Professor Sam Turner
Professor of Archaeology / Head of School / Director, McCord Centre
- Email: email@example.com
- Telephone: +44 (0) 191 208 8110
My research and teaching interests focus on the landscapes of Britain and Europe after the Roman period, and on medieval archaeology (particularly early medieval religion)
I am Director of the McCord Centre for Landscape, a University Research Centre which aims to bring together landscape researchers around the University. The Centre also has strong links to the School of History, Classics and Archaeology's 'Landscapes' research theme
I co-convene Med.LA.B - a forum for early medieval, late Antique and Byzantine research, itself part of MEMS, Newcastle University's research group for Medieval and Early Modern Studies
My roles beyond Newcastle University include the following:
• Co-Editor, Landscapes
• Programming Committee, International Medieval Congress
• Committee member, Medieval Europe Research Community
• Chair of Management Committee, Archaeology Data Service
• FUNDAP/IEAT Chair, Institute of Advanced Transdisciplinary Studies, UFMG, Brazil (2018)
Current and recent projects involving colleagues at Newcastle and beyond include:
• Apalirou Environs Project, Naxos
• 'As One Monastery in Two Places': Wearmouth and Jarrow in their Landscape Context
• Bogsak in Isauria: new approaches to historic landscapes
• Canvis i continuitats
• Chassenon - Cassinomagus
• CHeriScape - Cultural Heritage in Landscape
• CHiLaT - Cultural Heritage in Landscape: Planning for Development in Turkey
• ChroMoLEME - Character of Monastic Landscapes in Early Medieval Europe
• Cultural Heritage through Time
• East Yorkshire to Norfolk Historic Seascape Characterisation
• Hadrian's Wall Community Landscape Archaeology Project (WallCAP)
• Irish Sea Historic Seascape Characterisation
• Making Christian Landscapes: Early Medieval Ireland
• Mothecombe Project
• RESCOPART: Research consultation and participation
• RESTOMO: Reintroducing Stone and Mortar
• Tyne and Wear Historic Landscape Characterisation
Colleagues who are working on these research projects in the McCord Centre include Francesco Carrer, Rob Collins, Maria Duggan, Nicky Garland, Graham Fairclough, Elif Koparal, Stelios Lekakis, Emmet Marron, Mihail Mitrea, Caron Newman, Kerry Shaw, Alex Turner, and Soetkin Vervust
I have (co-)organised these conferences and symposia at Newcastle and elsewhere:
• Fifth international Landscape Archaeology Conference (LAC2018), 17-20 September 2018, Newcastle and Durham
• Historic Landscapes: character, assessment and visualisation, 2-3 June 2017, Izmir (with Dr Elif Koparal and Dr Z. Aktüre)
• Digital Approaches to Landscape Analysis, 20-21 February 2017, Istanbul (with Dr Gunder Varinlioglu)
• The CHeriScape network organised a series of five international conferences between 2014-2016, including a final conference in Newcastle in June 2016
• Characterising Historic Landscapes: interdisciplinary perspectives, 1-4 March 2016, Izmir (with Prof. Engin Nurlu)
• New Approaches to Historic Landscapes, 15-16 February 2016, Istanbul (with Dr Gunder Varinlioglu)
• Ceramics and Atlantic Connections, 26-27 March 2014 (with Maria Duggan and Dr Mark Jackson, Newcastle University)
• Making Christian Landscapes: Conversion and Consolidation in the Early Middle Ages, 21-23 September 2012 (with Dr Tomás Ó Carragáin, UCC)
• Heartland to Frontier: MSRG Winter Seminar, 3 December 2011
• Light: a Christmas Symposium, 11 December 2009 (with Dr Mark Jackson, Newcastle University)
• Early Medieval Northumbria: Current Work and Future Directions, 11-12 February 2006 (with Dr David Petts, University of Durham) (published by Brepols as Early Medieval Northumbria: Kingdoms and Communities, 450-1100)
• Concealed Communities: Marginal and Mobile people in Late- and Post-Medieval Landscapes, 9 December 2005 (published in 2007 as a special issue of Intl J. Historical Archaeology
I am currently supervising PhD students on topics including early medieval archaeology, rural landscapes in the medieval and post-medieval periods, and landscape and heritage management. Please contact me if you are interested in studying for a research degree at Newcastle in any of these areas:
• Medieval or later landscape history and archaeology
• Early medieval and medieval archaeology
• Management of the historic landscape
• Interdisciplinary studies in archaeology and history or other related disciplines
My current research students
include [with funding source indicated where applicable]:
• David Astbury, 'Long-term landscape development in northern England' [AHRC]
• Niels Dabaut 'Cultural heritage and landscape identity in the Tyne Valley' [AHRC, co-supervision with Queen's University, Belfast]
• Gianluca Foschi 'The role of musical proportions in early Christian buildings'
• Rod Grimshaw 'Thirlmere: landscape and memory'
• Sophie Laidler, 'Tangible and intangible archaeology and the contemporary community' [AHRC, co-supervision led by Durham University]
• Victoria Lucas, 'Glass chemistry as a window on Anglo-Saxon innovation, recycling, trade and contact, AD 700-1000' [AHRC, co-supervision with Durham University]
• Shaun Macdonald, 'Understanding regional patterns of stone-built churches in Anglo-Saxon England'
• Ben Morton, 'Understanding the dynamics of change in historic landscapes' [AHRC]
• Laura Patrick, 'Cultural landscape of late medieval Gaelic Ulster' [AHRC, co-supervision led by Queen's University, Belfast]
My previous research students include:
• Mareike Ahlers - PhD (2018) 'Assembling the dead: early Neolithic non-megalithic mortuary structures in Britain, Denmark and northern Germany' [AHRC]
• John Bowman - PhD (2017) 'Iron and steel in the Derwent valley'
• Maria Duggan - PhD (2015) 'Links to Late Antiquity' [AHRC] (now British Academy Postdoctoral Fellow, Newcastle University)
• Vicky Manolopoulou - PhD (2015) 'Processing emotion: litanies in Byzantine Constantinople' [Church of Greece] (now Lecturer in Byzantine History, King's College London)
• Dulma Karunarathna - PhD (2014) 'The female in changing social contexts in historical societies of ancient Sri Lanka' [Commonwealth Commission] (now Senior Lecturer in Archaeology, University of Peradeniya, Sri Lanka)
• Caron Newman - PhD (2014) 'Mapping the late medieval and post medieval landscape of Cumbria' [Newcastle University] (now Research Associate, McCord Centre for Landscape, Newcastle University)
• Shiela Newton - PhD (2014) 'Landscape change: the case of two Pennine parishes'
• Katie Green - PhD (2012) 'Rural Byzantine landscapes and societies: new approaches to characterisation and analysis' [AHRC] (now Communications and Access Manager, Archaeology Data Service, University of York)
• Janet Lambert - PhD (2010) 'Experiencing landscape' [AHRC]
• Jonnie Shipley - PhD (2010) 'Concealed communities: the history and archaeology of upper Coquetdale and the College Valley during the late medieval and post-medieval periods' [AHRC]
• Andrew Newton - PhD (2009) 'The location of early medieval churches in Northumbria: conversion to a Christian landscape in northern England'
The McCord Centre undertakes consultancy and applied research projects relating to landscapes, seascapes and historic buildings. Recent examples include the Tyne and Wear HLC, the Irish Sea HSC, the North Sea (East Yorkshire to Norfolk) HSC and Forestry and Woodland Futures
I normally contribute to these modules:
ARA3013 Early medieval northern Europe
ARA1030 Archaeology of Britain from the Romans to the 20th century
HIS1027 European history
I lead these modules:
ARA8180 Early medieval Britain and Europe
ARA8234 Landscape archaeology
and contribute to:
ARA8090 Themes, theories and methods in archaeology
ARA8113 Early medieval Britain: Anglo-Saxons, Celts, Vikings
- Turner S, Shillito L-M, Carrer F. Landscape Archaeology. In: P. Howard, I. Thompson, E. Waterton and M. Atha, ed. The Routledge Companion to Landscape Studies. London, UK: Routledge, 2019, pp.155-165.
- Collins R, Turner S. The Eslington Sword and the Kingdom of Northumbria. Medieval Archaeology 2018, 62(1), 28-52.
- Crow J, Turner S. The archaeology of the aniconic churches of Naxos. In: J. Crow and D. Hill, ed. Naxos and the Byzantine Aegean: insular responses to regional change. Athens, Greece: Norwegian Institute at Athens, 2018, pp.223-237.
- Manolopoulou V, Lekakis S, Jackson M, Turner S. Microcosm to landscape: the church called Theoskepasti and the environs of Apalirou. In: J. Crow and D. Hill, ed. Naxos and the Byzantine Aegean: Insular Responses to Regional Change. Athens, Greece: Norwegian Institute at Athens, 2018, pp.239-254.
- Peppa MV, Mills JP, Fieber KD, Haynes I, Turner S, Turner A, Douglas M, Bryan PG. Archaeological feature detection from archive aerial photography with a SfM-MVS and image enhancement pipeline. In: International Archives of Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information. 2018, Riva del Garda, Italy: International Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing.
- Turner S. Historic landscape characterisation: an archaeological approach to landscape heritage. In: G. Fairclough, I. Sarlov-Herlin and C. Swanwick, ed. Routledge Handbook of Landscape Character Assessment. London, UK: Routledge, 2018, pp.37-50.
- Turner S, Bolòs J, Kinnaird T. Changes and continuities in a Mediterranean landscape: a new interdisciplinary approach to understanding historic character in western Catalonia. Landscape Research 2018, 43(7), 922-938.
- Fieber KD, Mills JP, Peppa MV, Haynes I, Turner S, Turner A, Douglas M, Bryan PG. Cultural heritage through time: a case study at Hadrian’s Wall, United Kingdom. International Archives of Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences 2017, XLII-2/W3, 297-302.
- Kinnaird T, Bolos J, Turner A, Turner S. Optically-stimulated luminescence profiling and dating of historic agricultural terraces in Catalonia (Spain). Journal of Archaeological Science 2017, 78, 66-77.
- ÓCarragáin T, Turner S, ed. Making Christian Landscapes in Atlantic Europe. Conversion and consolidation in the early Middle Ages. Cork: Cork University Press, 2016.
- ÓCarragáin T, Turner S. Introduction: making Christian landscapes in the early medieval Atlantic world. In: ÓCarragáin T; Turner S, ed. Making Christian landscapes in Atlantic Europe : Conversion and consolidation in the early Middle Ages. Cork: Cork University Press, 2016, pp.1-17.
- Turner S, Fowler C. The bones of the Northumbrian landscape: technologies of social change in the conversion period. In: Ó Carragáin, T; Turner, S, ed. Making Christian landscapes in Atlantic Europe. Conversion and consolidation in the early Middle Ages. Cork, Ireland: Cork University Press, 2016, pp.249-263.
- Crow J, Turner S. Landscape and settlement on Byzantine Naxos. In: Proceedings of the 23rd International Congress of Byzantine Studies. 2016, Belgrade, Serbia: Serbian National Committee of AIEB.
- Pietrobono S, Turner S. Comparing landscapes: the castle of Ambrifi (Lenola, Latina) and the N-LINK project. Lazio e Sabina 2016, 11, 285-288.
- Crow J, Turner S. L’archéologie des églises aniconiques de Naxos. In: Campagnolo, M; Magdalino, P; Martiniani-Reber, M; Rey, A-L, ed. L'aniconisme dans l'art religieux byzantin. Actes du colloque de Genève (1-3 Octobre 2009). Geneva: La Pomme d'Or, 2015, pp.193-204.
- Turner S. Landscape archaeology. In: Howard, P., Thompson, I., Waterton, E, ed. The Routledge Companion to Landscape Studies. London: Routledge, 2013, pp.131-142.
- Turner S, Semple S, Turner A. Wearmouth and Jarrow: Northumbrian Monasteries in an Historic Landscape. Hatfield: University of Hertfordshire Press, 2013.
- Turner S, Webster J, Duggan M. Medieval and later settlement around Chassenon (Charente), France: fieldwork in 2012. Medieval Settlement Research 2013, 28, 93-95.
- Agate A, Duggan M, Roskams S, Turner S. Early Medieval Settlement at Mothecombe, Devon: The Interaction of Local, Regional and Long-Distance Dynamics. Archaeological Journal 2012, 169, 343-394.
- Turner SC, Silvester R, ed. Life in Medieval Landscapes: People and Places in the Middle Ages. Oxford: Windgather Press, 2012.
- Turner S, Webster J, Duggan M. Chassenon: développement d'un paysage historique. Rapport 2012. Newcastle: Newcastle University, 2012. Unpublished report for the Service Régional de l’Archéologie, Poitiers.
- Turner S, Wilson-North R. South-west England: rural settlements in the Middle Ages. In: Christie, N., Stamper, P, ed. Medieval Rural Settlement : Britain and Ireland, AD 800-1600. Oxford: Windgather Press, 2012, pp.135-150.
- Crow J, Turner SC, Vionis A. Characterizing the Historic Landscapes of Naxos. Journal of Mediterranean Archaeology 2011, 24(1), 111-137.
- Petts DA, Turner SC, ed. Early medieval Northumbria : kingdoms and communities, AD 450–1100. Turnhout: Brepols, 2011.
- Petts DA, Turner SC. Introduction: Northumbrian communities. In: Petts, D.A., Turner, S.C, ed. Early medieval Northumbria : kingdoms and communities, AD 450–1100. Turnhout, Belgium: Brepols, 2011, pp.1-12.
- Rocque G, Bal MC, Belingard C, Bertrand I, Bujard S, Coutelas A, Doulan C, Geniès C, Guédon S, Gueguen JF, Hourcade D, Joly C, Loiseau C, Méaudre JC, Sicard S, Turner S, Vissac C, Webster J. Rapport du projet collectif de recherche. Cassinomagus, l'agglomération et son ensemble monumental : chronologie, organisation et techniques. Conseil Général de la Charente, 2011. Chassenon.
- Turner SC. Christianity. In: Insoll, T, ed. Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of Ritual and Religion. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011, pp.948-966.
- Turner S. Paysages et relations: archéologie, géographie, archéogéographie. Études Rurales 2011, 188, 143-154.
- Turner S, Webster J. Medieval and later settlement around Chassenon (Charente), France: fieldwork in 2011. Medieval Settlement Research 2011, 26, 60-66.
- Fairclough G, Turner SC. Constructing a Eucaland Project classification. In: Kruse, A; Pungetti, G, ed. European Culture Expressed in Agricultural Landscapes. Perspectives from the Eucaland Project. Rome: Palombi Editori, 2010, pp.124-145.
- Pietrobono S, Turner S. Comparing methods in European context: historic landscape characterisation and new perspectives for research in Italy. Archeologia Postmedievale 2010, 14, 111-133.
- Turner S. Caracterització del paisatge històric: una introducció als mètodes i aplicacions per a la recerca històrica. Territori i Societat: el Paisatge Històric 2010, 5, 349-370.
- Turner S, Crow J. Unlocking historic landscapes in the eastern Mediterranean: two pilot studies using historic landscape characterisation. Antiquity 2010, 84(323), 216-229.
- Crow J, Turner S. Silivri and the Thracian hinterland of Istanbul: an historic landscape. Anatolian Studies 2009, 59, 167-181.
- Petts DA, Turner SC. Early medieval church groups in Wales and western England. In: Edwards, N, ed. The Archaeology of the Early Medieval Celtic Churches. Leeds: Society for Medieval Archaeology, 2009, pp.281-299.
- Crow J, Maktav D, Turner S. Survey in Thrace, July 2007. Bulletin of British Byzantine Studies 2008, 34, 46-50.
- Turner SC. Ancient country : the historic character of rural Devon. Exeter: Devon Archaeological Society, 2007.
- Turner SC. Fields, farms and agricultural innovation in late medieval and early modern south-west England. In: Finch, J; Giles, K, ed. Estate Landscapes: Design Improvement and Power in the Post-Medieval Landscape. Woodbridge: Boydell and Brewer, 2007, pp.57-74.
- Turner SC. Landscape archaeology for the past and future: the position of Historic Landscape Characterisation. Landscapes 2007, 8(2), 40-49.
- Turner SC, Fairclough GJ. Common Culture: The Archaeology of Landscape Character in Europe. In: Hicks, D; McAtackney, L; Fairclough, GJ, ed. Envisioning Landscape: Situations and Standpoints in Archaeology and Heritage. Walnut Creek, CA: Left Coast Press, 2007, pp.120-145.
- Turner S, Young R. Concealed communities: The people at the margins. International Journal of Historical Archaeology 2007, 11(4), 297-303.
- Young A, Turner S. North Devon Mapping Project: a Report for the National Mapping Programme. EH 3899. Truro: Cornwall County Council, 2007. English Heritage HEEP Project 3899 2007R057.
- Turner S. Historic landscape characterisation: A landscape archaeology for research, management and planning. Landscape Research 2006, 31(4), 385-398.
- Turner SC. Historic Landscape Characterisation in Devon (UK): a short introduction. In: Electronic Proceedings of 'Cultural Landscapes in the 21st Century', Forum UNESCO - University and Heritage 10th International Seminar. 2006, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK: UNESCO.
- Turner SC. Making a Christian Landscape: The Countryside in Early-Medieval Cornwall, Devon and Wessex. Exeter: University of Exeter Press, 2006.
- Turner SC, ed. Medieval Devon and Cornwall: Shaping an Ancient Countryside. Macclesfield: Windgather Press, 2006.
- Turner SC. Rural Devon: mapping and analysing local historic landscapes. Medieval Settlement Research Group Annual Report 2006, 21, 19-21.
- Turner SC. The Christian landscape: churches, chapels and crosses. In: Turner, S.C, ed. Medieval Devon and Cornwall: Shaping an Ancient Countryside. Macclesfield: Windgather Press, 2006, pp.24-43.
- Turner SC. The medieval landscape of Devon and Cornwall. In: Turner, S.C, ed. Medieval Devon and Cornwall: Shaping an Ancient Countryside. Macclesfield: Windgather Press, 2006, pp.1-9.
- Turner SC. Converting the British landscape. British Archaeology 2005, (84), 20-25.
- Turner SC. The Devon Historic Landscape Characterisation. Exeter: Devon County Council/English Heritage, 2005. Phase 1 Report.
- Turner SC. Christianity and the conversion-period landscape of south-west Britain. In: Insoll, T, ed. Belief in the Past. Oxford, UK: BAR, 2004, pp.125-136.
- Turner SC. Coast and countryside in 'Late Antique' south-west England, AD c.400-600. In: Gerrard, J., Collins, R, ed. Debating Late Antiquity in Britain, AD 300-700. Oxford, UK: BAR, 2004, pp.25-32.
- Turner SC, Gerrard J. Imported and local pottery from Mothecombe: some new finds amongst old material at Totnes Museum. Devon Archaeological Society Proceedings 2004, 62, 171-175.
- Turner SC. The Changing Ancient Landscape: South-West England c.1700-1900. Landscapes 2004, 5(1), 18-34.
- Finneran N, Turner SC. An archaeological history of the landscape of Little Haldon, Teignmouth, South Devon. Transactions of the Devonshire Association 2003, 134, 235-259.
- Turner SC. A medieval cross from Lidwell, Stoke Climsland. Cornish Archaeology 2003, 41-42, (for 2002-3), 161-164.
- Turner SC. Boundaries and religion: the demarcation of early Christian settlements in Britain. Anglo-Saxon Studies in Archaeology and History 2003, 12, 50-57.
- Turner SC. Making a Christian landscape: early medieval Cornwall. In: Carver, M, ed. The Cross Goes North: Processes of Conversion in Northern Europe, AD 300-1300. Woodbridge: York Medieval Press, 2003, pp.171-194.
- Turner SC. Aspects of the development of public assembly in the Danelaw. Assemblage 2000, 5.