Skip to main content

Co-production resources

This link takes you to a co-creation tool that was produced by a collaboration of university researchers, Carnegie UK Trust, Federation of Small Businesses and VCSE partners. It aims to help collaborators to manage the co-production relationship by balancing the ‘rational’ (how we get stuff done) and the ‘relational’ (how we relate to each other).

Working together to co-create knowledge: A unique co-creation tool - Carnegie UK Trust


Here are some useful articles about co-production.


Clark, J and Laing, K. (2018) ‘Co-production with young people to tackle alcohol misuse’, Drugs and Alcohol Today, 18(1), 17-27.

This paper presents the learning gained from undertaking research activities in co-production with young people in order to tackle alcohol misuse in local communities.


Rachel Pain Mapping Alternative Impact: Alternative Approaches to Impact From Co-Produced Research (2016) 

Pain offers a clear oversight of what coproduction is, how it can be used in research but also reflects on some of the challenges of using it as an approach.


Laing K, Bertosa M, Hriberski D, Hasenfuss J, Shucksmith M, Todd L, Tewdwr-Jones M, Sutrop M, Parder M, Lõuk K, Vabamäe E. Principles for promoting the impact of SSH research by co-creation: key issues in research design and communication. (2017)  

This resource is a more detailed report that reflects on coproduction and investigates the challenges in research both historically and using contemporary examples from across Europe. It provides a detailed overview of the different meanings and ways that coproduction is imagined and used.  


John Alford (2013). The Multiple Facets of Co-Production: Building on the work of Elinor Ostrom. Public Management Review. Vol16 (3). p. 299-316 

Alford provides a critical review of coproduction that expands on the history of the term and offers examples through two case studies of complicating factors. Key ideas, concepts and questions are discussed. Alford reflects on relationships, power and position.  


Nabatchi, T,. Sancino, A. &  Sicilia, M. (2017). Varieties of Participation in Public Services: The Who, When, and What of Coproduction. Public administration review. Vol.77 (5), p.766-776 

The authors of this article provide a historical context and outline the ways that co-production can be part of research. 


Elwyn, G., Nelson, E., Hager, A. & Price, A. (2019). Coproduction: when users define quality. BMJ quality & safety, Vol.29 (9), p.711-716 

This article provides a clear overview of what co-production is, where it has been used and how it can be utilised in healthcare research.  


Steen, T. & Brandsen, T. (2020). Coproduction during and after the COVID‐19 Pandemic: Will It Last?. Public administration review. Vol.80 (5), p.851-855 

Steen and Brandsen provide a very contemporary analysis of ways coproduction has been effectively used and reflects on where it could go next.  


Godwin, G. (2019). The problem and promise of coproduction: Politics, history, and autonomy Goodwin. World development, Vol.122, p.501-513 

Links to the neoliberal roots of coproduction,  

“one that treats coproduction as a largely technical process of public service delivery and another that primarily characterizes it as a political process which generates political struggles and opportunities” 

“Offers poorer citizens a chance to mechanism to gain access to public services but to renegotiate their relationship with the state and strengthen their social and political rights. Coproduction therefore has the potential to challenge and reconfigure power relations” 


Brandsen, T. (2016). Distinguishing Different Types of Coproduction: A Conceptual Analysis Based on the Classical Definitions. Public administration review. Vol.76 (3), p.427-435 

In this piece, Brandsen explores the definitions of co-production, for example, e.g. volunteering and the fluid way in which a researcher can be part of an organisation and also use their role for research.


Cowie P. (2017) Performing Planning: Understanding community participation in planning through theatre. Town Planning Review. Vol 88(4), 401-421. 

Cowie explores co-production through more creative methods. Theatre is used a tool and space for co-production and community action. The article presents a case study that looks at a specific theatre piece that explores development and the citizens’ mediated responses to this development.  

Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences