Newcastle Law School

Staff Profile

Dr Maria-Teresa Gil-Bazo

Senior Lecturer in Law



Dr María-Teresa Gil-Bazo is Senior Lecturer in Law at Newcastle Law School, where she teaches Public International Law, EU Law, and The Movement of Persons in a Global World. She is also Research Associate at the African Centre for Migration and Society (ACMS) at University of the Witwatersrand (South Africa), where she is also member of its Migration and Health Project, Senior Research Associate at the Refugee Law Initiative (School of Advanced Studies, University of London), Fellow of the European Law Institute (Vienna), and External Expert to the EU Asylum Office (EASO). Dr Gil-Bazo qualified as a lawyer in 1993 and is Member of the Spanish Bar Council.

Prior to joining Newcastle Law School, Dr Gil-Bazo was Lecturer in International Human Rights and Refugee Law at Oxford University, where she has also been Director of its International Summer School in Forced Migration.

Roles and Responsibilities

Founding Convenor Faculty Research Group on International Studies in Forced Migration (2016 - 2019)

Research Ethics Coordinator (2015 - 2019)

Director of Postgraduate Research Degrees (2011-2012 & 2014)

Deputy Director of Postgraduate Research Degrees (2019 - & 2012 - 2014) 

PGR Selector (2019 - & 2012 - 2014)

Member of Newcastle University Northern Bridge Management Group (2013 - 2014) 

Reviewer for the AHRC-accredited Northern Bridge Doctoral Training Partnership (2013 - 2014)  

Member of Newcastle University Institutional Doctoral Training Centre Committee (2012 - 2014)

Reviewer for the ESRC-accredited North East Doctoral Training Centre (2012 - 2014)

LLM Selector (2008-2010) 


PhD in International Law, University of Deusto (Bilbao), Spain, March 1999

MPhil in International Economics and Development, University of the Basque Country (Bilbao), Spain, 1995

LLB(Hons)/LLM, University of Deusto (Bilbao), Spain, 1993

Member of the Spanish Bar Council (Qualified in 1993)

Degree in Music (Piano), Superior Conservatory of Music of Bilbao, Spain, 1988 

Previous Positions

Lecturer in International Refugee and Human Rights Law, University of Oxford, 2004-2007

European Union Representative, European Council on Refugees and Exiles (ECRE) EU Office (Brussels), 2002-2004

Executive Officer in EU Justice and Home Affairs, Amnesty International-EU Office (Brussels), 1999-2002

Research Fellow, Faculty of Law (University of Deusto, Bilbao, Spain), 1994-1999

Other Previous Affiliations 

Member of the Arts & Humanities Research Council (AHRC) Peer Review College, 2014-2017

Research Associate, Refugee Studies Centre, Oxford University, 2007-2015  

Visiting Professor, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (Spain), 1999-2015

Visiting Fellow, Centre for European Studies, The Australian National University (Canberra, Australia), January 2011

Visiting Scholar, Centre for Migration Law, University of Nijmegen (Netherlands), December 2003 – January 2004

Visiting Scholar, European University Institute (Florence, Italy), March-April 2000

Visiting Professor on the Protection of Non-nationals under International Human Rights Law (Pontifical University Comillas, Madrid, Spain), 1999-2007

Visiting Scholar, UNHCR Centre for Documentation and Research (Geneva, Switzerland), April – May 1998 


Spanish Bar Council (Ilustre Colegio de Abogados del Señorío de Vizcaya, Bilbao, Spain)

Fellow of the European Law Institute 

International Law Association (ILA), British Branch

Society of Legal Scholars (SLS)

Spanish Association of International Law & International Relations Scholars (AEPDIRI)


Spanish (mothertongue); English; French; Italian


Research Interests

Dr Gil-Bazo's areas of interest include International Law, EU Law, Human Rights, and Refugee Law. Dr Gil-Bazo was awarded her PhD in 1999 (University of Deusto, Bilbao, Spain) with a dissertation on The Right to Be Granted Asylum in International Law carried under the supervision of Professor Fernando Mariño Menéndez (former Chair of the UN Committee Against Torture) and funded by a Research Grant awarded by the Basque Research Council.

Dr Gil-Bazo’s research examines the relationship between the individual and the State as subjects of international law. In particular, it analyses the way in which the transformation of sovereignty -especially by virtue of States’ membership in international organisations- may be redefining that relationship. Her research focuses on Europe and examines the way in which the status of individuals is shaped by the interaction between different legal orders: international law (of universal and regional scope) and EU law.

Dr Gil-Bazo's core research has been on the right to asylum as a human right. Some her publications in this area include El derecho al asilo como derecho subjetivo del individuo en Derecho internacional. Especial referencia al Derecho europeo. [The Right to Asylum as an Individual Human Right in International Law. Special Reference to European Law] (UMI, 1999); ‘Refugee Status and Subsidiary Protection under EC Law: The Qualification Directive and the Right to Be Granted Asylum’ (Hart 2007); ‘The Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union and the Right to be Granted Asylum in the Union’s Law’ (RSQ 2008); and ‘Asylum as a General Principle of International Law’ (IJRL 2015). Dr Gil-Bazo’s research has been cited by UNHCR in proceedings before the Court of Justice of the EU (Case C-411/10 N.S. v Secretary of State for the Home Department (2011) and Case C-528/11 Halaf (2013)).

Current Research Projects

  • European Council on Refugees and Exiles (ECRE) Award (2018-2020), "Assessing the Role of Civil Society Organisations on Strategic Litigation in the Field of Forced Migration" 

Recent Research Projects

  • ESRC IAA Award (2018-2019), "Human Mobility and Justice in Africa and Latin America", Project with the Argentinian Refugee Commission CAREF and with Doctor Without Borders (MSF) South Africa

  • ESRC IAA Award (2017- 2018), “Enhancing Human Rights Protection in the Context of Mixed Migration Movements”, Project with Doctors Without Borders (MSF) South Africa

  • Newcastle Institute for Social Renewal (NISR) Research Grant (2013), "The Role of International Organisations and International Human Rights Monitoring Bodies in Refugee Protection". Research findings published at M-T Gil-Bazo (Special Editor), Special Issue on The Role of International Organisations and International Human Rights Monitoring Bodies in Refugee Protection, (2015) 34(1) Refugee Survey Quarterly (Oxford University Press, 2015), 130 pp.

Postgraduate Supervision

Dr Gil-Bazo supervises Postgraduate research in International Law, EU Law, Refugee Law, and Human Rights. She is currently supervising Mr Yuki Motoyoshi on the use of force against non-State actors in International Law (since 2015) and Ms Christel Querton (AHRC-funded studentship, since 2016) on gender, generalised violence and refugees in EU Law. Her former PhD students include Dr Firas Massadeh (Lecturer at Al Ain University, UAE), on human rights protection in the criminal enforcement of intellectual property law (2014), Dr Abdullah Yassen (Lecturer at University of Erbil, Iraq), on the Right of Refugees to Durable Solutions (2016) and Dr Cosmas Ikegwuruka, on deportation and removal of migrants (2017).

If you want to receive further information on studying for a research degree at Newcastle Law School please see You might also be interested in the Studentships that might be available for PhD research:

Esteem Indicators

Dr Gil-Bazo is Research Associate at the African Centre for Migration and Society (University of the Witwatersrand), where she is also member of its Migration and Health Project, Senior Research Associate at the School of Advanced Studies (University of London) and Fellow of the European Law Institute (Vienna).

Dr Gil-Bazo has held affiliated status at the Australian National University, University of Nijmegen (the Netherlands), the European University Institute (Florence, Italy), and the UNHCR Centre for Documentation and Research (Geneva, Switzerland), among others. Her articles and book chapters have been published in the UK, Spain, Belgium, the Netherlands, Brazil, and Morocco.

Dr Gil-Bazo regularly teaches at seminars and conferences in universities in the UK and abroad. Some of the recent events where she has been Invited Speaker include:

The Human Rights Protection of Non-Nationals, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM) and the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR), Mexico City (March 2018)

The Safe Country Concept In International Agreements: Past, Present And Future Of State Practice, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg (February 2018)

• Commentary on "The Voting Rights of Refugees", Centre for European and International Legal Affairs (CEILA), Queen Mary Law School, London (December 2017)

• The Human Rights of Non-Nationals, International Conference on The Protection of Migrant Workers, 60th Anniversary University of Brawijaya (Indonesia, October 2017)

Brexit and Implications for Asylum & Migration, Conference on "Brexit and Citziens' Rights", organised by the European Association for the Defence of Human Rights (AEDH), Brussels (November 2017)

• The Common European Asylum System (CEAS): From Minimum Standards to Regulations, University of Valencia, Spain (February 2017)

Select Impact/Engagement

  • External Expert to the EU Asylum Agency (EASO), commissioned with the development of the official training curriculum for EASO and other EU Agencies (FRONTEX and FRA) (2015 - )

  • N.D. and N.T. v. Spain, Applications 8675/15 & 8697/15, ECtHR Judgment, 3 October 2017, Third Party Submission (judgment paras. 7, 48 & 93)

  • Inter-American Court of Human Rights (San Juan, Costa Rica), Hearing on forthcoming Advisory Opinion on the Right to Asylum (Julian Assange case), August 2017

  • UN Global Compact on Migration and UN Global Compact on Refugees

  • Legal Expert to the International Association for Refugee and Migration Judges (IARMJ), contributing to the development of the training curriculum for judges on the Common European Asylum System (2015 - )

  • Expert Advice to the Government of Ecuador on Issues Arising from the Granting of Diplomatic Asylum in International Law (the Julian Assange case, 2012)

  • Expert Advice to the European Parliament on Reform of Common European Asylum System (Brussels, March 2012 & October 2011)

  • Commissioned Research, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), 60th Anniversary Programme (2011)

  • Expert Adviser to the European Commission on EU Citizenship reform (July 2010) and Reform of Common European Asylum System (June 2008)

Research Funding (PI)

  • European Council on Refugees and Exiles (ECRE) Research Grant, "Assessing the Role of Civil Society Organisations on Strategic Litigation in the Field of Forced Migration", 2018-2020
  • ESRC IAA Award, "Human Mobility and Justice in Africa and Latin America", Project with the Argentinian Refugee Commission CAREF and with Doctor Without Borders (MSF) South Africa, 2018-2019

  • ESRC IAA Award “Enhancing Human Rights Protection in the Context of Mixed Migration Movements”, Project with Doctors Without Borders (MSF) South Africa, 2017- 2018

  • Society of Legal Scholars Research Activities Fund, “Limitations on the Sovereign Right of States to Grant Asylum”, 2016

  • Newcastle Institute for Social Renewal Research Grant, “The Role of International Courts and Human Rights Monitoring Bodies in Refugee Protection”, 2013

  • Visiting Scholar Research Grant, Australian National University, 2011

  • UNHCR Small Grant, “Asylum in the Practice of African and Latin American States”, 2011

  • Visiting Scholar Research Grant, Centre for Migration Law (Nijmegen University), 2003-2004

  • Research Grant (FEC): four-year full time grant awarded by the Basque Government’s Programme for the Development of Researchers, 1997


Undergraduate Teaching

· Law3017 Public International Law (this module can be taken by students in other programmes, such as Politics)

· Law2062 EU Law

· Law3034 Human Rights (2007-2009 & 2011-2012) 

Postgraduate Teaching

· Law8150 The Movement of Persons in a Global World

This course examines nationality, citizenship, and the existing and emerging status of non-nationals under international law and regional organisations, such as the EU. It approaches the study of the movement of persons in a systematic manner by placing it within the broader theoretical and conceptual framework of globalisation and the complex relationship between multiple legal orders (international (universal & regional)/EU/national).

Nationality & citizenship, freedom of movement under international agreements of regional scope, diplomatic status, diplomatic protection, statelessness, and refugee status are examined. The role of international human rights law as a foundation for universal transnational citizenship is also examined.

Teaching Awards

Dr Gil-Bazo was nominated to the Teaching Excellence Awards (TEA) run by Newcastle University Students’ Union in the category ‘Research Supervisor of the Year’ (2013) and to the Learning and Teaching Excellence Awards (LATE) in the category ‘Contribution to Outstanding Feedback’ (2012).