp.15-29.
- Birkinshaw SJ, Bathurst JC, Robinson M. 45 years of non-stationary hydrology over a forest plantation growth cycle, Coalburn catchment, Northern England. Journal of Hydrology 2014, 519, Part A, 559-573.
- Birkinshaw SJ. Comment on “A paradigm shift in understanding and quantifying the effects of forest harvesting on floods in snow environments” by Kim C. Green and Younes Alila. Water Resources Research 2014, 50(3), 2765–2768.
- Birkinshaw SJ, Moore P, Kilsby CG, O'Donnell GM, Hardy AJ, Berry PAM. Daily discharge estimation at ungauged river sites using remote sensing. Hydrological Processes 2014, 28(3), 1043-1054.
- Miller P, Mills J, Barr SL, Birkinshaw S, Hardy A, Parkin G, Hall S. A Remote Sensing Approach for Landslide Hazard Assessment on Engineered Slopes. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 2012, 50(4), 1048-1056.
- Miller PE, Mills JP, Barr SL, Birkinshaw SJ. Geospatial data integration for assessing landslide hazard on engineered slopes. In: XXII Congress of the International Society for Remote Sensing. 2012, Melbourne, Australia: ISPRS.
- Ewen J, O'Connell E, Bathurst J, Birkinshaw SJ, Kilsby C, Parkin G, O'Donnell G. Physically-based modelling, uncertainty, and pragmatism – Comment on: ‘Système Hydrologique Europeén (SHE): review and perspectives after 30 years development in distributed physically-based hydrological modelling’ by Jens Christian Refsgaard, Børge Storm and Thomas Clausen. Hydrology Research 2012, 43(6), 945-947.
- Bathurst JC, Birkinshaw SJ, Cisneros F, Fallas J, Iroumé A, Iturraspe R, Gaviño Novillo M, Urciuolo A, Alvarado A, Coello C, Huber A, Miranda M, Ramirez M, Sarandón R. Forest impact on floods due to extreme rainfall and snowmelt in four Latin American environments 2: Model analysis. Journal of Hydrology 2011, 400(3-4), 292-304.
- Birkinshaw SJ, Bathurst JC, Iroumé A, Palacios H. The effect of forest cover on peak flow and sediment discharge – an integrated field and modelling study in central-southern Chile. Hydrological Processes 2011, 25(8), 1284-1297.
- Birkinshaw SJ, Webb B. Flow pathways in the Slapton Wood catchment using temperature as a tracer. Journal of Hydrology 2010, 383(3-4), 269-279.
- Birkinshaw SJ, James P, Ewen J. Graphical user interface for rapid set-up of SHETRAN physically-based river catchment model. Environmental Modelling & Software 2010, 25(4), 609-610.
- Birkinshaw SJ. Technical Note: Automatic river network generation for a physically-based river catchment model. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 2010, 14(9), 1767-1771.
- Birkinshaw SJ, O'Donnell GM, Moore P, Kilsby CG, Fowler HJ, Berry PAM. Using satellite altimetry data to augment flow estimation techniques on the Mekong River. Hydrological Processes 2010, 24(26), 3811-3825.
- Miller PE, Hardy AJ, Mills JP, Barr SL, Birkinshaw SJ, Parkin G, Glendinning S, Hall JW. Intelligent integration of multi-sensor data for risk assessment in transport corridor environments. In: ISPRS Workshop: High-Resolution Earth Imaging for Geospatial Information. 2009, Hannover: ISPRS.
- Birkinshaw SJ, Parkin G, Rao Z. A hybrid neural networks and numerical models approach for predicting groundwater abstraction impacts. Journal of Hydroinformatics 2008, 10(2), 127-137.
- Birkinshaw SJ. Physically-based modelling of double-peak discharge responses at Slapton Wood catchment. Hydrological Processes 2008, 22(10), 1419-1430.
- Davies O, Rouainia M, Glendinning S, Birkinshaw SJ. Predicting seasonal shrink swell cycles within a clay cutting. In: Advances in Transportation Geotechnics: Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Transportation Geotechnics. 2008, Nottingham, UK: London: Taylor Francis.
- Parkin G, Birkinshaw SJ, Younger PL, Rao Z, Kirk S. A numerical modelling and neural network approach to estimate the impact of groundwater abstractions on river flows. Journal of Hydrology 2007, 339(1-2), 15-28.
- Ewen J, Birkinshaw SJ. Lumped hysteretic model for subsurface stormflow developed using downward approach. Hydrological Processes 2007, 21(11), 1496-1505.
- Bathurst JC, Amezaga JM, Birkinshaw SJ, Calder IR. Forests and floods in Latin America: physical processes, policy implications and the EPIC FORCE project. In: Proc. 9th British Hydrological Society National Hydrology Symposium. 2006, Durham: British Hydrological Society.
- Birkinshaw SJ, Bathurst JC. Model study of the relationship between sediment yield and river basin area. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 2006, 31(6), 750-761.
- Birkinshaw SJ, Thorne MC, Younger PL. Reference biospheres for post-closure performance assessment: inter-comparison of SHETRAN simulations and BIOMASS results. Journal of Radiological Protection 2005, 25(1), 33-49.
- Bathurst JC, Birkinshaw SJ, Bovolo CI. Use of decision support systems to analyse policy effects. In: The MEDRAP Concerted Action to support the Northern Mediterranean Action Programme to Combat Desertification. Workshop results & Proceedings. 2004, Sassari, Italy: Nucleo Ricerca Desertificazione.
- Nasr A, Bruen M, Parkin G, Birkinshaw SJ, Moles R, Byrne P. Modelling phosphorous loss from agriculture catchments: a comparison of the performance of SWAT, HSPF and SHETRAN for the Clarianna catchment. In: Proceedings of IWA DipCom, 7th Special Conference on Diffuse Pollution and Basin Management. 2003, Dublin.
- Parkin G, Pollacco J, Birkinshaw S. Predicting the impact of afforestation or deforestation on recharge using only time series soil moisture and hydrometeorological data. In: International Congress on Modelling and Simulation. 2003, Townsville, Australia: University of Western Australia.
- Birkinshaw SJ, Parkin G, Nisbett T, Calder IR, Reid I. Modelling the effect of a Corsican pine forest on nitrate pollution. In: Third International Conference on Water Resources and Environment Research (ICWRER). 2002, Dresden, Germany.
- Bathurst JC, Birkinshaw SJ. Modelling the variation of sediment yield with catchment area. In: 27th EGS General Assembly. 2002, Nice, France: Geophysical Research Abstracts: Copernicus GmbH.
- Birkinshaw SJ, Rao Z, Parkin G. Neural networks and numerical models - a hybrid approach for predicting groundwater abstraction impacts. In: Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Hydroinformatics. 2002, Cardiff, UK: IWA Publishing.
- Ewen J, Bathurst JC, Parkin G, O'Connell E, Birkinshaw SJ, Adams R, Hiley RA, Kilsby CG, Burton A. SHETRAN physically-based distributed river basin modelling system. In: Singh VP; Frevert DK, ed. Mathematical Models of Small Watershed Hydrology and Applications. Highlands Reach, Colorado: Water Resources Publications, 2002, pp.43-68.
- Parkin G, Younger PL, Birkinshaw SJ, Murray M, Rao Z. A new approach to modelling river-aquifer interactions using a 3-D numerical model and neural networks. IAHS-AISH Publication 2001, (269), 183-190.
- Birkinshaw SJ, Ewen J. Modelling nitrate transport in the Slapton Wood catchment using SHETRAN. Journal of Hydrology 2000, 230(1-2), 18-33.
- Birkinshaw SJ, Ewen J. Nitrogen transformation component for SHETRAN catchment nitrate transport modelling. Journal of Hydrology 2000, 230(1-2), 1-17.