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Shelter and Escape in the event of a release of CO2 from CCS

Shelter and Escape in the event of a release of CO2 from CCS

Modelling the release of carbon dioxide into the surrounding population.

Project leader

Dr Ben Wetenhall


2014 to 2017

Project staff

Dr Julia Race (University of Strathclyde)

Researchers: Dr Kehinde Adeflia (University of Strathclyde), Dr Hamed Agnajani, Dr Batuhan Aktas (School of Engineering)


UK Carbon Capture and Storage Research Centre (EPSRC)


National Grid, DNV-GL, Pipeline Integrity Engineers


We are developing validated and computationally efficient shelter and escape models. The models describe the consequences of a carbon dioxide (CO2) release from Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) transport infrastructure to the surrounding population. They will allow informed decisions about pipeline safety and emergency response. They will be useful for pipeline operators, regulators and standard setters.

We will produce an indoor shelter model, based on ventilation and air change theory. This model will account for both wind and buoyancy driven CO2 ventilation into a building.

We will build a Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) model. This model will describe the effects of ingress of a CO2 cloud into a multi-compartment building.

We will validate both models against experimental test data for a We will conduct a sensitivity study using the shelter and escape models. This will calculate the dosage that an individual may receive under different conditions.