Dr Tom Smulders
- Email: email@example.com
- Telephone: +44 (0) 191 208 5790
- Fax: +44 (0) 191 208 5622
- Personal Website: http://www.staff.ncl.ac.uk/tom.smulders
- Address: The Henry Wellcome Building for Neuroecology,
Newcastle upon Tyne, NE2 4HH
Tom Smulders was born near Antwerp, Belgium and grew up in Brecht, Belgium.
2003-2005 Post-Graduate Certificate in Academic Practice, Newcastle University, UK
1992-1998 Ph.D. in Biopsychology at Cornell University, USA. (Supervisor: Prof. Timothy J. DeVoogd)
1990-1992 MSc in Zoology at Antwerp University, Belgium
1988-1990 BSc in Biology at Antwerp University, Belgium
Roles and Responsibilities
2016-present Chair of the Equality and Diversity Committee of the Institute of Neuroscience
2014-present Director of the Centre for Behaviour and Evolution
2008-2015 Chair of the Seminar Committee of the Institute of Neuroscience
2016-2017: Guest Editor of a Special Issue on "The Hippocampus: Questions of Homology" in Brain, Behaviour and Evolution
2012-2014: Grant panel member of the FWO (Flanders, Belgium)-Biodiversity & Ecology (Bio3)
2010-present: Editorial Board of Brain, Behaviour & Evolution
2008-present: Reviewing Editor of Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
2008-2009 Guest Editor of a Special Issue on “Integrating Ecology, Psychology, and Neurobiology Within a Food-hoarding Paradigm” in Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B
2008-2009 Guest Editor of a Special Feature on “Brain Evolution” in Biology Letters
2008-2013 Editorial Board of Biology Letters (Royal Society of London)
2007 Invited participant in the INCF Workshop on Neuroanatomical Nomenclature and Taxonomy
2006-present Fellow of the Higher Education Academy
1992-1993 Philips Fellow of the Belgian American Educational Foundation (BAEF)
2000-2002 Post-doctoral researcher, Department of Neurobiology, Duke University Medical Center, USA (Supervisor: Prof. Erich D. Jarvis)
1998-2000 Post-doctoral researcher, Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, USA (Supervisor: Prof. Robert E. Hampson)
Association for the Study of Animal Behaviour
British Neuroscience Association
Experimental Psychology Society
International Society for Neuroethology
J.B. Johnston Club (Comparative Vertebrate Neuroanatomy)
Natural History Society of Northumbria
Fluent in spoken and written Dutch
Fluent in spoken and written English
Fluent in spoken and written French
Reading and conversational skills in German
Notions of Italian and Latin
Ballroom Dancing; Science Fiction and Fantasy
I am interested in how evolution modifies the brain (or particular brain areas), and how this relates to the behaviours in which these areas are involved. We study this at two levels: macro-evolutionary and micro-evolutionary.
On the macro-evolutionary level, we are interested in how brain areas conserve their function (or converge on similar functions) over deep evolutionary time. In particular, we study the hippocampal formation of birds and mammals, and investigate how two very differently-organized structures (at least at first glance) perform such similar functions. We are also applying what we learn about these similarities to developing novel animal welfare measures.
On a more micro-evolutionary level, we are interested in how brain structures change in closely related species with the evolution of novel behaviours. For this, we compare food-hoarding birds to closely-related non-hoarding birds. We are interested in two aspects of this brain/behaviour system: how did hoarding behaviour evolve and how did spatial memory mechanisms adapt to a food-hoarding life style.
PSY2007 Biological Psychology: Sex, Drugs, Rhythms and Blues
PSY2011 Methods in Psychology 2B - using statistics for testing hypotheses
PSY2015 Introduction to Professional Skills
PSY3097 Undergraduate Research Projects in Psychology
MMB8003 The Biological Study of Behaviour
MMB8043 Comparative Cognition
- Smulders TV, Black-Dominique A, Choudhury TS, Constantinescu SE, Foka K, Walker TJ, Dick K, Bradwell S, McAllister-Williams RH, Gallagher P. A Real-world What-Where-When memory test. Journal of Visualized Experiments 2017, (123), e55646.
- Atkinson BM, Smulders TV, Wallenberg JC. An Endocrine Basis for Tomboy Identity: the second-to-fourth digit ratio (2D:4D) in "tomboys". Psychoneuroendocrinology 2017, 79, 9-12.
- Gualtieri F, Brégère C, Laws GC, Armstrong EA, Wylie NJ, Moxham TT, Guzman R, Boswell T, Smulders TV. Effects of Environmental Enrichment on Doublecortin and BDNF Expression along the Dorso-Ventral Axis of the Dentate Gyrus. Frontiers in Neuroscience 2017, 11, 488.
- Smulders TV. Evolution Driven by Organismal Behaviour – A Unifying View of Life, Function, Form, Mismatches, and Trends, by Rui Diogo [Book review]. Journal of Anatomy 2017, Epub ahead of print.
- Robertson BA, Rathbone L, Cirillo G, D'Eath RB, Bateson M, Boswell T, Wilson PW, Dunn IC, Smulders TV. Food restriction reduces neurogenesis in the avian hippocampal formation. PLoS ONE 2017, 12(12), e0189158.
- Dheerendra P, Lynch NM, Crutwell J, Cunningham MO, Smulders TV. In-vitro characterization of gamma oscillations in the hippocampal formation of the domestic chick. European Journal of Neuroscience 2017, (ePub ahead of Print).
- Smulders TV. The avian hippocampal formation and the stress response. Brain Behavior and Evolution 2017, 90, 81-91.
- Longmoor GK, Lange CH, Darvell H, Walker L, Rytkönen S, Vatka E, Hohtola E, Orell M, Smulders TV. Different seasonal patterns in song system volume in willow tits and great tits. Brain, Behavior and Evolution 2016, 87(4), 265-274.
- Craig M, Butterworth K, Nilsson J, Hamilton CJ, Gallagher P, Smulders TV. How Does Intentionality of Encoding Affect Memory for Episodic Information?. Learning and Memory 2016, 23(11), 648-659.
- Henderson LJ, Cockcroft RC, Kaiya H, Boswell T, Smulders TV. Peripherally injected ghrelin and leptin reduce food hoarding and mass gain in the coal tit (Periparus ater). In: SICB Annual Meeting 2016. 2016, Portland, Oregon: Oxford University Press.
- Read J, Godfrey A, Bohr I, Simonotto J, Galna B, Smulders T. Viewing 3D TV over two months produces no discernible effects on balance, coordination or eyesight. Ergonomics 2016, 59(8), 1073-1088.
- Read JCA, Simonotto J, Bohr I, Godfrey A, Galna B, Rochester L, Smulders TV. Balance and coordination after viewing stereoscopic 3D television. Royal Society Open Science 2015, 2, 140522.
- Martin-Ordas G, Smulders TV. Commentary: Merging of long-term memories in an insect. Frontiers in Comparative Psychology 2015, 6, 826.
- Mazurek A, Bhoopathy R, Read JCA, Gallagher P, Smulders TV. Effects of age on a real-world What-Where-When memory task. Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience 2015, 7, 74.
- Smulders TV. Interpreting measurements of heritability: comment on Croston et al. Behavioral Ecology 2015, 26(6), 1461-1462.
- Hands P, Smulders TV, Read JCA. Stereoscopic 3-D content appears relatively veridical when viewed from an oblique angle. Journal of Vision 2015, 15(5), 6.
- Smulders TV, Jarvis ED. Different mechanisms are responsible for dishabituation of electrophysiological auditory responses to a change in acoustic identity than to a change in stimulus location. Neurobiology of Learning and Memory 2013, 106, 163-176.
- Dunn IC, Wilson PW, Smulders TV, Sandilands V, D'Eath RB, Boswell T. Hypothalamic Agouti-Related Protein Expression Is Affected by Both Acute and Chronic Experience of Food Restriction and Re-Feeding in Chickens. Journal of Neuroendocrinology 2013, 25(10), 920-928.
- Kareklas K, Nettle D, Smulders TV. Water-induced finger wrinkles improve handling of wet objects. Biology Letters 2013, 9(2), 20120999.
- Holland SM, Smulders TV. Do humans use episodic memory to solve a What-Where-When memory task?. Animal Cognition 2011, 14(1), 95-102.
- Feenders G, Smulders TV. Magpies can use local cues to retrieve their food caches. Animal Cognition 2011, 14(2), 235-243.
- Echtermeyer C, Smulders TV, Smith VA. Causal pattern recovery from neural spike train data using the Snap Shot Score. Journal of Computational Neuroscience 2010, 29(1-2), 231-252.
- Smulders TV. Darwin Celebrations Highlight Brain Evolution. Brain, Behavior and Evolution 2010, 75(1), 8.
- Pravosudov VV, Smulders TV. Integrating ecology, psychology and neurobiology within a food-hoarding paradigm. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 2010, 365(1542), 859-867.
- Roth TC, Brodin A, Smulders TV, LaDage LD, Pravosudov VV. Is bigger always better? A critical appraisal of the use of volumetric analysis in the study of the hippocampus. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 2010, 365(1542), 915-931.
- Smulders TV, Gould KL, Leaver LA. Using ecology to guide the study of cognitive and neural mechanisms of different aspects of spatial memory in food-hoarding animals. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 2010, 365(1542), 883-900.
- Zinkivskay A, Nazir F, Smulders TV. What-Where-When memory in magpies (Pica pica). Animal Cognition 2009, 12(1), 119-125.
- Smulders TV. Darwin 200: Special Feature on Brain Evolution Introduction. Biology Letters 2009, 5(1), 105-107.
- Smulders TV. The relevance of brain evolution for the biomedical sciences. Biology Letters 2009, 5(1), 138-140.
- Feenders G, Smulders T. Episodic-like memory in food-hoarding birds. In: Dere, E; Easton, A; Nade, L; Huston, JP, ed. Handbook of Episodic Memory. London: Elsevier Science, 2008, pp.197-216.
- Male L, Smulders T. Hyper-dispersed cache distributions reduce pilferage: a laboratory study. Journal of Avian Biology 2008, 39(2), 170-177.
- Male LH, Smulders TV. Hyperdispersed cache distributions reduce pilferage: a field study. Animal Behaviour 2007, 73(4), 717-726.
- Male LH, Smulders TV. Memory decay and cache site preferences in hoarding coal tits - A laboratory study. Behaviour 2007, 144(6), 693-710.
- Male LH, Smulders TV. Memory for food caches: Not just for retrieval. Behavioral Ecology 2007, 18(2), 456-459.
- Smith LS, Austin J, Baker S, Borisyuk R, Eglen S, Feng J, Gurney K, Jackson T, Kaiser M, Overton P, Panzeri S, Quian Quiroga R, Schultz SR, Sernagor E, Smith VA, Smulders TV, Stuart L, Whittington M, Ingram C. The CARMEN e-Science pilot project: Neuroinformatics work packages. In: Proceedings of the UK e-Science All Hands Meeting. 2007, Nottingham, UK: National e-Science Centre.
- Smulders TV. A multi-disciplinary approach to understanding hippocampal function in food-hoarding birds. Reviews in the Neurosciences 2006, 17(1-2), 53-69.
- Smith VA, Yu J, Smulders TV, Hartemink AJ, Jarvis ED. Computational inference of neural information flow networks. PLoS Computational Biology 2006, 2(11), 1436-1449.
- Smulders TV, Lisi MD, Tricomi E, Otter KA, Chruszcz B, Ratcliffe LM, DeVoogd TJ. Failure to detect seasonal changes in the song system nuclei of the black-capped chickadee (Poecile atricapillus). Journal of Neurobiology 2006, 66(9), 991-1001.
- Ferreira ARJ, Smulders TV, Sameshima K, Mello CV, Jarvis ED. Vocalizations and associated behaviors of the sombre hummingbird (Aphantochroa cirrhochloris) and the rufous-breasted hermit (Glaucis hirsutus). Auk 2006, 123(4), 1129-1148.
- Jarvis ED, Güntürkün O, Bruce LL, Csillag A, Karten HJ, Kuenzel W, Medina L, Paxinos G, Perkel DJ, Shimizu T, Striedter GF, Wild JM, Ball GF, Dugas-Ford J, Durand S, Hough G, Husband S, Kubikova L, Lee DW, Mello CV, Powers A, Siang C, Smulders TV, Wada K, White SA, Yamamoto K, Yu J, Reiner A, Butler AB. Avian brains and a new understanding of vertebrate brain evolution. Nature Reviews Neuroscience 2005, 6(2), 151-159.
- Smulders TV. [Book review] Neurobiology of Spatial Behaviour; Jeffery, KJ (ed.). Animal Behaviour 2004, 86(2), 433-434.
- Reiner A, Perkel DJ, Bruce LL, Butler AB, Csillag A, Kuenzel W, Medina L, Paxinos G, Shimizu T, Striedter G, Wild M, Ball GF, Durand S, Guturkun O, Lee DW, Mello CV, Powers A, White SA, Hough G, Kubikova L, Smulders TV, Wada K, Dugas-Ford J, Husband S, Yamamoto K, Yu J, Siang C, Jarvis ED. Revised nomenclature for avian telencephalon and some related brainstem nuclei. Journal of Comparative Neurology 2004, 473(3), 337-414.
- Reiner A, Perkel DJ, Bruce LL, Butler AB, Csillag A, Kuenzel W, Medina L, Paxinos G, Shimizu T, Striedter G, Wild M, Ball GF, Durand S, Guturkun O, Lee DW, Mello CV, Powers A, White SA, Hough G, Kubikova L, Smulders TV, Wada K, Dugas-Ford J, Husband S, Yamamoto K, Yu J, Siang C, Jarvis ED. Revised Nomenclature for Avian Telencephalon and Some Related Brainstem Nuclei. Journal of Comparative Neurology 2004, 473(3), 377-414.
- Shiflett MW, Smulders TV, Benedict L, DeVoogd TJ. Reversible inactivation of the hippocampal formation in food-storing black-capped chickadees (Poecile atricapillus). Hippocampus 2003, 13(4), 437-444.
- Jarvis ED, Smith VA, Wada K, McElroy M, Smulders TV, Rivas MV, Carninci P, Hayashisaki Y, Dietrich F, Wu X, Yu J, Wang PP, Hartemink AJ. A framework for integrating the songbird brain. Journal of Comparative Physiology A 2002, 188(11-12), 961-980.
- Smulders TV. Natural Breeding Conditions and Artificial Increases in Testosterone Have Opposite Effects on the Brains of Adult Male Songbirds: A Meta-analysis. Hormones and Behavior 2002, 41(2), 156-169.
- Shiflett MW, Gould KL, Smulders TV, DeVoogd TJ. Septum volume and food-storing behavior are related in parids. Journal of Neurobiology 2002, 51(3), 215-222.
- Darlington RB, Smulders TV. Problems with residual analysis. Animal Behaviour 2001, 62(3), 599-602.
- Smulders TV, Hampson RE. Beyond the cognitive map: from place cells to episodic memory; Redish, AD [book review]. Quarterly Review of Biology 2000, 75(4), 491-492.
- Smulders TV, Casto JM, Nolan V, Ketterson ED, DeVoogd TJ. Effects of captivity and testosterone on the volumes of four brain regions in the dark-eyed junco (Junco hyemalis). Journal of Neurobiology 2000, 43(3), 244-253.
- Smulders TV, DeVoogd TJ. Expression of immediate early genes in the hippocampal formation of the black-capped chickadee (Poecile atricapillus) during a food-hoarding task. Behavioural Brain Research 2000, 114(1-2), 39-49.
- Smulders TV, Shiflett MW, Sperling AJ, DeVoogd TJ. Seasonal changes in neuron numbers in the hippocampal formation of a food-hoarding bird: The black-capped chickadee. Journal of Neurobiology 2000, 44(4), 414-422.
- Smulders TV, DeVoogd TJ. The avian hippocampal formation and the memory for hoarded food: Spatial learning out in the real world. In: Bolhuis, JJ, ed. Brain, Perception, Memory. Advances in Cognitive Neuroscience. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000, pp.127-148.
- Smulders TV. A game theoretical model of the evolution of food hoarding: Applications to the Paridae. American Naturalist 1998, 151(4), 356-366.
- Van der Linden A, Verhoye M, Vanaudekerke J, Peeters R, Eens M, Newman SW, Smulders TV, Balthazart J, DeVoogd TJ. Non invasive in vivo anatomical studies of the oscine brain by high resolution mri microscopy. Journal of Neuroscience Methods 1998, 81(1-2), 45-52.
- Smulders TV, Dhondt AA. How much memory do tits need?. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 1997, 12(11), 417-418.
- Smulders TV, Sasson AD, Devoogd TJ. Seasonal variation in hippocampal volume in a food-storing bird, the black-capped chickadee. Journal of Neurobiology 1995, 27(1), 15-25.