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Research Group: Fluid Dynamics and Thermal Systems

Internationally renowned research in Combustion, Fluid Dynamics, Fuel Cell, Heat and Mass Transfer, Multi-phase flows.

Our group carries out a wide range of research work. Our research activities span the broad area of Thermofluid dynamics.

Flows occurring in nature or engineering applications are frequently turbulent. As a group, we are involved in mathematical, experimental and numerical investigations of turbulent reacting (e.g. combusting flows) and non-reacting flows. We utilise the advancements of high-performance computing to carry out high-fidelity simulations of turbulent reacting and non-reacting flows involving both single phase and multi-phase fluids.

From this, we develop models for engineering applications. Our models lead to greener and more efficient power generation devices. We also investigate turbulent boundary-layer flows and wall-turbulence. We have developed super-miniature sensors for turbulence measurements. We are developing innovative skin-friction drag reduction and flow-separation control technologies.

Our research into heat and fluid flow also involves heat and mass transfer in nanofluids and non-Newtonian fluids.and transport processes in fuel cells and Li-ion batteries.

Fluid dynamics and thermal systems students

Our research expertise


Esteem indicators

We have taken part in many professional activities, both nationally and internationally. These include activities such as journal editorships and conference chairs.

Five recent papers by our group members have been chosen as Editor’s pick by Physics of Fluids. The authors are Dr Umair Ahmed, Dr Prodip Das, and Prof Nilanjan Chakraborty. One of the papers, co-authored by Prof Chakraborty, was used as a cover page material for the January 2019 issue of the Journal of Fluid Mechanics. Dr. Das’s recent research on convective heat transfer and Nanofluids featuredin the Science Highlight (Scilight), which showcases the most interesting research across the physical sciences published in AIP Publishing Journals.

Dr Andrew Aspden

  • member of the Royal Society International Exchanges Panel

Prof Nilanjan Chakraborty

  • Fellow of the Combustion Institute (2021-)
  • PI and chair of one of the EPSRC funded High-End Computing consortia: the UK Consortium on Turbulent Reacting Flows (UKCTRF)
  • steering group member of the Computational Science Centre for Research Communities (CoSeC)
  • editor of the Engineering and Material Science chapter for the science case for Exascale computing commissioned by EPSRC
  • steering group member of the UKRI’s Exascale Computing Algorithms and Infrastructures Benefiting UK Research (ExCALIBUR) Steering Committee
  • co-edited a special issue on high pressure turbulent premixed combustion for the journal Combustion Science and Technology
  • co-edited a special issue on numerical modelling of reacting and non-reacting multi-phase flows for the journal Fluid
  • many invited talks in universities and conferences, including, Shanghai Jiao Tong University (China) and Duisburg University (Germany)
  • editorial board member of ISRN Journal of Mechanical EngineeringFluids, and American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences
  • Guest editor of a special issue of Energies

Dr Prodip Das

  • founding Associate Editor of the journal Energy 4.0, Elsevier, Netherlands
  • editorial board member of three journals: EnergiesSustainability, and Inventions
  • Advisory Board Member of the journal Challenges
  • organised and chaired many conference tracks, sessions and symposiums, including the Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology Conference, and the ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress & Exposition
  • organising committee member of the World Fuel Cell Conference and the International Conference on Mechanical, Automotive and Materials Engineering
  • invited to contribute a book chapter on Heat and Fluid Flow in Porous Media for Polymer-Electrolyte Fuel Cells, in Convective Heat Transfer in Porous Media, CRC Press, USA
  • invited talks in universities and conferences, including, but not limited to, Shahjalal University of Science and Technology (Bangladesh) and Simon Fraser University (Canada)
  • external reviewer for the Advanced Light Source (ALS) Tomography Science Program, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, USA

Dr Immanuvel Paul

  • Invited to contribute a book chapter on Immersed Boundary Methods, Springer
  • Invited talks in universities including at Stanford University, USA and Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, India.
  • Organising committee member for various workshops and conferences in the UK and the US.

Dr Richard Whalley

  • invited international speaker at the US Air Force’s annual program review in Washington DC
  • work package leader for the NATO AVT-254 plasma flow control project

Funding and computing support

  • Nuffield Foundation
  • Department for Transport
  • United States Air Force: Air Force Office of Scientific Research
  • The Royal Society
  • Japan Society for the Promotion of Science
  • Archer
  • UK Consortium on Turbulent Reacting Flows
  • DFG: Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft
  • Airbus
  • British Council
  • Royal Academy of Engineering
  • Science & Technology Facilities Council
  • The Faraday Institution
  • Aerospace Technology Institute
  • UK Turbulence Consortium

PhD Opportunities

Considering doing a PhD with us? Take a look at possible project titles.


Taught Programmes

From day one, our Mechanical Engineering Undergraduate Programmes give students a path to become a professional engineer addressing major global challenges.

Our Postgraduate Taught (MSc) Programmes equip students with the advanced skills and expertise to help shape the world.

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