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Transitioning cities to low-carbon urban fleets

LC-TRANSFORMS investigated demand for freight and travel in UK and Chinese metropolitan areas. We developed models to integrate goods and travel demands. Our tools model demands for urban mobility services and urban freights.

Project leader

Prof Phil Blythe



Project staff

Dr Amy Guo

Dr Anil Namdeo

Dr Graeme Hill

Myriam Neaimeh

Dr Oliver Heidrich


EPSRC EP/N010612/1


National Center of ITS Engineering & Tec

Beijing Transportation Information Cente

China Academy of Urban Planning & Design

Greenwich Borough Council

Ministry of Public Security China

UPS Global Treasury Plc

Zero Carbon Futures

North East Combined Authority

Transport Systems Catapult


LC TRANSFORMS is a UK-China consortium of three world-leading research institutions with track records in:

  • intelligent transport monitoring and system management
  • urban transport planning
  • traffic emissions
  • travel behaviour and electric mobility

LC TRANSFORMS looked at the challenges of transitioning urban fleets towards low and zero carbon operations in the UK and China. Researchers identified the sources of risk and uncertainty affecting transitions to low-carbon fleet operation. They investigated optimisation techniques to address the challenges of fleet decarbonisation planning.

The project developed improved activity-based demand models. These integrated the demands for goods and travel, enabling joint analysis of fleet and goods services. It designed short-term demand modelling tools for urban mobility services and urban freights. These tools enabled the quantification of short-term demand flexibility.

LC TRANSFORMS created an integrated strategic planning and operational management evaluation framework. This allows assessment of the level of service and the environmental and economic performance of fleet services. We investigated business models emerging from:

  • the electrification of fleet services
  • the exploitation of demand flexibility

We used in-depth case study analysis of specific fleet services in these investigations

We developed a greater understanding of the role of intelligent infrastructure in improving operational performance, including environmental performance, of fleet operations. We developed roadmaps for UK and Chinese metropolitan areas. These allow for gradual up-scaling of low carbon fleet operations. They can make a significant contribution in achieving local CO2 reduction targets.