Gateshead Millennium Study: A longitudinal cohort study of children born in Gateshead 1999-2000
From June 2006 to September 2015
Project Leader(s): Professor Ashley Adamson, Professor John Reilly (University of Strathclyde)
Staff: Xanne Janssen (Glasgow)
Contact: Prof. Ashley Adamson (Study Lead)
Sponsors: Chief Scientific Office, Scotland; University of Strathclyde; Gateshead PCT
The Gateshead Millennium Study is a birth cohort of children born between June 1999 and May 2000. 1029 children born to 1011 mothers were recruited into the study which looked to find reasons for the problem of weight faltering in infancy. Since then, the study has also looked at iron deficiency, breastfeeding, weaning, food preferences, repetitive behaviours, physical activity, parenting styles and food knowledge. Up until school age we asked the parent/main carer to provide information by completing questionnaires. Since then we have visited the children at ages 7, 9 and 12 years old in school, and asked them to complete questionnaires too. This has yielded data on topics such as sports club participation, eating attitudes, mental health, home environment, food knowledge and how they feel about eating. We have also measured their physical activity, body composition and food intake.
A new data sweep aims to build on this previous research by repeating earlier measures at age 15-16 years. This includes physical activity, sedentary behaviour, dietary intake, and behaviour and attitudes. The primary focus of this study is sedentary behaviour; this appears to have an important independent effect on cardiometabolic health and public health efforts are being made to promote breaks in sitting. However, there is a dearth of evidence in this field, and the evidence from this study will contribute towards future interventions. Dietary intake is equally important to health. We will continue to measure dietary intake, as well as important aspects of mental health, specifically quality of life and depression, which are associated with obesity in children, and the prevalence other lifestyle behaviours of early smoking and alcohol-drinking which can be risk factors for later physical and mental health problems. Impaired development in early life may lead to poor respiratory function and high blood pressure in later life, but as it is not known when these changes may start to occur, we will again measure lung function and blood pressure.
Please visit the GMS website for more about what we have done so far.
- Basterfield L, Gardner L, Reilly JK, Pearce MS, Parkinson KN, Adamson AJ, Reilly JJ, Vella SA. Can’t play, won’t play: longitudinal changes in perceived barriers to participation in sports clubs across the child-adolescent transition.
BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine 2016, 2(1), e000079.
- Almoosawi S, Jones A, Parkinson K, Pearce M, Collins H, Adamson A. Parental perception of weight status: Influence on children's diet in the Gateshead Millennium Study.
PLoS ONE 2016, 11(2), e0144931.
- Parkinson KN, Jones AR, Tovée MJ, Ells LJ, Pearce MS, Araujo-Soares V, Adamson A. A cluster randomised trial testing an intervention to improve parents' recognition of their child's weight status: study protocol.
BMC Public Health 2015, 15, 549.
- Janssen A, Basterfield L, Parkinson KN, Pearce M, Reilly JK, Adamson AJ, Reilly JJ. Determinants of changes in sedentary time and breaks in sedentary time among 9 and 12 year old children.
Prevention Medicine Reports 2015, 2, 880-885.
- Basterfield L, Reilly JK, Pearce MS, Parkinson KN, Adamson AJ, Reilly JJ, Vella SA. Longitudinal associations between sports participation, body composition and physical activity from childhood to adolescence.
Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport 2015, 18(2), 178-182.
- Janssen X, Basterfield L, Parkinson KN, Pearce MS, Reilly JK, Adamson AJ, Reilly JJ, Gateshead Millennium Study Core Team. Objective measurement of sedentary behavior: impact of non-wear time rules on changes in sedentary time.
BMC Public Health 2015, 15, 504.
- Basterfield L, Jones AR, Parkinson KN, Reilly J, Pearce MS, Reilly JJ, Adamson AJ, Gateshead Millennium Study Core Team. Physical activity, diet and BMI in children aged 6–8 years: a cross-sectional analysis.
BMJ Open 2014, 4(6), e005001.
- Pearce MS, James PW, Franco-Villoria M, Parkinson KN, Jones AR, Basterfield L, Drewett RF, Wright CM, Adamson AJ. Creation of an Adiposity Index for Children Aged 6–8 Years: The Gateshead Millennium Study.
BioMed Research International 2013, 2013, 431825.
- Parkinson KN, Drewett RF, Jones AR, Adamson AJ, The Gateshead Millennium Study Core Team. Mothers' judgements about their child's weight: distinguishing facts from values.
Child: Care Health and Development 2013, 39(5), 722-727.
- Larsen PS, Kamper-Jørgensen M, Adamson A, Barros H, Bonde JP, Brescianini S, Brophy S, Casas M, Charles M, Devereux G, Eggesbø M, Fantini MP, Frey U, Gehring U, Grazuleviciene R, Henriksen TB, Hertz-Picciotto I, Heude B, Hryhorczuk DO, Inskip H, Jaddoe V, Lawlor DA, Ludvigsson J, Kelleher CC, Kiess W, Koletzko B, Kuehni CE, Kull I, Kyhl HB, Magnus P, Momas I, Murray D, Pekkanen J, Polanska K, Porta D, Poulsen G, Richiardi L, Roeleveld N, Skovgaard AM, Sram RJ, Thijs C, VanEijsden M, Wright J, Vrijheid M, NyboAndersen A. Pregnancy and birth cohort resources in Europe: a large opportunity for aetiological child health research.
Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology 2013, 27(4), 393-414.
- Parkinson KN, Drewett RF, Le Couteur A, Adamson AJ, The GMS Core Team. Earlier predictors of eating disorder symptoms in 9-year old children. A longitudinal Study.
Appetite 2012, 59(1), 161-167.
- Pearce MS, Basterfield L, Mann KD, Parkinson KN, Adamson AJ, Reilly JJ, Gateshead Millennium Study. Early Predictors of Objectively Measured Physical Activity and Sedentary Behaviour in 8-10 Year Old Children: The Gateshead Millennium Study.
PLoS One 2012, 7(6), e37975.
- Basterfield L, Pearce MS, Adamson AJ, Reilly JK, Parkinson KN, Reilly JJ, Gateshead Millennium Study Core Team. Effect of choice of outcome measure on studies of the etiology of obesity in children.
Annals of Epidemiology 2012, 22(12), 888-891.
- Basterfield L, Pearce MS, Adamson AJ, Frary JK, Parkinson KN, Wright CM, Reilly JJ, Gateshead Millennium Study Core Team. Physical Activity, Sedentary Behavior, and Adiposity in English Children.
American Journal of Preventive Medicine 2012, 42(5), 445-451.
- Wright CM, Cox KM, Sherriff A, Franco-Villoria M, Pearce MS, Adamson AJ, Gateshead Millennium Study Core Team. To what extent do weight gain and eating avidity during infancy predict later adiposity?.
Public Health Nutrition 2012, 15(4), 656-662.
- Parkinson KN, Pearce M, Dale A, Reilly JJ, Drewett RF, Wright CM, Relton CL, McArdle P, Le Couteur AS, Adamson AJ. Cohort Profile: The Gateshead Millennium Study.
International Journal of Epidemiology 2011, 40(2), 308-317.
- Wright CM, Cameron K, Tsiaka M, Parkinson KN. Is baby-led weaning feasible? When do babies first reach out for and eat finger foods?.
Maternal and Child Nutrition 2011, 7(1), 27-33.
- Basterfield L, Adamson AJ, Frary JK, Parkinson KN, Pearce MS, Reilly JJ. Longitudinal Study of Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior in Children.
Pediatrics 2011, 127(1), e24-e30.
- Robertson J, Puckering C, Parkinson K, Corlett L, Wright C, GMS team. Mother-child feeding interactions in children with and without weight faltering; nested case control study.
Appetite 2011, 56(3), 753-759.
- Jones AR, Parkinson KN, Drewett RF, Hyland RM, Pearce MS, Adamson AJ, and the Gateshead Millennium Study core team. Parental perceptions of weight status in children: the Gateshead Millennium Study.
International Journal of Obesity 2011, 35(7), 953-962.
- Basterfield L, Adamson AJ, Pearce MS, Reilly JJ, GMS team. Stability of habitual physical activity and sedentary behaviour monitoring by accelerometry in 6-8 year olds.
Journal of Physical Activity & Health 2011, 8(4), 543-547.
- Parkinson KN, Drewett RF, Jones AR, Wright CM, Dale A, Pearce NS, Adamson AJ, Gateshead Millennium Study Core Team. When do mothers think their child is overweight?.
International Journal of Obesity 2011, 35(4), 510-516.
- King AC, Parkinson KN, Adamson AJ, Murray L, Besson H, Reilly JJ, Basterfield L. Correlates of objectively measured physical activity and sedentary behaviour in English children.
European Journal of Public Health 2010, 21(4), 424-431.
- Parkinson KN, Drewett RF, le Couteur A, Adamson AJ. Do maternal ratings of appetite in infants predict later Child Eating Behviour Questionnaire scores and body mass index?.
Appetite 2010, 54(1), 186-190.
- Wright CM, Stone DH, Parkinson KN. Undernutrition in British Haredi infants within the Gateshead Millennium Cohort Study.
Archives of Disease in Childhood 2010, 95(8), 630-633.
- Jones AR, Hyland RM, Parkinson KN, Adamson AJ, The Gateshead Millennium Study Core Team. Developing a focus group approach for exploring parents' perspectives on childhood overweight.
Nutrition Bulletin 2009, 34(2), 214–219.
- Basterfield L, Adamson AJ, Parkinson KN, Maute U, Xin-Li P, Reilly JJ. Surveillance of physical activity in the UK is flawed: validation of the Health Survey for England Physical Activity Questionnaire.
Archives of Disease in Childhood 2008, 93(12), 1054-1058.
- Parkinson K, Wright C, Drewett R. The Gateshead Millennium Baby Study: A prospective study of feeding and growth.
International Journal of Social Research Methodology 2007, 10(5), 335-347.