Professor Mark Freeston
Professor of Clinical Psychology
- Email: email@example.com
- Telephone: +44 (0) 191 208 7925
- Fax: +44 (0) 191 208 7520
- Address: School of Psychology
(Ridley Building, 4th Floor)
Faculty of Medical Sciences
University of Newcastle
Newcastle upon Tyne
Tyne and Wear
My main research interests are in the field of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder and Generalized Anxiety Disorder and other disorders dominated by intrusive thoughts, worry and rumination. The current focus is to extend psychological models of these disorders through increasing the degree of specification. Through this strategy I believe we will ultimately develop a knowledge base that will enable treatments to become more effective for those who currently benefit little with existing psychological treatments.
In recent years I have been investigating the role of Intolerance of Uncertainty along with colleagues and students. We first became interested in Intolerance of Uncertainty (IoU) in 1993 at Université Laval (Quebec) when we realized that although people with Generalized Anxiety Disorder had difficulty solving problems, they actually had good knowledge of problem solving. So what got in the way? Our clinical hunch was that they could not tolerate situations where the outcome was not yet known, and that this was independent of any negative consequences. That is, for some people uncertainty was part of the threat or threatening in and of itself. From a hunch came a questionnaire published in 1994, the Laval model of GAD with IoU at its heart, then a treatment with several RCTs, and much more work on the model. There has also been snowballing interest in the scale and indeed in the construct. It appears to have face validity, resonates as a concept with clinicians and patients alike and it is being used with different populations and in different areas of psychological research. Along with a range of collaborators, our current lines of research in this area include the nature of IoU and its manifestations in everyday life; its possible origins and developmental course, its potential contribution to anxiety (including performance anxiety), depression, psychosis, and autism spectrum disorders; its possible role in physical health conditions, its presentation and role in non-western cultures, IoU and healthy ageing, developing IoU-specific treatment strategies, etc.
Mark Freeston completed a Maîtrise en Psychologie (M.Ps.) in 1990 at Université Laval in Québec, including clinical training in CBT, and was recipient of a scholarship awarded by Fonds pour la formation des chercheurs et de l'aide à la recherche (FCAR) from the Quebec provincial government. He then completed a Doctorat en psychologie (Ph.D.) in 1995 on the conceptualisation and treatment of obsessive thoughts at Université Laval, Québec and was supported by a scholarship awarded by the Medical Research Council of Canada. Post-doctoral studies followed at le Centre de recherché Université Laval Robert-Giffard researching factors related to the maintenance and treatment of GAD. During this time he received a post-doctoral fellowship awarded by the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada.
After completing post-doctoral studies, Mark Freeston took up a position as Assistant Professor (Research) at Centre de recherche Fernand-Seguin in Montréal supported by les Fonds de Recherche en Santé du Québec (1997-1999) and then as Research Scholar by the Medical Research Council of Canada (1999-2000). He moved to Newcastle in September 2000 to take post as Director of Research and Training at the Newcastle Cognitive and Behavioural Therapies Centre and Honorary Professor at the University of Durham. In March 2001, he was appointed Professor of Clinical Psychology at Newcastle University where he is Senior Research Tutor for the Doctorate in Clinical Psychology. From 2003 to 2006 he chaired the NICE Guideline Development Group for CG 31 (Obsessive-compulsive disorder and body dysmorphic disorder: treatment). He was Course Director for the NCBTC Postgraduate Diploma in Cognitive Therapy from 2000 to 2010. He is currently Head of Research and Development at Newcastle Cognitive and Behavioural Therapies Centre.
Roles and Responsibilities
I divide my time between Newcastle University and the NHS.
I teach research methods in clinical psychology, with a particular interest in “smallish-N” designs in clinical settings and Single Case Experimental Design. I provide research supervision to PhD, DClinPsy, MPhil, MSc and undergraduate students and have supervised or co-supervised over 50 students in recent years.
I regularly provide workshops on the cognitive behavioural treatment of OCD and GAD in the UK, Europe and elsewhere as well as experiential approaches to training in CBT for anxiety, workshops on clinical supervision in CBT, approaches to comorbidity and complexity, and Intolerance of Uncertainty as a Transdiagnostic Construct.
Area of expertise
- Research Methods
I am fluent in French.
My main research interests are in the field of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder and Generalized Anxiety Disorder and related disorders dominated by intrusive thoughts and rumination. The current focus is to extend psychological models of these disorders through increasing the degree of specification. I am also interested in the development of worry in children and adolecsents. Through these strategies I believe we will ultimately develop a knowledge base that will enable treatments to become more effective for those who currently benefit little with existing psychological treatments.
Other research interests include Cognitive Behavioural Therapies (CBT) formulation, training and supervision research.
I have a particular interest in "smallish N" and single case designs that under the right circumstances can provide a high level of inference in response to focused clinically-relevant questions.
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder: I am currently pursuing three lines of research to further develop psychological models of key features of OCD. These are: 1) Detailed desciptions of specific phenomenology in OCD; 2) Developmental issues related to OCD; 3) Experimental analogues of psychological mechanisms involved in the development and maintenance of OCD.
Generalized Anxiety Disorder: Together with Dr Jacqui Rodgers and others we are investigating the Laval model of worry (Dugas, Ladouceur, Gagnon & Freeston, 1998), and specifically the construct of Intolerance of Uncertainty (Freeston et al., 1994). We are investigating this construct among adolescents with the goal of achieving a develomentally informed account of why some people find uncertain situations both problematic and aversive.
A related line attempts to specify how intolerance of uncertainty may present differentially in OCD and GAD.
With colleagues in the Institute of Health and Society we are looking at aspects of anxiety, including intolerance of uncertainty and repetitive and compulsive behaviours, may how they appear and relate to each other among people with autistic spectrum disorders.
The current research will ultimately lead to new cognitive behavioural treatment strategies. These initially will be developed and piloted using experimental single case designs.
I am Senior Research Tutor for the Doctorate in Clinical Psychology.
I provide supervision in the areas of interest noted above.
I am module leader for the Research Module for the Doctorate in Clinical Psychology. I provide a significant amount of teaching into the module, especially on quantitative research methodology and the particular issues for effective research in clinical settings.
I provide teaching into the Postgraduate Diploma in CBT.
I provide research supervision for undergraduate students in Psychology, for MSc in Foundations of Clinical Psychology, and for doctoral students on the Doctorate in Clinical Psychology Programme.
- Pepperdine E, Lomax C, Freeston M. Disentangling Intolerance of Uncertainty and Threat Appraisal in Everyday Situations. Journal of Anxiety Disorders 2018, Epub ahead of print.
- Rodgers J, Herrema R, Honey E, Freeston M. Towards a Treatment for Intolerance of Uncertainty for Autistic Adults: A Single Case Experimental Design Study. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 2018, (ePub ahead of Print).
- Sankar R, Robinson L, Honey E, Freeston M. ‘We know intolerance of uncertainty is a transdiagnostic factor but we don’t know what it looks like in everyday life’: A systematic review of intolerance of uncertainty behaviours. Clinical Psychology Forum 2017, 296, 10-15.
- Romero-Sanchiz P, Nogueira-Arjona R, GodoyÁvila A, Gavino-Lazaro A, Freeston MH. Assessing transdiagnostic intrusive thoughts: Factor structure, reliability and validity of the Cognitive Intrusions Questionnaire-Transdiagnostic version in a Spanish sample. Personality and Individual Differences 2017, 114, 181-186.
- Herrema R, Garland D, Osborne M, Freeston M, Honey E, Rodgers J. Brief Report: What Happens When I Can No Longer Support My Autistic Relative? Worries About the Future for Family Members of Autistic Adults. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 2017, 47(11), 3659-3668.
- Romero-Sanchiz P, Nogueira-Arjona R, Godoy-Avila A, Gavino-Lazaro A, Freeston MH. Differences in clinical intrusive thoughts between obsessive-compulsive disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, and hypochondria. Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy 2017, 24(6), O1464-O1473.
- Hodgson A, Freeston M, Honey E, Rodgers J. Facing the Unknown: Intolerance of Uncertainty in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder. Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities 2017, 30(2), 336-344.
- Hackett SS, Taylor JL, Freeston M, Jahoda A, McColl E, Pennington L, Kaner E. Interpersonal art psychotherapy for the treatment of aggression in people with learning disabilities in secure care: a protocol for a randomised controlled feasibility study. Pilot and Feasibility Studies 2017, 3, 42.
- Bottesi G, Ghisi M, Sica C, Freeston MH. Intolerance of uncertainty, not just right experiences, and compulsive checking: Test of a moderated mediation model on a non-clinical sample. Comprehensive Psychiatry 2017, 73, 111-119.
- Herrema R, Garland D, Osborne M, Freeston M, Honey E, Rodgers J. Mental Wellbeing of Family Members of Autistic Adults. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 2017, 47(11), 3589-3599.
- Rodgers J, Hodgson A, Shields K, Wright C, Honey E, Freeston M. Towards a treatment for intolerance of uncertainty in young people with autism spectrum disorder: Development of the Coping with Uncertainty in Everyday situations (CUES©) programme. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 2017, 47(12), 3959-3966.
- Moorhead C, Winfield J, Freeston MH. Becoming a more mindful practitioner: the effectiveness of a Mindfulness-based CBT Course in meeting training needs for clinical staff in adult mental health Urgent Care services. The Cognitive Behaviour Therapist 2016, 9, e4.
- Rodgers J, Wigham S, McConachie H, Freeston M, Honey E, Parr JR. Development of the Anxiety Scale for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASC-ASD). Autism Research 2016, 9(11), 1205–1215.
- Willson R, Veale D, Freeston M. Imagery Rescripting for Body Dysmorphic Disorder: A multiple-baseline single case experimental design. Behavior Therapy 2016, 47(2), 248-261.
- Maisel ME, Stephenson KG, South M, Rodgers J, Freeston MH, Gaigg SB. Modeling the Cognitive Mechanisms Linking Autism Symptoms and Anxiety in Adults. Journal of Abnormal Psychology 2016, 125(5), 692-703.
- Guzman A, Freeston M, Rochester L, Hughes J, James I. Psychomotor Dance Therapy Intervention (DANCIN) for people with dementia in care homes: a multiple-baseline single case study. International Psychogeriatrics 2016, 28(10), 1695-1715.
- Greer J, Smailes D, Spencer H, Freeston M, Dudley R. Recall of threat material is modulated by self or other referencing in people with high or low levels of non-clinical paranoia. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry 2016, 50, 1-7.
- Bottesi G, Ghisi M, Carraro E, Barclay N, Payne R, Freeston MH. Revising the Intolerance of Uncertainty Model of Generalized Anxiety Disorder: Evidence from UK and Italian Undergraduate Samples. Frontiers in Psychology 2016, 7, 1723.
- Davis ML, Thwaites R, Freeston MH, Bennett-Levy J. A Measurable Impact of a Self-Practice/Self-Reflection Programme on the Therapeutic Skills of Experienced Cognitive-Behavioural Therapists. Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy 2015, 22(2), 176-184.
- Bottesi G, Spoto A, Freeston MH, Sanavio E, Vidotto G. Beyond the Score: Clinical Evaluation Through Formal Psychological Assessment. Journal of Personality Assessment 2015, 97(3), 252-260.
- Morley C, Alias SHB, Marram B, Freeston MH, Rosenkranz P. Different Ways of Being Christian: A Clustering Approach to the Investigation of Religiosity. In: International Convention of Psychological Science. 2015, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
- Williams S, Dagnan D, Rodgers J, Freeston M. Exploring carers' judgements of responsibility and control in response to the challenging behaviour of people with intellectual disabilities. Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities 2015, 28(6), 589-593.
- Robinson G, Freeston M. Intolerance of uncertainty as a predictor of performance anxiety and robustness of sport confidence in university student-athletes. Journal of Clinical Sport Psychology 2015, 9(4), 335-344.
- Bottesi G, Ghisi M, Novara C, Bertocchi J, e Ilaria MB, Dominicis D, Freeston MH. Intolerance of Uncertainty Scale (IUS-27 and IUS-12): Two preliminary studiesIntolerance of uncertainty scale (IUS-27 e IUS-12): Due studi preliminari. Psicoterapia Cognitiva e Comportamentale 2015, 21(3), 345-365.
- Wilson R, Collerton D, Freeston M, Christodoulides T, Dudley R. Is seeing believing? The process of change during cognitive-behavioural therapy for distressing visual hallucinations. Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy 2015, e-pub ahead of print.
- Romero-Sanchiz P, Nogueira-Arjona R, Godoy-Ávila A, Gavino-Lázaro A, Freeston MH. Narrow Specificity of Responsibility and Intolerance of Uncertainty in Obsessive-Compulsive Behavior and Generalized Anxiety Symptoms. International Journal of Cognitive Therapy 2015, 8(3), 239-257.
- Freeston MH, Bottesi G, Giuliano M, Walker S, Rodgers J, March C, Ford M, Clarke J, Shepherd K, Pickering C, Rosenkranz P, Leekam S. The Intolerance of Uncertainty Scale among younger adolescents: Psychometric properties and transdiagnostic relationships. Journal of Anxiety Disorders 2015. Submitted.
- BownessClarke J, Ford M, Heary S, Rodgers J, Freeston M. The Relationship Between Negative Problem Orientation and Worry: A Meta-Analytic Review. Psychopathology Review 2015. In Press.
- Dudley R, Ingham B, Sowerby K, Freeston M. The utility of case formulation in treatment decision making; the effect of experience and expertise. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry 2015, 48, 66-74.
- Barclay NA, Freeston MH. Transdiagnostic relationships between Desire for Predictability and Uncertainty Paralysis and common mental health problems: A meta-analytic review of the Intolerance of Uncertainty Scale. Journal of Anxiety Disorders 2015. Submitted.
- Carleton RN, Duranceau S, Freeston MH, Boelen PA, McCabe RE, Antony MM. "But it might be a heart attack": Intolerance of uncertainty and panic disorder symptoms. Journal of Anxiety Disorders 2014, 28(5), 463-470.
- Howarth A, Freeston MH, Reichelt K, James IA. Clinicians’ views on the clinical utility of a revised definition of schema and its implications for the treatment of depression. The Cognitive Behaviour Therapist 2014, 7, e3.
- Careau Y, OConnor K, Turgeon L, Freeston M. Cognitive reactivity in obsessional rumination: A naturalistic and longitudinal investigation. Journal of Experimental Psychopathology 2014, 5(4), 425-456.
- Wild A, Freeston M, Heary S, Rodgers J. Diminished physiological flexibility is associated with intolerance of uncertainty during affective decision making in adolescence. Journal of Experimental Psychopathology 2014, 5(4), 503-513.
- Robinson LJ, Freeston MH. Emotion and internal experience in Obsessive Compulsive Disorder: Reviewing the role of Alexithymia, Anxiety Sensitivity and Distress Tolerance. Clinical Psychology Review 2014, 34(3), 256-271.
- South M, Chamberlain PD, Wigham S, Newton T, Le Couteur A, McConachie H, Gray L, Freeston M, Parr J, Kirwan CB, Rodgers J. Enhanced decision making and risk avoidance in high-functioning autism spectrum disorder. Neuropsychology 2014, 28(2), 222-228.
- McConachie H, McLaughlin E, Grahame V, Taylor H, Honey E, Tavernor L, Rodgers J, Freeston M, Hemm C, Steen N, Le Couteur A. Group therapy for anxiety in children with autism spectrum disorder. Autism 2014, 18(6), 723-732.
- Boulter C, Freeston M, South M, Rodgers J. Intolerance of Uncertainty as a Framework for Understanding Anxiety in Children and Adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 2014, 44(6), 1391-1402.
- Lidstone J, Uljarevic M, Sullivan J, Rodgers J, McConachie H, Freeston M, Le Couteur A, Prior M, Leekam S. Relations among restricted and repetitive behaviours, anxiety and sensory features in children with autism spectrum disorders. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders 2014, 8(2), 82-92.
- Wigham S, Rodgers J, South M, McConachie H, Freeston M. The interplay between sensory processing abnormalities, intolerance of uncertainty, anxiety and restricted and repetitive behaviours in Autism Spectrum Disorder. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 2014, 45(4), 943-952.
- Chaddock A, Thwaites R, Bennett-Levy J, Freeston MH. Understanding individual differences in response to Self-Practice and Self-Reflection (SP/SR) during CBT training. The Cognitive Behaviour Therapist 2014, 7, e14.
- Man S, Freeston MH, Ellis JG, Lee DR. A pilot study investigating differences in sleep and life preoccupations in chronic and acute insomnia. Sleep Medicine Research 2013, 4(2), 43-50.
- Chamberlain PD, Rodgers J, Crowley MJ, White SE, Freeston MH, South M. A potentiated startle study of uncertainty and contextual anxiety in adolescents diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder. Molecular Autism 2013, 4, 1-11.
- Ghisi M, Bottesi G, Sica C, Sanavio E, Freeston MH. Is Performance on the Go/Nogo Task Related to Not Just Right Experiences in Patients with Obsessive Compulsive Disorder?. Cognitive Therapy and Research 2013, 37(6), 1121-1131.
- Dudley R, Daley K, Nicholson M, Shaftoe D, Spencer H, Cavanagh K, Freeston M. 'Jumping to conclusions' in first-episode psychosis: a longitudinal study. British Journal of Clinical Psychology 2013, 52(4), 380-393.
- Callcott P, Dudley R, Standart S, Freeston M, Turkington D. Treating Trauma in people with first-episode psychosis using cognitive behavioural therapy. In: CBT for Psychosis: A Symptom-Based Approach. London, UK: Taylor and Francis, 2013, pp.175-192.
- Ormrod J, Shaftoe D, Cavanagh K, Freeston M, Turkington D, Price J, Dudley R. A pilot study exploring the contribution of working memory to "jumping to conclusions" in people with first episode psychosis. Cognitive Neuropsychiatry 2012, 17(2), 97-114.
- Careau Y, O'Connor KP, Turgeon L, Freeston MH. Childhood experiences and adult beliefs in obsessive-compulsive disorder: Evaluating a specific etiological model. Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy 2012, 26(3), 236-256.
- O'Connor K, Freeston M, Delorme ME, Aardema F, Polman A, Careau Y, Grenier S. Covert neutralization in the treatment of OCD with overt compulsions. Journal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders 2012, 1(4), 274-282.
- Birrell J, Meares K, Wilkinson A, Freeston M. Toward a definition of intolerance of uncertainty: A review of factor analytical studies of the Intolerance of Uncertainty Scale. Clinical Psychology Review 2012, 31(7), 1198-1208.
- Dudley R, Shaftoe D, Cavanagh K, Spencer H, Ormrod J, Turkington D, Freeston M. ‘Jumping to conclusions’ in first-episode psychosis. Early Intervention in Psychiatry 2011, 5(1), 50-56.
- Cromarty P, Jonsson J, Moorhead S, Freeston MH. Cognitive Behaviour Therapy for Withdrawal from Antidepressant Medication: A Single Case Series. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy 2011, 39(1), 77-97.
- Garcia AG, Hughes J, Freeston M, Rochester L, James I. Dance embraces dementia: A psychomotor intervention in care homes. In: INTERNATIONAL PSYCHOGERIATRICS. 2011, 32 AVENUE OF THE AMERICAS, NEW YORK, NY 10013-2473 USA: CAMBRIDGE UNIV PRESS.
- Pace SM, Thwaites R, Freeston MH. Exploring the role of external criticism in Obsessive Compulsive Disorder: A narrative review. Clinical Psychology Review 2011, 31(3), 361-370.
- Laing SV, Fernyhough C, Turner M, Freeston MH. Fear, Worry, and Ritualistic Behaviour in Childhood: Developmental Trends and Interrelations. Infant and Child Development 2009, 18(4), 351-366.
- Flint B, Baker C, Freeston M, Newton JL. Level of psychosocial impairment predicts early response to treatment in vasovagal syncope. Europace 2009, 11(2), 231-236.
- Shafran R, Clark D, Fairburn C, Arntz A, Barlow D, Ehlers A, Freeston M, Garety P, Hollon S, Ost L, Salkovskis P, Williams J, Wilson G. Mind the gap: Improving the dissemination of CBT. Behaviour Research and Therapy 2009, 47(11), 902-909.
- Bacon E, Milne DL, Sheikh AI, Freeston MH. Positive Experiences in Caregivers: An Exploratory Case Series. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy 2009, 37(1), 95-114.
- Veale D, Freeston M, Krebs G, Heyman I, Salkovskis P. Risk assessment and management in obsessive-compulsive disorder. Advances in Psychiatric Treatment 2009, 15(5), 332-343.
- Milne DL, Freeston MH, Paxton R, James I, Cooper M, Knibbs J. A new pyramid of research knowledge for the NHS. Journal of Mental Health 2008, 17(5), 509-519.
- Keen AJA, Freeston MH. Assessing competence in cognitive-behavioural therapy. British Journal of Psychiatry 2008, 193(1), 60-64.
- Barton S, Armstrong P, Freeston M, Twaddle V. Early intervention for adults at high risk of recurrent/chronic depression: Cognitive model and clinical case series. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy 2008, 36(3), 263-282.
- Julien D, Careau Y, O'Connor KP, Bouvard M, Rheaume J, Langlois F, Freeston MH, Radomsky AS, Cottraux J. Specificity of belief domains in OCD: Validation of the French version of the Obsessive Beliefs Questionnaire and a comparison across samples. Journal of Anxiety Disorders 2008, 22(6), 1029-1041.
- Milne D, Kennedy E, Todd H, Lombardo C, Freeston M, Day A. Zooming in on CBT Supervision: A Comparison of Two Levels of Effectiveness Evaluation. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy 2008, 36(5), 619-624.
- Gosselin P, Langlois F, Freeston MH, Ladouceur R, Laberge M, Lemay D. Cognitive variables related to worry among adolescents: Avoidance strategies and faulty beliefs about worry. Behaviour Research and Therapy 2007, 45(2), 225-233.
- Flitcroft A, James IA, Freeston M, Wood-Mitchell A. Determining what is important in a good formulation. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy 2007, 35(3), 325-333.
- James IA, Reichelt FK, Freeston MH, Barton SB. Schemas as memories: Implications for treatment. Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy 2007, 21(1), 51-57.
- Blackburn P, Freeston M, Baker CR, Jones DEJ, Newton JL. The role of psychological factors in the fatigue of primary biliary cirrhosis. Liver International 2007, 27(5), 654-661.
- Gracie J, Newton JL, Norton M, Baker C, Freeston M. The role of psychological factors in response to treatment in neurocardiogenic (vasovagal) syncope. Europace 2006, 8(8), 636-643.
- O'Connor K, Freeston MH, Gareau D, Careau Y, Dufour MJ, Aardema F, Todorov C. Group versus individual treatment in obsessions without compulsions. Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy 2005, 12(2), 87-96.
- Bruce S, Rodgers J, Firth M, Freeston M. Mum knows best? Psychological status in an oncology sample. Child: Care, Health and Development 2005, 31(6), 643-648.
- Thwaites R, Freeston MH. Safety-seeking behaviours: Fact or function? How can we clinically differentiate between safety behaviours and adaptive coping strategies across anxiety disorders?. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy 2005, 33(2), 177-188.
- Langlois F, Ladouceur R, Patrick G, Freeston MH. Characteristics of illness intrusions in a non-clinical sample. Behaviour Research and Therapy 2004, 42(6), 683-696.
- Cromarty P, Robinson G, Callcott P, Freeston M. Cognitive therapy and exercise for panic and agoraphobia in primary care: Pilot study and service development. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy 2004, 32(3), 371-374.
- Ladouceur R, Leger E, Dugas M, Freeston MH. Cognitive-behavioral treatment of Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) for older adults. International Psychogeriatrics 2004, 16(2), 195-207.
- Gracie J, Baker C, Freeston MH, Newton JL. The role of psychological factors in the aetiology and treatment of vasovagal syncope. Indian Pacing and Electrophysiology Journal 2004, 4(2), 79-84.
- Leger E, Ladouceur R, Dugas MJ, Freeston MH. Cognitive-behavioral treatment of generalized anxiety disorder among adolescents: A case series. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 2003, 42(3), 327-330.
- Gosselin P, Ladouceur R, Langlois F, Freeston MH, Dugas MJ, Bertrand J. Développement et validation d'un nouvel instrument évaluant les croyances erronéesà l'égard des inquiétudes. / Development and validation of a new instrument to evaluate erroneous beliefs about worries. Revue Européenne de Psychologie Appliquée/European Review of Applied Psychology 2003, 53(3-4), 199-211.
- Dugas MJ, Ladouceur R, Leger E, Freeston MH, Langlois F, Provencher MD, Boisvert JM. Group cognitive-behavioral therapy for generalized anxiety disorder: Treatment outcome and long-term follow-up. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 2003, 71(4), 821-825.
- Bhar S, Bouvard M, Calamari J, Carmin C, Clark DA, Cottraux J, Emmelkamp P, Forrester E, Freeston M, Frost R, Hordern C, Janeck A, Kyrios M, McKay D, Neziroglu F, Novara C, Pinard G, Pollard CA, Purdon C, Rheaume J, Riskind J, Salkovskis P, Sanavio E, Shafran R, Sica C, Simos G, Sochting I, Sookman D, Steketee G, Taylor S, Thordarson D, van Oppen P, Warren R, Whittal M, Wilhelm S, Yaryura-Tobias J. Psychometric validation of the Obsessive Beliefs Questionnaire and the Interpretation of Intrusions Inventory: Part I. Behaviour Research and Therapy 2003, 41(8), 863-878.
- Guay S, Boisvert JM, Freeston MH. Validity of three measures of communication for predicting relationship adjustment and stability among a sample of young couples. Psychological Assessment 2003, 15(3), 392-398.
- Leger E, Ladouceur R, Freeston MH. Anxiety and physical limitation : a complex relation. L' Encephale: Revue de psychiatrie clinique biologique et thérapeutique 2002, 28(3), 205-209.
- Leger E, Ladouceur R, Freeston MH. Anxiety and physical limitation: a complex relation. Encephale 2002, 28(1), 205-209.
- Townend M, Iannetta L, Freeston MH. Clinical supervision in practice: A survey of UK cognitive behavioural psychotherapists accredited by the BABCP. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy 2002, 30(4), 485-500.
- Maranda J, Morizot J, Freeston MH, Tremblay R. Parents' version of an evaluation scale of the dimensions of behavior: Diagnostic sensitivity in an institutional context. Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science 2002, 34(3), 141-145.
- Turgeon L, O'Connor KP, Marchand A, Freeston MH. Recollections of parent-child relationships in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder and panic disorder with agoraphobia. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica 2002, 105(4), 310-316.
- Morizot F, Maranda J, Poirier M, Tremblay R, Freeston MH. The Behavior Dimensions Rating Scale-Parent form: Diagnostic sensitivity in a school context. Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science 2002, 34(1), 1-7.
- Ladouceur R, Freeston MH, Fournier S, Dugas MJ, Doucet C. The social basis of worry in three samples: High-school students, University students, and older adults. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy 2002, 30(4), 427-438.
- Freeston MH, Salkovskis PM. Cognitive approaches to obsessive-compulsive disorder: Motivation and emotional ambivalence - A rejoinder to O'Kearney. Australian Journal of Psychology 2001, 53(1), 10-11.
- Freeston MH, Leger E, Ladouceur R. Cognitive therapy of obsessive thoughts. Cognitive and Behavioural Practice 2001, 8(1), 61-78.
- Freeston MH. Cognitive-behavioural treatment of a 14 year old teenager with obsessive compulsive disorder. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy 2001, 29(1), 71-84.
- Steketee G, Frost R, Amir N, Bouvard M, Carmin C, Clark DA, Cottraux J, Emmelkamp P, Forrester E, Freeston M, Hoekstra R, Kyrios M, Ladouceur R, Neziroglu F, Pinard G, Pollard CA, Purdon C, Rachman S, Rheaume J, Richards C, Salkovskis P, Sanavio E, Shafran R, Sica C, Simos G, Sochting I, Sookman D, Taylor S, Thordarson D, Oppen vanP, Warren R, Whittal M, Yaryura-Tobias J. Development and initial validation of the obsessive beliefs questionnaire and the interpretation of intrusions inventory. Behaviour Research and Therapy 2001, 39(8), 987-1006.
- Gosselin P, Dugas MJ, Ladouceur R, Freeston MH. Evaluation of worry: Validation of a French Translation of the Penn State Worry Questionnaire. L' Encephale 2001, 27(5), 475-484.
- Salkovskis P, Freeston MH. Obsessions, compulsions, motivation, and responsibility for harm. Australian Journal of Psychology 2001, 53(1), 1-6.