Careers Service Occupations

Veterinary & Animal Care

Veterinary and Animal Care


The veterinary profession is highly respected and generally well-paid but requires significant qualifications and training. There are also many other animal care roles available.

The starting annual salary for a newly qualified vet in the UK is around £30,000, with experience this rises to £43,000 - £44,000, depending on the size of the practice. 

According to Lantra it is estimated that 222,850 people in the UK work in the animal care industry, in over 20,000 different business.

Careers advice

Industry news 

Professional bodies 

These represent people working in the sector, providing training and networking opportunities. They often provide careers support for students and graduates.

They also provide development for people already working in the sector. Follow them on LinkedIn, or visit their websites for news, contacts, work experience and vacancies. 

The main professional associations for this sector include: 

Animal care



Making contacts

Making contacts is essential for success in this sector. Gaining insight and arranging work experience comes through networking and speculative applications. You could start with:


Recruitment fairs, open days, talks and events give insight and opportunities to make contacts.

For events listings see Careers Service events or External Events.

Related sectors

You may also be interested in Agriculture or the Environment.

Or see our other sector specific information for more options.


The following job profiles include descriptions of typical duties, entry requirements and case studies.

There are many different roles available in animal care, including opportunities to work in animal health, welfare, behaviour and nutrition. In animal care you could work in variety of locations including veterinary surgeries, animal charities, zoos and wildlife parks. Along with dog handling roles within the military, emergency services and prisons. 

The National Careers Service has a number of animal, plant and land-related job profiles. 

Animal chiropractic

Animal behaviourist/counsellor

Animal physiotherapy

Animal technologist

Dog handler


Veterinary nurse

Veterinary surgeon



Skills employers look for

  • the ability to communicate effectively with pet owners, clients and visitors
  • confidence in handling, treating and caring for animals of all sizes
  • attention to detail, high levels of concentration and strong observation skills
  • the ability to work well in a team, often in stressful situations
  • compassion, empathy and the ability to remain calm and practical in emotional circumstances
  • knowledge of animal health, welfare and ethical issues

Gaining Experience

Relevant work experience in this sector is crucial in developing expertise and demonstrating your motivation and commitment.

Applications for Veterinary Medicine: FAQs  answers questions about getting work experience for veterinary medicine (PDF: 210 KB).

Most students gain experience with animals through volunteering. Not all opportunities are advertised. You may need to contact organisations directly to ask for work experience, using a speculative approach.

Professional bodies and research councils also advertise opportunities. See About for a list of organisations.

Advertised opportunities

University opportunities:

  • Go Volunteer - offer a variety of volunteering projects to Newcastle University students, including environmental and animal-related opportunities
  • Careers Service Vacancies Online - provides work experience and volunteering opportunities. Search under 'Agriculture, animals and plants.


Overseas opportunities include:

Internships and placements

Undertaking an internship or placement year is a great way to gain in-depth experience, however placement years are not commonly advertised in animal care. It may be possible to arrange a placement by researching relevant organisations and contacting them directly, through a speculative application. Penultimate year undergraduate students can opt to take a 9-12 month placement, extending your degree programme by one year. For more information, or to register your interest, see Careers Service Placement Year.

Read how Alex Bain from Newcastle University found his reptile and invertebrates placement year at Kirkley Hall Zoological Gardens.

See Internships, Placements & Shadowing for additional sources of opportunities for students and recent graduates, including Vacancies Online.

Speculative approach

Speculative applications are when you contact employers not in response to an advertised vacancy. They can be a useful way to approach employers who don’t offer formal internship schemes. They are also useful for finding opportunities in a highly specialised field or specific location. 

Find organisations that interest you and get in touch, always with a named contact. Be specific about why you are writing to them and what you’re looking for.

Show your enthusiasm for the sector and highlight any relevant skills. Don’t give up if you don’t get a reply – follow up with a phone call or email to show that you’re keen. 

You can find companies to approach for work experience by:

Scholarships, projects and competitions

Related sectors 

You may also be interested in the Gaining Experience sections on Agriculture and Environment.

Finding Jobs

Competition is strong, especially for entry-level positions. Use the following resources to find advertised vacancies and also research employers for speculative applications.

Careers Service: Vacancies Online shows graduate vacancies in the North East, UK and overseas. Log-in to sign up for personalised email alerts. 


There are many charities operating in this sector with both voluntary and paid opportunities. Examples include:

Search Charity Choice for a list of other animal charities.

Vacancy sites

General vacancy sites include:

Role profiles link to employers and vacancy sources for specific jobs.


Vet Record Careers and VetClick: Jobs list vacancies in the profession.


Careersabroad offer opportunities in sustainable development, biological and zoological research and conservation.

The Environmental Information Service has alphabetical lists of environmental organisations. These include agricultural, horticultural and animal welfare organisations by area (PDFs): 

See Graduate jobs for more vacancy sources. 

Specialist recruitment agencies 

Recruitment agencies often advertise graduate and entry-level positions.

Agencies such as Career Grooms also have a wealth of industry knowledge. 

Finding companies

Not all jobs are advertised. You could also approach firms directly or find work through networking in the industry.

Find firms that interest you and get in touch – always with a named contact. Be specific about why you are writing to them and what you’re looking for.

Show your enthusiasm for the sector and highlight any relevant skills. Don’t give up if you don’t get a reply – follow up with a phone call or email to show that you’re keen.