School of Natural and Environmental Sciences

Staff Profile

Professor Tony Clare

Professor of Marine Science


Tony Clare is Professor of Marine Science in the School of Natural and Environmental Sciences.

Google Scholar profile



Tony is a marine chemical ecologist by training with a special interest in biology at the surface water interface. After PhD studies at Menai Bridge under the supervision of Dr Graham Walker and the late Prof Denis Crisp CBE, FRS, Tony did a short postdoc before moving to the NERC Rocky Shore Surveillance Group here at Newcastle (Director Prof Bob Clark; 1983-88). Tony worked at Duke University for 5 years (1988-93), initially as a postdoc in Prof John Costlow's lab, before joining the Faculty as Research Assistant Professor. Tony returned to the UK in 1993 for a Fellowship at the Marine Biological Association, Plymouth to pursue research on marine invertebrate larval settlement. During his time there he served as Scientific Co-ordinator for the NERC Marine Biofouling Thematic Programme. Tony was appointed to a Lectureship at Newcastle in 1998 and transferred from Plymouth in 1999. He was promoted to Reader in 2001 and to a Personal Chair in 2003.

Area of expertise

Interfacial biology in the context of: marine biofouling/antifouling; bioadhesion/adhesives; chemical ecology; aquaculture. 

Roles and Responsibilities


Chair, Comité International Permanent pour la Recherche sur la Préservation des Matériaux en Milieu Marin (COIPM); Editor-in-Chief Journal of Marine Science and Engineering (; National Oceanography Centre Association - Newcastle University representative.

Previous include: 

Dept. Marine Science & Coastal Management (1999-2002) - Chair Research Committee; Executive Resources Committee; Chair Postgraduate Committee; Faculty Graduate School Management Board; University Central Scientific Facilities Committee.

School of Marine Science and Technology (2002-2016) - Director of Research; Chair Laboratories and Estates Committee; School Executive Committee; School Postgraduate Selector; Faculty Research Committee; Faculty Research Strategy Group; Faculty Ethics Committee; Co-ordinator marineNewcastle; NIReS Strategy Board.


PhD (Bangor) 1984
MSc (Bangor) 1980
BSc (Portsmouth) 1978


Royal Society of Biology (1975-)

Marine Biological Association (1983-)

Institute of Marine Engineering, Science & Technology (2013-)

Previous Positions

Research Assistant Professor, Duke University
Senior MBA Fellow, Marine Biological Association of the UK


Research Interests

Interfacial biology in the context of: marine biofouling/antifouling; bioadhesion/adhesives; chemical ecology; aquaculture.

Please see personal web site for further details.

Current Work
  • US ONR "Toward an understanding of cyprid cementation: characterization and localization of Balanus improvisus cyprid cement gland proteins" (2020-2023);
  • US ONR "Laboratory assays for hypothesis testing and evaluation of candidate easy release and nontoxic deterrent surfaces" (2020-2023);
  • Dstl "Novel materials for defence materials for strategic advantage" (2018-2022);
  • AkzoNobel - International Paint Ltd. "An investigation of the relationship between 'in-service' roughness of marine coatings, their impact on boundary layer flow performance/drag and ship operational efficiency" (2017-2021);
  • US ONR "Laboratory-scale evaluation of candidate practical coatings for antifouling and fouling release applications" (2016-2020).
Recently Completed
  • US ONR "Studies on the settlement and adhesion of model marine biofouling organisms to inform antifouling strategies" (2016-2020);
  • Dstl "Production of synthetic barnacle adhesives" (2015-2020)
  • AkzoNobel - International Paint Ltd. Superhydrophilic surfaces (2015-2019);
  • EC SEAFRONT SEAFRONT (2014-2017);
  • US ONR "Laboratory-scale measures of barnacle settlement behaviour to facilitate the development of novel antifouling and fouling-release coatings" (2013-2017);
  • US ONR "Studies on settlement and metamorphosis of model marine biofouling organisms to inform antifouling strategies" (2013-2017);
  • Newcastle University Business Engagement Fund;
  • Global Excellence Fund "Non-invasive fouling recognition system" (2015-2017; PI Dr Cheng Siong Chin).
Postgraduate Supervision
  • Faizal Nadzari - Settlement behaviour of the serpulid tubeworm Ficopomatus enigmaticus (with Dr Nick Aldred);
  • Joshua Raine - Temporary adhesion and surface selectivity in barnacle settlement (with Dr Nick Aldred, Prof Bo Liedberg and Prof Ali Miserez);
  • Frank Bagley - An investigation of the relationship between 'in service' roughness of marine coatings and their impact on boundary layer flow dynamics/drag and ship operational efficiency (with Drs Simon Benson and Paul Hamblett);
  • Paul Whitworth - Development of a novel UV-C antifouling system: application to niche areas (with Drs Nick Aldred and Kevin Reynolds);
  • Jessica Clarke - Biofouling invertebrates and their larvae as vectors of antimicrobial resistance and marine pathogens (with Drs Nick Aldred, Andrew Nelson and Thomas Vance).
Recently graduated
  • Jan Kardela (PhD 2019) - Investigation of 'superhydrophilic' surfaces. Industry funded PhD studentship (International Paint Ltd.) (with Drs Nick Aldred and Ian Millichamp);
  • David Webb (MPhil 2019) - Production of synthetic barnacle adhesives (with Dr Nick Aldred and Prof Colin Harwood);

Esteem Indicators

  • Review Board Leibniz Institute for Baltic Sea Research, Warnemünde (2019)
  • Editorial Board Scientific Reports (2015-);
  • Chair (2014-) Comité International Permanent pour la Recherche sur la Préservation des Matériaux en Milieu Marin (COIPM);
  • Visiting Professor, University of Toulon (2014);
  • Editor-in-Chief Journal of Marine Science & Engineering (2013-);
  • IMarEST's Biofouling Management Expert Group (2013-);
  • Review Panel for KAUST/HKUST research project "Microbial Genomics and Bioactive Compounds of the Red Sea" (2013);
  • National Oceanography Centre Association Steering Board (from July 2012);
  • A*STAR SERC (Singapore) Review Panel for 'Innovative Marine Antifouling Solutions for High Value Applications Programme' (2012);
  • Panel of Advisers for Commonwealth Scholarships Commission (2008-2014);
  • NERC Marine Sciences Peer Review Committee/College member (2001-2004; 2010-2012);
  • Associate Editor Proceedings of the Royal Society B (2008-2011);
  • Scientific Assessment Panel, MISTRA Marine Paint (Sweden) (2006);
  • External Examiner Schools of Ocean Sciences and Biological Sciences, University of Wales, Bangor (2003-06);
  • Editorial Boards of Biofouling; Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology; Journal of Marine Science and Engineering; Fisheries Science (1999-2003).
Invited conference presentations/organisation
  • Keynote speaker: 11th International Symposium on Marine Engineering. Odaiba, Tokyo, 15-19 October 2017;
  • Keynote speaker: Adhesion Biology Society of Japan. Tokyo University of Marine Science & Technology, Shirataka, 21-22 October 2017;
  • Keynote speaker: Workshop on "Bridging the gap between academia and industry - a collaborative enterprise". 18th International Congress on Marine Corrosion and Biofouling, Toulon, 24 June 2016;
  • Invited speaker: Workshop on Biofouling and Antifouling, University of Toulon, 16 April 2014;
  • Invited speaker: ANZPAK Workshop on Biofouling Management for Sustainable Shipping, Melbourne, Australia, 5-9 May 2013;
  • Keynote speaker: Materials in the Marine Environment: Solutions for Preserving Performance, Singapore, 15 October 2012;
  • Plenary speaker: 16th International Congress on Marine Corrosion and Fouling, Seattle, 24-28 June 2012;
  • Invited speaker: AVS International Symposium and Exhibition, Albuquerque, New Mexico, 17-22 October 2010;
  • Convener of 15th International Congress on Marine Corrosion and Fouling, NewcastleGateshead, 25-29 July 2010;
  • Invited speaker: 2009 International Association of Drilling Contractors Environmental Conference & Exhibition, Stavanger, 12-13 May 2009;
  • Invited speaker: 14th International Congress on Marine Corrosion and Fouling, Satellite Symposium, Kobe, 1 August 2008;
  • Session Chair: "Challenges at the Biology/Technology Interface",Oceans 07 IEEE, Aberdeen, 18-21 June 2007;
  • Mini-symposium organiser and invited speaker: 13th International Congress on Marine Corrosion and Fouling, Rio, 24-28 July 2006;
  • Keynote speaker: International Marine Biotechnology Conference, St John's Newfoundland, 7-12 June 2005;
  • Plenary address: 12th International Congress on Marine Corrosion and Biofouling, University of Southampton, 27-30 July 2004; 
  • Invited speaker: Darwin and the barnacle 150 years on. The Linnean Society, 12 February 2004; 
  • Keynote speaker: Symposium on Marine Natural Products, 21-26 September 2003, Phytochemical Society of Europe, Monastery of the Orthodox Academy of Crete;
  • Keynote speaker: Vth Larval Biology Meeting, 15-19 September 2002, University of Vigo, Spain.



Undergraduate Teaching

MST1201 Marine Biology (contributor)

MST1204 Academic and Professional Skills for the Biosciences (tutor)

MST2104 Marine Research and Employability Skills (tutor)

MST2105 Marine Practical Skills (contributor)

MST3101 Advanced Marine Biology (module leader)

MST3104 Research Project: Marine Biology (contributor)

MST3107 Research Project: Overseas (contributor)