Dr Willow Berridge
Lecturer in History
- Email: email@example.com
- Telephone: 01912085038
I am a historian of the 20th Century Islamic World, with a particular interest in Sudanese history and the dynamics of Islamist ideology.
My early research focused on policing and prisons in 20th century Sudan. It compared colonial, nationalist and Islamist penal ideologies and policing strategies, exploring important continuities and disconnects between each of three.
My first book, Civil Uprisings in Modern Sudan, was inspired by my experience of living in the country during the Arab Spring. I was curious as to why the debates about civil protest and authoritarianism in the Middle East and North Africa region overlooked Sudan's proud record of having been the only country in the region before 2011 to have witnessed civil protests that facilitated a transition from military rule to parliamentary democracy. In particular, the book responded to post-2011 debates about the respective roles of Islamism and secular ideologies in the Arab Spring by highlighting the extent to which 'Islamist' or other religiously-orientated groups were willing to collobarate with secularists within the student unions and professional associations that led the protests.
I am about to submit to Cambridge University Press the final draft of my upcoming book on the controversial Sudanese Islamist Hasan al-Turabi. The text explores a number of important themes related to broader analyses of Islamist ideology: charismatic leadership (and its limitations); Islamism as a fusion of Western and Islamic ideologies; Islamism as 'post-colonial'; the important of local political contexts in shaping religious ideology; and Islamist concepts of the Islamic state, democracy and jihad.
BA, MA, PHD (University of Durham)
My research interests include:
20th century Sudanese History
British colonial history and particularly the history of colonial law and penal strategies
I am happy to supervise PhD students interested in exploring these themes.
I am in the process of completing a project on the Sudanese Islamist intellectual Hasan al-Turabi (1932-2016). This has been funded by a British Academy Small Grant (£6,226).
Now that I am about to submit the final version of my monograph on al-Turabi to my publisher, I am planning an additional article exploring Dr al-Turabi's controversial attitudes towards Islam and gender. I have also recently begun to research a separate piece on early Sudanese Islamism in the late colonial period, exploring colonial attitudes towards the nascent Muslim Brotherhood movement in the country and the role of colonial education in shaping Islamist worldviews.
I am module leader for the following modules:
HIS3330: Islamism and its Origins
HIS2239: Colonialism and Post-Colonialism in Egypt and Sudan
I teach on the following modules
HIS1025: World Empires
HIS3000: Reading History
- Berridge WJ. Civil Uprisings in Modern Sudan: The 'Khartoum Springs' of 1964 and 1985. London: Bloomsbury, 2015.
- Berridge WJ. Sudan’s security agencies: fragmentation, visibility, mimicry, 1908-1989. Intelligence and National Security 2013, 28(6), 845-867.
- Berridge WJ. The ambiguous role of the popular, society and public order police in Sudan, 1983-2011. Middle Eastern Studies 2013, 49(4), 528-546.
- Berridge WJ. ‘“Guarding the Guards”: the failure of the colonial state to govern police violence in Sudan, c. 1922-1956’. Northeast African Studies 2012, 12, 1-28.
- Berridge WJ. ‘“Nests of Criminals”: Policing the peri-urban regions of Northern Sudan, 1956-1989’. Journal of North African Studies 2012, 17, 239-257.
- Berridge WJ. ‘Ambivalent ideologies and the limitations of the colonial prison in Sudan, 1898-1956’. Journal of Eastern African Studies 2012, 6, 444-462.
- Berridge WJ. ‘“What the men are crying out for is leadership”: the Khartoum Police Strike of 1951 and the battle for administrative control’. Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History 2011, 39, 121-142.
- Berridge WJ. ‘Object lessons in violence: the rationalities and irrationalities of urban struggle during the Egyptian Revolution of 1919’. Journal of Colonialism & Colonial History 2011, 12.
- Berridge WJ. Imperial and Nationalist Voices in the Struggle for Egyptian Independence, 1919-1922. Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History 2014, 42, 420-439.
- Berridge WJ. The frailties of prisons in post-colonial Sudan: from rehabilitation to retribution, 1956-1989. Middle Eastern Studies 2016, 52(3), 385-401.
- Berridge WJ. Hasan al-Turabi: Islamist Politics and Democracy in Sudan. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2017.
- Berridge WJ, al-Abbudi S. The Battle of Sha’iba, 1915: Ottomanism, British Imperialism and Shia Religious Activism during the Mesopotamian Campaign. Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History 2017, 45(4), 630-651.
- Berridge WJ. Islamism and the Instrumentalization of Conspiracism. In: David Robertson, Absjorn Dyrendal & Egil Asprem, ed. Handbook of Contemporary Religion and Conspiracy Theories. 2018. In Press.
- Berridge WJ. Colonial education and the shaping of Islamism in Sudan, 1946–1956. British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies 2018, epub ahead of print.
- Berridge WJ. Islamism in the Modern World: A Historical Approach. Bloomsbury, 2018. In Preparation.