Dr Robert Dale
Lecturer in Russian History
- Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
- Telephone: +44 (0) 191 208 7853
- Address: School of History, Classics and Archaeology,
Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences,
Newcastle upon Tyne
I am a historian of twentieth-century Russian and Soviet history, with a particular interest in the late Stalinist period (1945-1953). I re-joined Newcastle University and the School of History, Classics and Archaeology in September 2015, having previously taught Russian history here in 2010-11.
I am particularly interested in the impact of war and violence upon Russian/Soviet society, the impact of the Great Patriotic War on the Soviet Union, the demobilisation and post-war adjustment of Red Army veterans, the history of St. Petersburg / Petrograd / Leningrad, and the late Stalinist period.
I would be delighted to discuss research projects with potential graduate students interested in the history of twentieth-century Russian and Soviet history, particularly projects related to my interests in the social, economic and cultural impact of war on individuals and societies.
I am a co-cordinator of the Eastern European and Russia Research Group (EERRG).
Ph.D. in History, Queen Mary, University of London, 2011
M.A. in History, School of Slavonic and East European Studies, University College London, 2004
B.A. in History, University of York, 2002.
2014-2015, British Academy Postdoctoral Fellow, Nottingham Trent University
2012-2014, British Academy Postdoctoral Fellow, King's College London
2011-2012, Teaching Fellow in Modern European History, University of York
2010-2011, Teaching Fellow in Russian History, Newcastle University
Fellow of the Royal Historical Society
British Association of Slavonic and East European Studies
Association for Slavic and East European Studies
Study Group on the Russian Revolution
Social History Society
Honours and Awards
2010 George L. Mosse Prize by the Journal of Contemporary History for my first published article 'Rats and Resentment'.
2017 Fellowship of the Higher Education Academy
Semester 2 - 2018/19
HIS2235 - The Soviet Experiment, 1917-1991
HIS1029 - The Varieties of History
HIS3020 - Writing History
HIS8053 - Conflict in European History - Case Studies
Russian and Soviet history
Stalinism, especially late Stalinism
Demobilisation and veterans
St. Petersburg / Petrograd / Leningrad
My first book, Demobilized Veterans in Late Stalinist Leningrad: Soldiers to Civilians (London: Bloomsbury Academic, 2015) grew out of my doctoral research. It attempts to explore how and how successful over 300,000 former soldiers were stood down in a war ravaged society. Leningrad's veterans would find the transition to civilian life more challenging than many could ever have imagined. Civilian Leningraders found find the rapid influx of returning soldiers an enormous political, economic, social and cultural challenge. Based on extensive original research in local and national archives, oral history interviews, and newspaper collections I attempt to peel back the myths woven around demobilization to reveal a darker history of demobilization often repressed by society and concealed from official historiography. While propaganda celebrated demobilization as a smooth process which reunited veterans with their families, reintegrated them into the workforce and facilitated upward social mobility, the reality was different. Many veterans were caught up in the scramble for work, housing, healthcare and state hand-outs. Others drifted to the social margins, criminality or became the victims of post-war political repression. Demobilized Veterans in Late Stalinist Leningrad tells the story of both the failure of local representatives to support returning Soviet soldiers, and the remarkable resilience and creativity of veterans in solving the problems created by their return to society.
My current research is comes out of a British Academy Postdoctoral Fellowship, held initially at King's College London and then Nottingham Trent University. The project, entitled From Fractured Society to Stability: Overcoming the Legacy of the Great Patriotic War investigates the extent to which Soviet Russia was able to overcome the traumatic legacy of the Great Patriotic War (the Eastern Front in World War Two). Drawing on national and local archives, newspapers, recently published sources, the project maps the divisions created by the aftermath of total warfare. It addresses how war's painful legacy destabilised and divided post-war society, as well as the difficulties the Stalinist state faced regaining control. The project seeks to establish when and how Russia finally emerged from war's shadow to become a more stable and cohesive society. The project seeks to examine these issues from the perspective of both the central party-state in Moscow as well as carefully selected local cases studies.
I am also working on a side project on the history of the Leningrad Flood of 1924, and what it reveals about early Bolshevik society.
July 2018 - September 2018 - Arts and Humanities Research Council, International Placements Scheme Fellowship to be held at Library of Congress for a project entitled - Rebuilding Socialism: The Reconstruction of the Soviet Union and its Official Ideology through the lens of Post-War published Sources - £4,470.
July 2016 - July 2017 - War Veterans and Postwar Transition: Lessons from the Past and Future Reintegration - Newcastle University, Institute for Social Renewal - £741.25
2012- 2015 - British Academy, Post-Doctoral Fellowship, From fractured society to stability: Overcoming the aftermath of war in Soviet Russia 1945-1955 Full Economic Cost - £221,479.
July 2012 - Santander International Connections Award (Travel Grant), The Deluge: The 1924 Leningrad Flood: Events, Reactions and Responses, £975.
2009 - 2010, Dissertation Fellowship, Harry Frank Guggenheim Foundation, Life after War: The Demobilisation And Postwar Adjustment of Red Army Veterans In Leningrad And The Leningrad Region 1944-1950, $20,000.
2007, Stretton Fund. Travel Bursary from QMUL History Department, £500.
2006 - 2009 Doctoral Award Holder, Arts and Humanities Research Council, fees, maintenance grant and overseas research funding.
- Dale R. "For what and for whom were we fighting?": Red Army Soldiers, Combat Motivation and Survival Strategies on the Eastern Front in the Second World War. In: Catriona Pennell and Filipe Ribeiro de Meneses, ed. A World At War, 1911-1949 Explorations in the Cultural History of War. Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill, 2019, pp.133-158. In Press.
- Dale R. 'There, where they have grown accustomed to flooding': Comparing the St. Petersburg Flood of November 1824 and the Leningrad Flood of September 1924. In: David Moon, Nicholas Breyfogle, and Alexandra Bekasova, ed. Place and Nature: Essays in Russian Environmental History. Cambridgeshire: White Horse Press, 2019. In Press.
- Dale R. 'Being a Real Man': Masculinities in Soviet Russia during and after the Great Patriotic War. In: Peniston-Bird C; Vickers E, ed. Gender and the Second World War: The Lessons of War. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2017, pp.116-134.
- Dale R. "No longer normal": Traumatized Red Army Veterans in Post-war Leningrad. In: Leese P; Crouthamel J, ed. Traumatic Memories of the Second World War and After. New York, NY, USA: Palgrave Macmillan, 2016, pp.119-141.
- Dale R. Coming Home: Demobilization, Trauma and Postwar Readjustment in Late Stalinist Leningrad. Universitat Bern Historisches Institut: Portal Militargeschichte - Arbeitskreis Militargeschichte e.V, 2015. Available at: http://portal-militaergeschichte.de/sites/default/files/pdf/dale_demobilization_0.pdf.
- Dale R. Demobilized Veterans in Late Stalinist Leningrad: Soldiers to Civilians. London, UK: Bloomsbury Academic, 2015.
- Dale R. Divided we Stand: Cities Social Unity and Post-War Reconstruction in Soviet Russia, 1945-1953. Contemporary European History 2015, 24(4), 493-516.
- Dale R. Ratas y Resentimientio: La Desmovilizacion Del Ejercito Rojo en Leningrado Durante la Posguerra, 1945-1950. Revista Universitaria de Historia Militar 2014, 3(6), 219-238.
- Dale R. The Valaam Myth and the Fate of Leningrad's Disabled Veterans. Russian Review 2013, 72(2), 260-284.
- Dale R. Rats and Resentment: The Demobilization of the Red Army in Postwar Leningrad, 1945-1950. Journal of Contemporary History 2010, 45(1), 113-133.