School of Engineering

Staff Profile

Professor Pengfei Liu

Prof of Marine Hydrodynamics

Background

Introduction:

I am currently a professor of hydrodynamics in the group of Marine, Offshore and Subsea Technology, School of Engineering, University of Newcastle Upon Tyne, UK. My research areas of expertise and interests include applied aero- and hydrodynamics for rotary wings and oscillating foils for marine propulsion and renewable energy; research and development of innovative technologies for practical engineering problem solving and design; and numerical tool, high performance computing (Parallel and Cloud) and experimental apparatus development on performance evaluation, design and optimization of rotors, propulsors and thrusters. 

Biography:

Pengfei Liu received my B.Eng. degree from Wuhan University of Technology (WUT), China, M. Eng. and PhD in Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering at Memorial University of Newfoundland (MUN), Canada in 1982, 1991 and 1996, respectively. Dr Liu worked as a Senior Research Officer at National Research Council Canada from July 1999 to Jan 2016 and as an Associate Professor at Australian Maritime College, University of Tasmania (UTAS), Australia, from June 2016 to August 2019. He jointed University of Newcastle Upon Tyne (NCL) as a Professor of Hydrodynamics in September 2019.

Professor Liu served as an adjunct professors/researcher at MUN since 2000, China Ocean University (2002-2005), Institute of Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences (2005-2008), Harbin Ship Engineering University, China (2008-2010), UTAS (2013-2016), and Harbin Institute of Technology Weihai since 2017.

He has worked intensively for over two decades in the development of specialty engineering software, working on experimental hydrodynamics, and T&L in undergraduate and supervision of postgraduates. He is a professional engineer of APEG-BC, Canada and a member of various international academic committees, including the Board of Directors of Computational Fluid Dynamics Society of Canada (2001-2007) and ISSC Ocean Space Utilization Committee 2018-2021. Upto date Professor Liu has co-authored over 120 refereed journal articles and conference papers in engineering software development for hydrodynamic/aerodynamic applications of rotary and oscillatory wings for propulsion and renewable energy.


Memberships:

Professional practice

P. Eng. in Naval Arch (APEGBC and PEGNL, Canada) since 1994

SNAME (Society of Naval Architects and Marine Engineers) Fellow, member since 1999

Committee associations

Member Director, Board of Directors of CFD Society of Canada (2001-2007)

Member and Secretary, Azimuth Podded Propulsion Committee, 23rd (ITTC), (2002-2005)

Member, Ocean Energy Utilisation Committee (ISSC 2006-2009)

Member, Dynamic Response Committee (ISSC 2009-2012)

Member, Offshore Renewable Energy Committee (ISSC 2012-2015-2018)

Other

Canadian/US Golf Teacher Federation, Lever IV (Master) Teaching Pro

Royal Canadian Golf Association Level III (Provincial) Rules of Golf Official




Teaching

Textbook

  • Marine Propeller-Turbine Rotor Prototyping, Design and Optimisation --- A hands-on computational approach (used for JEE333 Resistance and Propulsion at Australian Maritime College, University of Tasmania from 2016-2019)

Software for Teaching & Research

  • Rotorysics (formerly Propella, commercialised) --- A 3D time-domain panel method code for rotors as propulsors and turbine or dual-mode rotors, in terms of hydrodynamics, structural integrity and coupled fluid-structure interaction.
  • DF_OSFBEM: A 3D time-domain panel method code for oscillating (dual-) foil propulsors and renewable energy turbines.
  • DGSI: A statistical code to build performance database from a collection of big-data from either testing or numerical simulation for integration, interpolation and extrapolation.

 

Courses/Unit/Modules Taught


Australia Maritime College, University of Tasmania (2016-2019):

  • JEE136 Dynamic (First-Year)
  • JEE333 Resistance and Propulsion (Third-Year)
  • JEE505 Engineering Project Management (Postgraduate)

Harbin Institute of Technology, Weihai, China (2017-2019)

  • JEE221 Fluid Mechanics (Second-Year)

College of the North Atlantic Information Technology (1998-1999):

  • CP1150 Visual BASIC Programming       
  • CP3410 Database Design and Programming
  • CP2600 Computer Hardware Fundamentals

   

College of the North Atlantic Computing Technology:

  • CP3200 Object-Oriented C Programming
  • CP2270 Java Programming
  • CP2190 UNIX Programming
  • CP2170 Window NT Server


College of the North Atlantic Electromechanical Engineering Technology (1996-1999):

  • AE2301 Analog Electronics
  • AE1200 Electronic Devices
  • AM 2100 Applied Mechanics I
  • DP 1100 Digital Electronics
  • AM 2200 Applied Mechanics II
  • FM3100 Fluids (Hydraulics and Pneumatics)
  • DP2340 Robotics and CAM

 

College of the North Atlantic Welding Engineering Technology (1991-1995):

 

  • COMP 3115 Procedural Programming
  • DR 3300 Welding CAD/CAM (CNC)
  • ENGI 3201 Strength of Materials I
  • WELD 1024 Physical Metallurgy II
  • ENGI 3241 Strength of Materials II

 

 College of the North Atlantic Engineering Technology First-Year (1991-1999):

 

  • MATH 1212 Calculus I
  • ELEC  1100 Electro-technology I
  • MATH 1222 Calculus II
  • ELEC  1101 Electro-technology II
  • PHYS  1100 Physics I
  • ENGI 1100 Engineering Graphics I
  • PHYS  1101 Physics II
  • ENGI 1300 Engineering Graphics II


Memorial University of Newfoundland Common First-Year (1995-1997):

 

  • MATH 1000 Differential  Calculus
  • MATH 1001 Integral Calculus
  • PHYS 1020 Physics I
  • PHYS 1021 Physics II 


 

Research

Expertise

  • Experimental and numerical modelling of renewable energy turbine and marine propulsion hydrodynamics.
  • Large-scale numerical modelling: lifting-surface and panel method for steady/unsteady 3D flexible/rigid air-foil, turbines, marine propellers and prop-fans, finite difference method in heat transfer; CFD in turbulent flow simulation.
  • Parallel computing algorithms, MPI, hardware configuration and experimentation for high performance computing (HPC) in marine hydrodynamics.
  • Scientific Visualization Programming using Microsoft Foundation Class (C of MFC) and OpenGL.
  • Could Computing for marine hydrodynamics.
  • Marine propeller and renewable energy turbines performance evaluation, design and optimization.
  • Polar Class propellers strength and integrity design coupled with hydrodynamic performance optimization.
  • Novel technology and device invention and development.

Research Themes

  • Surface piercing propeller performance evaluation.
  • Ducted-tip propeller performance tests at Cavitation tunnel.
  • Numerical simulation of puffin dipping dynamics.
  • Azimuth podded propeller synthetic studies.
  • Marine propeller turbulent modelling and simulation code development.
  • High performance computing algorithms development and hardware configuration and testing for computational marine hydrodynamics
  • Offshore Floating Production, Storage and Offloading (FPSO) vessel’s dynamic positioning thruster hydrodynamic force and momentum prediction.
  • Vortex induced vibration (VIV) for deep sea flexible structures.
  • Wing-in-ground (WIG) effect, self-damped pitch, dual foil thruster array to create high manoeuvrability of Autonomous Underwater Vehicles (AUVs) --- currently for a PhD student.
  • Ice Induced Vibration (IIV) numerical model development and ice tank testing.
  • Prototype of Bi-directional Horizontal Axis Turbine Rotor Series.
  • Wing-in-ground (WIG) effect wind and tidal turbine technological development, performance evaluation and prototyping.
  • Polar-class propeller and turbine rotor design coupled with hydrodynamic performance and structural integrity optimization.
  • Novel manoeuvrable propeller for underwater vehicle and surface ship --- a breakthrough technology and an alternative for helicopter propeller that with propulsion and manoeuvrability of 2-in-1 function on one propeller.

Past collaborations

  • Surface piercing propeller performance evaluation with MUN and University of Genoa, 1999-2000.
  • Ducted-tip propeller performance tests with MUN and UBC, 2001-2002.
  • Azimuth podded propeller synthetic studies (NRC-NSERC partnership program, $1M cash including $700k from NSERC and total of $2M) with MUN, NRC, Oceanic Consulting Co. and Thordon Bearings, 2002-2007.
  • High performance computing algorithms development and hardware configuration and testing using developed multi-body multi-path panel method with Saint Xavier University.
  • Offshore Floating Production, Storage and Offloading (FPSO) vessel’s dynamic positioning thruster hydrodynamic force and momentum prediction, 2001-2004, with MUN.
  • Vortex induced vibration (VIV) for deep sea flexible structures, 2001-2004 with MUN.
  • Wing-in-ground (WIG) effect, self-damped pitch, dual foil thruster array to create high manoeuvrability of Autonomous Underwater Vehicles (AUVs) with Institute of Mechanics (IMech), Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS).
  • Ice Induced Vibration (IIV) numerical model development and ice tank testing, with Institute of Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 2006-2011.
  • Prototype of Bi-directional Horizontal Axis Turbine Rotor Series with MUN, 2010-2012.
  • Wing-in-ground effect turbine prototype and R&D with Harbin Institute of Technology, Weihai and Tasmania Hydro, since 2017.

Awards

  • NRC Outstanding Scientist/Researcher Performance Award, National Research Council Canada, 2001.
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences and Hong Kong KC Wong Education Foundation Research Excellence Award, 2003.

Project ideas open for PhD students (not limited to the list):

  • Polar class propeller design strength and evaluation (Theoretical and computational)
  • Polar class propeller design strength and evaluation (Experimental)
  • Hydrodynamic Performance of wing-in-ground effect oscillating foil propulsors (Experimental)
  • Hydrodynamic Performance of wing-in-ground effect oscillating foil propulsors (CFD)
  • Wing-in-ground effect oscillating foil propulsor for AUV (Experimental)
  • Wing-in-ground effect oscillating foil propulsor for AUV (Theoretical and computational)
  • Hydrodynamic performance of accelerating and decelerating ducts (Experimental)
  • Hydrodynamic characteristics of propellers with skewed and contoured blade planform shape
  • Development of Dual-mode propeller-turbine as towed shaft alternators (Experimental)
  • High performance could and/or parallel computing for marine hydrodynamics
  • Novel rotor blade for high efficiency low environmental impact tidal energy device
  • Novel manoeuvring propeller prototype and technology development

 

Publications