Dr Maria-Teresa Gil-Bazo
Senior Lecturer in Law
- Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
- Telephone: +44 (0) 191 208 8231
- Fax: +44 (0) 191 212 0064
- Address: Newcastle Law School
21-24 Windsor Terrace
Newcastle upon Tyne
Dr María-Teresa Gil-Bazo is Senior Lecturer in Law at Newcastle Law School, where she teaches Public International Law, EU Law, and The Movement of Persons in a Global World. She is also Research Associate at the African Centre for Migration and Society (ACMS) at University of the Witwatersrand (South Africa), where she is also member of its Migration and Health Project, Senior Research Associate at the Refugee Law Initiative (School of Advanced Studies, University of London), Fellow of the European Law Institute (Vienna), and External Expert to the EU Asylum Office (EASO). Dr Gil-Bazo qualified as a lawyer in 1993 and is Member of the Spanish Bar Council.
Prior to joining Newcastle Law School, Dr Gil-Bazo was Lecturer in International Human Rights and Refugee Law at Oxford University, where she has also been Director of its International Summer School in Forced Migration.
Roles and Responsibilities
Convenor Faculty Research Group on International Studies in Forced Migration (2016 - )
Research Ethics Coordinator (2015 - )
Director of Postgraduate Research Degrees (2011-2012 & 2014)
Deputy Director of Postgraduate Research Degrees (2012 - 2014)
PGR Selector (2012 - 2014)
Member of Newcastle University Northern Bridge Management Group (2013 - 2014)
Reviewer for the AHRC-accredited Northern Bridge Doctoral Training Partnership (2013 - 2014)
Member of Newcastle University Institutional Doctoral Training Centre Committee (2012 - 2014)
Reviewer for the ESRC-accredited North East Doctoral Training Centre (2012 - 2014)
LLM Selector (2008-2010)
PhD in International Law, University of Deusto (Bilbao), Spain, March 1999
MPhil in International Economics and Development, University of the Basque Country (Bilbao), Spain, 1995
LLB(Hons)/LLM, University of Deusto (Bilbao), Spain, 1993
Member of the Spanish Bar Council (Qualified in 1993)
Degree in Music (Piano), Superior Conservatory of Music of Bilbao, Spain, 1988
Lecturer in International Refugee and Human Rights Law, University of Oxford, 2004-2007
European Union Representative, European Council on Refugees and Exiles (ECRE) EU Office (Brussels), 2002-2004
Executive Officer in EU Justice and Home Affairs, Amnesty International-EU Office (Brussels), 1999-2002
Research Fellow, Faculty of Law (University of Deusto, Bilbao, Spain), 1994-1999
Other Previous Affiliations
Member of the Arts & Humanities Research Council (AHRC) Peer Review College, 2014-2017
Research Associate, Refugee Studies Centre, Oxford University, 2007-2015
Visiting Professor, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (Spain), 1999-2015
Visiting Fellow, Centre for European Studies, The Australian National University (Canberra, Australia), January 2011
Visiting Scholar, Centre for Migration Law, University of Nijmegen (Netherlands), December 2003 – January 2004
Visiting Scholar, European University Institute (Florence, Italy), March-April 2000
Visiting Professor on the Protection of Non-nationals under International Human Rights Law (Pontifical University Comillas, Madrid, Spain), 1999-2007
Visiting Scholar, UNHCR Centre for Documentation and Research (Geneva, Switzerland), April – May 1998
Spanish Bar Council (Ilustre Colegio de Abogados del Señorío de Vizcaya, Bilbao, Spain)
Fellow of the European Law Institute
International Law Association (ILA), British Branch
Society of Legal Scholars (SLS)
Spanish Association of International Law & International Relations Scholars (AEPDIRI)
Spanish (mothertongue); English; French; Italian
Dr Gil-Bazo's areas of interest include International Law, EU Law, Human Rights, and Refugee Law. Dr Gil-Bazo was awarded her PhD in 1999 (University of Deusto, Bilbao, Spain) with a dissertation on The Right to Be Granted Asylum in International Law carried under the supervision of Professor Fernando Mariño Menéndez (former Chair of the UN Committee Against Torture) and funded by a Research Grant awarded by the Basque Research Council.
Dr Gil-Bazo’s research examines the relationship between the individual and the State as subjects of international law. In particular, it analyses the way in which the transformation of sovereignty -especially by virtue of States’ membership in international organisations- may be redefining that relationship. Her research focuses on Europe and examines the way in which the status of individuals is shaped by the interaction between different legal orders: international law (of universal and regional scope) and EU law.
Dr Gil-Bazo's core research has been on the right to asylum as a human right. Some her publications in this area include El derecho al asilo como derecho subjetivo del individuo en Derecho internacional. Especial referencia al Derecho europeo. [The Right to Asylum as an Individual Human Right in International Law. Special Reference to European Law] (UMI, 1999); ‘Refugee Status and Subsidiary Protection under EC Law: The Qualification Directive and the Right to Be Granted Asylum’ (Hart 2007); ‘The Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union and the Right to be Granted Asylum in the Union’s Law’ (RSQ 2008); and ‘Asylum as a General Principle of International Law’ (IJRL 2015). Dr Gil-Bazo’s research has been cited by UNHCR in proceedings before the Court of Justice of the EU (Case C-411/10 N.S. v Secretary of State for the Home Department (2011) and Case C-528/11 Halaf (2013)).
ESRC IAA “Enhancing Human Rights Protection in the Context of Mixed Migration Movements”, Project with Doctors Without Borders (MSF) South Africa, 2017- 2018
M-T Gil-Bazo (Special Editor), Special Issue on The Role of International Organisations and International Human Rights Monitoring Bodies in Refugee Protection, (2015) 34(1) Refugee Survey Quarterly (Oxford University Press, 2015), 130 pp [Research Partly Funded by a Grant of the Newcastle Institute for Social Renewal, 2013]
Dr Gil-Bazo supervises Postgraduate research in International Law, EU Law, Refugee Law, and Human Rights. She is currently supervising Mr Yuki Motoyoshi on the use of force against non-State actors in International Law and Ms Christel Querton (AHRC-funded studentship) on gender, generalised violence and refugees in EU Law. Some of her former PhD students include Dr Abdullah Yassen (Lecturer at University of Erbil, Iraq), on the Right of Refugees to Durable Solutions and Dr Cosmas Ikegwuruka, on deportation and removal of migrants. Their research profiles can be found at: http://www.ncl.ac.uk/nuls/study/postgraduate/studentresearchprofiles
If you want to receive further information on studying for a research degree at Newcastle Law School please see http://www.ncl.ac.uk/nuls/study/postgraduate/research/index.htm. You might also be interested in the Studentships that may be available for PhD research: http://www.ncl.ac.uk/nuls/study/postgraduate/research/funding.htm
Dr Gil-Bazo is Research Associate at the African Centre for Migration and Society (University of the Witwatersrand), where she is also member of its Migration and Health Project, Senior Research Associate at the School of Advanced Studies (University of London) and Fellow of the European Law Institute (Vienna).
Dr Gil-Bazo has held affiliated status at the Australian National University, University of Nijmegen (the Netherlands), the European University Institute (Florence, Italy), and the UNHCR Centre for Documentation and Research (Geneva, Switzerland), among others. Her articles and book chapters have been published in the UK, Spain, Belgium, the Netherlands, Brazil, and Morocco.
Dr Gil-Bazo regularly teaches at seminars and conferences in universities in the UK and abroad. Some of the recent events where she has been Invited Speaker include:
• The Human Rights Protection of Non-Nationals, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM) and the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR), Mexico City (March 2018)
• The Safe Country Concept In International Agreements: Past, Present And Future Of State Practice, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg (February 2018)
• Commentary on "The Voting Rights of Refugees", Centre for European and International Legal Affairs (CEILA), Queen Mary Law School, London (December 2017)
• The Human Rights of Non-Nationals, International Conference on The Protection of Migrant Workers, 60th Anniversary University of Brawijaya (Indonesia, October 2017)
• Brexit and Implications for Asylum & Migration, Conference on "Brexit and Citziens' Rights", organised by the European Association for the Defence of Human Rights (AEDH), Brussels (November 2017)
• The Common European Asylum System (CEAS): From Minimum Standards to Regulations, University of Valencia, Spain (February 2017)
External Expert to the EU Asylum Agency (EASO), commissioned with the development of the official training curriculum for EASO and other EU Agencies (FRONTEX and FRA) (2015 - )
Inter-American Court of Human Rights (San Juan, Costa Rica), Hearing on forthcoming Advisory Opinion on the Right to Asylum (Julian Assange case), August 2017
Legal Expert to the International Association for Refugee and Migration Judges (IARMJ), contributing to the development of the training curriculum for judges on the Common European Asylum System (2015 - )
Expert Advice to the Government of Ecuador on Issues Arising from the Granting of Diplomatic Asylum in International Law (the Julian Assange case, 2012)
Expert Advice to the European Parliament on Reform of Common European Asylum System (Brussels, March 2012 & October 2011)
Commissioned Research, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), 60th Anniversary Programme (2011)
Expert Adviser to the European Commission on EU Citizenship reform (July 2010) and Reform of Common European Asylum System (June 2008)
Research Funding (PI)
ESRC IAA “Enhancing Human Rights Protection in the Context of Mixed Migration Movements”, Project with Doctors Without Borders (MSF) South Africa, 2017- 2018
Society of Legal Scholars Research Activities Fund, “Limitations on the Sovereign Right of States to Grant Asylum”, 2016
Newcastle Institute for Social Renewal, “The Role of International Courts and Human Rights Monitoring Bodies in Refugee Protection”, 2013
Visiting Scholar Research Grant, Australian National University, 2011
UNHCR Small Grant, “Asylum in the Practice of African and Latin American States”, 2011
Visiting Scholar Research Grant, Centre for Migration Law (Nijmegen University), 2003-2004
- Research Grant (FEC): four-year full time grant awarded by the Basque Government’s Programme for the Development of Researchers, 1997
· Law3017 Public International Law (this module can be taken by students in other programmes, such as Politics)
· Law2062 EU Law
· Law3034 Human Rights (2007-2009 & 2011-2012)
· Law8150 The Movement of Persons in a Global World
This course examines nationality, citizenship, and the existing and emerging status of non-nationals under international law and regional organisations, such as the EU. It approaches the study of the movement of persons in a systematic manner by placing it within the broader theoretical and conceptual framework of globalisation and the complex relationship between multiple legal orders (international (universal & regional)/EU/national).
Nationality & citizenship, freedom of movement under international agreements of regional scope, diplomatic status, diplomatic protection, statelessness, and refugee status are examined. The role of international human rights law as a foundation for universal transnational citizenship is also examined.
Dr Gil-Bazo was nominated to the Teaching Excellence Awards (TEA) run by Newcastle University Students’ Union in the category ‘Research Supervisor of the Year’ (2013) and to the Learning and Teaching Excellence Awards (LATE) in the category ‘Contribution to Outstanding Feedback’ (2012).
- Zalar B, Clement M, Clough M, Gil-Bazo MT, Mananashvili S, McCormick P, Sabanovic A, Sever S. Detention of Asylum Seekers and Irregular Migrants and the Rule of Law. European Law Institute (ed), 2017. Available at: http://www.europeanlawinstitute.eu/fileadmin/user_upload/p_eli/Publications/ELI_Statement_on_Detention_and_the_Rule_of_Law.pdf.
- Gil-Bazo MT. Book review: Assessment of Credibility by Judges in Asylum Cases in the EU, edited by Carolus Grütters, Elspeth Guild and Sebastiaan de Groot. Common Market Law Review 2016, 53(6), 1817-1818.
- International Association of Refugee Law Judges. An Introduction to the Common European Asylum System for Courts and Tribunals. A Judicial Analysis. Malta: European Asylum Support Office (EASO), 2016. Available at: https://www.easo.europa.eu/sites/default/files/public/BZ0216138ENN.PDF.
- Gil-Bazo M-T. Asylum as a General Principle of International Law. International Journal of Refugee Law 2015, 27(1), 3-28.
- Gil-Bazo M-T. The Safe Third Country Concept in International Agreements on Refugee Protection: Assessing State Practice. Netherlands Quarterly of Human Rights 2015, 33(1), 42-77.
- Gil-Bazo M-T. Refugee Protection under International Human Rights Law: From Non-Refoulement to Residence and Citizenship. Refugee Survey Quarterly 2015, 34(1), 11-42.
- Gil-Bazo M-T. Introduction: The Role of International Organisations and Human Rights Monitoring Bodies in Refugee Protection. Refugee Survey Quarterly 2015, 34(1), 1-10.
- Gil-Bazo M-T, ed. The Role of International Organisations and Human Rights Monitoring Bodies in Refugee Protection. Oxford University Press, 2015.
- Gil-Bazo M-T. EU Asylum Procedures and the Right to an Effective Remedy. Common Market Law Review 2015, 52(6), 1719-1720.
- Gil-Bazo MT. The Legal Status of Dimmi-s in the Islamic West (Second/Eighth-Ninth/Fifteenth Centuries). Ecclesiastical Law Journal 2015, 17(3), 367-369.
- Gil-Bazo M-T. Asylum in the practice of Latin American and African States. Geneva: UNHCR, 2013. New Issues in Refugee Research 249.
- Gil-Bazo M-T. Europe and Extraterritorial Asylum; Maarten den Heijer. Common Market Law Review 2013, 50(4), 1175-1176.
- Gil-Bazo M-T. Responses to Secondary Movements of Refugees: A Comparative Preliminary Study of State Practice in South Africa, Spain, and the USA. Geneva: UNHCR, 2011. Available at: http://www.unhcr.org/4ef3321b9.html.
- Gil-Bazo MT. Article 40 1951 Convention (Territorial application clause). In: Zimmermann, A, ed. The 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees and its 1967 Protocol: A Commentary. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 2011, pp.1567-1588.
- Gil-Bazo MT. Article 41 1951 Convention/Article VI 1967 Protocol (Federal clause). In: Zimmermann, A, ed. The 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees and its 1967 Protocol: A Commentary. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 2011, pp.1589-1613.
- Gil-Bazo MT. ‘Thou shalt not judge’ … Spanish judicial decision-making in asylum and the role of judges in interpreting the law. In: Guy S. Goodwin-Gill & Hélène Lambert, ed. The Limits of Transnational Law. Refugee Law, Policy Harmonization and Judicial Dialogue in the European Union. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010, pp.107-124.
- Gil-Bazo MT. Rethinking Asylum: History, Purpose, and Limits. Journal of Refugee Studies 2010, 23(3), 402-403.
- Gil-Bazo M-T. The Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union and the Right to be Granted Asylum in the Union’s Law. Refugee Survey Quarterly 2008, 27(3), 33-52.
- Gil-Bazo M-T. Refugee Protection under International Human Rights Law: Maintaining the Difference While Enjoying equal Treatment. In: Daniel Sarmento, Daniela Ikawa, and Flavia Piovesan, ed. Igualdade, Diferença e Direitos Humanos. Rio de Janeiro: Lumen Juris, 2008, pp.809-827.
- Gil-Bazo MT. El marco jurídico internacional para la protección de personas en un contexto de lucha contra la inmigración irregular en la Unión Europea. In: Pinyol, G, ed. La dimensión exterior de las políticas de inmigración en la Unión Europea. Barcelona: CIDOB, 2008, pp.121-128.
- Gil-Bazo MT. El Reino Unido: Un Estado de Naciones, una Pluralidad de Iglesias [The United Kingdom: A State of Nations, a Plurality of Churches] Javier García Oliva. Ecclesiastical Law Journal 2008, 10(1), 123-125.
- Gil-Bazo MT. Refugee Status and Subsidiary Protection under EC Law: The Qualification Directive and the Right to Be Granted Asylum. In: Baldaccini, A; Guild, E; Toner, H, ed. MT Whose Freedom, Security and Justice? EU Immigration and Asylum Law and Policy. Oxford: Hart Publishing, 2007, pp.229-264.
- Gil-Bazo MT. The Protection of Refugees under the Common European Asylum System. The Establishment of a European Jurisdiction for Asylum Purposes and Compliance with International Refugee and Human Rights Law. Cuadernos Europeos de Deusto 2007, 36, 153-182.
- Gil-Bazo M-T. Institutional and Policy Dynamics of EU Migration Law; Papagianni, G. International Journal of Refugee Law 2007, 19(3), 603-605.
- Gil-Bazo MT. The European Union's external dimension of asylum and migration policies from an International Refugee and Human Rights Law perspective. Revue marocaine d’études internationales 2006, 14(January), 85-91.
- Gil-Bazo MT. Refugee status, subsidiary protection, and the right to be granted asylum under EC law. Switzerland: UNHCR, Policy Development and Evaluation Service, 2006. UNHCR New Issues in Refugee Research Research Paper No. 13.
- Gil-Bazo MT. The Practice of Mediterranean States in the context of the European Union’s Justice and Home Affairs External Dimension. The Safe Third Country Concept Revisited. International Journal of Refugee Law 2006, 18(3-4), 571-600.
- Gil-Bazo MT. Accelerated Procedures in European Union Law. In: Twerlouw, A, ed. Binnen 48 uur. Zorgvuldige behandeling van asielverzoeken?. Nijmegen: Wolf Legal Publishers, 2003, pp.265-276.
- Gil-Bazo MT. La protección internacional del derecho del refugiado a recibir asilo en el Derecho internacional de los derechos humanos. In: Marino Manendez, F.M, ed. Derecho de Extranjería, Asilo y Refugio. Madrid, Spain: Ministerio de Asuntos Sociales, 2003, pp.681-704.
- Gil-Bazo MT. O papel dos direitos humanos no processo de integraçao da Europa. In: Piovesan, F, ed. Direitos humanos, globalizaçao económica e integraçao regional: desafios do direito constitucional internacional. Sao Paulo: Max Limonad, 2002, pp.227-243.
- Gil-Bazo MT. La protección de los refugiados en la Unión Europea tras la entrada en vigor del Tratado de Amsterdam a la luz del Derecho internacional de los derechos humanos. In: Marino Menendez, F.M., Fernández Liesa, C, ed. La protección de las personas y grupos vulnerables en el Derecho Europeo. Madrid: Ministerio de Trabajo y Asuntos Sociales, 2001, pp.147-186.
- Gil-Bazo M-T. El derecho al asilo como derecho subjetivo del individuo en Derecho internacional. Especial referencia al Derecho europeo. [The Right to Asylum as an Individual Human Right in International Law. Special Reference to European Law]. Ann Arbor: UMI, 1999.
- Gil-Bazo MT. The Role of Spain as a Gateway to the Schengen Area: Changes in the Asylum Law and their Implications for Human Rights. International Journal of Refugee Law 1998, 10(1/2), 214-229.
- Gil-Bazo MT. Respuestas del Derecho internacional ante la transformación del régimen de asilo en Europa. Migraciones 1997, 1, 217-272.